Background <ul><li>What caused the war? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery & ensuing Power Struggle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What...
Jefferson Davis <ul><li>President of the CSA </li></ul>
CSA Flag 1861-63
 
Abe Lincoln
Mary Todd <ul><li>Married Nov. 4, 1842 </li></ul><ul><li>From Kentucky </li></ul>
Mary and Tad
Mary <ul><li>Distrusted by American people during war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother,...
Before After
Beginnings <ul><li>Confederacy took most forts, naval stations in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Exception </li></ul><ul><ul>...
 
Charleston Harbor
Fort Sumter
Ft. Sumter <ul><li>Commanders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maj. Robert Anderson -  USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen. Beauregard...
Anderson USA
P.G.T. Beauregard CSA
Ft. Sumter <ul><li>Davis orders the fort taken </li></ul><ul><li>Shots are fired ( video ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bombardment l...
 
 
Ft. Sumter
Watching the Battle
 
US Flag at Ft. Sumter
Ft. Sumter Today
All-Out War <ul><li>After Ft. Sumter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
The Two Sides
The Two Sides <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern (Free) States plus the “border states” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Preparations – p. 340 <ul><li>Union Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories </li>...
Preparations <ul><li>Confederate Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knew land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friendly population...
Preparations <ul><li>Short war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederacy has the advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long war (attrit...
First Bull Run
First Bull Run <ul><li>Clash of amateur armies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought it was an adventure, exciting, would be over ...
Irvin McDowell USA
P.G.T. Beauregard CSA
Manassas Railroad
 
First Bull Run <ul><li>July 21, 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>McDowell (USA) - 35,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Beauregard (CSA) - 32,000...
First Bull Run <ul><li>Confusion reigns ( video ) </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates were driven back at first </li></ul><ul><...
Bull Run Creek
 
 
Stonewall Jackson
Thomas Jackson
Thomas Jackson
Thomas Jackson
 
First Bull Run <ul><li>Retreat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At first, Orderly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a panic </li></ul...
Panic
 
First Bull Run <ul><li>Confederate Victory </li></ul><ul><li>Proves to the Union that the war will not be won quickly </li...
First Bull Run
Confederate Dead
Casualties <ul><li>Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,896 Killed, wounded, missing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confederate </li></ul...
 
 
 
 
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20 civil war davis thru first bull run (11)

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20 civil war davis thru first bull run (11)

  1. 2. Background <ul><li>What caused the war? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery & ensuing Power Struggle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What was the Union (North) fighting for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration of the Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What was the Confederacy (South) fighting for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Jefferson Davis <ul><li>President of the CSA </li></ul>
  3. 4. CSA Flag 1861-63
  4. 6. Abe Lincoln
  5. 7. Mary Todd <ul><li>Married Nov. 4, 1842 </li></ul><ul><li>From Kentucky </li></ul>
  6. 8. Mary and Tad
  7. 9. Mary <ul><li>Distrusted by American people during war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother, 3 half-brothers & two brothers-in-law served with Confederacy </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Before After
  9. 11. Beginnings <ul><li>Confederacy took most forts, naval stations in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Exception </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ft. Sumter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charleston, SC </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Charleston Harbor
  11. 14. Fort Sumter
  12. 15. Ft. Sumter <ul><li>Commanders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maj. Robert Anderson - USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen. Beauregard - CSA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lincoln would not give up the fort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resupply </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. Anderson USA
  14. 17. P.G.T. Beauregard CSA
  15. 18. Ft. Sumter <ul><li>Davis orders the fort taken </li></ul><ul><li>Shots are fired ( video ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bombardment lasts 40 hours </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No fatalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Until they surrender! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CSA gets the fort </li></ul>
  16. 21. Ft. Sumter
  17. 22. Watching the Battle
  18. 24. US Flag at Ft. Sumter
  19. 25. Ft. Sumter Today
  20. 26. All-Out War <ul><li>After Ft. Sumter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes VA, AK, NC, and TN to join CSA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MD, DE, KY, MO, WV stay </li></ul></ul>
  21. 27. The Two Sides
  22. 28. The Two Sides <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern (Free) States plus the “border states” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union, Yankees, North, Federals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CSA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern (Slave States) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederates, Rebels, South </li></ul></ul>
  23. 29. Preparations – p. 340 <ul><li>Union Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raw Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroad mileage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navy </li></ul></ul>
  24. 30. Preparations <ul><li>Confederate Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knew land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friendly population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short supply lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Commanders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifestyle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Cause” </li></ul></ul>
  25. 31. Preparations <ul><li>Short war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederacy has the advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long war (attrition) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union has advantage </li></ul></ul>
  26. 32. First Bull Run
  27. 33. First Bull Run <ul><li>Clash of amateur armies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought it was an adventure, exciting, would be over quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commanders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beauregard - CSA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McDowell - USA </li></ul></ul>
  28. 34. Irvin McDowell USA
  29. 35. P.G.T. Beauregard CSA
  30. 36. Manassas Railroad
  31. 38. First Bull Run <ul><li>July 21, 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>McDowell (USA) - 35,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Beauregard (CSA) - 32,000 </li></ul>
  32. 39. First Bull Run <ul><li>Confusion reigns ( video ) </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates were driven back at first </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gen. Bee - to rally his men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ There stands Jackson like a stone wall!” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confederates counter-attack later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union retreats </li></ul></ul>
  33. 40. Bull Run Creek
  34. 43. Stonewall Jackson
  35. 44. Thomas Jackson
  36. 45. Thomas Jackson
  37. 46. Thomas Jackson
  38. 48. First Bull Run <ul><li>Retreat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At first, Orderly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a panic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sightseers clogged roads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many soldiers dropped weapons and ran </li></ul></ul>
  39. 49. Panic
  40. 51. First Bull Run <ul><li>Confederate Victory </li></ul><ul><li>Proves to the Union that the war will not be won quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War is not an adventure </li></ul></ul>
  41. 52. First Bull Run
  42. 53. Confederate Dead
  43. 54. Casualties <ul><li>Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,896 Killed, wounded, missing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confederate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,982 </li></ul></ul>

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