Early Indian History                       1
2
Rise of universal monarchy Approximately 4th BCE 326 BCE invasion by  Alexander the Great. He  dies 323 BCE. What  happe...
Mauryan EmpireGreeks  leave IndiaChandragupta takes over as leader of the Mauryan Empire – 4th BCECapital = MAGADA (not...
Chandragupta’s reign (321 BCE)   Extends empire from Hindu Kush to    Bay of Bengal but…    Can’t Conquer All of India   ...
Asoka’s Reign (269-232 BCE) Succeeded Chandragupta “Ashoka’s edicts” were carved in  rock   Emphasized:       – Equalit...
Asoka’s accomplishments Spread Buddhist philosophy  Built stupas Public works…  Hospitals, Veterinary clinics,    Bath...
Stupa built by Asoka                       8
Gupta Empire 4th - 6th CE (320- 535)   Founded by Chandra Gupta I (no relation to the earlier one)   Great period of pro...
India’s Caste System                   10
H IN D U IS M             an             d                  C AS T                  E                       11
H i n d u /C a s t e         C o nc e p ts   A tma n     E s s e n t i a l s e l f      ( t h e “ s o u l” )     S e l ...
Hindu/Caste ConceptsR   e in c a r n a t io n R e b i r t h o f the s o u l  in v a r io u s  ( te m p o r a r y) fo r m...
M  a y a …B l o c k s k n o w l e d g e o f B ra hma n & p re ve nts o ne     f r o m r e a c h in g m o k s h aAre you “...
A Hindu dies and it is the. . .G o a l o f lif e t o   F r e e t h e s o u l ( a t m a n ) f r o m      b o d y t o u n i...
K a rma…s    a ys e v e r y d e e d ( m e n t a l o r p h y s ic a l) in t h is lif e a f f e c t s a p e r s o n ’ s f a...
P e r i o d 2 4 /2 0D ha rmaD u t ie s & o b lig a t io n s   O b e d ie n c e t o       c a s t e r u le s &       m o ...
H in d uC o nc e p ts   C a s te S ys te m     P a n c h a y a t – F o u n d i n       t r a d it io n a l v illa g e In...
H in d u    C o nc e p ts   C a s te S ys te m     B r a h m i n s = Priests, scholars      ( c lo s e s t t o m o k s h...
H in d u C o nc e p tsD a l i t s  = O utc a s te s ,  U n t o u c h a b le s     Peasants, Laborers doing the dirtiest  ...
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2012 india's empires, hinduism & caste

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Information covering Ch3, S1-4 in your textb

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  • Emperor Asoka (273-236 B.C.) built stupas in Buddha's honour at many places in India. Stupas at Sanchi are the most magnificent structures of ancient India. UNESCO has included them as one of the heritage sites of the world. Stupas are large hemispherical domes, containing a central chamber, in which the relics of the Buddha were placed. Sanchi stupas trace the development of the Buddhist architecture and sculpture at the same location beginning from the 3rd century B.C. to the 12th century A.D. Asoka when he was a governor married Devi, the daughter of a respected citizen of Vidisha, a town 10 km from the Sanchi hill. Prince Mahendra visited Sanchi with his mother before leaving for the island of Lanka for taking Buddhism there. Emperor Asoka had put up at Sanchi a pillar edict and a stupa containing relics of the Buddha. Addition of new stupas and expressions in stone of legends around the life of the Buddha and the monastic activities at the Sanchi hill continued under several dynasties for over fifteen hundred years. Also, the Brahmi script could be deciphered from the similarities in inscriptions carved at different places in the main stupa. Sanchi stupas are noteworthy for their gateways as they contain ornamented depiction of incidents from the life of the Buddha and his previous incarnations as Bodhisattvas described in Jataka tales. Sculptors belonging to different times tried to depict the same story by repeating figures. The Buddha has been shown symbolically in the form of tree or through other inanimate figures. One of the sects of Buddhism opposed depiction of the Buddha by a human figure.
  • 2012 india's empires, hinduism & caste

