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The Nifty<br />Fifty<br />
The Western Territory<br />The Five Territories of the United States!! <br />The Northeast<br />The Midwest<br />The South...
The Midwest<br />
OHIO<br />
Michigan<br />
Indiana<br />
Illinois<br />
Iowa<br />
Alabama<br />
Alaska<br />Capital:Juneau<br />Governor: Sean Parnell, R (to Dec. 2010)<br />Motto: North to the Future<br />flower forge...
Arizona<br />Capital:Phoenix<br />Governor: Jan Brewer, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Ditat Deus (God enriches)<br />flowerf...
Arkansas<br />Capital:Little Rock<br />Governor: Mike Beebe, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Regnatpopulus (The people rule)<b...
California<br />Capital:Sacramento<br />Governor:Arnold Schwarzenegger, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Eureka (I have found i...
Colorado<br />Capital:Denver<br />Governor: Bill Ritter, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Nil sine Numine (Nothing without Prov...
Connecticut<br />Capital:Hartford<br />Governor: M. Jodi Rell, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />flowermountain laurel (1907) treewhit...
Delaware<br />Capital:Dover<br />Governor: Jack Markell, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto: Liberty and independence<br />colors...
Florida<br />Capital:Tallahassee<br />Governor: Charlie Crist, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: In God we trust (1868)<br />fl...
Georgia<br />Capital:Atlanta<br />Governor: Sonny Perdue, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Wisdom, justice, and moderation<br ...
Hawaii<br />Capital:Honolulu (on Oahu)<br />Governor: Linda Lingle, R (to Dec. 2010)<br />Motto:Ua Mau Ke Ea O Ka Aina I K...
Idaho<br />Capital:Boise<br />Governor: C. L. Butch Otter, R (to Jan. 2010)<br />Motto:Estoperpetua (It is forever)<br />f...
Kansas<br />Capital:Topeka<br />Governor: Mark Parkinson, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Ad astra per aspera (To the stars th...
Kentucky<br />Capital:Frankfort<br />Governor:Steve Beshear, D (to Dec. 2011)<br />Motto:United we stand, divided we fall<...
Louisiana<br />Capital:Baton Rouge<br />Governor: Bobby Jindal, R (to Jan. 2012)<br />Motto: Union, justice, and confidenc...
Maine<br />Capital:Augusta<br />Governor: John Baldacci, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Dirigo (I lead)<br />flower white pin...
Maryland<br />Capital:Annapolis<br />Governor: Martin O'Malley, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Fattimaschii, parole femine (M...
Massachusetts<br />Capital:Boston<br />Governor:Deval Patrick, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Ense petit placidam sub liberta...
Minnesota<br />Capital:St. Paul<br />Governor: Tim Pawlenty, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:L'Étoile du Nord (The North Star)...
Mississippi<br />Capital:Jackson<br />Governor: Haley Barbour, R (to Jan. 2012)<br />Motto:Virtute et armis (By valor and ...
Missouri<br />Capital:Jefferson City<br />Governor:Jay Nixon, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Saluspopulisupremalexesto (The w...
Montana<br />Capital:Helena<br />Governor: Brian Schweitzer, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Oro y plata (Gold and silver)<br ...
Nebraska<br />Capital:Lincoln<br />Governor: David Heineman, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Equality before the law<br />flo...
Nevada<br />Capital:Carson City<br />Governor: Jim Gibbons, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: All for Our Country<br />flower s...
New Hampshire<br />Capital:Concord<br />Governor: John Lynch, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Live free or die<br />flower pu...
New Jersey<br />Capital:Trenton<br />Governor: Chris Christie, R (to Jan. 2014)<br />Motto: Liberty and prosperity<br />fl...
New Mexico<br />Capital:Santa Fe<br />Governor: Bill Richardson, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Cresciteundo (It grows as it ...
New York<br />Capital:Albany<br />Governor:David Paterson (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Excelsior (Ever upward)<br />animal be...
North Carolina<br />Capital:Raleigh<br />Governor: Beverly Perdue, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Esse quam videri (To be rat...
North Dakota<br />Capital:Bismarck<br />Governor: John Hoeven, R (to Dec. 15, 2012)<br />Motto: Liberty and union, now and...
Oklahoma<br />Capital:Oklahoma City<br />Governor: Brad Henry, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Labor omniavincit (Labor conque...
Oregon<br />Capital:Salem<br />Governor: Ted Kulongoski, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:AlisvolatPropriis (She flies with her...
Pennsylvania<br />Capital:Harrisburg<br />Governor: Ed Rendell, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independ...
Rhode Island<br />Capital:Providence<br />Governor: Don Carcieri, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Hope<br />flower violet (un...
South Carolina<br />Capital:Columbia<br />Governor:Mark Sanford, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Mottoes:Animisopibusqueparati (Prep...
