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2013 academy   chemical managemenet - march 13
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2013 academy chemical managemenet - march 13


academt slides 3-2013

academt slides 3-2013

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  • 1. ®Chemical Management Update Hazard Communication and Chemical Hygiene Academy for Lab Safety Excellence Webinar on 3/13/2013
  • 2. Objectives • Identify the eight pictograms required by OSHA and the GHS • Describe the proper storage of chemicals • Discuss the new SDS sections and their use2
  • 3. Polling Question • Have you completed your OSHA Mandatory Training on the new GHS chemical labeling? 1. Yes 2. No3
  • 4. Chemical Management• Regulations by: – OSHA – CAP – EPA/DEQ
  • 5. OSHA• 29 CFR 1910.1200 – Haz-Com-1987• Revised in 2012 to include the globally harmonizing system (GHS) – worldwide uniform classification of chemicals• 29 CFR 1910.1450 – Chemical Hygiene Standard - 1990• Supersedes Hazard Communication of 1987 – for laboratories only
  • 6. CAP• Written Chemical Hygiene Plan – Updated Annually – SOPs• Environmental Monitoring• Employee Education• Engineering Controls• Work Practice Controls• PPE
  • 7. CAP• Chemical Inventory – Carcinogen List• Safety Data Sheets (SDS) – for each hazardous chemical• Proper labeling of chemicals – Transfer Containers• Medical Exam for Overexposure• Documentation
  • 8. Engineering Controls• Removes the hazard from the workplace – Example: Hoods with proper ventilation
  • 9. Work Practice Controls• Provides a procedure to protect the employee from the hazard – Example: When pouring chemicals, work under a hood and use goggles, a cover gown and gloves
  • 10. Chemical Storage• Do NOT store alphabetically by name• Incompatibility Chart
  • 11. Chemical StorageChemicals should be stored as follows:1. Inorganic acids2. Organic acids3. Oxidizing acids4. Inorganic bases5. Flammable and combustible liquids6. Gases7. Organic peroxides8. Oxidizers9. Reactives (eg: water or exploding materials)10.Toxic and environmentally hazardous chemicals
  • 12. Chemical Inventory• Performed Annually – Electronic Form• Exempt Chemicals – In kit form – Less than 1% of a hazardous chemical
  • 13. Chemical Waste• Pouring chemicals down the drain or evaporating in a fume hood is not always a good idea (even when the provider recommends this action). – Always check local regulations and sewage treatment plant for capacity before disposing of anything down the drain. – If your waste water is not treated, check with EPA.• Removal by outside firm• Neutralizing• Recycling
  • 14. Polling Question • Do you keep paper copies of MSDS or do you use an electronic maintenance system? 1. Paper 2. Electronic 3. Neither14
  • 15. Safety Data Sheets (SDS)Section 1. IdentificationSection 2. Hazard(s) identificationSection 3. Composition/information on ingredientsSection 4. First-Aid measuresSection 5. Fire-fighting measuresSection 6. Accidental release measuresSection 7. Handling and storageSection 8. Exposure controls/personal protectionSection 9. Physical and chemical propertiesSection 10. Stability and reactivitySection 11. Toxicological informationSection 12. Ecological informationSection 13. Disposal considerationsSection 14. Transport informationSection 15. Regulatory informationSection 16. Other information, including date of preparation or last revision
  • 16. SDS• Update Annually – Store old ones for 30 years in employee or student medical record if injury or accident – May need catalog number of chemical to obtain – online – in binders
  • 17. Health Hazard Pictogram • The pictogram is the upper torso with a starburst center • Identifies a health hazard such as carcinogens, mutagens, reproductive toxicity and target organ toxicity
  • 18. Fire Pictogram • The pictogram is a flame and identifies chemicals that can ignite • Includes flammables, pyrophorics, flammable gases, self- heating, self-reactives and organic peroxides18
  • 19. Irritant Pictogram • The pictogram is an exclamation mark and identifies irritants • Includes skin sensitizers, narcotic effects and respiratory tract irritants19
  • 20. Gas Pictogram • The pictogram is a gas cylinder • Represents gases under pressure20
  • 21. Corrosive Pictogram • The pictogram is two test tubes pouring chemicals onto an object and skin • Represents corrosive chemicals21
  • 22. Explosives Pictogram • The pictogram is an exploding bomb • Represents explosives of all kinds such as self- reactives and organic peroxides22
  • 23. Oxidizer Pictogram • The pictogram is a flame over a circle • Represents oxidizers23
  • 24. Acute Toxicity Pictogram • The pictogram is a skull and crossbones • Represents acute toxicity that is fatal or toxic24
  • 25. Environmental Hazard Pictogram • Pictogram is for environmental hazards and is not covered by OSHA but may be covered by other agencies in the future25
  • 26. Chemical Labeling• National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)• Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS)
  • 27. Chemical Labeling NFPA HMIS•4 Extreme •4 Severe•3 High •3 Serious•2 Moderate •2 Moderate•1 Slight •1 Slight•0 Insignificant •0 Minimal
  • 28. Flammable and Combustible Liquids• Limit Quantities – Up to 1 Gal./100 Sq. Ft. of Lab Space• No Ignition Sources in the Area• Large quantities in storage cabinets – Self closing doors – Ventilated vs. Non-ventilated – Comply with NFPA 91 – Check with local Fire Marshall
  • 29. Carcinogens• Formaldehyde – used in preservation of animals and tissue – Class A fume hood – Face velocity of 125 fpm – Exhausted through charcoal filters• OSHA-required annual training• Exposure monitoring
  • 30. Environmental Sampling• Initial sampling• Repeat when change in – Method – Location – Air handling
  • 31. Chemical Spills• Liquids – Contain the spill – Use neutralizing agent or absorbent – Mop up and flush with lots of water• Solids – Sweep and place into solid- waste container – Use vacuum cleaner with HEPA filter
  • 32. Chemical Spills• Spill Team• Housekeeping• Technical Staff – Use spill kit • Located near chemical storage cabinets – Wear appropriate PPE • Gown, gloves, goggles
  • 33. Administrative Requirements• Chemical Hygiene Officer – Administrative duties • CHO must be in someone’s job description – Task Assessment• Safety Committee – Safety Audit – Discuss Safety Issues
  • 34. Emergency Eyewash• Eyewash Station – Must be single hand use or foot operated – Provides 15 minute flush of tepid water • American National Standards Institute – ANSI Z358.1 2009 requirement since 2004 – Check weekly • Run for 1 to 3 minutes • Disinfect eyepiece covers with 10% bleach
  • 35. Emergency Shower• Safety Showers – Check weekly (ANSI guideline)
  • 36. Spill Cleanup • Liquids – Confine or contain the spill – Small quantities of inorganic acids or bases - use neutralizing agent – Small quantities of other materials – absorb with towels or spill pillows – Large quantities of inorganic acids or basis – flush with large amounts of water – Mop up spill – Vacuum the area – If spill is volatile – let it evaporate36
  • 37. Spill Cleanup • Solids – Sweep into dust pan and place in solid waste container – Use vacuum with HEPA filter37
  • 38. Who Cleans Up The Spill? • You • Housekeeping • Haz-Mat Team38
  • 39. Waste Disposal • Drain – Contact Local Sewer District • Landfill • Incineration39
  • 40. Chemical Effectiveness • Reviewed annually – Document the review – Substitutes for hazardous chemicals – Lab Pak for unused or outdated chemicals40
  • 41. Now it is your turn to Ask the Expert For more information go to: