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Virginia maryland (11)
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Virginia maryland (11)

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  • 1. The Brits come to America ENGLISH COLONIZATION IN AMERICA
  • 2.
    • Why did the British want to colonize in America?
      • The Spanish, French, and Dutch had come to America and (especially the Spanish) had become wealthy as a result
      • They wanted a piece of the pie
    WHY???
  • 3.
    • Roanoke
      • Off N. Carolina
      • Sir Walter Raleigh
    FIRST SETTLEMENT
  • 4.
    • Island settled in 1585
    • Named mainland Virginia
        • Queen Elizabeth The “Virgin Queen”
    ROANOKE
  • 5.
    • Too late to plant crops
    • N.A. fought them
    • Abandoned settlement in 1586
    PROBLEMS
  • 6.
    • Second Attempt
      • 1587
      • Colony disappears
    ROANOKE
  • 7.
    • King James I
      • Little interest
          • Costly
      • Joint Stock Companies
          • Private investors
    FURTHER COLONIZATION
  • 8.
    • Virginia Company
    • Charter
        • Permission to settle in a colony
    FURTHER COLONIZATION
  • 9.
    • Set sail - Dec. 1606
        • 105 men and boys
    • Arrived - Early 1607
      • Settled on the James River
      • Settlement - Jamestown
    VIRGINIA
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. JAMES ISLAND
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Problems:
      • Location
        • Swamp
      • Disease
        • Malaria
      • Skills
        • Most were Gentlemen
      • Lack of Leadership
    JAMESTOWN
  • 15.
    • John Smith
        • Soldier of Fortune
        • Investor in Virginia Company
    • Harsh Discipline
        • No work, no food
    SOLUTIONS
  • 16.
    • Traded with Indians for food
    • Captured by Chief Powhatan
      • Rescued by Pocahontas? (1608) Age 11
    SOLUTIONS
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. REBECCA ROLFE
  • 20.
    • John Smith leaves (1609)
        • Burned badly in accident
    • Starving Time (1609-1610)
      • Severe Drought
      • Ate Dogs, rats, mice, cats, an Indian killed in battle
        • One settler killed wife and butchered her for food
    JAMESTOWN
  • 21.
    • Spring 1610 - 60 of 500 alive
    • Lord De La Warr arrives
        • Martial Law - Military Rule
        • One man stole oatmeal
            • Chained to a tree – starved
    • Prosperity
    STARVING TIME
  • 22. PROSPERITY
    • First Cash Crop
      • Tobacco
  • 23. TOBACCO
  • 24.
    • Cultivated it everywhere
    • Exported 20,000 pounds in 1617
    • James I
        • “ Smoking Tobacco is a filthy, stinking habit which damages the lungs and the brain.”
    TOBACCO
  • 25. TOBACCO
    • Why let it in?
  • 26. JAMESTOWN
  • 27.
    • Headrights and Indentures
        • Headright: 50 acres of land free for every person brought
        • Indenture: Go to America for free then work from 4-7 years
    NEW SETTLERS
  • 28.
    • Who benefits the most?
        • Wealthy
    • 40 % didn’t survive to Freecom
    HEADRIGHTS AND INDENTURES
  • 29.
    • Representative Government
      • House of Burgesses
    • Slaves
      • First arrived in 1619
    OTHER CHANGES
  • 30.
    • British believed in superiority of their culture
    • Land Use vs. Ownership Concept
    • 1622 - 347 killed
    • 1624 - Lost charter
        • Became a Royal Colony
    CONFLICTS WITH N.A.
  • 31. Catholic Refuge MARYLAND
  • 32.
    • Catholics - avoid religious persecution
      • George Calvert
        • Lord Baltimore
          • Died before charter
    PURPOSE
  • 33.
    • Cecilius Calvert
        • Son of George - 2nd Lord Baltimore
    • Colony named after Queen
        • Henrietta Maria
    • Proprietary Colony
    MARYLAND
  • 34. MARYLAND CHARTER
  • 35.
    • Well Organized
        • Proper skills
        • Good location
        • Friendly relations with N.A.
        • Religious tolerance
    MARYLAND
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38.
    • Protestants allowed to settle
        • Soon outnumbered the Catholics
    • Act designed to protect Catholics
    • 1649 - Approved
    MD TOLERATION ACT
  • 39.
    • Similar to Virginia
        • Tobacco
        • Slavery
    ECONOMY