South Dakota<br />Capital:Pierre<br />Governor: Mike Rounds, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Under God the people rule<br />f...
Tennessee<br />Capital:Nashville<br />Governor:Phil Bredesen, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Agriculture and Commerce (1987)<...
Texas<br />Capital:Austin<br />Governor: Rick Perry, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Friendship<br />flower bluebonnet (1901)...
Utah<br />Capital:Salt Lake City<br />Governor: Gary Herbert, R (to Jan. 2010)<br />Motto: Industry<br />flower sego lily ...
Vermont<br />Capital:Montpelier<br />Governor: Jim Douglas, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Vermont, Freedom and Unity<br />f...
Virginia<br />Capital:Richmond<br />Governor: Bob McDonnell, R (to Jan. 2014)<br />Motto:Sic sempertyrannis (Thus always t...
Washington<br />Capital:Olympia<br />Governor: Christine Gregoire, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Al-Ki (Indian word meaning ...
West Virginia<br />Capital:Charleston<br />Governor: Joe Manchin III, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Montanisemperliberi (Mou...
Wisconsin<br />Capital:Madison<br />Governor: Jim Doyle, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Forward<br />flower wood violet (194...
Wyoming<br />Capital:Cheyenne<br />Governor: Dave Freudenthal, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Equal rights (1955)<br />flowe...
Works Cited<br />
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  • Governor: Ted Strickland, D (to Jan. 2011)Capital:ColumbusMotto: With God all things are possibleflower scarlet carnation (1904) tree buckeye (1953) bird cardinal (1933) insect ladybug (1975) gemstone flint (1965) song “Beautiful Ohio” (1969) beverage tomato juice (1965) fossil trilobite (1985) animal white-tailed deer (1988) wildflower large white trillium (1987) Nickname: Buckeye StateOrigin of name: From an Iroquoian word meaning “great river”Residents: Ohioan
  • Capital:LansingGovernor: Jennifer Granholm, D (to Jan. 2011)Motto:Si quaerispeninsulamamoenamcircumspice (If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look around you)flower apple blossom (1897) bird robin (1931) mammal white-tailed deer (1997) fishes trout (1965), brook trout (1988) gem isle royal greenstone (chlorastrolite) (1972) stonepetoskey stone (1965) tree white pine (1955) soilkalkaska soil series (1990) reptile painted turtle (1995) flag “Blue charged with the arms of the state” (1911) wildflower Dwarf Lake iris (1998) Nickname: Wolverine StateOrigin of name: From Indian word “Michigana” meaning “great or large lake”Residents: Michigander, Michiganian, Michiganite
  • Capital:IndianapolisGovernor: Mitchell Daniels, R (to Jan. 2013)Motto: The Crossroads of Americaflowerpeony (1957) tree tulip tree (1931) bird cardinal (1933) song “On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away” (1913) riverWabashstonelimestoneNickname: Hoosier StateOrigin of name: Meaning “land of Indians”Residents: Indianan, Indianian, Hoosier
  • Capital:SpringfieldGovernor: Patrick Quinn, D (to Jan. 2011)Motto: State sovereignty, national unionflowerviolet (1908) tree white oak (1973) birdcardinal (1929) animal white-tailed deer (1982) fish bluegill (1987) insect monarch butterfly (1975) song “Illinois” (1925) mineralfluorite (1965) Nickname: Prairie StateOrigin of name: Algonquin for “tribe of superior men”Residents: Illinoisan
  • Capital:Des MoinesGovernor:Chet Culver, D (to Jan. 2011)Motto:Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintainflower wild rose (1897) bird eastern goldfinch (1933) colors red, white, and blue (in state flag) song “Song of Iowa” Nickname:Hawkeye StateOrigin of name:From the Iowa River which was named after the Ioway Indian tribeResidents:Iowan
  • Capital:MontgomeryGovernor:Bob Riley, R (to Jan. 2011)Motto:Audemusjura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)flowercamellia (1959) bird yellowhammer (1927) song “Alabama” (1931) tree Southern longleaf pine (1949, 1997) salt water fish fighting tarpon (1955) fresh water fish largemouth bass (1975) horse racking horse (1975) mineralhematite (1967) rockmarble (1969) game bird wild turkey (1980) dance square dance (1981) nut pecan (1982) fossil species BasilosaurusCetoides (1984) official mascot and butterfly eastern tiger swallowtail (1989) insectmonarch butterfly (1989) reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle (1990) gemstone star blue quartz (1990) shellscaphellajunoniajohnstoneae (1990)Nickname:Yellowhammer StateOrigin of name:From Alabama River by early European explorers and named &quot;Alibamu&quot; after the local Indian tribeResidents:Alabamian, Alabaman
