The Road to War Kansas-Nebraska Act and Secession
Problems Grow <ul><li>Election of 1852 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats - Franklin Pierce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs ...
Pres. Pierce
1852
Popular Vote
Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>Author? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen A. Douglas  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic Senato...
Stephen A. Douglas
KA-NB Act <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners wanted the railroad - promised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gads...
KA-NB Act
Effect of Solution <ul><li>Killed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectional conflicts ignite again <...
Republicans <ul><li>Almost exclusively from the North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Against the spread of slavery </li></ul></ul><...
“ Bleeding Kansas” <ul><li>Northern and Southern settlers wanted Kansas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both flock to the territory ...
John Brown Pottawatomie  Massacre
Senate <ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preston Brooks (SC) attacked Charles Sumner (MA) with a cane </li></ul></ul>...
 
Charles Sumner
Election of 1856 <ul><li>Republicans - Fremont </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Soil Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democrats -...
Election of 1856 <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buchanan Vs. Fremont </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Vs. Winner!!!
1856
Election of 1856 <ul><li>Scared Southerners </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans came close </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See Republicans...
Pres. Buchanan <ul><li>Didn’t do much </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country was tearing itself apart </li></ul></ul>
Lincoln-Douglas <ul><li>Illinois Senate seat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1856 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul></ul>...
Lincoln-Douglas <ul><li>Douglas wins </li></ul><ul><li>But, it helps Lincoln  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul><u...
Harper’s Ferry <ul><li>John Brown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Militant Abolitionist (Immediate) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanted to...
 
Harper’s Ferry <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arm the slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go through Virginia freei...
 
Harper’s Ferry <ul><li>Brown and 6 others were captured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 were killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 ...
<ul><li>In the first place, I deny everything but what I have all along admitted: of a design on my part to free slaves . ...
 
Politics <ul><li>Election of 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided North and South </li></ul></ul...
Republicans <ul><li>Chose Abraham Lincoln </li></ul>
 
Campaign Flag
Election of 1860 <ul><li>Winner? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln </li></ul></ul>
1860
Pres. Lincoln <ul><li>First Sectional President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not one single Southern vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Pres. Lincoln <ul><li>South Carolina secedes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote on Dec. 20, 1860 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6 others s...
Newspaper  Headline
Why? <ul><li>CSA VP Alexander Stephens: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>declared that the &quot;cornerstone&quot; of the new governm...
Why? <ul><li>Texas’ Secessionist Document: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of th...
Why? <ul><li>And: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That in this free government  all white men are and of right ought to be entitled ...
CSA <ul><li>Southern states established a Confederacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual States were more powerful than the ...
CSA <ul><li>Constitution  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits the national government from limiting slave ownership in any sta...
Buchanan <ul><li>Still US President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What does he do about secession?...
Secession <ul><li>What will happen now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will the South become a separate nation? </li></ul></ul><ul>...
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19 pre civil war (11)

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19 pre civil war (11)

