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Reading and Learning in a 21st Century World: The New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension Donald J. Leu New Literacies Research Lab University of Connecticut firstname.lastname@example.org
The Big Ideas Changes in a global economy require fundamental changes in literacy education. The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for reading and writing. Research: The Internet requires new literacies -- additional online reading comprehension skills. Changing Classroom Instruction: The Challenge
I. The World Is Flat: Changes In A Global Economy Require Changes In Education The “General Motors” Model of Economic Management Command and control Lower levels of education required. Wasted intellectual capital Highly inefficient Lower productivity Little innovation Little need for higher level and creative thinking. Wasted intellectual capital
In a Flattened World: Opportunities Expand butCompetition Increases How do economic units increase productivity? Flatten The Organization into Problem Solving Teams Greater Intellectual Capital Use = Greater Productivity Define problems Locate information Critically evaluate information Synthesize and solve problems Communicate solutions These teams take full advantage of their intellectual capital to the extent their education system has prepared them for this.
Which tool has been used by economic units to increase productivity and compete? The Internet Recent productivity gains are due to using the Internet to share information, communicate, and solve problems (van Ark, Inklaar, & McGuckin, 2003; Friedman, 2005; Matteucci, O’Mahony, Robinson, & Zwick, 2005). Define problems Locate information Critically evaluate information Synthesize and solve problems Communicate solutions
II. The Internet Is This Generation’s Defining Technology For Reading and Learning
The Workplace Has Changed Recent productivity gains are due to using the Internet to share information, communicate, and solve problems (van Ark, Inklaar, & McGuckin, 2003; Friedman, 2005; Matteucci, O’Mahony, Robinson, & Zwick, 2005). This generation’s defining technology for reading.
International Assessment Initiatives from OECD 2009 PISAInternational Assessment of Reading – Digital Literacies Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) – Problem Solving in Technologically Rich Evironments This generation’s defining technology for reading.
III. Research: The Internet Requires Additional Online Reading Comprehension and Learning Skills
Where We Started Our Work “… the Internet…requires readers to have novel literacy skills, and little is known about how to analyze or teach those skills.” (RAND Reading Research Study Group, 2002. p. 4). The new literacies of online reading comprehension
Online and Offline Reading Comprehension May Not Be Isomorphic (r=0.19, n = 89, N.S.) Online Reading Comprehension = ORCA Blog Offline Reading = Connecticut Mastery Test (CMT) of Reading Comprehension Leu, D. Castek, J., Hartman, D., Coiro, J., Henry, L., Kulikowich, J., Lyver, S. (2005).
The New Literacies Of Online Reading Comprehension: Problem based reading and learning Read to identify important questions; Read to locate information; Read to critically evaluate the usefulness of that information; Read to synthesize information to answer those questions; and Read to communicate the answers to others. (Leu, Kinzer, Coiro, & Cammack, 2004, p. 1570) The new literacies of online reading comprehension
An Example of Online Reading Comprehension“Is this site one we should include on our webpage about endangered species? Is it reliable?”The Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus The new literacies of online reading comprehension
Grade 7, Language Arts: Online International Projects Yeah! I got some great ideas. Let me send them to Tomas and Ben in the U.S. Jose, Costa Rica We’re on it! Making a web page now. Hey! Let’s do Gary Paulson??? Ben and Tomas, Willimantic, CT Monique, South Africa