  • flowerflower of saguaro cactus (1931) bird cactus wren (1931) colors blue and old gold (1915) song “Arizona” (1919) treepaloverde (1954) neckwear bola tie (1971) fossil petrified wood (1988) gemstoneturquoise (1974) mammal ringtail (1986) reptile Arizona ridgenose rattlesnake (1986) fish Arizona trout (1986) amphibian Arizona tree frog (1986) butterfly two-tailed swallowtail (2001) Nickname: Grand Canyon StateOrigin of name: Uncertain. Perhaps from the O&apos;odham Indian word for “little spring”Residents: Arizonan, Arizonian
  • Transcript of "Storyboard"

    1. 1. The Nifty<br />Fifty<br />
    2. 2. The Western Territory<br />The Five Territories of the United States!! <br />The Northeast<br />The Midwest<br />The Southwest<br />The Southwest<br />
    3. 3. The Midwest<br />
    4. 4. OHIO<br />
    5. 5. Michigan<br />
    6. 6. Indiana<br />
    7. 7. Illinois<br />
    8. 8. Iowa<br />
    9. 9. Alabama<br />
    10. 10. Alaska<br />Capital:Juneau<br />Governor: Sean Parnell, R (to Dec. 2010)<br />Motto: North to the Future<br />flower forget-me-not (1949) treesitka spruce (1962) birdwillow ptarmigan (1955) fish king salmon (1962) song “Alaska's Flag” (1955) gemjade (1968) marine mammal bowhead whale (1983) fossilwoolly mammoth (1986) mineralgold (1968) sport dog mushing (1972) Nickname: The state is commonly called “The Last Frontier” or “Land of the Midnight Sun”<br />Origin of name: Corruption of Aleut word meaning “great land” or “that which the sea breaks against”<br />Residents: Alaskan<br />
    11. 11. Arizona<br />Capital:Phoenix<br />Governor: Jan Brewer, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Ditat Deus (God enriches)<br />flowerflower of saguaro cactus (1931) bird cactus wren (1931) colors blue and old gold (1915) song “Arizona” (1919) treepaloverde (1954) neckwear bola tie (1971) fossil petrified wood (1988) gemstoneturquoise (1974) mammal ringtail (1986) reptile Arizona ridgenose rattlesnake (1986) fish Arizona trout (1986) amphibian Arizona tree frog (1986) butterfly two-tailed swallowtail (2001) Nickname: Grand Canyon State<br />Origin of name: Uncertain. Perhaps from the O'odham Indian word for “little spring”<br />Residents: Arizonan, Arizonian<br />
    12. 12. Arkansas<br />Capital:Little Rock<br />Governor: Mike Beebe, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Regnatpopulus (The people rule)<br />flower apple blossom (1901) tree pine (1939) birdmockingbird (1929) insect honeybee (1973) song “Arkansas” (1963) Nickname: The Natural State<br />Origin of name: From the Quapaw Indians<br />Residents: Arkansan <br />
    13. 13. California<br />Capital:Sacramento<br />Governor:Arnold Schwarzenegger, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Eureka (I have found it)<br />flower golden poppy (1903) tree California redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens & Sequoiadendrongiganteum) (1937, 1953) bird California valley quail (1931) animal California grizzly bear (1953) fish California golden trout (1947) colors blue and gold (1951) song “I Love You, California” (1951) Nickname: Golden State<br />Origin of name: From a book, Las Sergas de Esplandián, by Garcia Ordóñez de Montalvo, c. 1500<br />Residents: Californian<br />
    14. 14. Colorado<br />Capital:Denver<br />Governor: Bill Ritter, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Nil sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)<br />flower Rocky Mountain columbine (1899) tree Colorado blue spruce (1939) bird lark bunting (1931) animal Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (1961) gemstone aquamarine (1971) colors blue and white (1911) song “Where the Columbines Grow” (1915) fossil stegosaurus (1991) Nickname: Centennial State<br />Origin of name: From the Spanish, “ruddy” or “red”<br />Residents: Coloradan, Coloradoan<br />
    15. 15. Connecticut<br />Capital:Hartford<br />Governor: M. Jodi Rell, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />flowermountain laurel (1907) treewhite oak (1947) animalsperm whale (1975) bird American robin (1943) heroNathan Hale (1985) heroinePrudence Crandall (1995) insectpraying mantis (1977) mineralgarnet (1977) song “Yankee Doodle” (1978) ship USS Nautilus (1983) shellfish eastern oyster (1989) fossilEubrontesGiganteus (1991) composerCharles Edward Ives (1991) Nickname: Constitution State (official, 1959); Nutmeg State<br />Origin of name: From an Indian word (Quinnehtukqut) meaning “beside the long tidal river”<br />Residents:Connecticuter; Nutmegger<br />
