Paradigmshift EE and C2C


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Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development need to make a step forward. This step incorporates the ability to create value by each individual. People use ecological systems thinking as a bias for life...

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  • Education is not the same as communicating policyproblems again and again, it is about poeple learning to adjust to the future and more then just adjust: be aware of the creating potentials of individuals, organisations and society. Mankind is part of the world, the world is our playground!
  • But have you ever noticed how things in nature are often so clean? How does nature manage this? You don’t see janitors out there in the woods, dusting off the trees! What if we learned to clean like leaves do, for example? Any idea how leaves clean themselves? [students may respond that leaves are so smooth that water rolls right off of them]. They seem so smooth that water just rolls of them, right? Well, let’s take a closer look…
  • This is the surface of the lotus leaf you saw in the previous photo magnified many times. It’s not its smoothness at all that keeps it clean. In fact, tiny, tiny bumps on the leaf’s surface are what causes it to remain clean. These bumps cause water to ball up (because the surface tension of the droplets – which pulls the water together -- is greater than the adhesion possible on the bumpy surface of the leaf*). The balls of water then roll along the leaf using an abundant, free energy source – gravity – pulling off dirt particles as they go. Just imagine how we might be able to apply this leaf technology to our world and reduce the need to use toxic cleansers. *[You can go into more detail here, and discuss how the bumps reduce the leaf surface area for the water to contact with, which reduces the hydrostatic force of the water droplet to the leaf and allows the internal cohesive force of water instead to create a droplet] [This is a good place to address part of the Science Content Standard C for Grades 5-8: Structure and Function in living systems. You can emphasize here the relationship between leaf structure (specifically, that the cuticle of many leaves have specialized physical structures – papillose epidermal cells coated with epicuticular wax crystals -- which create a microscopically roughened surface) and function, namely, superhydrophicity, which both prevents water from adhering to the leaf surface where it might support pathogens (e.g., bacteria) and causes dirt to be cleansed away before it blocks photosynthesis or provides habitat for pathogens. You can also further discuss the role of cells, multicellularity, cellular specialization, and disease as a consequence of cellular breakdown in structure and function.]
  • The good news is, that’s exactly what’s starting to happen. Biologists have discovered the secret of the success of lotus leaves. And paint manufactures have mimicked the texture of lotus leaves and infused their paints with it; you can literally just roll on a self-cleaning surface. Another application is in fabric finishes, which use the lotus effect to protect fabrics from stains, and reduce the amount of fluoropolymers needed for this purpose. As a persistent organic chemical, meaning it breaks down very slowly in the environment, there has been long-standing concern that fluoropolymers are harmful to people and the environment, so this bio-inspired innovation is a very welcome development.
  • Paradigmshift EE and C2C

    1. 1. Value sustainability EE revisted Douwe Jan Joustra Dutch program Education for Sustainable Development
    2. 2. Songs of the sixties, reality in this era <ul><li>The times they are a changing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate live </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blowin’ in the wind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Society gets mobilised, mobilises itself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Here comes the sun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy is not the problem, materials are.. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Wealth: it shows at night
    4. 4. Revolution? <ul><li>What do we really need to know / learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t tell the messages, just focus on capacities </li></ul><ul><li>What are the essential capacities? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple top line-thinking (do not look for the bottomline) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Valuedriven self esteem </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. Cradle to cradle: “ Why less bad is no good: waste equals food”
    6. 7. Cradle to Cradle Peter Keler, 1922 (Bauhaus)
    7. 8. Cradle to Cradle is ambitious: <ul><li>It is about value-creation, about clever solutions, new designs, working on effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>It is about design and re-design </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity of the creatives: help industry to get ‘room to move’ </li></ul>
    8. 9. Cradle to Cradle is working towards effectiveness ECO-EFFECTIVENESS DEFINE, INCREASE, SUPPORT, OPTIMIZE ECO-EFFICIENCY
    9. 10. Cradle to Cradle is working on metabolisms
    11. 12. Start working… <ul><li>Don’t improve, start to re-design </li></ul><ul><li>Less bad is not doing good (add value) </li></ul><ul><li>Not less material, but manage the materials </li></ul><ul><li>Cradle to Cradle instead of Cradle to grave </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t simplify (one size fits all), celebrate diversity </li></ul>
    12. 13. Celebrate <ul><li>Celebrate intelligence, </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrate beauty, </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrate life! </li></ul>
    13. 14. Paradigmshift for EE (1) <ul><li>1. Understanding Living Systems How do living systems work? What recurring patterns or archetypes do we see in systems, both natural and social? (focus: principles of living systems) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Making Systems Visible Learn to see more then just the parts, see the whole system. What tools and methods help us to make systems visible? How can we analyse our situation and find the right keys to change (leverages) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Talking about Systems how can we share our mental models? How can we thinking about interventions in systems? What is the real quality of the system, now and what is its added value in the future? </li></ul>
    14. 15. Paradigmshift for EE (2) <ul><li>4. Create a perspective What values do we treasure: biodiversity, social & cultural diversity, economical effectiveness? What quality should be enhanced for your product, initiative or system? Be creative, be beneficial! </li></ul><ul><li>5. Start (re-)design Find the design principles for your product (on all levels: spatial planning, product design, industrial design, building etc). And let it help design your life. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Nature is a perfect source for learning We need to learn from nature (again). Biomimicry shows how nature developed solutions for complex situations. Learning from nature might be the bias for modern craftsmanship. </li></ul>
    15. 16. discus <ul><li>Any doubts? </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Any thoughts? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you see the shift? </li></ul>
    16. 17. So, work on design principles <ul><li>Learning from nature </li></ul><ul><li>What values do we support? </li></ul><ul><li>What quality do we enhance? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we be creative? </li></ul>
    17. 18. Step 1: Take a look outside <ul><li>Any organism that survives in this situation? </li></ul><ul><li>What characteristics can you identify? </li></ul><ul><li>Does any organism do harm to the situation? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you find something you like? </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: paperclipmethod: </li></ul><ul><li>write down your own conclusions, then share them </li></ul>
    18. 19. Learn from ecology <ul><li>Value of diversity for </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience </li></ul><ul><li>evolution and </li></ul><ul><li>succession </li></ul>
    19. 20. Step 2: What values do you support? <ul><li>On the social environment? </li></ul><ul><li>On the physical environment? </li></ul><ul><li>On the systems orientation? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss in small group and identify 2 or 3 values on each theme </li></ul>
    20. 21. Step 3: what quality needs to (or can) be enhanced <ul><li>P P P </li></ul><ul><li>Solidarity (scale: local – global) </li></ul><ul><li>Solidarity (intergenerational) </li></ul><ul><li>When a car can clean the air, what would other products do? </li></ul><ul><li>Home or here on the conference venue? </li></ul>
    21. 22. Step 4: Have the Courage to Create (C2C)
    22. 23. Design for (dis-)assembly
    23. 24. Step 4: Have the Courage to Create (C2C) <ul><li>Find a new solution for a classical umbrella or a bicycle </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>What conditions do you need to get the Courage to Create? </li></ul><ul><li>The 1.000.000 dollar question </li></ul>
    24. 25. Lotus
    25. 26. Lotus magn ified Lotus or …
    26. 27. Old new (they mimicked)