Lesson 2 Mesopotamia

  • 2,373 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
2,373
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
37
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Lesson 2 Pages: 40-46 Mesopotamia
  • 2. Sumer and Akkad
  • 3. Early Days…
    • Early Mesopotamia had two major City-States:
    • Sumer in the South
    • Akkad in the North
    • http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH_01_08.gif (magnifier)
  • 4. Similarities….
    • Farming
    • Business
    • Customs
  • 5. …..Differences
    • Language!
    • War often:
      • Water
      • Land
  • 6. Sumer
    • Between 3500-2330 b.c.: More Powerful
    • Largest City-State in Sumer:
    • --Uruk
  • 7.  
  • 8. City-States in Sumer…
    • 50,000 people
    • Mudbrick walls surround the city
    • Painted their houses white to keep cool.
    • Large irrigated fields surround the city.
  • 9. Ziggurat
    • Link between Heaven and Earth
  • 10.  
  • 11. Religion and Government
    • Huge Temples: Show importance of Religion to Society
    • Society: Organized community with Rules and traditions
  • 12. Polytheism
    • Belief in Many gods
    • gods & goddesses: responsible for the well-being of people and land.
  • 13. Anu: god of Heaven
  • 14. Enlil: god of wind
  • 15. Enki: god of water
  • 16. Ninhursag: mother of gods
  • 17. Pleasing the gods…
    • Peace and Prosperity for the People meant the gods were pleased
    • Temple Priests worked hard to make gods happy
      • Burned incense
      • Offered food/drink
  • 18. Religion and Government
    • Closely linked
    • Kings chosen by gods
    • “Divine Kingship” –divine right to rule
    • Kingship passed from father to son
  • 19. Sumer Class System
    • #1 Kings
  • 20. #2
    • Wealthy Business People
    • Landowners
    • Government Officials
  • 21. #3
    • Artisans
    • Farmers
  • 22. #4
    • Slaves
  • 23. Rise and Fall of the Akkadian Empire
  • 24. 2334 b.c.
    • Sargon attacked Sumer and conquered all the city-states
    • Result: All of Mesopotamia united under one single Empire
    • Empire: Large territory all under the control of a single ruler.
  • 25. Dynasty…
    • Ruling Family
    • Sargon passed his power on to his son.
    • Sargon’s Dynasty lasted for 150 years.
  • 26. Sumer’s Final Days
  • 27. 2100-2000 b.c.
    • Mesopotamia controlled by Ur , a city- state in Sumer
    • Most Successful Dynasty in Ur was founded by Sumerian King Ur-Nammu
  • 28. Most important contributions by Sumerian civilization:
    • Cuneiform
    • Ziggurats
    • Wheel
  • 29. *** Advancement of Sumer Civilization:
    • Writing
    • Religion
    • Technology