    16. 16. Delaware<br />Capital:Dover<br />Governor: Jack Markell, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto: Liberty and independence<br />colors colonial blue and buff flower peach blossom (1895) tree American holly (1939) bird blue hen chicken (1939) insect ladybug (1974) butterfly tiger swallowtail (1999) fish weakfish, cynoscionregalis (1981) song “Our Delaware” beverage milk fossil belemnite Nicknames: Diamond State; First State; Small Wonder<br />Origin of name: From Delaware River and Bay; named in turn for Sir Thomas West, Baron De La Warr<br />Residents: Delawarean<br />
    17. 17. Florida<br />Capital:Tallahassee<br />Governor: Charlie Crist, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: In God we trust (1868)<br />flower orange blossom (1909) bird mockingbird (1927) song “Suwannee River” (1935) Nickname: Sunshine State (1970)<br />Origin of name: From the Spanish Pascua Florida, meaning “feast of flowers” (Easter)<br />Residents: Floridian, Floridan<br />
    18. 18. Georgia<br />Capital:Atlanta<br />Governor: Sonny Perdue, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Wisdom, justice, and moderation<br />flower Cherokee rose (1916) tree live oak (1937) bird brown thrasher (1935) song “Georgia on My Mind” (1922) Nicknames: Peach State, Empire State of the South<br />Origin of name: In honor of George II of England<br />Residents: Georgian<br />
    19. 19. Hawaii<br />Capital:Honolulu (on Oahu)<br />Governor: Linda Lingle, R (to Dec. 2010)<br />Motto:Ua Mau Ke Ea O Ka Aina I Ka Pono (The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness)<br />flower hibiscus (yellow) (1988) song “Hawaii Ponoi” (1967) birdnene (Hawaiian goose) (1957) treekukui(candlenut) (1959) Nickname: Aloha State (1959)<br />Origin of name: Uncertain. The islands may have been named by Hawaii Loa, their traditional discoverer. Or they may have been named after Hawaii or Hawaiki, the traditional home of the Polynesians.<br />Residents: Hawaiian, also kamaaina (native-born nonethnic Hawaiian), malihini (newcomer)<br />
    20. 20. Idaho<br />Capital:Boise<br />Governor: C. L. Butch Otter, R (to Jan. 2010)<br />Motto:Estoperpetua (It is forever)<br />flowersyringa (1931) tree white pine (1935) bird mountain bluebird (1931) horse Appaloosa (1975) gem star garnet (1967) song “Here We Have Idaho” folk dance square dance fish cutthroat trout (1990) fossil Hagerman horse fossil (1988) Nickname: Gem State<br />Origin of name: An invented name whose meaning is unknown.<br />Residents: Idahoan<br />
    21. 21. Kansas<br />Capital:Topeka<br />Governor: Mark Parkinson, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties)<br />flowersunflower (1903) tree cottonwood (1937) bird western meadowlark (1937) animalbuffalo (1955) song “Home on the Range” (1947) Nicknames: Sunflower State; Jayhawk State<br />Origin of name: From a Sioux word meaning “people of the south wind”<br />Residents: Kansan<br />
    22. 22. Kentucky<br />Capital:Frankfort<br />Governor:Steve Beshear, D (to Dec. 2011)<br />Motto:United we stand, divided we fall<br />tree tulip poplar (1994) flower goldenrod bird Kentucky cardinal song “My Old Kentucky Home” Nickname:Bluegrass State<br />Origin of name:From an Iroquoian word “Ken-tah-ten” meaning “land of tomorrow”<br />Residents:Kentuckian<br />
    23. 23. Louisiana<br />Capital:Baton Rouge<br />Governor: Bobby Jindal, R (to Jan. 2012)<br />Motto: Union, justice, and confidence<br />flower magnolia (1900) tree bald cypress (1963) bird eastern brown pelican (1958) songs “Give Me Louisiana” and “You Are My Sunshine” Nickname: Pelican State <br />Origin of name: In honor of Louis XIV of France<br />Residents: Louisianan, Louisianian<br />
    24. 24. Maine<br />Capital:Augusta<br />Governor: John Baldacci, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Dirigo (I lead)<br />flower white pine cone and tassel (1895) tree white pine tree (1945) bird chickadee (1927) fish landlocked salmon (1969) mineral tourmaline (1971) song “State of Maine Song” (1937) animal moose (1979) cat Maine coon cat (1985) fossilperticaquadrifaria (1985) insect honeybee (1975) Nickname: Pine Tree State<br />Origin of name: First used to distinguish the mainland from the offshore islands. It has been considered a compliment to Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. She was said to have owned the province of Mayne in France.<br />Residents: Mainer<br />
