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22 civil war penn. thru enanc. (11)
 

22 civil war penn. thru enanc. (11)

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    22 civil war penn. thru enanc. (11) 22 civil war penn. thru enanc. (11) Presentation Transcript

    • Peninsular Campaign • Attempt to take Richmond • New US Commander (East) –Gen. George McClellan –Huge failure • Lack of or incorrect information • Pinkerton
    • Gen. McClellan
    • McClellan –Very Cautious! –Men loved him •Prepared them well •Too cautious in battle????
    • Confederates • Gen. Johnston –Wounded • Gen. Lee takes over
    • Gen. Johnsto n
    • Gen. Robert E. Lee
    • Battle • McClellan almost reaches Richmond –Lee takes over Conf. army • Forces Union back down the Peninsula
    • Outcome • Confederate Victory • Casualties –16,000 Union –20,000 Conf.
    • Changes • McClellan –Fired –Wouldn’t attack • New Commander –Gen. John Pope
    • Gen. John Pope
    • 2nd Bull Run
    • 2nd Bull Run • Same area as 1st Bull Run • Pope Vs. Lee –August 29, 1862 • Confederates attack –Longstreet (30,000) hid along Union flank
    • 2nd Bull Run • First Day –Draw • Next Morning –Jackson’s men are barely holding • Throwing Rocks at attackers
    • Second Bull Run
    • Gen. Longstreet
    • 2nd Bull Run • Longstreet attacks –Crushes US left flank –Jackson attacks right –Bends Union lines into a horseshoe • Union Retreats
    • 2nd Bull Run • Union Defeat –Casualties • US - 15,000 • CS - 9,000 • Pope is fired –McClellan gets army back
    • Invasion • Lee invades Maryland –Hoped to bring Maryland into CSA • Armies will meet near Antietam Creek - 9/17/62 –Sharpsburg
    • Sharpsburg
    • Antietam • Union makes three separate attacks –Cornfield –Sunken Road (Bloody Lane) –Burnside’s Bridge
    • Video
    • Bloody Lane
    • Gen. Burnside
    • Burnside’s Bridge
    • Antietam • End of the day - draw • McClellan had 25,000 reserves – Doesn’t attack • Lee waits for one day – Withdraws into Virginia
    • Antietam • Casualties –Bloodiest single day of the war –USA - 12,350 –CSA - 13,700
    • CSA Wounded
    • CSA Dead
    • Lincoln • Went to visit McClellan –Urged him to attack –He refuses –Loses command
    • Lincoln at Antietam
    • War Council
    • Lincoln • Union was doing poorly • Wanted a new “Cause” – Free the slaves • Emancipation Proclamation – Needed a Victory – Wouldn’t seem desperate – Antietam was close enough
    • Emancipation • Free all slaves? –No –Freed slaves in states in rebellion • Not in border states • Why not?