    1. 1. Early Indian History 1
    2. 2. 2
    3. 3. Rise of universal monarchy Approximately 4th BCE 326 BCE invasion by Alexander the Great. He dies 323 BCE. What happens next? Greeks make agreement with the growing Northern Empire of Chandragupta Maurya 3
    4. 4. Mauryan EmpireGreeks leave IndiaChandragupta takes over as leader of the Mauryan Empire – 4th BCECapital = MAGADA (note location) MAGADHA 4
    5. 5. Chandragupta’s reign (321 BCE) Extends empire from Hindu Kush to Bay of Bengal but… Can’t Conquer All of India Interesting Fact Machiavelli (an Italian) wrote The Prince Kautiliya Wrote the Arthasastra or The Science of Government . . . 10 centuries before… 5
    6. 6. Asoka’s Reign (269-232 BCE) Succeeded Chandragupta “Ashoka’s edicts” were carved in rock Emphasized: – Equality: there was flexibility in the caste system – Peace: non-violence to all living creatures Asoka (Ashoka) the Great 6
    7. 7. Asoka’s accomplishments Spread Buddhist philosophy Built stupas Public works… Hospitals, Veterinary clinics, Bathhouses, wells, rest-houses for travelers 7
    8. 8. Stupa built by Asoka 8
    9. 9. Gupta Empire 4th - 6th CE (320- 535) Founded by Chandra Gupta I (no relation to the earlier one) Great period of prosperity  (the “Golden Age of the Guptas”) Accomplishments: Art, literature, trade, poetry, math (Indian mathematicians contributions to study of decimal number system, zero, negative numbers, arithmetic, and algebra.) 9
    10. 10. India’s Caste System 10
    11. 11. H IN D U IS M an d C AS T E 11
    12. 12. H i n d u /C a s t e C o nc e p ts A tma n E s s e n t i a l s e l f ( t h e “ s o u l” ) S e l f i s p a r t o f a u n iv e r s a l s oul (B ra hma n) 12
    13. 13. Hindu/Caste ConceptsR e in c a r n a t io n R e b i r t h o f the s o u l in v a r io u s ( te m p o r a r y) fo r m s C o n t i n u e s u n t i l o n e re a c he s moks ha 13
    14. 14. M a y a …B l o c k s k n o w l e d g e o f B ra hma n & p re ve nts o ne f r o m r e a c h in g m o k s h aAre you “Living In a Material World” ??? 14
    15. 15. A Hindu dies and it is the. . .G o a l o f lif e t o F r e e t h e s o u l ( a t m a n ) f r o m b o d y t o u n it e w it h B r a h m a n Release from the physical world & unification w/ B r a h m a n is . . . *M o k s h a 15
    16. 16. K a rma…s a ys e v e r y d e e d ( m e n t a l o r p h y s ic a l) in t h is lif e a f f e c t s a p e r s o n ’ s f a t e in a f u t u r e lif e ( Yo u R e a p W h a t Yo u S o w . )…i s t h e s u m o r t o t a l ( o f d ha r m a s ) fr o m y o u r p a s t liv e s . 16
    17. 17. P e r i o d 2 4 /2 0D ha rmaD u t ie s & o b lig a t io n s O b e d ie n c e t o c a s t e r u le s & m o r a l la w s ( C a s t e R u le s C r it e r ia ) – R it u a lly P u r e P r a c t ic e s 17
    18. 18. H in d uC o nc e p ts C a s te S ys te m P a n c h a y a t – F o u n d i n t r a d it io n a l v illa g e In d ia S t r i c t s o c i a l /r e l i g i o u s orde r B o r n i n t o & r e m a i n e d f o r lif e R e s u l t o f ‘ k a r m a ’ B r a h m i n s = c l o s e s t t o moks ha 18
    19. 19. H in d u C o nc e p ts C a s te S ys te m B r a h m i n s = Priests, scholars ( c lo s e s t t o m o k s h a ) •Ks h a t r i y a s = Warriors, Rulers • V a is y a s = Merchants, Craftsmen •S u d r a s = Laborers, Serfs 19
    20. 20. H in d u C o nc e p tsD a l i t s = O utc a s te s , U n t o u c h a b le s Peasants, Laborers doing the dirtiest work and jobs in society This Work is considered “ritually impure” 20

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