    25. 25. Maryland<br />Capital:Annapolis<br />Governor: Martin O'Malley, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Fattimaschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)<br />bird Baltimore oriole (1947) boat skipjack (1985) crustacean Maryland blue crab (1989) dinosaurAstrodonjohnstoni (1998) dog Chesapeake Bay retriever (1964) beverage milk (1998) flower black-eyed susan (1918) fish rockfish (1965) folk dance square dance (1994) fossil shellecphoragardneraegardnerae (Wilson) (1994) insect Baltimore checkerspot butterfly (1973) reptile Diamondback terrapin (1994) song “Maryland! My Maryland!” (1939) sport jousting (1962) team sport lacrosse (2004) tree white oak (1941) Nicknames: Free State; Old Line State<br />Origin of name: In honor of Henrietta Maria (queen of Charles I of England)<br />Residents: Marylander<br />
    26. 26. Massachusetts<br />Capital:Boston<br />Governor:Deval Patrick, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Ense petit placidam sub libertatequietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty)<br />flower mayflower (1918) tree American elm (1941) bird chickadee (1941) song “All Hail to Massachusetts” (1966) beverage cranberry juice (1970) insect ladybug (1974) cookie chocolate chip (1997) muffin corn muffin (1986) dessert Boston cream pie (1996) Nicknames: Bay State; Old Colony State<br />Origin of name: From Massachusett tribe of Native Americans, meaning “at or about the great hill”<br />Residents: Bay Stater<br />
    27. 27. Minnesota<br />Capital:St. Paul<br />Governor: Tim Pawlenty, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:L'Étoile du Nord (The North Star)<br />flower lady slipper (1902) tree red (or Norway) pine (1953) bird common loon (also called great northern diver) (1961) song “Hail Minnesota” (1945) fish walleye (1965) mushroom morel (1984) Nicknames: North Star State; Gopher State; Land of 10,000 Lakes<br />Origin of name: From a Dakota Indian word meaning “sky-tinted water”<br />Residents: Minnesotan<br />
    28. 28. Mississippi<br />Capital:Jackson<br />Governor: Haley Barbour, R (to Jan. 2012)<br />Motto:Virtute et armis (By valor and arms)<br />flowerflower or bloom of the magnolia or evergreen magnolia (1952) wildflower coreopsis (1991) tree magnolia (1938) bird mockingbird (1944) song “Go, Mississippi” (1962) stone petrified wood (1976) fish largemouth or black bass (1974) insect honeybee (1980) shell oyster shell (1974) water mammalbottlenosed dolphin or porpoise (1974) fossil prehistoric whale (1981) land mammal white-tailed deer (1974), red fox (1997) waterfowl wood duck (1974) beverage milk (1984) butterfly spicebush swallowtail (1991) dance square dance (1995) Nickname: Magnolia State<br />Origin of name: From an Indian word meaning “Father of Waters”<br />Residents: Mississippian<br />
    29. 29. Missouri<br />Capital:Jefferson City<br />Governor:Jay Nixon, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Saluspopulisupremalexesto (The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law)<br />flower hawthorn (1923) bird bluebird (1927) aquatic animal paddlefish (1997) fish channel catfish (1997) song “Missouri Waltz” (1949) fossilcrinoid (1989) musical instrument fiddle (1987) rockmozarkite (1967) mineral galena (1967) insect honeybee (1985) tree flowering dogwood (1955) tree nut eastern black walnut (1990) animal mule (1995) dance square dance (1995) Missouri Day third Wednesday in October (1969) Nickname:Show-me State<br />Origin of name:Named after the Missouri Indian tribe. “Missouri” means “town of the large canoes.”<br />Residents:Missourian<br />
    30. 30. Montana<br />Capital:Helena<br />Governor: Brian Schweitzer, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Oro y plata (Gold and silver)<br />flower bitterroot (1895) tree ponderosa pine (1949) stones sapphire and agate (1969) bird Western meadowlark (1981) song “Montana” (1945) Nickname: Treasure State<br />Origin of name: From the Spanish word meaning “mountain.”<br />Residents: Montanan<br />
    31. 31. Nebraska<br />Capital:Lincoln<br />Governor: David Heineman, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Equality before the law<br />flower goldenrod (1895) fish channel catfish (1997) American folk dance square dance (1997) ballad “A Place Like Nebraska” (1997) tree cottonwood (1972) bird Western meadowlark (1929) insect honeybee (1975) gemstone blue agate (1967) rock prairie agate (1967) fossil mammoth (1967) song “Beautiful Nebraska” (1967) soiltypicargiustolls, holdreges series (1979) mammal whitetail deer (1981) grass little bluestem (1969) beverage milk (1998) Nicknames: Cornhusker State (1945); Beef State<br />Origin of name: From an Oto Indian word meaning “flat water”<br />Residents: Nebraskan<br />
