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2012 gandhi pt3

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India after Independence. Covers Nehru - Gandhi Dynasty and issues of Pakistan, Kashmir, Standard of Living, Social Issues.

India after Independence. Covers Nehru - Gandhi Dynasty and issues of Pakistan, Kashmir, Standard of Living, Social Issues.

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  • 1. G A N D H IGandhi Part 3
  • 2. NehruJinnah
  • 3. India’s Government Central and state goverment share power  Central govt. is more powerful (unlike US) Parliamentary Democracy  Based on British model  2 houses – lower house (Lok Sabha) is more powerful, voters elect members directly  President – Head of State, but little power  Prime Minister – leader of party who wins most seats in Parliament
  • 4. EXAMPLE …ISRAEL’S GOVERNMENT ELECTION RESULTS MIGHT BE: PARTY “A” (51%) “B” (35%) “C” (15%) OTHER COUNTRIES…… JAPAN AND ENGLAND DIET PARLIAMENT
  • 5. NEHRU - GANDHI “DYNASTY”DOMINATE INDIA’S POLITICS FROM INDEPENDENCE THROUGH TODAY
  • 6. Nehru – Gandhi “Dynasty” 1. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU 2. INDIRA GANDHI Daughter 3. RAJIV GANDHI Grandson 4. SONIA GANDHI Rajiv’s Wife1st Prime Minister ofIndia 1947-1964
  • 7. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS Led India to Independence Becomes the CONGRESS PARTYDominated Indian Politics for most of the time since independence in 1947
  • 8. Nehru: 1st Prime Minister 1.Economic Concerns >Improve Standard of Living
  • 9. Pd 84/232. *Non-alignment Policy > Question: How to remain neutral during Cold War? India - Neutral during Cold War Period > Remained neutral by not aligning (allying) with US or Soviet Union > Nehru keeps foreign influence out of India by decreasing foreign investment (not borrowing money or taking aid) Pd 2/3 – 4/23
  • 10. Pd 34/233. Socialist Economy> Question: How can India’s economy be built withoutgoing into debt? Nehru’s Goal: Self-sufficiency • Industrialization • Introduces socialism to economy – government control of industries like steel, mining, transportation and energy. WHICH WORKS BETTER TO IMPROVE THE ECONOMY?GOVERNMENT OR PRIVATE BUISNESS/CAPITALISM (FREE MARKET ECONOMY)?4. Problems with Pakistan and China
  • 11. Indira Gandhi Nehru’s daughter  No relation to Mohandas Gandhi A controversial leader 1966- 1975 1977- 1984Pd 7 – 4/23
  • 12.  Prime Minister twice Tried to control population Supports new nation -Bangladesh Ruled through state of emergency 1966- 1975
  • 13.  Tried to control SIKH nationalism 1977- 1984– Golden Shrine attacked Assassinated 1984 by Sikh Guards
  • 14. Sikhism Sikhism - religion originated in Punjab – an area in  Sikhism -India & Pakistan. in Punjab – an area in religion originated India and Pakistan. Belief in one supreme god  Belief in one supreme god Gurus – religious philosophers & teachers  Gurus – religious philosophers & teachers A Sikh is to: mediate, work diligently and to  A Sikh is to: mediate, work diligently and to share share one’s creations one’s creations Male Sikhs have the name SINGH somewhere  Male Sikhs havethe name SINGH somewhere in intheir name. their name.  Male Sikhs arerecognized by their turbans Male Sikhs are recognized by their turbans
  • 15.  Sikhs traditionally wear:  Uncut hair/Turban  Wooden combs  Special underwear  Iron bracelets  Swords/knife  ***all designed to show honesty, equality, fidelity, meditating on God, and never bowing to tyranny. PRIME MINISTER MANMOHAN
  • 16. • Elected, Congress Party • Succeeds Indira Gandhi • Less Skill than Mother or Grandfather (Nehru) RAJIV • Assassinated GANDHI SONIA GANDHIIndira’s Son (RAJIV GANDHI’S WIFE)1985 - 1991 INFLUENTIAL LEADER IN CONGRESS PARTY TODAY (2012)
  • 17. India & Pakistan TensionsPakistan’s Former Leader India’s LeaderFormer President Prime MinisterPervez Musharraf Manmohan Singh Benazir Bhutto Assassination Video
  • 18. Pakistan Today A Balancing Act???Osama bin BenazirLaden … What about Relations Bhutto …Did with India?? assassinatedPakistan while tryingHelp U.S. to promoteFight democraticTerrorism? elections Not Really! President Zardari Of Pakistan (Bhutto’s
  • 19. India Today
  • 20. THE “BUCK” STOPSPresident HERE. – President Bush Harry S. Truman
  • 21. India Today? Bollywood (Hindi: }, Urdu: ) is the informal name givenGLOBALIZATION to the popular Mumbai- based Hindustani language film industry in India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BollywoodUNTOUCHABLES

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