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Facilitating Small Groups

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This presentation was a part of a Mentor Training that I developed for a small faith based organization.

This presentation was a part of a Mentor Training that I developed for a small faith based organization.


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  • 1. Facilitating Small Groups
    Mentor Train-the-Trainer
  • 2. Course Goal
    This course provides participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to effectively facilitate small group sessions
  • 3. Course objectives
    Participants will be able to:
    Explain the various stages of group development
    Identify the characteristics of adult learning
    Explain the difference between training and facilitation
    Describe small group facilitation skills and use them during teach-back activities
    Understand the need to ensure cultural competency when facilitating a group
  • 4. GROUPS
  • 5. Group Process
    Cooperation
    Coordination
    Common Procedures
    Mutual Support
  • 6. The lifecycle of groups
    The Stages of Group Development
    Group Development Characteristics
    Acquaintance
    Groundwork
    Working
    Closure
    Interpersonal Issues
    Group Behavioral Patterns
    Group Task/Issues
    Leadership Issues
  • 7. The lifecycle of groups
    Acquaintance
    Orientation
    Groundwork
    Organization
    Working
    Cohesiveness
    Closure
    Separation and re-entry
  • 8. Acquaintance stage
    Interpersonal Issues
    Inclusion
    Group/Behavioral Patterns
    Identity
    Group Task/Issues
    Dependence
    Leadership Issues
    Commitment
  • 9. Groundwork stage
    Interpersonal Issues
    Control
    Group/Behavioral Patterns
    Norm Setting
    Group Task/Issues
    Decision Making Process
    Leadership Issues
    Counter-Dependence
  • 10. Working stage
    Interpersonal Issues
    Affection
    Group/Behavioral Patterns
    Negotiation/Cohesion
    Group Task/Issues
    Functional Relationships
    Leadership Issues
    Interdependence
  • 11. Closure stage
    Interpersonal Issues
    Separation
    Group/Behavioral Patterns
    Growth and Insight
    Group Task/Issues
    Application & Productivity
    Leadership Issues
    Independence
  • 12. ADULT LEARNING
  • 13. Childhood vs adult learning
    Major Differences
    Learners Role
    Motivation for Learning
    Choice of Content
    Method of Focus
  • 14. Adult learning occurs best when…
    It is self-directed
    Fills an immediate need
    Is participatory in nature
    Provides feedback
    Shows respect for learner
    Occurs in a comfortable environment
  • 15. The Learning process
    Knowledge
    “I know”
    Skills
    “I can”
    Attitudes
    “I will”
    Competence
    “I show”
    Performance
    “I do”
  • 16. FACILITATION
  • 17. tRAINING
    To Coach or accustom a mode of behavior
    To provide knowledge of; instruct in
    To carry on instruction on a regular basis
  • 18. Facilitation
    The act of making easier
    Increasing the likelihood or effectiveness of a behavior or a response
  • 19. Training vs facilitation-what happens?
    Training
    Facilitation
    You tell and show
    You talk
    You have the knowledge
    You have the experience
    Requires more preparation
    Participants work it out
    Participants talk
    You both have the knowledge
    You both have the experience
    Requires less preparation
  • 20. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES
  • 21. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES
    pRESENTATION
    demonstration
    Conveys information
    Lecture/ Q & A
    Useful for large groups
    Conveys lots of material in a short time
    Provides an overview
    Teaches a specific skill
    Models a step by step approach
    Easy to focus participants attention
    Requires planning
    Not useful in large groups
  • 22. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES
    Case Study
    Role play
    Written description of a situation
    Participants can relate to study
    Participant are involved
    Use of analysis and discussion
    Not always one right solution
    Two or more individuals act out scenario
    Helps to challenge attitudes
    Spontaneous
    Enables participants to explore alternative scenarios and approaches
  • 23. FACILITATION ACTIVITIES
    Simulation
    Small Group Discussion
    Enactment of real-life situation
    Participants are able to discover and react
    High level of involvement
    Applies knowledge, develops skills
    Enhances problem-solving skills
    Participants learn from each other
    Clarifies personal values
    Participation encouraged
    Promotes teamwork
  • 24. The Facilitators Role
  • 25. The Facilitator role
    Attending
    Clarifying
    Supporting
    Informing
    Probing
    Motivating
    Evaluation
    Problem Solving
  • 26. The Facilitators Role
    Attending
    clarifying
    Reflect before responding
    Use brief responses
    Use phrases, terms familiar to participants
    Be spontaneous
    Perception checking
    Clarification of alternatives
    Request for further information
  • 27. The Facilitators Role
    supporting
    probing
    Involves actively providing feedback
    Communicates feelings of security
    Acknowledgement of persons feelings
    Facilitators attempt to gain more information
    Used to guide the discussion
    Open-ended questions
    Exploratory in nature
  • 28. Managing a challenging group
    Distracted Participant
    Expert
    Joker
    Late Arriver/Early Leaver
    Nay-sayer
    Quiet One
    Side-Bar Talker
  • 29. Managing a challenging group
    Interrupter
    Corrector
    Long-Winded
    Grouch
    Prisoner
  • 30. The meaning and use of silence
    Attending
    Listening
    Shows support
    Opportunity for participants to talk
    Use as a method to probe
    Fatigue
  • 31. Cultural Competency
    Group differences
    Culture
    Ethnicity
    Value diversity
    Self-Assessment
    Cultural Knowledge
    Cultural Awareness
    Cultural Sensitivity
  • 32. Six basic guidelines to remember!
    Introduce the purpose
    Talk about yourself and your qualifications
    Provide an overview or agenda
    Establish ground rules
    Explain anticipated outcome
    Build trust and respect with the group
  • 33. Happy Facilitating!

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