• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
10 new republic   washington adams (12).ppt

10 new republic washington adams (12).ppt






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



2 Embeds 97

http://reesersclass.weebly.com 90
http://www.weebly.com 7



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    10 new republic   washington adams (12).ppt 10 new republic washington adams (12).ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Washington, Hamilton, Jefferson, Adams
    • • Did not run • Elected unanimously by Electoral College – Twice! • VP was the question •John Adams
    • • Guide for later action • Examples •Cabinet •Attorney General •2 term limit
    • •War •Gen. Henry Knox •State •Thomas Jefferson •Treasury •Alexander Hamilton
    • Jefferson Hamilton Vs.
    • • Background •Aide to Washington during War •At Constitutional Convention • Wanted a strong central government • President for life • Outvoted - little influence •Urged NY to ratify Const.
    • • Background •Architect, Lawyer •Diplomat to France •Author of Dec. of Ind. •Separation of Church and State • Founded the University of Virginia • Favored a small central
    • •Main Issue - France •Revolution •War with England •They ask us for Help •Washington’s Response:
    • •National Debt •State Debts •Bank of the US •Necessary and Proper Clause •Economic Troubles •Regulate Trade - Protective Tariffs
    • •Loose vs. Strict Constructionists •Hamilton? •Loose •Necessary & Proper Clause – “Elastic Clause” •Jefferson & Madison? •Strict
    • •Who does Pres. Washington agree with most often? •Hamilton •Arguments lead to the first political parties
    • • Hamilton and Supporters? •Federalists • Jefferson and Supporters? •Democratic- Republicans
    • • Federalists? •Lawyers, Merchants, ship owners and Industrialists •Mostly in Northeast • Democratic-Republicans? •Small farmers •Mostly in the South and West
    • • Another Precedent •His most important one? •Steps down after 2 terms • Jefferson and Adams run for the Presidency in 1796 •Winner? •Adams 71 to 68
    • • How was the Vice President chosen? •2nd Place winner •Jefferson becomes VP
    • • Washington gives some final advice to the country before his second term is over • Two “themes”
    • • Neutrality Abroad •No permanent Alliances •Temporary ones? • Ok if necessary •Trade agreements are great
    • • Neutrality Abroad • How long did we listen? • 150 years • Unity at Home • Limit political disagreements • How long did we listen? • About 4 seconds
    • • Main Issues •Internal Federalist struggles • Alexander Hamilton •XYZ Affair •Alien and Sedition Acts •Midnight Judges
    • • Adams wanted to negotiate with France • Talleyrand wanted a bribe • Foreign Minister • Wanted a bribe to talk • Sent 3 agents “X, Y, & Z” • We refused • Talk of War
    • • Hamilton wants war against France •Hurt the Dem-Rep’s • They wanted close ties with France • Adams does not • We’re still too weak • Splits the Federalist Party
    • • Alien Act •Raises citizenship requirements • 5 to 14 years •Pres. can expel aliens •How does this affect the Dem-Rep party?
    • • Sedition Act •Can’t “publishing false, scandalous, or malicious writings against the President, Congress, or the Government of the US” •Constitutional? • How does this affect Dem- Rep’s?
    • • Adams has support cut by Hamilton • Jefferson AND Burr win! •Tie in Electoral College with Aaron Burr •House votes for Jefferson
    • • Adams is Pres. until Jefferson takes oath • Lots of Federal courts without judges • Stays up late filling them with Federalists • Extends life of Federalist Party