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Final Virginia State Reading Association Keynote


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Keynote at the Virginia State Reading Association Conference

Keynote at the Virginia State Reading Association Conference

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  • 1. Online Reading Comprehension:  
    Catching the New Literacies Wave
    Donald J. Leu, Ph.D
    New Literacies Research Lab
    Neag School of Education
    University of Connecticut
    Virginia State Reading
    “We teach Virginia
    to read!”
  • 2. The New Literacies Research Team
  • 3. Important Funding and Support From:
    • Ray and Carole Neag
    • 4. The Carnegie Corporation of New York
    • 5. IES, U.S. Department of Education
    • 6. The National Science Foundation
    • 7. North Central Educational Research Lab
    • 8. PBS
    • 9. The Annenberg Foundation
    • 10. William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
    • 11. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
    • 12. Australian Council of Educational Research
    • 13. OECD
    • 14. Schools and teachers around the world.
  • Major Points
    The World is Flat: Global Economies Impact Local Reading Instruction
    The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for literacy and learning
    The Internet Requires New Reading Skills: The New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension
    Teaching Online Reading Comprehension: Internet Reciprocal Teaching
    Two Roads to Reading Instruction: The Challenges of Change
  • 15. I. The World Is Flat: Changes In A Global Economy Require Changes In Reading Instruction
    The “Ford” Model of Economic Management
    Command and control
    Wasted intellectual capital
    Highly inefficient
    Lower productivity
    Little innovation
    Lower levels of education required.
    Little need for higher level and creative thinking.
    Wasted intellectual capital
  • 16. In a Flattened World: Opportunities Expand butCompetition Increases
    How do economic units increase productivity?
    Flatten The Organization into Problem Solving Teams
    Greater Intellectual Capital Use = Greater Productivity
    Define problems
    Locate information
    Critically evaluate information
    Synthesize and solve problems
    Communicate solutions
    These teams take full advantage of their intellectual capital to the extent their education system has prepared them for this.
  • 17. Which tool have economic units used to increase productivity and compete?
    The Internet!
    Recent productivity gains are due to using the Internet to share information, communicate, and solve problems (van Ark, Inklaar, & McGuckin, 2003; Friedman, 2005; Matteucci, O’Mahony, Robinson, & Zwick, 2005).
    Define problems
    Locate information
    Critically evaluate information
    Synthesize and solve problems
    Communicate solutions
  • 18. Implications For Education?
    Online reading comprehension skills become central
    Higher level thinking.
    Effective online information and communication skills.
    Problem based learning.
    In short: fundamental change to reading.
  • 19. Virginia Gets IT: PlugGED In
  • 20. I. The Internet Is This Generation’s Defining Technology For Reading and Learning
  • 21. A New Literacies Quiz: With Prizes
    How many individuals currently have access to the Internet and regularly read, write, and communicate online?
    511 million
    253 million
    754 million
    Nearly 2 billion people
    1.7 billion individuals;
    1 out of 4 people in the world!
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. How many adolescents in Accra, Ghana report having gone online?
    66% or 2/3 of adolescents!
    (Borzekowski, Fobil, & Asante, 2006)
  • 25. In 2005, did adolescents in North America read more on the Internet or more with books and other printed material?
    On the Internet
    Offline in books, etc.
    The same for both.
    On the Internet!
    In 2005, students aged 8-18 spent 48minutes per day reading on the Internet and only 43minutes per day reading offline. (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2005).
  • 26. Which nation manufactures the most software in the world?
    The U.S.
    (Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation, 2004)
  • 27. Which nation provides all teachers with 5 weeks of paid, release-time, professional development at integrating the Internet into the K-12 curriculum?
    The U.S.
  • 28. Which nation, in North America, is implementing a plan to ensure Internet access to every home and every school to prepare its citizens for the 21st century?
    The U.S.
    Mexico is implementing its eMexico plan right now. See
  • 29. Which nation provides Internet connections for all households at speeds 16 times faster than U.S. broadband for $22 per month?
    The Ukraine
    (Bleha, 2005).
  • 30. How many states, in the U.S., measure students ability to read search engine results on state reading assessments?
