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    2012 buddha biography 2012 buddha biography Presentation Transcript

    • THE LIFE OFSIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA
    • SIDDHARTHA Gautama• 566-486 BCE (6th –5th Centuries BCE)• BORN KSHATRIYA & HEIR TO MINOR KINGDOM IN NEPAL• FAMILY WAS HINDU
    • THE OMENS• HIS MOTHER DREAMED A WHITE ELEPHANT ENTERED HER WOMB• BORN FULLY CONSCIOUS & WALKED IMMEDIATELY• AT 7 HE MEDITATED FOR THE 1ST TIME
    • HIS AWAKENING• SIDDHARTHA DISOBEYED HIS FATHER & LEFT THE PALACE• HE SAW: *OLD AGE * ILLNESS * DEATH
    • • A “Hedonistic” Life• SIDDHARTHA RENOUNCED HIS WIFE, CHILD AND RESPONSIBILITIES• SET OUT TO SEEK THE WAY TO ENLIGHTENMENT
    • Buddha “Mudras”
    • TEMPTATION• SIDDHARTHA ANNOUNCED HIS INTENTION TO ACHIEVE ENLIGHTENMENT• MARA, THE DEMON-KING, CAME TO TEMPT HIM: – COMFORT – DESIRE – FEAR• SIDDHARTA RESISTS TEMPTATION• REACHES NIRVANA & ENLIGHTENMENT
    • ACHIEVING ENLIGHTENMENT• BELIEVE IN THE 4 NOBLE TRUTHS• FOLLOW THE EIGHTFOLD PATH• ADHERE TO THE “MIDDLE WAY”• Ultimate objective: achieve enlightenment (NIRVANA) and/or liberation from Samsara (continual rebirth)
    • BUDDHIST BELIEFSDIFFERENT FROM HINDUISM• THERE ARE NO GODS• SOCIAL EQUALITY
    • AFTER DEATH…• CYCLE OF REBIRTH KNOWN AS SAMSARA… – ONE CAN BE REBORN IN 1 OF 6 REALMS KNOWN AS THANGKAS: THE HELLS, WORLD OF HUNGRY GHOSTS, ANIMAL WORLD, HUMAN WORLD, WORLD OF JEALOUS GODS AND HEAVENS
    • What is “ego”?
    • “Selflessness”
    • Everything is “Impermanent” Nothing Lasts Forever• Non-Attachment – Don’t be attached to good deeds or the idea of doing good, this is a form of craving (desire).
    • • http://essenes.net/asokap.jpg
    • What is “ego”?
    • Everything is “Impermanent” Nothing Lasts Forever• Non-Attachment – Don’t be attached to good deeds or the idea of doing good, this is a form of craving (desire).
    • Buddha & the Four Disciples • Famous Event – His 1st Sermon • Taught 4 Noble Truths to Ascetics at Deer Park in Sarnath
    • Dharma Wheel The Wheel of Buddhist Law • Symbolizes cycle of birth & rebirth • In Buddhism “Dharma” means: (a) the teachings of the Buddha and (b) the natural law • Karma – doctrine of cause & effect • “Rebirth” or Reincarnation• Impermanence – things are in constant change and don’t last forever.• Nirvana – absolute highest goal. One has reached absolute extinction of desire and suffering
    • Buddhist Symbols & Meanings • Pink Lotus – the supreme Lotus reserved for “the Buddha” • Symbol of Purity and Divine Birth • White Lotus – symbolizes the state of mental purity and spiritual perfection the Buddha attained beneath the Bodhi/Bo Tree. • Prayer Wheel • Used in Tibetan Buddhism Only
    • Buddha Markings • Perfectly proportioned • 32 Major Charactreristics • Eye of Wisdom • Top knot on head = symbol of greatest enlightenment• ONCE SIDDHARTA REACHED ENLIGHTENMENT BECAME KNOWN AS – BUDDHA OR ‘ENLIGHTENED ONE’