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Final Virginia State Reading Association Keynote
 

Final Virginia State Reading Association Keynote

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Keynote at the Virginia State Reading Association Conference

Keynote at the Virginia State Reading Association Conference

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    Final Virginia State Reading Association Keynote Final Virginia State Reading Association Keynote Presentation Transcript

    • Online Reading Comprehension:  
      Catching the New Literacies Wave
      Donald J. Leu, Ph.D
      New Literacies Research Lab
      Neag School of Education
      University of Connecticut
      donald.leu@uconn.edu
      Virginia State Reading
      Association
      “We teach Virginia
      to read!”
    • The New Literacies Research Team
    • Important Funding and Support From:
      • Ray and Carole Neag
      • The Carnegie Corporation of New York
      • IES, U.S. Department of Education
      • The National Science Foundation
      • North Central Educational Research Lab
      • PBS
      • The Annenberg Foundation
      • William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
      • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
      • Australian Council of Educational Research
      • OECD
      • Schools and teachers around the world.
    • Major Points
      The World is Flat: Global Economies Impact Local Reading Instruction
      The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for literacy and learning
      The Internet Requires New Reading Skills: The New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension
      Teaching Online Reading Comprehension: Internet Reciprocal Teaching
      Two Roads to Reading Instruction: The Challenges of Change
    • I. The World Is Flat: Changes In A Global Economy Require Changes In Reading Instruction
      The “Ford” Model of Economic Management
      Command and control
      Wasted intellectual capital
      Highly inefficient
      Lower productivity
      Little innovation
      Lower levels of education required.
      Little need for higher level and creative thinking.
      Wasted intellectual capital
    • In a Flattened World: Opportunities Expand butCompetition Increases
      How do economic units increase productivity?
      Flatten The Organization into Problem Solving Teams
      Greater Intellectual Capital Use = Greater Productivity
      Define problems
      Locate information
      Critically evaluate information
      Synthesize and solve problems
      Communicate solutions
      These teams take full advantage of their intellectual capital to the extent their education system has prepared them for this.
    • Which tool have economic units used to increase productivity and compete?
      The Internet!
      Recent productivity gains are due to using the Internet to share information, communicate, and solve problems (van Ark, Inklaar, & McGuckin, 2003; Friedman, 2005; Matteucci, O’Mahony, Robinson, & Zwick, 2005).
      Define problems
      Locate information
      Critically evaluate information
      Synthesize and solve problems
      Communicate solutions
    • Implications For Education?
      Online reading comprehension skills become central
      Higher level thinking.
      Effective online information and communication skills.
      Problem based learning.
      In short: fundamental change to reading.
    • Virginia Gets IT: PlugGED In
    • I. The Internet Is This Generation’s Defining Technology For Reading and Learning
    • A New Literacies Quiz: With Prizes
      How many individuals currently have access to the Internet and regularly read, write, and communicate online?
      511 million
      253 million
      754 million
      Nearly 2 billion people
      1.7 billion individuals;
      1 out of 4 people in the world!

