Arup Explores Prototyping 8th March 2012 Part 3/3
Arup Explores Prototyping – Agenda12-30 – 1:00 Light Lunch1:00 Welcome by John Turzinski, London & South-East Leader1:05 Introduction and agenda for the day, by Duncan Wilson2:40 Session One: Access to tools Moderator: Ed Clark 1 Hugo Mulder Arup Smart Geometry + Direct Manufacture2 Francesco Anselmo Arup Light Lab3 Luke Robertson Arup Sound Lab4 Gonzalo Garcia-Perate Arup / UCL PIP5 Tristan Simmonds Simmonds Studio How making your own tools changes design6 David Polson Arup Rep Rap motivation7 Roel van de Straat Arup Amsterdam Makerbot - printers in my ofﬁce2:05 discussion2:25 coffee/tea break2:40 Session One: Access to tools Moderator: Ed Clark 1 Hugo Mulder Arup Smart Geometry + Direct Manufacture2 Francesco Anselmo Arup Light Lab3 Luke Robertson Arup Sound Lab4 Gonzalo Garcia-Perate Arup / UCL PIP5 Tristan Simmonds Simmonds Studio How making your own tools changes design6 David Polson Arup Rep Rap motivation7 Roel van de Straat Arup A’dam Makerbot - printers in my ofﬁce3:20 discussion3:40 coffee/tea break3:55 Session Three: Scale Moderator: Xavier De Kestelier14 Shajay Bhooshan Zaha Hadid Architects New tech low tech15 Rupert Soar Freeform Construction Making for performance16 Gregory Epps Robofold What RoboFold can do17 Federico Rossi D-shape printing buildings18 Xavier De Kestelier Foster + Partners Project X19 Jeroen van Ameijde AA School Hooke park4:43 discussion5:03 closing remarks by Alvise Simondetti
Session Three: Scale Moderator: Xavier De Kestelier
Shajay Bhooshan Zaha Hadid Architects New tech Low Tech
Rupert Soar Freeform ConstrucPon Making for performance
Corradino D’Ascanio flying his helicopter Rome, Ciampino Airport - 1930 Enrico’s family background from Pisa and Pontedera
Pontedera, Piaggio Airport Early ’50s Corradino D’Ascanio with car racer Fangio Enrico’s family background from Pisa and Pontedera
Pontedera , Vespa and Piaggio’s Epopea 1960-‐1970 Enrico’s family background from Pisa and Pontedera
Sock lining manipulator driven with fuzzy logic -‐ 1998 Robot ABB IRB 2400 equipped with an adapQve end eﬀector – 2001 A fast oﬀ-‐line robot fast programming system developed on a Kuka KRC2 Robot -‐ 2003 Robot design -‐ Pisa 1998 -‐ 2003
Development of an opQcal digiQzer for body parts and providing rapid prototyping prinQng services for the shoe industry. Robot design – Verona 2004
From the idea of building sand castles… StarPng 3d PrinPng -‐ Pisa 2005
Year : 2007 Project Title : D-‐Shape 3D Printer Purpose : Design, manufacturing and tesEng of the D-‐Shape’s Printer prototype Supplier : Dini engineering srl – Cascine di BuE (Pisa) -‐ ITALY Commissioner : Monolite UK Ltd – London Designers: doR. Ing. Enrico Dini – Dini engineering s.r.l. DescripEon Enrico developed a mega scaled analogue of a powder based 3D Printer based on the working principle invented at the MIT of Boston in the latest ‘80s and commercialized for oﬃce environment by the US Z-‐Corp of Burlington (MA). Scaling the machine at an architectural scale meant developing a printer head not based on the tradiEonal ink-‐jet technology and adopEng building equipment manufacturing soluEons and a chemistry suitable to make building structures. Seen by the outside the printer looks like a big aluminum structure. Despite its large size, the structure is very light and it can be easily transported, assembled and dismantled in a few hours by two workmen. The D-‐Shape printer was presented at Earls Courts Fair ‘Civils 2007’ .
