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Aesthetics

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This power point introduces HS art students to using Feldman's 4-step art criticism.

This power point introduces HS art students to using Feldman's 4-step art criticism.

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  • 1. Art Aesthetics & Criticism
    • How to “Read” Art
  • 2. 4 steps of art criticism
    • Description
    • Analysis
    • Interpretation
    • Judgment
    Paul Klee. Ad Parnassum . 1932. Oil on canvas. (39 x 49 in.).
  • 3. step 1: description
    • What is the name of the artist?
    • What kind of artwork is it?
    • What is the name of the artwork?
    • When was it created?
    • Name some other major events in history that occurred at the same time as the artwork.
    Gathering Facts... Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
  • 4. step 1: description
    • List the literal objects in the painting (trees, people, animals, mountains, rivers, etc.)
    • Consider the significant art elements that are present in the artwork and describe them.
    • Line
    • Shape
    • Form
    • Space
    Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
    • Texture
    • Color
    • Value
  • 5. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  • 6. step 2: analysis
    • How are the principles of art used to organize the art elements ?
    • Rhythm
    • Movement
    Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
    • Variety
    • Unity
    • Pattern
    • Balance
    • Proportion
    • Emphasis
  • 7. step 2: analysis
    • Imitationalism ( Literal Quality ): focuses on a realistic representation.
    • Formalism (Formal Quality): Places emphasis on the arrangement of the elements of art using the principles of art.
    • Emotionalism (Expressive Qualities) : Requires that an artwork must evoke a response of feelings, moods, or emotions in the viewer.
    Which of the following Qualities did the artist give to the artwork?
  • 8. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  • 9. step 3: interpretation
    • Based on what you have learned so far about the artwork, what do you think the artist is trying to say?
    • Why did the artist create this artwork?
    • What do you think it means?
    • What feelings do you have when looking at this artwork?
    • Do you think there are things in the artwork that represent other things - symbols?
    Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
  • 10. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  • 11. step 4: judgment
    • Do you like the artwork?
    • Do you think it is an important artwork?
    • Would you display it at home?
    • Is it “good” enough for a museum?
    • Justify your opinion! Explain your opinion using observations from the previous three steps.
    Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
  • 12. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  • 13. Now you try it...
    • Write a DESCRIPTION for the following slide.
  • 14. Pablo Picasso. Guernica. 1889. Oil on canvas. (11 x 23 ft.).
  • 15.
    • Guernica History
    • Spanish Dictator, Francisco Franco granted Adolf Hitler permission to practice his new war strategy of bombing cities on a small Basque village in Northern Spain.
    • On April 27, 1937 - market day - Hitler’s air force bombed Guernica for three hours killing over 1600 people.
    • Picasso began making sketches for the mural one week after the bombing and completed the canvas on June 6, 1937.
  • 16.
    • Analysis : Which principles of design did Picasso use?
    • Balance
    • Unity
    • Emphasis
    • Visual Movement
    • Variety
    • Proportion
  • 17.
    • Interpretation : What was Picasso trying to say?
    • What is the bull a symbol of?
    • Why does the texture on the horse look like newspaper?
    • Why does all this happen in a room?
    • Why are there two “lights”?
    • Why does the warrior have a flower and a broken sword?
  • 18.
    • Judgment : Do you like it, or not - and why?