Southern colonies slavery (11)

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Southern colonies slavery (11)

  1. 1. North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia Southern Colonies
  2. 2. Anthony Ashley Cooper <ul><li>March, 1670 - Settled Charles Town (Charleston) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First major settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences between northern and southern Carolina </li></ul>
  3. 3. Differences <ul><li>Northern and southern parts divided by swampland </li></ul><ul><li>Different cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to Virginia – tobacco, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tried exotic crops – silk, citrus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rice, Indigo became cash crops </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Carolina Swampland
  5. 5. More Swampland
  6. 6. Carolina <ul><li>Plantation system developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mulberry Plantation
  8. 8. Division of Carolina <ul><li>Northerners and Southerners didn’t get along </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King George II divided Carolina into two Royal Colonies </li></ul>
  9. 10. Georgia <ul><li>Last of the colonies in America </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffer between Carolinas and Spanish Florida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought in debtors from prison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James Oglethorpe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trustee </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Oglethorpe and other Trustees
  11. 12. Georgia <ul><li>Named Georgia after King George II </li></ul><ul><li>Settled in 1733 </li></ul>
  12. 13. Plantation Society
  13. 14. Southern Labor <ul><li>First enslaved N.A. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failed - easy to escape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Next Indentured Servants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to escape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4-7 year time period </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. African Slaves <ul><li>Third Try </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Far from home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black skin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No one to help if escaped </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Slave Trade <ul><li>Most from Western Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar Islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Middle Passage <ul><li>Voyage to America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrible conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High death rates </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. Slave Ship
  18. 21. Slave Auction Brochure
  19. 22. Slave Trade <ul><li>America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sold to the highest bidder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Escape? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1/50 of 1% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>200 out of every 1,000,000 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 23. Why? <ul><li>Why was the enslavement of Africans so successful? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignorance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No reading and writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who would help? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to escape </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 24. Slavery <ul><li>1800 - 893,602 slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36,505 in northern states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1860 – approx. 4 million slaves in the Southern States </li></ul><ul><li>Why did slavery grow and prosper in the South and not in the North? </li></ul>

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