Development of an ‘Analog’ of an Inkjet Printer: from pico-‐liters to cenP-‐liters
Pisa 2007 Development of an ‘Analog’ of an Inkjet Printer: from pico-‐liters to cenP-‐liters
Year : 2007 Project Title : D-‐Shape 3D Printer How the D-‐Shape Printer works CAD-‐CAM so_ware operates the ploRer during the prinEng process. The external laace structure holds the printer head, which represents the real core of this new technology.. The process begins from the 3D data: the computer design obtained is converted into an STL ﬁle and is imported into the so_ware that controls D-‐Shape’s printer head. The prinEng process takes place in a conEnuous work session: during the prinEng of each secEon a ‘structural ink’ is deposited by the printer’s nozzles on the sand. The solidiﬁcaEon process takes 24 hours to complete. The prinEng starts from the boRom of the construcEon and rises up in secEons of 5-‐10mm each: upon contact the solidiﬁcaEon process starts and a new layer is added. Surplus sand that has not been embedded within the structure acts as a buRressing support while the solidiﬁcaEon process takes place. This surplus sand then can be reused on future prints.
Development of a binder based on Magnesium based chemistry D-‐Salt the “Ink “ a chlorine based liquid-‐ low viscosity D-‐Sand “Paper” a granular material (any) mixed with a metal oxide D-‐Salt and D-‐Sand -‐ Pisa 2007
Year : 2008 Project Title : Radiolaria Purpose : First prinEng test of the D-‐Shape Printer Supplier : Dini engineering srl – BuE (Pisa) -‐ ITALY Commissioner : Monolite UK Ltd – London Designers: Arch. Andrea Morgante – Shiro Studio London DescripEon • Enrico knew Arch. Andrea Morgante Director at Future System. • Andrea interpreted Enrico’s aim to print a bone structure to celebrate the potenEal of the technology • Andrea submiRed a design inspired to a Radiolarian’s ameboid skeleton he named Radiolaria. • The Radiolaria was supposed to be a four meter tall Gazebo, but was printed only at an half scale due logisEc resources. • The Radiolaria was printed by Enrico&Riccardo Dini in June 2008. • The ﬁrst arEcle about the Radilaria was featured in June 2009 • hRp://www.dezeen.com/2009/06/22/radiolaria-‐pavilion-‐by-‐shiro-‐studio/
Radiolaria, the ameboid structure Radiolaria by Arch. Andrea Morgante – London 2007
Year : 2009 Project Title : PrinEng test Purpose : PrinEng test for interior design objects Supplier : Dini engineering srl – BuE (Pisa) -‐ ITALY Commissioner : Freedom Of CreaEon , Amsterdam – The Netherlands Designer: Janne KiRanen DescripEon • Stone Rings printed as sample tests. • These rings was presented at SAIE 2010 ExhibiEon in Bologna and was awarded with InnovaEon Prize within the category ‘new building systems’
Sculpture by Freedom of CreaPon-‐The Netherlands-‐ 2009
Year : 2010 Project Title : rootLOUNGE.MGX -‐Root Chair Purpose : Sale (First piece sold) Supplier : Dini engineering srl – BuE (Pisa) -‐ ITALY Commissioner : MGX Materialise Leuven -‐ Belgium Type of object : Chaise Longue (prototype) Title : Author/Designer: Kol mac -‐ Kolatan Macdonald Date: 2009 Technique : D-‐Shape 3D prinEng technique of Stone-‐like building blocks Material : DolomiEc Calcareous Sandstone Manufactured by Monolite UK ltd for Materialise NV Leuven Belgium
Chaise Long by MGX-‐ Materialise-‐Belgium-‐2009
Year : 2010 Project Title : Spiral Holes Current LocaPon : Parco Arte Sella –Borgo Valsugana (Trento) -‐ Italy Supplier : Dininitech-‐ ITALY Commissioner : Rinus Roelofs. Lansinkweg 28, 7553AL Hengelo, the Netherlands
Year : 2010 Project Title : Spiral Holes Current LocaEon : University of Twente Supplier : Dinitech Spa (Pisa) -‐ ITALY Commissioner : Rinus Roelofs. Lansinkweg 28, 7553AL Hengelo, the Netherlands Abstract from hRp://blog.rhino3d.com/2010/11/concrete-‐3d-‐printed-‐sculpture-‐by-‐rinus.html Rinus Roelofs created recently a sculpture for the Arte Sella park (Italy). The sculpture is designed in Rhino and printed in concrete, using the latest technology from D-‐Shape, a huge concrete 3D printer. "I came in contact with Enrico Dini (the inventor of the machine) at the University of Eindhoven (WAAS conference 2009 -‐ I was there to give a Grasshopper workshop). A_er his presentaEon it was immediately clear to me that I had to go to Pisa, where the printer is located, for the realizaEon in stone of some of my Rhino designs. This year a complete new printer is build with many improvements based on the experiences with their ﬁrst printer. The new printer came in use only 4 months ago. And a_er some experiments, failures and adjustments of my Rhino-‐model, the sculpture came out very well. It was good to work with the people of Dinitech. And I will be happy to start a next project with them."
