0
Palm
Oil
     • The
Underlying
Problems

• How
we
can
Save
Orangutans
Now!

What
is
Palm
Oil?

•  Palm
oil
and
palm
is
an
important
vegetable
   oil
which
is
used
in
plenty
of
foods
and
other
   products
in
the
market.

Where
does
it
come
from?
       Palm
Oil
PlantaCon/Orchard

•  The
main
producers
of
palm
oil
are
Indonesia
   and
Malaysia.
•  Indonesia
is
the
third
largest
producer
of
   green
ho...
Fruit
Bundles
The
liquid
from
these
thousands
of
fruits
make
the
precious
oil

The
Trees
•  Oil
palms
can
grow
up
to
65
feet
tall
and
their
   broad
leaves
can
stretch
up
to
17
feet
long.

•  They
bear...
Palm
Oil
Tree
Palm
Tree

ExtracCon
•  HarvesCng:
The
fresh
fruit
bunches
(FFB)
of
right
maturity
are
harvested
   and
transported.
•  SterilizaCon:...
Why
is
it
used?

Palm
oil
is
one
of
the
cheapest
vegetable
oils
to
produce
because
of
the
very
high
raCo
of
                  land
to
oil.

Palm
vs.
Other
Vegetable
Oils
•  Vegetable
oil
producCon
around
the
world
   totals
over
159
million
tons
per
year,
of
whi...
Other
Advantages
•  Natural
vitamin
E
deposits
(prevent
Low‐density
   lipoprotein,
which
can
cause
cardiovascular
   dise...
Uniqueness
to
food
•  Used
as
a
preservaCve
•  Sweetener
•  High
concentrated
of
saturated
fat
so
it
does
   not
need
to
b...
Requirements
•  Growing
these
plantaCons
requires
a
lot
of
   water,
ferClizer
and
pesCcides.
•  However
the
most
importan...
DeforestaCon

Effects
•  Trees
are
cut
down
in
order
to
have
the
right
   tropical
condiCons
for
raising
palm
oil
trees
•  Destroy
carbon...
Habitat
DestrucCon
     Slash
and
Burn

•  Because
the
demand
for
palm
oil
is
so
great
   residents
of
Indonesia
are
clear
cuhng
vast
   areas
of
rain
forest
to
p...
Struggling
to
Survive
•  Not
enough
space

Tropical
Rainforest
•    Near
the
equator
•    Humid
climate
with
100
inches
of
rain
per
year
•    Strong
sunlight
year
ro...
•  AdaptaCons
–
most
species
are
specialists
and
   have
established
their
own
niche
•  Animals
depend
on
plants
and
vice
...
Biodiversity
loss
                                 Lidle
interference
with
the
complex

                                 S...
Processes
Taken
to
Re‐establish
              Rainforest
•  Dr.
Willie
Smits
has
created
a
innovaCve
   system
to
bring
ba...
Endangered
Species
Sumatran
Tiger
                                      Komodo
                                      Islan...
Orangutans
•  “Old
man
of
the
forest”
in
Indonesian
                        There
are
only
two
species
len.

The
Sumatran
...
The
Mammal’s
History
•    Orangutans
need
plenty
of
space
•    Their
main
food
source
is

•    Only
a
few
thousand
len
•  ...
Diet
•  Fruit
accounts
for
around
80%
percent
of
their
   diet
•  Scavengers
•  They
can
last
a
long
Cme
without
food
    ...
What
foods
have
Palm
Oil
1
in
10
foods
have
palm
oil

Non‐edible
products
•  Palm
oil
is
used
in
most
cosmeCcs
as
a
binding
   agent.
And
in
other
bathroom
products
like
   soa...
AlternaCves
•    Soy
oil
•    Codonseed
oil
•    Peanut
oil
•    Rapeseed
oil
•    
Sunflower
seed
oil
•    For
cooking
use...
How
You
can
help
•  Read all labels, to see the   ingredients (not all products have   it listed, so do some research   be...
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Palm oil

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The effects that palm oil plantations have on endemi species in tropical rainforests in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Published in: Technology, Business
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Transcript of "Palm oil"

  1. 1. Palm
Oil
 • The
Underlying
Problems

• How
we
can
Save
Orangutans
Now!

