Aesthetics

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This power point introduces HS art students to using Feldman's 4-step art criticism.

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Aesthetics

  1. 1. Art Aesthetics & Criticism <ul><li>How to “Read” Art </li></ul>
  2. 2. 4 steps of art criticism <ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment </li></ul>Paul Klee. Ad Parnassum . 1932. Oil on canvas. (39 x 49 in.).
  3. 3. step 1: description <ul><li>What is the name of the artist? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of artwork is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the name of the artwork? </li></ul><ul><li>When was it created? </li></ul><ul><li>Name some other major events in history that occurred at the same time as the artwork. </li></ul>Gathering Facts... Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
  4. 4. step 1: description <ul><li>List the literal objects in the painting (trees, people, animals, mountains, rivers, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the significant art elements that are present in the artwork and describe them. </li></ul><ul><li>Line </li></ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul>Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.). <ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  6. 6. step 2: analysis <ul><li>How are the principles of art used to organize the art elements ? </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul>Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.). <ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul>
  7. 7. step 2: analysis <ul><li>Imitationalism ( Literal Quality ): focuses on a realistic representation. </li></ul><ul><li>Formalism (Formal Quality): Places emphasis on the arrangement of the elements of art using the principles of art. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotionalism (Expressive Qualities) : Requires that an artwork must evoke a response of feelings, moods, or emotions in the viewer. </li></ul>Which of the following Qualities did the artist give to the artwork?
  8. 8. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  9. 9. step 3: interpretation <ul><li>Based on what you have learned so far about the artwork, what do you think the artist is trying to say? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the artist create this artwork? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think it means? </li></ul><ul><li>What feelings do you have when looking at this artwork? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think there are things in the artwork that represent other things - symbols? </li></ul>Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
  10. 10. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  11. 11. step 4: judgment <ul><li>Do you like the artwork? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think it is an important artwork? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you display it at home? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it “good” enough for a museum? </li></ul><ul><li>Justify your opinion! Explain your opinion using observations from the previous three steps. </li></ul>Hughie Lee-Smith. The Piper . 1953. Oil on canvas. (22 x 35 1/4 in.).
  12. 12. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night . 1889. Oil on canvas. (29 x 36 1/4 in.).
  13. 13. Now you try it... <ul><li>Write a DESCRIPTION for the following slide. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pablo Picasso. Guernica. 1889. Oil on canvas. (11 x 23 ft.).
  15. 15. <ul><li>Guernica History </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Dictator, Francisco Franco granted Adolf Hitler permission to practice his new war strategy of bombing cities on a small Basque village in Northern Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>On April 27, 1937 - market day - Hitler’s air force bombed Guernica for three hours killing over 1600 people. </li></ul><ul><li>Picasso began making sketches for the mural one week after the bombing and completed the canvas on June 6, 1937. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Analysis : Which principles of design did Picasso use? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Interpretation : What was Picasso trying to say? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the bull a symbol of? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the texture on the horse look like newspaper? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does all this happen in a room? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are there two “lights”? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the warrior have a flower and a broken sword? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Judgment : Do you like it, or not - and why? </li></ul>

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