War for independence 2 (11)

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War for independence 2 (11)

  1. 1. The American War for Independence From Despair to Hope
  2. 2. War Plans <ul><li>War Changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Declared on July 4, 1776 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>War of Attrition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drag out the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make your enemy tired of fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Renewed Fighting <ul><li>New York City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Battles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington’s defeated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Howe doesn’t pursue </li></ul>
  4. 6. Morale <ul><li>Washington wants a victory before winter quarters </li></ul><ul><li>Trenton, NJ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,200 Hessians (Germans) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Crossing the Delaware
  6. 8. Trickery <ul><li>Cross the Delaware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 25, 1776 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christmas celebration - Drunk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attacks the next morning </li></ul><ul><li>Surprise - captures 900 while killing only 30 </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>British Plan: Divide and Conquer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too complicated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen Burgoyne – too slow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allows time for militia men to gather </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surrenders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Most important battle of the war </li></ul>Saratoga
  8. 12. Saratoga
  9. 13. Burgoyne
  10. 14. Saratoga <ul><li>Gen. Horatio Gates and Col. Benedict Arnold in command </li></ul>
  11. 15. Surrender at Saratoga Burgoyne Gates
  12. 16. Allies <ul><li>France decides to help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saratoga proved to them we might actually have a chance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin - in Paris </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. Winter of 1777-78 <ul><li>Valley Forge - Washington’s Army </li></ul><ul><li>Desperate Situation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,000 were barefoot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,500 die of disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few Supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But, they became a better army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constant Drilling </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. Suffering at Valley Forge
  15. 19. Von Steuben
  16. 20. Naval Impact <ul><li>Britain won most battles on coast - Americans won most inland </li></ul>
  17. 21. War in South and West <ul><li>American Tactics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guerilla Warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very effective – particularly inland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New British General – Cornwallis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Plan – focus on the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalists???? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Harassment causes him to move repeatedly – finally to Yorktown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help from British Navy </li></ul></ul>
  18. 23. Cornwallis
  19. 24. Yorktown <ul><li>French Navy “occupies” the British fleet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No help for Cornwallis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Washington and French allies pursue </li></ul><ul><li>Force British Surrender </li></ul>
  20. 25. Washington & Layfaette
  21. 28. Current Situation <ul><li>Britain controls only Charleston and New York City </li></ul><ul><li>Few minor skirmishes </li></ul><ul><li>Britain decides to go home </li></ul><ul><li>VICTORY!!!! </li></ul>
  22. 29. Treaty of Paris <ul><li>We get land to Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>We get fishing rights </li></ul><ul><li>We agree to have citizens pay debts </li></ul><ul><li>We’re INDEPENDENT!!! </li></ul>

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