King Cotton Slavery Explodes
Slavery <ul><li>Many felt it would die out on it’s own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free labor was generally  more profitable  </...
King Cotton <ul><li>1820 - South’s #1 Crop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea Island </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delicate - Best...
Cotton
Cotton <ul><li>Picking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave - 200 lbs. per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate - 1lb. per day <...
Eli Whitney
Cotton Gin
 
 
Cotton Gin <ul><li>Separate 50 - 1,000 lbs.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More cotton is grown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>179...
Slavery <ul><li>By 1860 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 1/3 the Southern population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 million slaves...
 
 
 
 
Slavery <ul><li>Lower South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.3 million – 47% of total population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper South...
Slavery <ul><li>Cotton was considered the perfect crop for slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K...
 
 
 
 
Slavery <ul><li>Different Tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most were Field Hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Servants  </l...
Slave Tag
 
 
Slavery <ul><li>Physically Treated Well? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some say Yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valuable </li><...
Punishments
Whip  Scars
Underground Railroad <ul><li>Safe-houses & people helping runaway slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Conductors </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
 
Harriet Tubman <ul><li>Escaped in 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>Made 19 trips back into the South </li></ul><ul><li>Helped over 3...
Grandma Moses
Free Blacks - North <ul><li>Social Equality? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Segregation </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Legal Equality? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t vote, hold public office,  </li></ul>...
Abolitionists <ul><li>Abolition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement to outlaw slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frederick Douglass...
Douglass <ul><ul><li>Former Slave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Escaped </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent Speaker...
 
Abolitionists <ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate Emancip...
Abolitionists <ul><li>What did they accomplish? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the abolition of slavery – yet </li></ul></ul><u...
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17 king cotton slavery (11)

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17 king cotton slavery (11)

  1. 1. King Cotton Slavery Explodes
  2. 2. Slavery <ul><li>Many felt it would die out on it’s own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free labor was generally more profitable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What happened? Why didn’t it die out on it’s own? </li></ul>
  3. 3. King Cotton <ul><li>1820 - South’s #1 Crop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea Island </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delicate - Best Quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hearty - Hard to separate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Cotton
  5. 5. Cotton <ul><li>Picking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave - 200 lbs. per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate - 1lb. per day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Until? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton Gin - Eli Whitney </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Eli Whitney
  7. 7. Cotton Gin
  8. 10. Cotton Gin <ul><li>Separate 50 - 1,000 lbs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More cotton is grown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1792 - 13,000 bales </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1840 - 1 Million bales </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery becomes more and more important </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Slavery <ul><li>By 1860 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 1/3 the Southern population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 million slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some states passed laws against freeing slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased value </li></ul></ul>
  10. 16. Slavery <ul><li>Lower South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.3 million – 47% of total population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.2 million – 29% of total population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Border States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>432,000 – 13% of total population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*1860 Census </li></ul>
  11. 17. Slavery <ul><li>Cotton was considered the perfect crop for slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept them busy year round </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clearing land, Planting, Cultivating, Harvesting, </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 22. Slavery <ul><li>Different Tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most were Field Hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Servants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skilled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carpentry, masonry, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 23. Slave Tag
  14. 26. Slavery <ul><li>Physically Treated Well? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some say Yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valuable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beatings Rare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about Overseers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear? </li></ul></ul>
  15. 27. Punishments
  16. 28. Whip Scars
  17. 29. Underground Railroad <ul><li>Safe-houses & people helping runaway slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Conductors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harriet Tubman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Josiah Henson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levi Coffin </li></ul></ul>
  18. 31. Harriet Tubman <ul><li>Escaped in 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>Made 19 trips back into the South </li></ul><ul><li>Helped over 300 slaves escape </li></ul>
  19. 32. Grandma Moses
  20. 33. Free Blacks - North <ul><li>Social Equality? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Segregation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 34. <ul><li>Legal Equality? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t vote, hold public office, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treated as second-class people </li></ul></ul>Free Blacks - North
  22. 35. Abolitionists <ul><li>Abolition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement to outlaw slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frederick Douglass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>most famous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul>
  23. 36. Douglass <ul><ul><li>Former Slave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Escaped </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent Speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First-hand information about slavery </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 38. Abolitionists <ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate Emancipation vs. Gradual Emancipation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 39. Abolitionists <ul><li>What did they accomplish? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the abolition of slavery – yet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That will take the Civil War to accomplish! </li></ul></ul></ul>

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