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17 king cotton slavery (11)

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Transcript

  • 1. King Cotton Slavery Explodes
  • 2. Slavery
    • Many felt it would die out on it’s own
      • Free labor was generally more profitable
      • Why?
    • What happened? Why didn’t it die out on it’s own?
  • 3. King Cotton
    • 1820 - South’s #1 Crop
      • Sea Island
        • Delicate - Best Quality
      • Upland
        • Hearty - Hard to separate
  • 4. Cotton
  • 5. Cotton
    • Picking
      • Slave - 200 lbs. per day
      • Separate - 1lb. per day
      • Until?
        • Cotton Gin - Eli Whitney
  • 6. Eli Whitney
  • 7. Cotton Gin
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Cotton Gin
    • Separate 50 - 1,000 lbs.
      • More cotton is grown
        • 1792 - 13,000 bales
        • 1840 - 1 Million bales
      • Slavery becomes more and more important
  • 11. Slavery
    • By 1860
      • Over 1/3 the Southern population
      • 4 million slaves
    • Some states passed laws against freeing slaves
      • Increased value
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Slavery
    • Lower South
      • 2.3 million – 47% of total population
    • Upper South
      • 1.2 million – 29% of total population
    • Border States
      • 432,000 – 13% of total population
    • *1860 Census
  • 17. Slavery
    • Cotton was considered the perfect crop for slavery
      • Why?
      • Kept them busy year round
        • Clearing land, Planting, Cultivating, Harvesting,
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. Slavery
    • Different Tasks
      • Most were Field Hands
      • House Servants
      • Skilled
        • Carpentry, masonry, etc.
  • 23. Slave Tag
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. Slavery
    • Physically Treated Well?
      • Some say Yes
        • Valuable
        • Beatings Rare
      • What about Overseers?
      • Fear?
  • 27. Punishments
  • 28. Whip Scars
  • 29. Underground Railroad
    • Safe-houses & people helping runaway slaves
    • Conductors
      • Harriet Tubman
      • Josiah Henson
      • Levi Coffin
  • 30.  
  • 31. Harriet Tubman
    • Escaped in 1849
    • Made 19 trips back into the South
    • Helped over 300 slaves escape
  • 32. Grandma Moses
  • 33. Free Blacks - North
    • Social Equality?
      • No
      • Segregation
      • Fewer opportunities
        • Education
        • Jobs
  • 34.
    • Legal Equality?
      • No
      • Couldn’t vote, hold public office,
      • Treated as second-class people
    Free Blacks - North
  • 35. Abolitionists
    • Abolition
      • Movement to outlaw slavery
    • Frederick Douglass
      • most famous
      • Why?
  • 36. Douglass
      • Former Slave
        • Escaped
      • Excellent Speaker
        • First-hand information about slavery
  • 37.  
  • 38. Abolitionists
    • Others
      • William Lloyd Garrison
        • Immediate Emancipation vs. Gradual Emancipation
  • 39. Abolitionists
    • What did they accomplish?
      • Not the abolition of slavery – yet
        • That will take the Civil War to accomplish!