    • How many adolescents in Accra, Ghana report having gone online?
      5%
      66%
      37%
      51%
      66% or 2/3 of adolescents!
      (Borzekowski, Fobil, & Asante, 2006)
    • In 2005, did adolescents in North America read more on the Internet or more with books and other printed material?
      On the Internet
      Offline in books, etc.
      The same for both.
      On the Internet!
      In 2005, students aged 8-18 spent 48minutes per day reading on the Internet and only 43minutes per day reading offline. (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2005).
    • Which nation manufactures the most software in the world?
      The U.S.
      Indonesia
      India
      Ireland
      Ireland!
      (Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation, 2004)
    • Which nation provides all teachers with 5 weeks of paid, release-time, professional development at integrating the Internet into the K-12 curriculum?
      The U.S.
      Indonesia
      China
      Finland
      Finland!
    • Which nation, in North America, is implementing a plan to ensure Internet access to every home and every school to prepare its citizens for the 21st century?
      Canada
      Mexico
      The U.S.
      Mexico!
      Mexico is implementing its eMexico plan right now. See http://www.e-mexico.gob.mx/
    • Which nation provides Internet connections for all households at speeds 16 times faster than U.S. broadband for $22 per month?
      Taiwan
      Australia
      Japan
      The Ukraine
      Japan!
      (Bleha, 2005).
    • How many states, in the U.S., measure students ability to read search engine results on state reading assessments?
      10
      15
      0
      2
      0!
      Not a single state.
    • How many states, in the U.S., permit the use of word processors on state writing assessments for any student who wishes to do so.
      1
      5
      24
      0
      0!
    • How many states assess online reading comprehension in their state reading assessment?
      0
      2
      5
      8
      0!
    • How did you do? The rubric
      10-8 = New Literacy Leader
      Demand an immediate raise!
      7-4 =New Literacy Expert
      Demand an immediate raise!
      3-0 = New Literacy Learner
      Demand a trip to Finland and then an immediate raise!
    • III.The Internet Requires Additional Online Reading Comprehension Skills
    • Online and Offline Reading Comprehension May Not Be Isomorphic
      (r=0.19, n = 89, N.S.)
      Online Reading
      Comprehension =
      ORCA Blog
      Offline Reading =
      Connecticut
      Mastery Test (CMT)
      of Reading
      Comprehension
      Leu, D. Castek, J., Hartman, D., Coiro, J.,
      Henry, L., Kulikowich, J., Lyver, S. (2005).
    • The New Literacies Of Online Reading Comprehension:
      Read to identify important questions;
      Read to locate information;
      Read to critically evaluate the usefulness of that information;
      Read to synthesize information to answer those questions; and
      Read to communicate the answers to others.
      (Leu, Kinzer, Coiro, & Cammack, 2004, p. 1570)
      The new literacies of online reading comprehension
    • A Preliminary Model
    • One Example: Critical Evaluation
    • Another Example of Online Reading ComprehensionReading About Martin Luther King
      The new literacies of online reading comprehension
    • Preliminary Taxonomy Of Online Reading Comprehension Skills and Strategies
      See
      Leu, D. J., Coiro, J., Castek, J., Hartman, D., Henry, L.A., & Reinking, D. (2008).Research on instruction and assessment in the new literacies of online reading comprehension. In Cathy Collins Block, Sherri Parris, & Peter Afflerbach (Eds.). Comprehension instruction: Research-based best practices. New York: Guilford Press. Available online at: http://www.newliteracies.uconn.edu/pub_files/instruction.pdf
      The new literacies of online reading comprehension
    • Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
      A study of an instructional model(Internet Reciprocal Teaching) we developed, designed to teach online reading comprehension skills and content learning in 1:1 laptop classrooms in secondary content areas. CT and SC. (IES, USDOE)
      Three phase, problem-based learning model
      Integrates online reading comprehension, higher level thinking skills, and content instruction.
    • Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
      A study designed to develop valid, reliable, and practical assessments of online reading comprehension. CT, Maine, and NC. (IES, USDOE)
      Three formats: Multiple Choice, Open Internet, Closed Simulated Internet
      Working with ISAAC, Branford, Bristol right now in the development phase.
    • Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
      A study of a whole school professional development model for teaching Internet Reciprocal Teaching in secondary content classrooms, in 1:1 classrooms. Maine. (IES, USDOE, funding pending.
      Data-based, iterative cycle of development, based on learning outcomes and teacher insights.
      We plan a statewide model of implementation.
    • Additional Research At the New Literacies Research Lab
      A partnership with Mass DESE to develop a statewide, summer institute model for professional development in the new Literacies of online reading comprehension, 4-12.
      Collaboration with colleagues at NCSU, URI, Berkeley, and UConn.
      Prepare teacher leaders to continue as leaders for subsequent summers.
    • IV. A Model To Teach Online Reading Comprehension in 1-1 Classrooms: Internet Reciprocal Teaching