    32. 32. Nevada<br />Capital:Carson City<br />Governor: Jim Gibbons, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: All for Our Country<br />flower sagebrush (1959) trees single-leaf pinon (1953) and bristlecone pine (1987) bird mountain bluebird (1967) animal desert bighorn sheep (1973) colors silver and blue (1983) song “Home Means Nevada” (1933) rock sandstone (1987) precious gemstone virgin valley black fire opal (1987) semiprecious gemstone Nevada turquoise (1987) grass Indian ricegrass (1977) metal silver (1977) fossil ichthyosaur (1977) fishlahontan cutthroat trout (1981) reptile desert tortoise (1989) state artifacttule duck decoy (1995) Nicknames: Sagebrush State; Silver State; Battle Born State<br />Origin of name: Spanish: “snowcapped”<br />Residents: Nevadan, Nevadian<br />
    33. 33. New Hampshire<br />Capital:Concord<br />Governor: John Lynch, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Live free or die<br />flower purple lilac (1919) tree white birch (1947) animal white-tailed deer (1983) insect ladybug (1977) saltwater fish striped bass (1994) freshwater fish brook trout (1995) amphibian spotted newt (1985) butterflykarner blue (1992) bird purple finch (1957) songs “Old New Hampshire” (1949) and “New Hampshire, My New Hampshire” (1963) Nickname: Granite State<br />Origin of name: From the English county of Hampshire<br />Residents: New Hampshirite<br />
    34. 34. New Jersey<br />Capital:Trenton<br />Governor: Chris Christie, R (to Jan. 2014)<br />Motto: Liberty and prosperity<br />flower purple violet (1913) bird eastern goldfinch (1935) insect honeybee (1974) tree red oak (1950) animal horse (1977) colors buff and blue (1965) folk dance square dance dinosaurhadrosaurusfoulkiifish brook trout shell knobbed whelk fruit blueberry (2004) Nickname: Garden State<br />Origin of name: From the Channel Isle of Jersey<br />Residents: New Jerseyite, New Jerseyan<br />
    35. 35. New Mexico<br />Capital:Santa Fe<br />Governor: Bill Richardson, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Cresciteundo (It grows as it goes)<br />flower yucca (1927) treepinon (1949) animal black bear (1963) bird roadrunner (1949) fish cutthroat trout (1955) vegetables chili and frijol (1965) gem turquoise (1967) song “O Fair New Mexico” (1917) Spanish-language song “Asi Es Nuevo Méjico” (1971) poem “A Nuevo México” (1991) grass blue gramma (1973) fossilcoelophysis (1981) cookiebizcochito (1989) insect tarantula hawk wasp (1989) ballad “Land of Enchantment” (1989) bilingual song “New Mexico—Mi Lindo Nuevo Mexico”, (1995) question “Red or Green?” (1999) Nickname: Land of Enchantment (1999)<br />Origin of name: From Mexico, “place of Mexitli,” an Aztec god or leader<br />Residents: New Mexican<br />
    36. 36. New York<br />Capital:Albany<br />Governor:David Paterson (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Excelsior (Ever upward)<br />animal beaver (1975) fish brook trout (1975) gem garnet (1969) flower rose (1955) tree sugar maple (1956) bird bluebird (1970) insect ladybug (1989) song “I Love New York” (1980) Nickname:Empire State<br />Origin of name:In honor of the Duke of York<br />Residents:New Yorker<br />
    37. 37. North Carolina<br />Capital:Raleigh<br />Governor: Beverly Perdue, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Esse quam videri (To be rather than to seem)<br />flower dogwood (1941) tree pine (1963) bird cardinal (1943) mammal gray squirrel (1969) insect honeybee (1973) reptile eastern box turtle (1979) gemstone emerald (1973) shell scotch bonnet (1965) historic boat shad boat (1987) beverage milk (1987) rock granite (1979) dogplott hound (1989) song “The Old North State” (1927) colors red and blue (1945) fruit scuppernong grape (2001) Nickname: Tar Heel State<br />Origin of name: In honor of Charles I of England<br />Residents: North Carolinian <br />
    38. 38. North Dakota<br />Capital:Bismarck<br />Governor: John Hoeven, R (to Dec. 15, 2012)<br />Motto: Liberty and union, now and forever: one and inseparable<br />tree American elm (1947) bird western meadowlark (1947) song “North Dakota Hymn” (1947) fish northern pike (1969) grass western wheatgrass (1977) fossilteredo petrified wood (1967) beverage milk (1983) state march Spirit of the Land (1975) flower wild prairie rose (1907) equineNokota horse (1993) dance square dance (1995) Nickname: Sioux State; Flickertail State; Peace Garden State; Rough Rider State<br />Origin of name: From the Sioux tribe, meaning “allies”<br />Residents: North Dakotan<br />