  1. 1. The Road to War Kansas-Nebraska Act and Secession
  2. 2. Problems Grow <ul><li>Election of 1852 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats - Franklin Pierce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs - Winfield Scott </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pierce Wins </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pres. Pierce
  4. 4. 1852
  5. 5. Popular Vote
  6. 6. Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>Author? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen A. Douglas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic Senator - Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purpose? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To build a railroad from Illinois to California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to organize KS and NB into territories </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Stephen A. Douglas
  8. 8. KA-NB Act <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners wanted the railroad - promised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gadsden Purchase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow Popular Sovereignty in the Kansas and Nebraska Territories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southerners support the act </li></ul>
  9. 9. KA-NB Act
  10. 10. Effect of Solution <ul><li>Killed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectional conflicts ignite again </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Destroys the Whig Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of N. and S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who replaces them? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Republicans <ul><li>Almost exclusively from the North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Against the spread of slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Free Labor” & homesteading </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. “ Bleeding Kansas” <ul><li>Northern and Southern settlers wanted Kansas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both flock to the territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence erupts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Bleeding Kansas” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. John Brown Pottawatomie Massacre
  14. 14. Senate <ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preston Brooks (SC) attacked Charles Sumner (MA) with a cane </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Members began carrying knives, guns </li></ul>
  15. 16. Charles Sumner
  16. 17. Election of 1856 <ul><li>Republicans - Fremont </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Soil Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democrats - Buchanan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American - Fillmore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compromise </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Election of 1856 <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buchanan Vs. Fremont </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buchanan Vs. Fillmore </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Vs. Winner!!!
  19. 20. 1856
  20. 21. Election of 1856 <ul><li>Scared Southerners </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans came close </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See Republicans as a Northern Party trying to destroy slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vital to the Southern economy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Pres. Buchanan <ul><li>Didn’t do much </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country was tearing itself apart </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Lincoln-Douglas <ul><li>Illinois Senate seat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1856 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centered around the expansion of slavery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Douglas – popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln – Free soil </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Winner? </li></ul>
  23. 24. Lincoln-Douglas <ul><li>Douglas wins </li></ul><ul><li>But, it helps Lincoln </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frees him up for a Presidential run in 2 years </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Harper’s Ferry <ul><li>John Brown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Militant Abolitionist (Immediate) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanted to lead a slave army to destroy institution of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Oct. 16, 1859 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Blacks, 16 whites raided Federal Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. Harper’s Ferry <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arm the slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go through Virginia freeing and arming slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroy Slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few slaves were brought in – none voluntarily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local militia cuts off escape route </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert E. Lee leads US Marines to retake arsenal </li></ul></ul>
  26. 29. Harper’s Ferry <ul><li>Brown and 6 others were captured </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 were killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 were killed by Brown’s men </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brown put on trial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convicted of Treason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentenced to hang (Nov. 2, 1859) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanged (Dec. 2, 1859) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Martyr or Terrorist? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue further divides the country </li></ul></ul>
  27. 30. <ul><li>In the first place, I deny everything but what I have all along admitted: of a design on my part to free slaves . . . Had I interfered in the matter which I admit, and which I admit has been fairly proved . . . had I so interfered in behalf of the rich, the powerful, the intelligent, or the so-called great . . . and suffered and sacrificed, what I have in this interference, it would have been all right. Every man in this Court would have deemed it an act worthy of reward rather than punishment. I see a book kissed which I suppose to be the Bible, or at least the New Testament, which teaches me that all things whatsoever I would that men should do unto me, I should do even so to them. It teaches me further to remember them that are in bonds as bound with them. I endeavored to act up to that instruction. I say that I am yet too young to understand that God is any respecter of persons. I believe that to have interfered as I have done, as I have always freely admitted I have done in behalf of His despised poor, I did no wrong, but right. Now if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel and unjust enactment's, I say, let it be done. </li></ul>
  28. 32. Politics <ul><li>Election of 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided North and South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>N - Douglas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S - Breckinridge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 33. Republicans <ul><li>Chose Abraham Lincoln </li></ul>
  30. 35. Campaign Flag
  31. 36. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Winner? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln </li></ul></ul>
  32. 37. 1860
  33. 38. Pres. Lincoln <ul><li>First Sectional President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not one single Southern vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;A party founded on the single sentiment... of hatred of African slavery, is now the controlling power. No one could any longer be deluded... that the Black Republican party is a moderate party, It is in fact, essentially, a revolutionary party.“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Orleans Delta . </li></ul></ul>
  34. 39. Pres. Lincoln <ul><li>South Carolina secedes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote on Dec. 20, 1860 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6 others secede -2 mos. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX </li></ul></ul>
  35. 40. Newspaper Headline
  36. 41. Why? <ul><li>CSA VP Alexander Stephens: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>declared that the &quot;cornerstone&quot; of the new government &quot;rest[ed] upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery—subordination to the superior race—is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revisionist History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Later, Stephens qualified his remarks, claiming they were extemporaneous, metaphorical, and never meant to literally reflect &quot;the principles of the new Government on this subject.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  37. 42. Why? <ul><li>Texas’ Secessionist Document: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity; that the African race had no agency in their establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable.” </li></ul></ul>
  38. 43. Why? <ul><li>And: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That in this free government all white men are and of right ought to be entitled to equal civil and political rights [emphasis in the original]; that the servitude of the African race, as existing in these States, is mutually beneficial to both bond and free, and is abundantly authorized and justified by the experience of mankind, and the revealed will of the Almighty Creator, as recognized by all Christian nations; while the destruction of the existing relations between the two races, as advocated by our sectional enemies, would bring inevitable calamities upon both and desolation upon the fifteen slave-holding states. [ </li></ul></ul>
  39. 44. CSA <ul><li>Southern states established a Confederacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual States were more powerful than the national govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Montgomery, AL (temporarily) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson Davis (temporarily – until elections in 1862) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 45. CSA <ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits the national government from limiting slave ownership in any state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibits importation of slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Escaped slaves will be returned to bondage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery will be legal in all territories </li></ul></ul>
  41. 46. Buchanan <ul><li>Still US President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 months </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What does he do about secession? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing </li></ul></ul>
  42. 47. Secession <ul><li>What will happen now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will the South become a separate nation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will they return to the Union? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will there be war?????? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay tuned. . . . . </li></ul></ul>

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