    • IRT: Phase ITeacher-led Basic Skills
      Teacher-led demonstrations of basic Internet use skills and cooperative learning strategies
      Explicit modeling by teacher
      Largely whole class instruction
      Mini-lessons as transition to Phase II
    • IRT: Phase IICollaborative modeling of online reading strategies
      Students presented with information problems to solve.
      Work in small groups to solve those problems.
      Exchange strategies as they do so.
      Debrief at the end of the lesson.
      Initially: locating and critically evaluating
      Later: Synthesis and communicating.
    • A Phase II Task
    • An Introduction to Phase III of IRT
      Begin Phase III when “Most of the students and all of the groups in my class know how to…(Phase II skills on the checklist)
    • IRT: Phase IIIInquiry
      Initially, within the class.
      Then, with others around the world.
    • Inquiry Projects (local or global)
      Define the question.
      Locate information
      Evaluate information
      Synthesize to answer the question
      Communicate the learning experience.
    • Using ePals For Message of the Day Projects
    • Classrooms from around the world are looking to partner with you
    • Classroom Match
    • IV.Current Policies Increase Online Reading Achievement Gaps
    • One Problem for School Leaders: The Hidden Reading Achievement Gap in Reading
      Those who require our support the most with online reading comprehension, those without home access, actually receive the least support in schools.
      Current policies may increase achievement gaps
    • A Second Problem for School Leaders:Defining the Problem Correctly
      A literacy issue
      A technology issue
      Technology standards become integrated within subject area standards
      Online learning is integrated into each subject area;
      Every classroom teacher is responsible
      Subject area assessments and online information skills are assessed together.
      Technology standards are separated from subject area standards
      Online learning is separated from subject areas
      Specialists are responsible
      Online information and communication skills are assessed separately from subject area knowledge.
    • V. Two Roads To Reading: Which Shall We Take?
      Same old, same old in a world of continuous change.
      Innovate, compete, and prepare students for a top-tier economy in an online age of information and communication
    • What Will Be Required?
      A focus on higher-order thinking skills
      Increase in problem-based learning experiences
      Higher expectations
      Integration of online reading comprehension throughout the entire curriculum
      New assessments
      Large investments in professional development: teachers and school leaders.
      Changes in teacher education.
    • The Challenges Of Change
    • The Changes Ahead
      Instruction
      Curriculum
      Higher expectations
      Engagement
      New Learning Standards
      Professional Development
      Reading Assessments that include online reading comprehension
      School Leadership and Vision
      1-1 computing
      Redefining Online Technology Around Literacy and Learning
    • As challenging as change appears, we know this…
    • The leadership that you provide today, determines…
    • …the future our students achieve tomorrow.
    • V.Fifteen Easy Steps To Integrate The Internet Into Your K-12 Classroom Literacy Program
    • The Big Idea :The Internet Is A Reading Comprehension Issue, Not A Technology Issue
      Major Points
      The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for reading and learning.
      The Internet requires new literacies -- additional online reading comprehension skills.
      Internet Reciprocal Teaching: Teaching online reading comprehension.
      Current state policies may actually increase reading achievement gaps.
      Ten easy steps to integrate the Internet into your K-12 classroom.
    • 1. “Borrow” good ideas
      • Google:
      4th grade classroom home page
      1st grade classroom home page
      • Get connected to online resources.
    • 2. View Online Videos of New Literacies in the Classroom
    • 3. Use Starfall.com for early reading development
    • 4. Use Read Write Think at All Levels
    • 5. Use Internet Workshop as An Instructional Model
      Videos
    • 6. Use ePals (free, student safe email)
    • 7. Include the reading comprehension skills of locating information
    • 8. Teach critical evaluation
    • 9. Help the last become first
    • 10. Explore the potential of Wikipedia
    • 11. Explore the use of a Ning (ning.com)
    • 12. Try Out Ideas from Internet Reciprocal Teaching
      Phase I: Teacher-led Instruction in Basic Online Skills
      Phase II: Problem-based Learning of New Literacies Skills
      Phase III: Internet Inquiry
    • 13. Use Internet Project
      Internet Morning Message of the Day Project
    • 14. Use Blogs
      Mary Castle’s first grade blog
      http://michellesmelser.blogspot.com/
      Mr. Thompson’s second grade classroom blog
      http://gcs.infostreamblogs.org/tthompson
      Mary Kreul’s 4th grade class
      http://mskreul.edublogs.org/
      Mr. Monson’s Grade 5 Blog
      http://classblogmeister.com/blog.php?blogger_id=59644
      TAS Grade 3 ESL
      http://grade3esl.blogspot.com/2008/08/welcome-to-20082009-school-year.html
    • 15. Keep a patient heart and help others on their journeys.
    • The Challenges Of Change
    • As Challenging As Change Appears, We Know This… The Leadership That You Provide…
    • Determines The Future Our Students Achieve!