Virginia maryland (11)

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Virginia maryland (11)

  1. 1. The Brits come to America ENGLISH COLONIZATION IN AMERICA
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why did the British want to colonize in America? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Spanish, French, and Dutch had come to America and (especially the Spanish) had become wealthy as a result </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They wanted a piece of the pie </li></ul></ul>WHY???
  3. 3. <ul><li>Roanoke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Off N. Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh </li></ul></ul>FIRST SETTLEMENT
  4. 4. <ul><li>Island settled in 1585 </li></ul><ul><li>Named mainland Virginia </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth The “Virgin Queen” </li></ul></ul></ul>ROANOKE
  5. 5. <ul><li>Too late to plant crops </li></ul><ul><li>N.A. fought them </li></ul><ul><li>Abandoned settlement in 1586 </li></ul>PROBLEMS
  6. 6. <ul><li>Second Attempt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1587 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colony disappears </li></ul></ul>ROANOKE
  7. 7. <ul><li>King James I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Costly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Stock Companies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Private investors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>FURTHER COLONIZATION
  8. 8. <ul><li>Virginia Company </li></ul><ul><li>Charter </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permission to settle in a colony </li></ul></ul></ul>FURTHER COLONIZATION
  9. 9. <ul><li>Set sail - Dec. 1606 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>105 men and boys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Arrived - Early 1607 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settled on the James River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlement - Jamestown </li></ul></ul>VIRGINIA
  10. 12. JAMES ISLAND
  11. 14. <ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Swamp </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most were Gentlemen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Leadership </li></ul></ul>JAMESTOWN
  12. 15. <ul><li>John Smith </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soldier of Fortune </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investor in Virginia Company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Harsh Discipline </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No work, no food </li></ul></ul></ul>SOLUTIONS
  13. 16. <ul><li>Traded with Indians for food </li></ul><ul><li>Captured by Chief Powhatan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rescued by Pocahontas? (1608) Age 11 </li></ul></ul>SOLUTIONS
  14. 19. REBECCA ROLFE
  15. 20. <ul><li>John Smith leaves (1609) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Burned badly in accident </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Starving Time (1609-1610) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe Drought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ate Dogs, rats, mice, cats, an Indian killed in battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One settler killed wife and butchered her for food </li></ul></ul></ul>JAMESTOWN
  16. 21. <ul><li>Spring 1610 - 60 of 500 alive </li></ul><ul><li>Lord De La Warr arrives </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Martial Law - Military Rule </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One man stole oatmeal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chained to a tree – starved </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Prosperity </li></ul>STARVING TIME
  17. 22. PROSPERITY <ul><li>First Cash Crop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul></ul>
  18. 23. TOBACCO
  19. 24. <ul><li>Cultivated it everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Exported 20,000 pounds in 1617 </li></ul><ul><li>James I </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Smoking Tobacco is a filthy, stinking habit which damages the lungs and the brain.” </li></ul></ul></ul>TOBACCO
  20. 25. TOBACCO <ul><li>Why let it in? </li></ul>
  21. 26. JAMESTOWN
  22. 27. <ul><li>Headrights and Indentures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Headright: 50 acres of land free for every person brought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indenture: Go to America for free then work from 4-7 years </li></ul></ul></ul>NEW SETTLERS
  23. 28. <ul><li>Who benefits the most? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>40 % didn’t survive to Freecom </li></ul>HEADRIGHTS AND INDENTURES
  24. 29. <ul><li>Representative Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Burgesses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First arrived in 1619 </li></ul></ul>OTHER CHANGES
  25. 30. <ul><li>British believed in superiority of their culture </li></ul><ul><li>Land Use vs. Ownership Concept </li></ul><ul><li>1622 - 347 killed </li></ul><ul><li>1624 - Lost charter </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Became a Royal Colony </li></ul></ul></ul>CONFLICTS WITH N.A.
  26. 31. Catholic Refuge MARYLAND
  27. 32. <ul><li>Catholics - avoid religious persecution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Calvert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Baltimore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Died before charter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>PURPOSE
  28. 33. <ul><li>Cecilius Calvert </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Son of George - 2nd Lord Baltimore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Colony named after Queen </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Henrietta Maria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colony </li></ul>MARYLAND
  29. 34. MARYLAND CHARTER
  30. 35. <ul><li>Well Organized </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Friendly relations with N.A. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Religious tolerance </li></ul></ul></ul>MARYLAND
  31. 38. <ul><li>Protestants allowed to settle </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soon outnumbered the Catholics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Act designed to protect Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>1649 - Approved </li></ul>MD TOLERATION ACT
  32. 39. <ul><li>Similar to Virginia </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul></ul></ul>ECONOMY

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