    39. 39. Oklahoma<br />Capital:Oklahoma City<br />Governor: Brad Henry, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Labor omniavincit (Labor conquers all things)<br />flower mistletoe (1893) tree redbud (1937) bird scissor-tailed flycatcher (1951) animal bison (1972) reptile mountain boomer lizard (1969) stone rose rock (barite rose) (1968) colors green and white (1915) song “Oklahoma” (1953) beverage milk butterfly black swallowtail fish white or sand bass folk dance square dance furbearer raccoon game animal white-tailed deer grassIndiangrassinsect honeybee musical instrument fiddle poem “Howdy Folks,” David Randolph Milstenwaltz “Oklahoma Wind” wildflower Indian blanket Nickname: Sooner State<br />Origin of name: From two Choctaw Indian words meaning “red people”<br />Residents: Oklahoman<br />
    40. 40. Oregon<br />Capital:Salem<br />Governor: Ted Kulongoski, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:AlisvolatPropriis (She flies with her own wings) (1987)<br />flower Oregon grape (1899) treedouglas fir (1939) animal beaver (1969) bird western meadowlark (1927) fishchinook salmon (1961) rockthunderegg (1965) colors navy blue and gold (1959) song “Oregon, My Oregon” (1927) insect swallowtail butterfly (1979) dance square dance (1977) nut hazelnut (1989) gemstone sunstone (1987) seashell Oregon hairy triton (1991) beverage milk (1997) mushroom Pacific golden chanterelle (1999) Nickname: Beaver State<br />Origin of name: Unknown. However, it is generally accepted that the name, first used by Jonathan Carver in 1778, was taken from the writings of Maj. Robert Rogers, an English army officer.<br />Residents: Oregonian <br />
    41. 41. Pennsylvania<br />Capital:Harrisburg<br />Governor: Ed Rendell, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence<br />flower mountain laurel (1933) tree hemlock (1931) bird ruffed grouse (1931) dog Great Dane (1965) colors blue and gold (1907) song “Pennsylvania” (1990) Nickname: Keystone State<br />Origin of name: In honor of Adm. Sir William Penn, father of William Penn. It means “Penn's Woodland.”<br />Residents: Pennsylvanian<br />
    42. 42. Rhode Island<br />Capital:Providence<br />Governor: Don Carcieri, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Hope<br />flower violet (unofficial) (1968) tree red maple (official) (1964) bird Rhode Island red hen (official) (1954) shell quahog (official) mineralbowenite (1966) stonecumberlandite (1966) colors blue, white, and gold (in state flag) song “Rhode Island, It's for Me” (1996) Official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations<br />Nickname: The Ocean State<br />Origin of name: From the Greek Island of Rhodes<br />Residents: Rhode Islander<br />
    43. 43. South Carolina<br />Capital:Columbia<br />Governor:Mark Sanford, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Mottoes:Animisopibusqueparati (Prepared in mind and resources) and Dum spirospero (While I breathe, I hope)<br />flower Carolina yellow jessamine (1924) tree palmetto tree (1939) bird Carolina wren (1948) song “Carolina” (1911) Nickname:Palmetto State<br />Origin of name:In honor of Charles I of England<br />Residents:South Carolinian<br />
    44. 44. South Dakota<br />Capital:Pierre<br />Governor: Mike Rounds, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Under God the people rule<br />flower American pasqueflower (1903) grass Western wheat grass (1970) soilhoudek (1990) tree black hills spruce (1947) bird ring-necked pheasant (1943) insect honeybee (1978) animal coyote (1949) mineral stone rose quartz (1966) gemstonefairburn agate (1966) colors blue and gold (in state flag) song “Hail! South Dakota” (1943) fish walleye (1982) musical instrument fiddle (1989) dessertkuchen (2000) Nicknames: Mount Rushmore State; Coyote State<br />Origin of name: From the Sioux tribe, meaning “allies”<br />Residents: South Dakotan<br />
    45. 45. Tennessee<br />Capital:Nashville<br />Governor:Phil Bredesen, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto:Agriculture and Commerce (1987)<br />flower iris (1933) tree tulip poplar (1947) bird mockingbird (1933) horse Tennessee walking horse animal raccoon (1971) wild flower passion flower (1973) songs “My Homeland, Tennessee” (1925); “When It's Iris Time in Tennessee” (1935); “My Tennessee” (1955); “Tennessee Waltz” (1965); “Rocky Top” (1982); “Tennessee” (1992); “The Pride of Tennessee” (1996) Nickname:Volunteer State<br />Origin of name:Of Cherokee origin; the exact meaning is unknown<br />Residents:Tennessean, Tennesseean<br />
    46. 46. Texas<br />Capital:Austin<br />Governor: Rick Perry, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Friendship<br />flower bluebonnet (1901) tree pecan (1919) bird mockingbird (1927) song “Texas, Our Texas” (1929) fishguadalupe bass (1989) seashell lightning whelk (1987) dish chili (1977) folk dance square dance (1991) fruit Texas red grapefruit (1993) gem Texas blue topaz (1969) gemstone cut Lone Star cut (1977) grasssideoats grass (1971) reptile horned lizard (1993) stone petrified palmwood (1969) plant prickly pear cactus insect monarch butterfly pepper jalapeño pepper mammal longhorn small mammal armadillo flying mammal Mexican free-tailed bat Nickname: Lone Star State<br />Origin of name: From an Indian word meaning “friends”<br />Residents: Texan<br />
