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Hunters And Gatherers PowerPoint

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Transcript

  • 1. Objective: To Learn about the early Hunters and Gatherers
  • 2. Hunters and Gatherers Lesson 1: Page 10-16
  • 3. Vocabulary
  • 4.
    • Prehistory
    • Archaeology
    • Archaeologist
    • Artifact
    • Migrate
    • Glacier
    -Long period of time before people developed systems of writing. -Huge Ice Sheets -to move from one place to another -study of past cultures through the things that remain such as buildings, tools, or pottery. -an object made by people long ago -A scientist who uncovers evidence, or proof, from the past.
  • 5. Studying PreHistory
    • Long period of Time before people developed systems of writing and written language.
    • No books, letters, or newspapers from prehistory.
    We can still learn about these pre-historic times…
  • 6. Archaeology
    • What is Archaeology?
    (Archaeology video) Study of past cultures through the things that remain: buildings, tools, pottery, etc.
  • 7. Artifacts
  • 8. More Artifacts…
    • Ash from Campfire
  • 9.
    • We need to figure out:
    • The gender of the owner
    • The age of the owner
  • 10. Early People
    • Using artifacts, Archaeologist can determine where people migrated from and where they went.
    • Migrate: human movement
  • 11. Early People
  • 12.  
  • 13. Ice Age
    • 11,000 years ago: Earth was in an Ice Age
  • 14. Glacier
    • 1.6 Million Years ago until 10,000 years ago
  • 15. Glaciers Melt….
  • 16. Giant Ground Sloth
  • 17. Saber Tooth Cat
  • 18.  
  • 19. American Mastodon
  • 20.  
  • 21. Big Horned Bison
  • 22. How did People get to North America?
    • During Ice Age, Seas were lower than they are today. WHY???
    • The Result: A Land Bridge connected Asia to Alaska.
    Beringia or Bering Strait
  • 23. Bering Strait
    • Google Earth Measure Tool
  • 24. Early Americans
    • Clovis, NM—11,000 year old artifacts
  • 25.  
  • 26.
    • Migration Path of Early Americans
    • 11,500 years ago.
    • Was it a fast Migration?
    1,000 years
  • 27. New Discovery-Different Path
    • 20 years ago: Discovery at Monte Verde, Chile.
  • 28. Monte Verde, Chile
    • Archaeologists found artifacts from 12,500 years ago.
    • Disputed: May prove scientists were wrong with Clovis, NM.
  • 29. Topper Site
    • 18,000 Year Old Artifacts
  • 30. Sequence
    • 11,500 years ago: Clovis, NM
    • 12,500 years ago: Monte Verde, Chile
    • 18,000 years ago: Topper Site (South Carolina)