22 civil war penn. thru enanc. (11)

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22 civil war penn. thru enanc. (11)

  1. 2. Peninsular Campaign <ul><li>Attempt to take Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>New US Commander (East) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen. George McClellan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge failure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of or incorrect information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pinkerton </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Gen. McClellan
  3. 4. McClellan <ul><ul><li>Very Cautious! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men loved him </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepared them well </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too cautious in battle???? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Confederates <ul><li>Gen. Johnston </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wounded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gen. Lee takes over </li></ul>
  5. 6. Gen. Johnston
  6. 7. Gen. Robert E. Lee
  7. 8. Battle <ul><li>McClellan almost reaches Richmond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lee takes over Conf. army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forces Union back down the Peninsula </li></ul>
  8. 10. Outcome <ul><li>Confederate Victory </li></ul><ul><li>Casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16,000 Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 Conf. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Changes <ul><li>McClellan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wouldn’t attack </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Commander </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen. John Pope </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Gen. John Pope
  11. 13. 2nd Bull Run
  12. 14. 2nd Bull Run <ul><li>Same area as 1st Bull Run </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Vs. Lee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 29, 1862 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confederates attack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longstreet (30,000) hid along Union flank </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. 2nd Bull Run <ul><li>First Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Next Morning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson’s men are barely holding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Throwing Rocks at attackers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Second Bull Run
  15. 19. Gen. Longstreet
  16. 20. 2nd Bull Run <ul><li>Longstreet attacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crushes US left flank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson attacks right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bends Union lines into a horseshoe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Union Retreats </li></ul>
  17. 22. 2nd Bull Run <ul><li>Union Defeat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US - 15,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CS - 9,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pope is fired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McClellan gets army back </li></ul></ul>
  18. 23. Invasion <ul><li>Lee invades Maryland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoped to bring Maryland into CSA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Armies will meet near Antietam Creek - 9/17/62 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharpsburg </li></ul></ul>
  19. 24. Sharpsburg
  20. 26. Antietam <ul><li>Union makes three separate attacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cornfield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunken Road (Bloody Lane) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burnside’s Bridge </li></ul></ul>
  21. 28. Video
  22. 29. Bloody Lane
  23. 32. Gen. Burnside
  24. 34. Burnside’s Bridge
  25. 36. Antietam <ul><li>End of the day - draw </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan had 25,000 reserves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t attack </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lee waits for one day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Withdraws into Virginia </li></ul></ul>
  26. 37. Antietam <ul><li>Casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloodiest single day of the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA - 12,350 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA - 13,700 </li></ul></ul>
  27. 38. CSA Wounded
  28. 39. CSA Dead
  29. 42. Lincoln <ul><li>Went to visit McClellan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urged him to attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He refuses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loses command </li></ul></ul>
  30. 43. Lincoln at Antietam
  31. 44. War Council
  32. 45. Lincoln <ul><li>Union was doing poorly </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a new “Cause” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free the slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed a Victory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wouldn’t seem desperate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antietam was close enough </li></ul></ul>
  33. 46. Emancipation <ul><li>Free all slaves? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freed slaves in states in rebellion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not in border states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why not? </li></ul></ul></ul>

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