Lesson 2 Mesopotamia

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Lesson 2 Mesopotamia

  1. 1. Lesson 2 Pages: 40-46 Mesopotamia
  2. 2. Sumer and Akkad
  3. 3. Early Days… <ul><li>Early Mesopotamia had two major City-States: </li></ul><ul><li>Sumer in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Akkad in the North </li></ul><ul><li>http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH_01_08.gif (magnifier) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Similarities…. <ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>Customs </li></ul>
  5. 5. …..Differences <ul><li>Language! </li></ul><ul><li>War often: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sumer <ul><li>Between 3500-2330 b.c.: More Powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Largest City-State in Sumer: </li></ul><ul><li>--Uruk </li></ul>
  7. 8. City-States in Sumer… <ul><li>50,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Mudbrick walls surround the city </li></ul><ul><li>Painted their houses white to keep cool. </li></ul><ul><li>Large irrigated fields surround the city. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Ziggurat <ul><li>Link between Heaven and Earth </li></ul>
  9. 11. Religion and Government <ul><li>Huge Temples: Show importance of Religion to Society </li></ul><ul><li>Society: Organized community with Rules and traditions </li></ul>
  10. 12. Polytheism <ul><li>Belief in Many gods </li></ul><ul><li>gods & goddesses: responsible for the well-being of people and land. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Anu: god of Heaven
  12. 14. Enlil: god of wind
  13. 15. Enki: god of water
  14. 16. Ninhursag: mother of gods
  15. 17. Pleasing the gods… <ul><li>Peace and Prosperity for the People meant the gods were pleased </li></ul><ul><li>Temple Priests worked hard to make gods happy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burned incense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered food/drink </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Religion and Government <ul><li>Closely linked </li></ul><ul><li>Kings chosen by gods </li></ul><ul><li>“Divine Kingship” –divine right to rule </li></ul><ul><li>Kingship passed from father to son </li></ul>
  17. 19. Sumer Class System <ul><li>#1 Kings </li></ul>
  18. 20. #2 <ul><li>Wealthy Business People </li></ul><ul><li>Landowners </li></ul><ul><li>Government Officials </li></ul>
  19. 21. #3 <ul><li>Artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul>
  20. 22. #4 <ul><li>Slaves </li></ul>
  21. 23. Rise and Fall of the Akkadian Empire
  22. 24. 2334 b.c. <ul><li>Sargon attacked Sumer and conquered all the city-states </li></ul><ul><li>Result: All of Mesopotamia united under one single Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Empire: Large territory all under the control of a single ruler. </li></ul>
  23. 25. Dynasty… <ul><li>Ruling Family </li></ul><ul><li>Sargon passed his power on to his son. </li></ul><ul><li>Sargon’s Dynasty lasted for 150 years. </li></ul>
  24. 26. Sumer’s Final Days
  25. 27. 2100-2000 b.c. <ul><li>Mesopotamia controlled by Ur , a city- state in Sumer </li></ul><ul><li>Most Successful Dynasty in Ur was founded by Sumerian King Ur-Nammu </li></ul>
  26. 28. Most important contributions by Sumerian civilization: <ul><li>Cuneiform </li></ul><ul><li>Ziggurats </li></ul><ul><li>Wheel </li></ul>
  27. 29. *** Advancement of Sumer Civilization: <ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul>

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