  2. 2. What
is
Palm
Oil?

  3. 3. •  Palm
oil
and
palm
is
an
important
vegetable
 oil
which
is
used
in
plenty
of
foods
and
other
 products
in
the
market.

  4. 4. Where
does
it
come
from?
 Palm
Oil
PlantaCon/Orchard

  5. 5. •  The
main
producers
of
palm
oil
are
Indonesia
 and
Malaysia.
•  Indonesia
is
the
third
largest
producer
of
 green
house
gases
(behind
the
US
and
China).

  6. 6. Fruit
Bundles
The
liquid
from
these
thousands
of
fruits
make
the
precious
oil

  7. 7. The
Trees
•  Oil
palms
can
grow
up
to
65
feet
tall
and
their
 broad
leaves
can
stretch
up
to
17
feet
long.

•  They
bear
clusters
of
fruit
all
year
long,
with
 each
fruit
bundle
at
its
peak
weighing
around
 110
pounds
each.

  8. 8. Palm
Oil
Tree
Palm
Tree

  9. 9. ExtracCon
•  HarvesCng:
The
fresh
fruit
bunches
(FFB)
of
right
maturity
are
harvested
 and
transported.
•  SterilizaCon:
The
FFB
are
sterilized
by
the
use
of
steam
pressure
•  Stripping:
The
fruit
is
separated
individually
•  DigesCon:
The
fruits
are
compressed
into
a
thick
pulp.
•  Pressing:
The
mixture
is
pressed
under
heavy
machinery
to
squeeze
out
 the
juices/oil
•  ClarificaCon:
The
water
mixture
grouped
into
two
parts;
oil
and
water.
•  PurificaCon:
High
speed
centrifuge
is
used
to
remove
the
final
solid
 impuriCes
from
the
oil.
•  Vacuum
Drying:
Moisture
content
of
the
oil
finally
removed
by
vacuum
 drying.
Thus
a
high
quality
palm
oil
is
produced.
•  Nut
Recovery:
Palm
seeds
are
separated
from
the
press
cake
in
a
seed
 recovery
unit.


  10. 10. Why
is
it
used?

  11. 11. Palm
oil
is
one
of
the
cheapest
vegetable
oils
to
produce
because
of
the
very
high
raCo
of
 land
to
oil.

  12. 12. Palm
vs.
Other
Vegetable
Oils
•  Vegetable
oil
producCon
around
the
world
 totals
over
159
million
tons
per
year,
of
which
 over
52
million
tons
is
palm
oil.
Along
with
soy
 oil,
palm
oil
makes
up
60%
of
world
 producCon.
•  Oil
palms
are
highly
efficient
oil
producers,
 with
each
fruit
containing
about
50%
oil.
As
a
 result
they
require
ten
Cmes
less
land
than
 other
oil‐producing
crops.


  13. 13. Other
Advantages
•  Natural
vitamin
E
deposits
(prevent
Low‐density
 lipoprotein,
which
can
cause
cardiovascular
 diseases).
•  There
is
lidle
polyunsaturated
fat,
a
cause
of
 heart
disease.
•  Over
ten
types
of
beta
carotenes
(more
then
 carrots
or
tomatoes),
which
consist
of
 carotenoids
that
make
the
orange
pigmentaCon
 and
serve
as
anCoxidants.


•  There
is
also
vitamin
A
which
helps
promote
good
 vision.

  14. 14. Uniqueness
to
food
•  Used
as
a
preservaCve
•  Sweetener
•  High
concentrated
of
saturated
fat
so
it
does
 not
need
to
be
hydrogenated
(unsaturated
to
 saturated).

This
causes
trans
fat
to
be
 produced
in
the
process.