    47. 47. Utah<br />Capital:Salt Lake City<br />Governor: Gary Herbert, R (to Jan. 2010)<br />Motto: Industry<br />flower sego lily (1911) tree blue spruce (1933) bird California gull (1955) emblem beehive (1959) song “Utah, We Love Thee” (1953) gem topaz animal Rocky Mountain elk (1971) insect honeybee (1983) grass Indian rice grass (1990) fossilallosaurus (1988) cooking potdutch oven (1997) fish Bonneville cutthroat trout (1997) fruit cherry (1997) mineral copper rock coal (1991) Nickname: Beehive State<br />Origin of name: From the Ute tribe, meaning “people of the mountains”<br />Residents: Utahan, Utahn<br />
    48. 48. Vermont<br />Capital:Montpelier<br />Governor: Jim Douglas, R (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Vermont, Freedom and Unity<br />flower red clover (1894) tree sugar maple (1949) bird hermit thrush (1941) animal Morgan horse (1961) insect honeybee (1978) song “These Green Mountains” (2000) Nickname: Green Mountain State<br />Origin of name: From the French “vertmont,” meaning “green mountain”<br />Residents: Vermonter<br />
    49. 49. Virginia<br />Capital:Richmond<br />Governor: Bob McDonnell, R (to Jan. 2014)<br />Motto:Sic sempertyrannis (Thus always to tyrants)<br />flower American dogwood (1918) bird cardinal (1950) dog American foxhound (1966) shell oyster shell (1974) tree dogwood (1956) Nicknames: The Old Dominion; Mother of Presidents<br />Origin of name: In honor of Elizabeth “Virgin Queen” of England<br />Residents: Virginian<br />
    50. 50. Washington<br />Capital:Olympia<br />Governor: Christine Gregoire, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Al-Ki (Indian word meaning “by and by”)<br />flower coast rhododendron (1892) tree western hemlock (1947) bird willow goldfinch (1951) fish steelhead trout (1969) gem petrified wood (1975) colors green and gold (1925) song “Washington, My Home” (1959) folk song “Roll On Columbia, Roll On” (1987) dance square dance (1979) grassbluebunch wheatgrass (1989) insect blue darner dragonfly (1997) fossil Columbian mammoth (1998) fruit apple (1989) Nicknames: Evergreen State<br />Origin of name: In honor of George Washington<br />Residents: Washingtonian <br />
    51. 51. West Virginia<br />Capital:Charleston<br />Governor: Joe Manchin III, D (to Jan. 2013)<br />Motto:Montanisemperliberi (Mountaineers are always free)<br />flower rhododendron (1903) tree sugar maple (1949) bird cardinal (1949) animal black bear (1973) colors blue and gold (official) (1863) songs “West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home,” “The West Virginia Hills,” and “This Is My West Virginia” (adopted by Legislature in 1947, 1961, and 1963 as official state songs) Nickname: Mountain State<br />Origin of name: In honor of Elizabeth, “Virgin Queen” of England<br />Residents: West Virginian<br />
    52. 52. Wisconsin<br />Capital:Madison<br />Governor: Jim Doyle, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Forward<br />flower wood violet (1949) tree sugar maple (1949) grain corn (1990) bird robin (1949) animal badger wild life animal white-tailed deer (1957) domestic animal dairy cow (1971) insect honeybee (1977) fish musky (muskellunge) (1955) song “On Wisconsin” mineral galena (1971) rock red granite (1971) symbol of peace mourning dove (1971) soilantigo silt loam (1983) fossil trilobite (1985) dog American Water Spaniel (1986) beverage milk (1988) dance polka (1994) waltz “The Wisconsin Waltz” (2001) ballad “Oh Wisconsin, Land of My Dreams” (2001) Nickname: Badger State<br />Origin of name: French corruption of an Indian word whose meaning is disputed<br />Residents: Wisconsinite<br />
    53. 53. Wyoming<br />Capital:Cheyenne<br />Governor: Dave Freudenthal, D (to Jan. 2011)<br />Motto: Equal rights (1955)<br />flower Indian paintbrush (1917) tree cottonwood (1947) bird western meadowlark (1927) dinosaurTriceratops (1994) fish cutthroat trout (1987) fossilKnightia (1987) gemstone jade (1967) insignia bucking horse (unofficial) mammal bison (1985) reptile horned toad (1993) soilForkwood series (unofficial) song “Wyoming” (1955) Nickname: Equality State<br />Origin of name: From the Delaware Indian word, meaning “mountains and valleys alternating”; the same as the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania<br />Residents: Wyomingite<br />
    54. 54. Works Cited<br />
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