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Intro. ceramics powerpoint-2012

Intro. ceramics powerpoint-2012






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    Intro. ceramics powerpoint-2012 Intro. ceramics powerpoint-2012 Presentation Transcript

    • Ceramics Creating Pinch Pots
    • Clay Made from earth, water and fire. Clay is different from mud, since it has plasticity. This gives it the ability to hold together while its being shaped.
    • Basic Terms Ceramics – Clay objects that permanently retain their shape after they have been heated to specific temperatures. Pottery – Functional Ware, such as vases, pots, bowls or plates, shaped from moist clay and hardened by heat.
    • Basic Terms cont. Wedge – A way of improving the workability of clay by reforming the mixture to make it homogeneous and even in texture while eliminating air bubbles.
    • Basic Terms cont. Kiln – A structure built to fire clay at high temperatures.
    • Basic Terms cont. Fire – Heating pottery or clay sculpture to a temperature high enough to render it hard and durable.
    • Construction Pinch method: Handbuilding Technique that involves squeezing the clay, usually between thumb and fingers.
    • Construction Coil method:Handbuilding techniquewhere rolls of clay areattached together to formpottery.
    • Construction Slab method: Handbuilding Technique that involves shaping ceramics from broad, flat, thick pieces.
    • Clay Stages Greenware – Unfired pottery or ceramic sculpture. Leatherhard – The stage between plastic and bone dry when clay is dried, but may still be carved or joined to other pieces. Bone dry – Stage of drying when moisture in the clay body has evaporated so the clay surface no longer feels cold.
    • Clay Stages cont. Bisqueware – Ceramic ware that has gone through the first firing at a relatively low temperature and still maintains its porous state. Glazeware – Ceramic ware that has been fired at a high temperature with glaze, which forms a coating of glass onto the surface.
    • Tools Fettling knife – A long tapered knife used for cutting and trimming clay. Loop tool – A small loop with a handle used to carve clay away.
    • Joining Techniques Score – Scratching the edges of clay before joining them together. Slip – A fluid suspension of clay in water used in joining clay pieces and for surface decoration. Bond – when two pieces of clay are pressed together to hold their connection