    Not a single state.
  • 31. How many states, in the U.S., permit the use of word processors on state writing assessments for any student who wishes to do so.
  • 32. How many states assess online reading comprehension in their state reading assessment?
  • 33. How did you do? The rubric
    10-8 = New Literacy Leader
    Demand an immediate raise!
    7-4 =New Literacy Expert
    Demand an immediate raise!
    3-0 = New Literacy Learner
    Demand a trip to Finland and then an immediate raise!
  • 34. III.The Internet Requires Additional Online Reading Comprehension Skills
  • 35. Online and Offline Reading Comprehension May Not Be Isomorphic
    (r=0.19, n = 89, N.S.)
    Online Reading
    Comprehension =
    ORCA Blog
    Offline Reading =
    Mastery Test (CMT)
    of Reading
    Leu, D. Castek, J., Hartman, D., Coiro, J.,
    Henry, L., Kulikowich, J., Lyver, S. (2005).
  • 36. The New Literacies Of Online Reading Comprehension:
    Read to identify important questions;
    Read to locate information;
    Read to critically evaluate the usefulness of that information;
    Read to synthesize information to answer those questions; and
    Read to communicate the answers to others.
    (Leu, Kinzer, Coiro, & Cammack, 2004, p. 1570)
    The new literacies of online reading comprehension
  • 37. A Preliminary Model
  • 38. One Example: Critical Evaluation
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41. Another Example of Online Reading ComprehensionReading About Martin Luther King
    The new literacies of online reading comprehension
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44.
  • 45. Preliminary Taxonomy Of Online Reading Comprehension Skills and Strategies
    Leu, D. J., Coiro, J., Castek, J., Hartman, D., Henry, L.A., & Reinking, D. (2008).Research on instruction and assessment in the new literacies of online reading comprehension. In Cathy Collins Block, Sherri Parris, & Peter Afflerbach (Eds.). Comprehension instruction: Research-based best practices. New York: Guilford Press. Available online at:
    The new literacies of online reading comprehension
  • 46. Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
    A study of an instructional model(Internet Reciprocal Teaching) we developed, designed to teach online reading comprehension skills and content learning in 1:1 laptop classrooms in secondary content areas. CT and SC. (IES, USDOE)
    Three phase, problem-based learning model
    Integrates online reading comprehension, higher level thinking skills, and content instruction.
  • 47. Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
    A study designed to develop valid, reliable, and practical assessments of online reading comprehension. CT, Maine, and NC. (IES, USDOE)
    Three formats: Multiple Choice, Open Internet, Closed Simulated Internet
    Working with ISAAC, Branford, Bristol right now in the development phase.
  • 48. Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
    A study of a whole school professional development model for teaching Internet Reciprocal Teaching in secondary content classrooms, in 1:1 classrooms. Maine. (IES, USDOE, funding pending.
    Data-based, iterative cycle of development, based on learning outcomes and teacher insights.
    We plan a statewide model of implementation.
  • 49. Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
    A partnership with Mass DESE to develop a statewide, summer institute model for professional development in the new Literacies of online reading comprehension, 4-12.
    Collaboration with colleagues at NCSU, URI, Berkeley, and UConn.
    Prepare teacher leaders to continue as leaders for subsequent summers.
  • 50. IV. A Model To Teach Online Reading Comprehension in 1-1 Classrooms: Internet Reciprocal Teaching
  • 51. IRT: Phase ITeacher-led Basic Skills
    Teacher-led demonstrations of basic Internet use skills and cooperative learning strategies
    Explicit modeling by teacher
    Largely whole class instruction
    Mini-lessons as transition to Phase II
  • 52. IRT: Phase IICollaborative modeling of online reading strategies
    Students presented with information problems to solve.
    Work in small groups to solve those problems.
    Exchange strategies as they do so.
    Debrief at the end of the lesson.
    Initially: locating and critically evaluating
    Later: Synthesis and communicating.
  • 53. A Phase II Task
  • 54. An Introduction to Phase III of IRT
    Begin Phase III when “Most of the students and all of the groups in my class know how to…(Phase II skills on the checklist)
  • 55. IRT: Phase IIIInquiry
    Initially, within the class.
