14 jackson van buren (11)


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14 jackson van buren (11)

  1. 1. The Age of Jackson Jacksonian Democracy
  2. 2. Changes in Democracy <ul><li>Jeffersonian Democracy (The US system so far) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people choose from the Gentleman Class their rulers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voting Requirements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual freedoms very important – Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Government should be significantly limited – 10 th Amendment </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Changes in Democracy <ul><li>Jacksonian Democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people choose from themselves their representatives/rulers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Common Man” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased voting – got rid of Landownership Req. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stronger National Government – can do some good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specifically, a stronger President </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Pres. Jackson <ul><li>Opposed “special privileges” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank of the US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong supporter of the Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not much of a Sectionalist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believed the Pres. was highest authority in govt. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Pres. Jackson <ul><li>Vetoed bills </li></ul><ul><li>Refused to enforce some Supreme Court decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Removal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spoils System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give friends jobs once elected (Rotation of office) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Pres. Jackson <ul><li>Different Kind of Cabinet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t allow them to make decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They were there to carry out his policies – that’s it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had a group of informal advisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kitchen Cabinet </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 11. Bank of the US <ul><li>Jackson hated it </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Privileges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favored Hard Currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted it dead </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. Bank of the US <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank for Private Banks and Government Agencies – common individuals couldn’t use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purpose? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stabilized the economy – How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled paper money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amount </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 14. Biddle Jackson Van Buren
  10. 15. Biddle
  11. 16. Bank of the US <ul><li>Congress - Renew Bank? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson’s Reaction? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Veto </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 18. Election of 1832 <ul><li>Jackson Vs. Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Winner? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson </li></ul></ul>
  13. 20. Bank of the US <ul><li>Bank is still under it’s charter – just not renewed </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson wants it dead NOW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulled all US Government funds from Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deposited them in State banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Pet Banks” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Money, no Loans, no Power </li></ul></ul>
  14. 22. Nullification Crisis <ul><li>“ Tariff of Abominations” enacted during J.Q. Adams Pres. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to protect Northern Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurting Southern Exports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South Carolina threatens Nullification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Declare the law “null and void” in their state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serious Constitutional Crisis </li></ul></ul>
  15. 23. Nullification Crisis <ul><li>Jackson’s VP – John C. Calhoun of South Carolina </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought the President (a southerner) would side with him and the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson was a strong supporter of the UNION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calhoun resigns as VP and runs for the Senate – wins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Compromise? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff was lowered by Congress – most Southerners voted yes </li></ul></ul>
  16. 24. Nullification Crisis <ul><li>South Carolina? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Convention “nullifies” the two tariff bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Force Bill” passed by Congress – gave Pres. Jackson authorization to use force to enforce law in South Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And, an additional lowering of the tariff pacifies South Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issue will return </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today??? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 25. Political Parties <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson and supporters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrants, small farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opponents of Jackson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy Industrialists </li></ul></ul>
  18. 29. Election of 1836 <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Van Buren - VP for Jackson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>W.H. Harrison, D. Webster, H. White </li></ul></ul>
  19. 30. Election of 1836 <ul><li>Whigs hoped to force election into House of Rep </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No majority in Electoral College </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Failed </li></ul><ul><li>Van Buren wins </li></ul>
  20. 32. Pres. Van Buren
  21. 33. Economics <ul><li>Van Buren takes office during a depression (Panic of 1837) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No US Bank to control $ value or the State Banks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State Banks loaned out all the deposited US money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runaway Inflation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Does little for economy </li></ul>
  22. 34. Election of 1840 <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Van Buren </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Henry Harrison </li></ul></ul>
  23. 35. Election of 1840 <ul><li>Vs. </li></ul>
  24. 36. Election of 1840 <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But, the election turned to other “issues” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Log Cabins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 38. Election of 1840 <ul><li>Slogans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!” </li></ul></ul>
  26. 39. Election of 1840 <ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attempt to portray Van Buren a rich aristocrat, totally out of touch with the common-man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portray Harrison as a “common-man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using Democratic tactics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Works! Harrison Wins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today? </li></ul></ul>