  15. 15. Requirements
•  Growing
these
plantaCons
requires
a
lot
of
 water,
ferClizer
and
pesCcides.
•  However
the
most
important
part
about
 growing
palm
oil
trees
is
a
tropical
climate.
•  Most
especially,
there
must
be
space
to
plant.

 This
causes
a
huge
problem……….

  16. 16. DeforestaCon

  17. 17. Effects
•  Trees
are
cut
down
in
order
to
have
the
right
 tropical
condiCons
for
raising
palm
oil
trees
•  Destroy
carbon
sinks,
less
photosynthesis
•  Less
precipitaCon
•  A
new
terrain
is
created

  18. 18. Habitat
DestrucCon
 Slash
and
Burn

  19. 19. •  Because
the
demand
for
palm
oil
is
so
great
 residents
of
Indonesia
are
clear
cuhng
vast
 areas
of
rain
forest
to
plant
the
palm
crops
so
 that
they
can
obtain
a
huge
profit.
The
 problem
is
that
palm
crops
are
far
less
 efficient
at
reducing
CO2
levels
in
the
 atmosphere
than
the
endemic
species.

  20. 20. Struggling
to
Survive
•  Not
enough
space

  21. 21. Tropical
Rainforest
•  Near
the
equator
•  Humid
climate
with
100
inches
of
rain
per
year
•  Strong
sunlight
year
round
•  10
species
of
trees
in
one
hectare
(2.47
acres)
•  Trees
grow
above
100
feet
tall
•  Huge
amount
of
diversity,
the
most
out
of
any
 other
ecosystem

  22. 22. •  AdaptaCons
–
most
species
are
specialists
and
 have
established
their
own
niche
•  Animals
depend
on
plants
and
vice
versa
•  Resource
parCConing
•  From
the
ground
to
the
canopy,
Birds
of
 Paradise
divide
territory
by
height

  23. 23. Biodiversity
loss
 Lidle
interference
with
the
complex

 Structure
of
the
rainforest
can
cause
 Massive
loss
that
may
be
very
difficult

 To
near
impossible
to
regain.
The
divide
between
ecosystems

  24. 24. Processes
Taken
to
Re‐establish
 Rainforest
•  Dr.
Willie
Smits
has
created
a
innovaCve
 system
to
bring
back
deforested
land
•  Speeding
up
secondary
succession
•  Gehng
the
civilians
to
parCcipate
and
have
 well
paid
jobs

  25. 25. Endangered
Species
Sumatran
Tiger
 Komodo
 Island
 Monitor
 Agile
Gibbon


  26. 26. Orangutans
•  “Old
man
of
the
forest”
in
Indonesian
 There
are
only
two
species
len.

The
Sumatran
 Orangutan
and
the
Bornean
Orangutan.

  27. 27. The
Mammal’s
History
•  Orangutans
need
plenty
of
space
•  Their
main
food
source
is

•  Only
a
few
thousand
len
•  Largest
arboreal
animal
•  Very
intelligent
=
use
of
tools

  28. 28. Diet
•  Fruit
accounts
for
around
80%
percent
of
their
 diet
•  Scavengers
•  They
can
last
a
long
Cme
without
food
 Ficus
Fruit
 Orangutan
favorite

  29. 29. What
foods
have
Palm
Oil
1
in
10
foods
have
palm
oil

  30. 30. Non‐edible
products
•  Palm
oil
is
used
in
most
cosmeCcs
as
a
binding
 agent.
And
in
other
bathroom
products
like
 soaps
and
shampoos.

•  Beauty
products
such
as
lipsCck
also
use
palm
 oil

  31. 31. AlternaCves
•  Soy
oil
•  Codonseed
oil
•  Peanut
oil
•  Rapeseed
oil
•  
Sunflower
seed
oil
•  For
cooking
use
olive
oil
and
canola
oil

  32. 32. How
You
can
help
•  Read all labels, to see the ingredients (not all products have it listed, so do some research before purchasing).•  Do not buy any of these products•  Tell your friends and family about this drastic problem
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