Year : 2010 Project Title : ‘Together Again’-‐ D-‐Shape Garden Purpose : Hampton Court Palace Flower Show 2010 – Surrey UK Web Site : hRp://www.rhs.org.uk/Shows-‐Events/Hampton-‐Court-‐Palace-‐Flower-‐Show/2010/Gardens/A-‐to-‐Z/Together-‐Again-‐D-‐shape-‐Garden • Supplier : Dinitech Spa Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : Design in LaEtude – London • Sponsor : Holiday Inn • Designers: Claudio Larcher Modoloco – Milan/Victoria Pustygina & Ludovica Ginanneschi • Gold medallist in the category sustainable gardens • DescripEon This contemporary garden combines strength and lightness, creaEng an environmentally sustainable and elegant space for entertaining and relaxaEon. The centrepiece of the garden is a modern structure that has been made using a new sustainable technology called D-‐shape, a recycled arEﬁcial stone that is indisEnguishable from real stone and 100% environmentally friendly. The garden celebrates the reunion of millions of grains of rock sand, which started out as natural stone and have been brought together again through the recycling process to form the structure.
‘Together Again’ Garden by Modoloco &Design in LaPtude
Year : 2009 Project Title : Gaudi’s Column Status: • Supplier : Dini engineering Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : James Gardiner -‐ Monolite UK Ltd • Designer: Arch. James Gardiner – Faan Studio Melbourne • DescripEon In 2009 Enrico entered in touch with arch. Marc Burry, Director of the SpaEal InformaEon Architecture Laboratory at RMIT ; Melbourne, Australia and also ExecuEve Architect and Researcher at the Temple Sagrada Familia in Barcelona Catalonia, Spain. Enrico’s aim was to print something inspired to Gaudi’s architecture. Marc Burry sent to Pisa Arch. James Gardiner . James spent two months training at Dini engineering along which designed and give direct the 3D prinEng of a Gaudi’s like Column. It was the beginning of a long term cooperaEon sEll on going.
Gaudi’s like column by James Gardiner –Faan Studio/RMIT Melbourne-‐ 2009
Year : 2009-‐ Present Project Title : Villa Roccia – Porto Rotondo Sardinia Status: on hold • Supplier : Dinitech Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : Alberto Farci-‐ Land lord • Designer: Arch. James Gardiner – Faan Studio Melbourne • DescripEon In 2009 Dinitech commissioned to James Gardiner the design of a Villa whose shape could be inspired to the wind milled shapes of Sardinian Coast. A ﬁrst ‘slice’ of Villa Roccia (also called Villa Boulder) was 3D Printed and temporary assembled into Dinitech’s facility. Unfortunately the project in currently on hold due lack of funding by the owner and missing the permissions by local authority. Villa Baflo-‐like By James Gardiner –Faan Studio-‐ Melbourne9
Year : 2010 Project Title : Villa BaRlò – Luxury & Yachts Fair -‐ Verona Status: Project • Supplier : Dinitech Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : Dinitech Pisa • Designer: Arch. James Gardiner – Faan Studio Melbourne • DescripEon In 2009 Dinitech commissioned to James Gardiner the design of a Villa whose shapes could be inspired to Casa BaRlò in Barcelona –Spain. Arch. James Gardiner designed a complete project. Unfortunately the drawing was provided in late for the show and the project has been put on hold. Villa Baflo-‐like By James Gardiner –Faan Studio-‐ Melbourne9
Gaudi’s like house by James Gardiner –Faan Studio-‐2009
Year : 2010 Project Title : UnaCasaTuRadiUnPezzo (OneShotPrintedHouse) Purpose: ExhibiEon in Milan by arch. Marco Ferreri • Supplier : Dinitech Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : Triennale Milano Museum • Designer: Arch. Marco Ferreri • DescripEon In summer 2009 Marco Ferreri took a ride with histo Cascine di BuE Villa Baflo-‐like By James Gardiner –Faan Studio-‐ Melbourne9
OneShotPrintedHouse By Marco ferreri -‐ Triennale di Milano 2010
