Jefferson (11)

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Jefferson (11)

  1. 1. Peaceful Change in Power
  2. 2. <ul><li>From Federalists to Democratic-Rep’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peaceful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cabinet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sec. of State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Madison </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Opposed a Strong Govt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laissez Faire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Hand’s Off” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Direct Taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Whiskey Tax – it was repealed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Jefferson kept a few </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank of US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay off State debts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Import Tax </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Marbury v. Madison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight over Federal Judge commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Madison should deliver it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Declared part of Judicial Act of 1789 Unconstitutional </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>More westward settlement = more supporters </li></ul><ul><li>France gets Louisiana back from Spain in 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon Needs Cash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution in Haiti </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Jefferson wanted the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Offers Napoleon $2 Million for New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon offers all of Louisiana for $15 Million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Cents per Acre </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Louisiana Purchase
  9. 11. <ul><li>Jefferson agrees to buy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose Constructionist? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Needs someone to go and see what he just bought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meriwether Lewis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William Clark </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Lewis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private Secretary to Pres. Jefferson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clark </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought with Lewis in Indian battles </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Set off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May, 1804 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Followed rivers until Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for Northwest Passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Lewis and Clark hired a French Trapper named Charbonneau </li></ul><ul><li>His wife – Sacagawea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saved the expedition in the Rocky Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obtained horses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Returned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept., 1806 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plants - 178 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animals - 122 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Government Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They must become like “Americans” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Removal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Move them west to give them time to assimilate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continues into the 1900’s – Reservations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Internal Removal” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>Jefferson’s major issue – Pirates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbary States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demanded Tribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Previously had been paid </li></ul></ul>
  16. 24. <ul><li>Adams paid almost 20% of our entire budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still sailors were kidnapped and ransomed </li></ul></ul>
  17. 25. <ul><li>Quits paying tribute </li></ul><ul><li>Imposes a Blockade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress would not declare war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends USS Philadelphia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runs aground </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Burned </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 27. <ul><li>Next Foreign Policy Problem : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain and France seizing US merchant ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Britain impressed sailors as well </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 28. <ul><li>Embargo Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop trading </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Really hurt our economy – more than anyone else </li></ul>$22 million EXPORTS
  20. 29. <ul><li>Didn’t work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Americans turned to smuggling </li></ul></ul>
  21. 30. <ul><li>Non-Importation Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No trade with Britain and France only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important trading partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t do much good </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy remained until Pres. Madison </li></ul>

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