Urban slums


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A look at Urban Slums and how they are affecting our world and why they matter to you.

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Urban slums

  1. 1. Urban Slums… A Challenge for the 21st Century
  2. 2. Imagine…
  3. 3. … you lived on rubble …
  4. 4. … in a makeshift shack …
  5. 5. … in a cardboard box …
  6. 6. … by the railroad tracks …
  7. 7. … employed on a garbage dump ...
  8. 8. … with eyes fixed on a future of …
  9. 9. … hard work and survival
  10. 10. One out of six people live in such conditions. One out of six. One out of six. One out of six. One out of six.
  11. 11. The Dimensions of the Challenge
  12. 12. Urban Growth Every week urban areas gain another 1.3 million people. That’s 67 million people per year. 36 million of them end up in slums = 100,000 new slum dwellers per day
  13. 13. By 2025, over 60% of the world’s population are expected to live in urban areas. That means the size of urban dwellers will be double the size of rural populations. That means the size of urban dwellers will be double the size of rural populations.
  14. 14. In 2000, there were 388 cities in the world with 1 million or more residents.
  15. 15. By 2015, there will be a projected 554 such cities. Of these, 426 will be in developing countries.
  16. 16. Urbanization by Region
  17. 17. Africa will have to accommodate an additional 200 million people in its cities within the next 15 years
  18. 18. In Asia an additional 590 million people will live in urban areas within the next 15 years
  19. 19. 93% of the world’s additional urban population will live in cities of the less developed world.
  20. 20. The challenge of coping with massive urban population growth, thus, is greatest for the countries least able to meet it.
  21. 21. Growth – it follows – won’t happen here…
  22. 22. … but
  23. 23. HERE.
  24. 24. Unsurprisingly, population growth rates in slums are higher than in virtually any other environment in the world
  25. 25. The Indian urban scenario has been aptly summarized as the 2-3-4-5 syndrome. In the last decade, as India’s o annual average population growth rate was 2% o urban India grew at 3% o mega cities at 4% o and slum populations rose by 5%
  26. 26. In 2003, the number of slum dwellers was estimated at 1 billion. Projections show that 2 billion people will be living in slums by 2030. That would be almost 1 out of every 4 persons
  27. 27. “Slums are places where hunger prevails, and where young people are drawn into anti- social behavior, including crime and terrorism, for lack of better alternatives.” Executive Director Anna Tibaijuka, United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN HABITAT)
  28. 28. “Urban poverty will be the most significant and politically explosive problem of this century” World Bank The way we respond to it will largely determine the future of our world!
  29. 29. Urban Slums The fastest-growing mission field
  30. 30. Despite this new reality, most Christian NGOs and mission organizations still concentrate their efforts in rural areas and mid-sized towns. In 2004, World Vision, for example, still focused only 17% of its work on urban agglomerations.
  31. 31. As cities grow, hence, the percentage of urban Christians is declining. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1900 1925 1950 1975 2006 In 1900, Christians numbered 69% of urban dwellers. By 2008, that figure dropped to 36%.
  32. 32. “Although the center of evangelical Christianity has shifted to the Two-Thirds world, the great surge of missions outreach in the 20th century largely passed by the burgeoning urban population of the non-Western world.” Operation World
  33. 33. The Church often remains irrelevant and inward-focused in the exploding cities of the Two-Thirds World.
  34. 34. “Yet, slums present a huge opportunity for holistic human development and the growth of the Church, but the little that is being done is insufficient at best…. If the Church wants to be where the unreached are, we need to be focusing our attention on urban centers, particularly in the developing world. Since squatters and slum-dwellers constitute an immense people group, we must make the urban poor the primary thrust of missions.” Viv Grigg, Director, Urban Leadership Foundation
  35. 35. Domestic violence, poverty, systemic injustice and spiritual emptiness cripple the God-given potential of hundreds of millions of families living in slums around the world. Their plight cries out.
  36. 36. How do we respond? What does Jesus’ teaching mean for us today in this global context?