    Then, with others around the world.
  • 56. Inquiry Projects (local or global)
    Define the question.
    Locate information
    Evaluate information
    Synthesize to answer the question
    Communicate the learning experience.
  • 57. Using ePals For Message of the Day Projects
  • 58. Classrooms from around the world are looking to partner with you
  • 59. Classroom Match
  • 60.
  • 61. IV.Current Policies Increase Online Reading Achievement Gaps
  • 62. One Problem for School Leaders: The Hidden Reading Achievement Gap in Reading
    Those who require our support the most with online reading comprehension, those without home access, actually receive the least support in schools.
    Current policies may increase achievement gaps
  • 63. A Second Problem for School Leaders:Defining the Problem Correctly
    A literacy issue
    A technology issue
    Technology standards become integrated within subject area standards
    Online learning is integrated into each subject area;
    Every classroom teacher is responsible
    Subject area assessments and online information skills are assessed together.
    Technology standards are separated from subject area standards
    Online learning is separated from subject areas
    Specialists are responsible
    Online information and communication skills are assessed separately from subject area knowledge.
  • 64. V. Two Roads To Reading: Which Shall We Take?
    Same old, same old in a world of continuous change.
    Innovate, compete, and prepare students for a top-tier economy in an online age of information and communication
  • 65. What Will Be Required?
    A focus on higher-order thinking skills
    Increase in problem-based learning experiences
    Higher expectations
    Integration of online reading comprehension throughout the entire curriculum
    New assessments
    Large investments in professional development: teachers and school leaders.
    Changes in teacher education.
  • 66. The Challenges Of Change
  • 67. The Changes Ahead
    Higher expectations
    New Learning Standards
    Professional Development
    Reading Assessments that include online reading comprehension
    School Leadership and Vision
    1-1 computing
    Redefining Online Technology Around Literacy and Learning
  • 68. As challenging as change appears, we know this…
  • 69. The leadership that you provide today, determines…
  • 70. …the future our students achieve tomorrow.
  • 71. V.Fifteen Easy Steps To Integrate The Internet Into Your K-12 Classroom Literacy Program
  • 72. The Big Idea :The Internet Is A Reading Comprehension Issue, Not A Technology Issue
    Major Points
    The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for reading and learning.
    The Internet requires new literacies -- additional online reading comprehension skills.
    Internet Reciprocal Teaching: Teaching online reading comprehension.
    Current state policies may actually increase reading achievement gaps.
    Ten easy steps to integrate the Internet into your K-12 classroom.
  • 73. 1. “Borrow” good ideas
    • Google:
    4th grade classroom home page
    1st grade classroom home page
    • Get connected to online resources.
  • 2. View Online Videos of New Literacies in the Classroom
  • 74. 3. Use for early reading development
  • 75. 4. Use Read Write Think at All Levels
  • 76. 5. Use Internet Workshop as An Instructional Model
  • 77. 6. Use ePals (free, student safe email)
  • 78. 7. Include the reading comprehension skills of locating information
  • 79. 8. Teach critical evaluation
  • 80. 9. Help the last become first
  • 81. 10. Explore the potential of Wikipedia
  • 82. 11. Explore the use of a Ning (
  • 83. 12. Try Out Ideas from Internet Reciprocal Teaching
    Phase I: Teacher-led Instruction in Basic Online Skills
    Phase II: Problem-based Learning of New Literacies Skills
    Phase III: Internet Inquiry
  • 84. 13. Use Internet Project
    Internet Morning Message of the Day Project
  • 85. 14. Use Blogs
    Mary Castle’s first grade blog
    Mr. Thompson’s second grade classroom blog
    Mary Kreul’s 4th grade class
    Mr. Monson’s Grade 5 Blog
    TAS Grade 3 ESL
  • 86. 15. Keep a patient heart and help others on their journeys.
  • 87. The Challenges Of Change
  • 88. As Challenging As Change Appears, We Know This… The Leadership That You Provide…
  • 89. Determines The Future Our Students Achieve!