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A Merger Of Traditions.
The taga-bukid and taga-bayan were the two cultures that made up the political entities. The educated and the wealthy and the ones who lacked the education and therefore did not qualify to exercise power. The taga bayan were more inclined to the culture of the Free World, while the taga-bukid was the nationalistic and anti American.
A transition from the Euro-Hispanic (socially conscious, deals with reality) period to the Anglo-American (thrived more on aesthetic qualities and was full of sentimentality and escapism) period of literature in the Philippines was brought about by Villa, the contradictions between the two styles resulted in the emphasis of a crisis for the Anglo American Tradition. It was later resolved in the 1970s. These two traditions had been implanted with indigenous traditions and through the efforts of the Filipino writers can be clearly called the Filipino literary tradition.