Year : 2011 Project Title : Topology OpPmizaPon in architectural design Status: delivered • Supplier : Dinitech Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : Universität der Künste Berlin UDK Designer: Prof. Dipl.-‐Ing. Norbert Palz • DescripPon 3D PrinPng experiment using D-‐Shape within the course program in Berlin focused on the following topics: Topology opPmizaPon of architectural structures, non-‐linear Finite Element Methods, Structural opPmizaPon , Human -‐ robot interacPon, ComputaPonal Geometry, Computer Graphics and Vision, RoboPcs and Mechatronics, Concepts of Object-‐Orientated Programming. Outcome of the study was presented and Berlin Design Modelling Symposium in October 2011
Topology opPmisaPon for big free form structures by Norbert Palz-‐ Berlin
Year : 2009-‐ 2012 Project Title : 3D PrinEng of Building Block using Lunar Soil Status: close to end • Proposers : Alta Space – Pisa (IT) , Monolite UK Ltd – London (UK) , Foster+ Partners , London (UK) , Scuola Superiore S.Anna – Pisa (IT) • Commissioner : The European Space Agency -‐ Laurent Pambaguian European Space Agency ESA-‐ESTEC • Designer: Xavier De Kestelier Associate Partner Foster+Partners | Specialist Modelling Group • DescripEon • PorEon of "Lunar House" created with D-‐Shape direct manufacturing process using D-‐NA lunar soil simulant. Item was made in the frame of the General Study Program 3D Printed Building Blocks using Lunar Soil funded by the European Space Agency, with the aim to invesEgate if the concept of 3D PrinEng is suitable for the construcEon of a lunar habitat. The study is conducted by an industrial consorEum comprising Alta SpA of Pisa (Prime Contractor), Monolite UK Ltd of London, the Specialist Modeling Group of Foster+Partners and the Perceptual RoboEcs Laboratory of Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna of Pisa."
Moon Project for ESA By Monolite UK-‐Foster+ Partners-‐Alta-‐Scuola S.Anna
Year : 2009-‐ present Project Title : Full Scale Radiolaria Status: On hold waiEng for delivery • Supplier and Manufacturer: Dinitech Spa -‐ Italy • Client: Comune di Pontedera (Pisa) -‐ Italy • Designer: Arch. Andrea Morgante – Shiro Studio -‐www.shiro-‐studio.com • DescripEon • In the fall 2009 the Municipality of Pontedera commissioned to Dinitech a full scale model of Radiolaria by Andrea Morgante. The Monument will be an 8.5 meter tall building structure made of 130 ‘free-‐form bricks’ assembled and sEtch together with internal cables and reinforcements. • It is be the very ﬁrst experiment ever in which 3D prinEng is applied as a real building technique facing most of the common maRers related to civil engineering. • The purpose of the Radiolaria is to be a laicisEc Temple to Beauty, an absolute and a relaEve concept value always far away from evil. • It is devoted to some pure souls Enrico Dini encountered during his life :Karol WojEla , Marco ‘Wolly’ Valleggi, Aurora Paolinelli and Marco TesE.
Full Scale Radiolaria by Andrea Morgante-‐ Shiro Studio -‐London
Year : 2011-‐ present Project Title : ArEﬁcial Reefs Status: Shipment of goods • Supplier : D-‐Shape Ltd London • Manufacturer : Dinitech Spa -‐ Italy • Client: Sustainable Oceans InternaEonal Pty Ltd – Melbourne AU • Designer: Arch. James Gardiner-‐ Faan Studio email@example.com • DescripEon D-‐Shape’s chemistry is perfect for 3D PrinEng of Marina furnishing building blocks. Wave energy dissipaEon, low impact visual architecture, ﬁshing repopulaEon, tourisEc aRracEon, improvement of landscape can be achieved in one go using the D-‐Shape process. Arch. James Gardiner developed and patented parEcular coral reefs having special features studied together the client.
Coral reefs-‐ Arch. James Gardiner Faan Studio+ Sustainable Oceans
Year : 2012 Project Title : Underwater Moma Park Status: under submission Proposer : Dinitech Spa – Italian Licensee of D-‐Shape Technology in Italy Client: Comune di Monte Argentario – (Grosseto) -‐ Italy Designers and Partners : • Alessio Erioli researcher, engineer at Università di Bologna PhD in engineering, MArch in Biodigital Architecture architect and coder at Co-‐de-‐iT -‐ www.co-‐de-‐it.com • Rinus Roelofs. Lansinkweg 28, 7553AL Hengelo, the Netherlands hRp://www.rinusroelofs.nl/ • Other arEsts not deﬁned yet • DescripEon Argentario is a beauEful peninsula north of Rome. The local Municipality is evaluaEng co-‐sponsoring the seang of an underwater museum of eco-‐sculptures (whose design is suitable to enhance ﬁsh repopulaEon) in the water front of Porto Santo Stefano.