Foot Protection Training

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Foot Protection Training

  1. 1. Personal Protective Equipment Foot Protection by Dan Junkins
  2. 2. Who Needs Foot PPE ? <ul><li>For protection of feet from falling or rolling objects, sharp objects, molten metal, hot surfaces, and wet slippery surfaces workers should use appropriate safety shoes, or boots. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes of Foot Problems <ul><li>Foot Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Severely aching feet blisters, calluses, corns, hard flooring, rheumatism, arthritis, malformations of toes, fallen arches (flat feet), bunions, sprains </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Long periods of standing, hard flooring, and poorly fitted footwear: </li></ul><ul><li>high heals, pointed shoes, lack of arch support, too loose or too tight footwear </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of Foot Problems ? <ul><li>Foot Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Sweaty feet, fungal infections (Athlete’s Foot) </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Hot and humid environment, strenuous work, footwear with synthetic (non-porous) uppers </li></ul>
  5. 5. How Does the Working Position Contribute to the Foot Problem ? <ul><li>Since the human foot is designed for mobility, maintaining an upright stance is extremely tiring. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuos standing can cause the joints of the feet to become mis-aligned (flat feet) and cause inflammation that can later lead to rheumatism and arthritis. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Human Foot
  7. 7. How Does the Flooring Contribute to the Foot Problems ? <ul><li>The type of flooring used in the work place has an important influence on comfort. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard unyielding floors like concrete are the least comfortable surfaces to work on. </li></ul><ul><li>Working on a hard floor has the impact of a hammer, pounding the heel at every step. </li></ul><ul><li>Slippery floors are hazardous for slips and falls that can result in sprains or broken bones. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Does the Foot Wear Contribute to the Foot Problems? <ul><li>Foot wear that fits poorly or is in of repair contributes heavily to foot discomfort </li></ul>
  9. 9. Specific Examples of Workplace Foot Injuries <ul><li>Injuries: </li></ul><ul><li>Crushed or broken feet, amputation of toes or feet </li></ul><ul><li>Punctures of the sole of the foot </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Feet trapped between objects or caught in a crack, falls of heavy objects, moving vehicles (lift trucks) </li></ul><ul><li>Loose nails, sharp metal or glass objects </li></ul>
  10. 10. Specific Examples of Workplace Foot Injures <ul><li>Injuries: </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts or severed feet or toes </li></ul><ul><li>Lacerations </li></ul><ul><li>Electric shocks </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Chain saws, rotary mowers </li></ul><ul><li>Unguarded machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Static electricity, contact with sources of electricity </li></ul>
  11. 11. Specific Examples of Workplace Foot Injuries <ul><li>Injuries: </li></ul><ul><li>Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Molten metal splashes, chemical splashes, contact with fire, flammable or explosive atmospheres </li></ul>
  12. 12. Specific Examples of Workplace Foot Injuries <ul><li>Injuries: </li></ul><ul><li>Sprained or twisted ankles, fractured or broken bones because of slips, trips, or falls </li></ul><ul><li>Common Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Slippery floors, littered walkways, incorrect footwear, poor lighting </li></ul>
  13. 13. How can foot injuries be prevented ? <ul><li>The first step in developing a strategy to reduce foot problems is to identify the relevant hazards at the workplace. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How Can the Job Design Improve Foot Safety ? <ul><li>Aching, flat or tired feet are common among workers who spend most of their working time standing. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important goal of job design is to avoid fixed positions especially fixed standing positions. </li></ul>
  15. 15. How Can the Job Design Improve Foot Safety ? <ul><li>Job rotation moves workers from one job to another </li></ul><ul><li>Job enlargement includes more and different tasks in a workers duties </li></ul><ul><li>Rest breaks, frequent short breaks are preferable to fewer long breaks </li></ul>
  16. 16. How Can the Workplace Design Improve Foot Safety ? <ul><li>For standing jobs, an adjustable work surface is best </li></ul><ul><li>Work station design should allow the worker room to change body position </li></ul><ul><li>A foot rail or footrest enables workers to shift weight from one leg to another </li></ul><ul><li>Where possible a worker should be allowed to work sitting or standing at will </li></ul>
  17. 17. How Can the Kind of Floor Improve Foot Comfort ? <ul><li>Where resilient floors are not practical, foot wear with thick, insulating soles and shock absorbing insoles can alleviate discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-fatigue matting </li></ul>
  18. 18. What should I Know About Footwear ? <ul><li>Proper footwear is important, not only for foot comfort but also for one’s general well being. Improper footwear can cause or aggravate existing foot problems. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What Should I Know When I Buy Footwear for Work ? <ul><li>The inner side of the shoe must be straight from the heel to the end of the big toe </li></ul><ul><li>The shoe must grip the heel firmly </li></ul><ul><li>the forepart must allow freedom of movement for the toes </li></ul><ul><li>The shoe must have a fastening across the instep to prevent the foot from slipping when walking </li></ul>
  20. 20. What Should I Know When I Buy Footwear for Work ? <ul><li>Do not expect that footwear which is too tight will stretch with wear </li></ul><ul><li>have both feet measured. Feet normally differ in size </li></ul><ul><li>Buy shoes to fit the bigger foot </li></ul><ul><li>Buy shoes late in the afternoon when feet are likely to be swollen to their maximum size </li></ul>
  21. 21. What Should I Know About Protective Footwear ? <ul><li>The role of Personal Protective Equipment is to minimize exposure to specific occupational hazards, not to eliminate them. Protective Footwear does not guarantee total protection </li></ul>
  22. 22. Safety Shoes and Boots <ul><li>Steel Toe footwear protects your toes from falling objects and from being crushed. </li></ul><ul><li>Metatarsal footwear have special guards that run from your ankle to your toes and protect the entire foot </li></ul>
  23. 23. Safety Shoes and Boots <ul><li>Reinforced sole footwear have metal reinforcement that protects your foot from punctures. </li></ul><ul><li>Latex/Rubber footwear resists chemicals and provides extra traction on slippery surfaces. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Safety Shoes and Boots <ul><li>PVC footwear protects your feet against moisture and improves traction. </li></ul><ul><li>Butyl footwear protects against most ketones, aldehydes, alcohol's, acids, salts, and alkalis. </li></ul><ul><li>Vinyl footwear resists solvents, acids, alkalis, salts, water, grease, and blood. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Safety Shoes and Boots <ul><li>Nitrile footwear resists animal fats, oils and chemicals. </li></ul><ul><li>Electrostatic Dissipating footwear conducts static electricity to floors that are grounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Hazard footwear are insulated with tough rubber to prevent shocks and burns from electricity. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wearing and Using Safety Footwear <ul><li>Select and use the right kind of footwear for the job you are going to be performing. Footwear should meet or exceed the standards set by ANSI (ANSI Z41-1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid footwear made of leather or cloth if you work around acids or caustics. These chemicals quickly eat through the leather or cloth,and can injure your feet. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Wearing and Using Safety Footwear <ul><li>Select footwear that fits. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect your footwear before you use them. Look for holes and cracks that might leak. </li></ul><ul><li>Replace footwear that is worn or torn. </li></ul><ul><li>After working with chemicals, hose your footwear with water to rinse away any chemicals or dirt before removing your footwear. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Wearing and Using Safety Footwear <ul><li>Avoid borrowing footwear. Footwear is personal protective equipment . </li></ul><ul><li>Store footwear in a clean, cool, dry, ventilated area. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Remember <ul><li>Your Feet are one of your greatest assets. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Protect them! </li></ul>

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