History of south asia
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History of south asia

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    History of south asia History of south asia Presentation Transcript

    • HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA
    • Indus River Civilization 2300- 1750 BCE  Development of urban grain-growing civilization on the Indus River;  Two main cities: Harappa and Mohenjo- daro;  Undeciphered proto-Dravidian script;  Destroyed by climate, invasion of non- Indus peoples
    • Aryan Migration 1750-1000 BCE  Migration into northwest India of nomadic herding tribes from Iranian plateau;  Indo-European language;  Oral religious traditions preserved in Vedas, oldest of which, the Rig Veda, predates migration
    • DRAVIDIANS  Social conflicts with Aryans  Primitive dark coloured people  Merchant of cotton, gold, pearl, peppers  Live in South
    • BRAHMANIS 900 BCE Early Hinduism characterized by rituals belief in reincarnation, dharma, karma and division of society into four classes (varnas)
    • Buddhism; Jainism500 BCE  Spread very rapidly in the whole region
    • Invasion of Alexander the Great 326 BCE  Conquered the North-Western part of South Asia  Left this region after one year  Appoint generals and governers  Joined local government
    • MAURYAN EMPIRE 324-200 BCE  Domination of North India by Chandragupta, extended to south by grandson, Ashoka  Ashoka was originally a Buddhist, then converted to Hinduism  Patna is capital
    • MUGHAL EMPIRE 1206-1526  Began invasion of Baber from Central Asia  Akbar(baber grandson) ruled 1542-1605 from Afghanistan to all northern part and southern India upto Godavari
    • Mughal Empire  Mughal empire unifies North and parts of South India under its rule;  Aurangzeb(1618-1707) contribution the region.  After his death fall and disintegration the mughal empire.
    • Trade in India  Portugess captured some ports1500 A.D.  The East India Company started their trade ports in 1600A.D. in Calcutta, Maddras, Bombay  French company  Dutch company trade on western coastland
    • Areas Of Trade In INDIA
    • East India Company(1800-1875)  Control all South Asia in 1700 A.D.  More powerful when rules Kashmir, Punjab, Nepal in 1800-1857  Indian become poor and bitter  Appointed British Viceroy in major states of India
    • Major areas under the British Government  NWFP(K.P.K) sharp contrast of political and social condition as compared to the rest of the region  Baluchistan western bordering region  Punjab and Sindh western to southern side extending to Arabian sea  At that time no boundary between Baluchistan an Afghanistan  It defined 1878
    • Political Parties  Indian National Congress M.A Hume (1857)  All India Muslim League (Nawab Waqar-ul-Malik) 30 Dec1906, Dacca  1913 Muhammad Ali Jinnah joined Muslim League
    • Muslims Struggle  Lakhnow Pact 1916  Tahreek-e-Khalafat 1919  Nehru Report 1929  14 Points 1930  29 Dec 1930 Allahabad Adress  Round Table Conference 1930-1932  23 March 1940 Pakistan Resolution
    • June 1945 Shimla Conference 1945-46 elections 3 June 1947 Plan 14 August 1947
    • MODERN SOUTH ASIA
    • Partition: India and Pakistan 1947  Independence from British rule and Partition of British India into modern countries of India and Pakistan (East and West)
    • PAKISTAN  14 August 1947  Muslim state  Islamic Republic Of Pakistan  Four provinces  Also claimed the state of Kashmir in the northern areas
    • BANGLADESH 1971  War between East and West Pakistan results in separation of Pakistan into two states: Pakistan and Bangladesh  1500B.C. Aryans came and pushed Dravidians to this Eastern area  1757 under British rule and 190 years  In the early 19th century came Arabians, Turks, Persians, Afghan, Mughals
    • INDIA  15 August 1947  Independent Democratic Republic in 1948  1956 rearranged the states  India has 22 states in 1961  1962 war India with China  1965 Kashmir issue war with Pakistan  1971 war eastern and western Pakistan and India
    • BHUTAN  December 1907, first hereditaryKing  1910 British India Supervision  Independent state in 1971 and joined U.N.  1979 Indo Bhutan Treaty  1980 accepted Bhutanese citizenship in Tibet
    • NEPAL  Ashoka visited in 250 B.C  449 A.D. Changu Narayan Temple  Thakuri ruled in 9th century  Malla Dynasty divide region in three principalitities  King Prithvi Narayan in 1769  Prime Minister ship in Rana’s hands in 1951  December 1906 King Mahendra Bir Bikram took over uptill now
    • SRILANKA  Originate from the mainland of India in 2500 B.C.  1505 Portuguese occupied  1796 British appointed governor  February 1948 became independence  1956 member of Common Wealth  Democratic Socialistic Republic Of Srilanka in 1978
    • MALDIVES ISLAND  Embraced Islam in 1153 A.D.  Portuguese occupied from 1558-1573  Borah (Ismaili) in 19th century  British agreement1956-57 at Addu Atoll time period and for 30 years  November 1978 made many political, social, and economic reforms
    • CONFLICTS IN SOUTH ASIA  1947 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War  1965 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War  I971 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War  I971 C.E. Bangladesh Liberation War  1855 C.E. — 1856 C.E. Nepalese-Tibetan War  Siachen Conflicts
    • Refrences  Geography of south asia By Bushra Afzal Abbasi.  https://www.google.com.pk/search?q=surrounding+countries+of+south +asia+map&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=Am-kUsC- IpSZ0QWg64GYAw&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=642#facrc= _&imgdii=_&imgrc=PUMhdvZRdzGcVM%3A%3Bq3hF9- K14Y_stM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zonu.com%252Fimages %252F0X0%252F2009-11-18-11175%252FSouthern-Asia-Political- Map.png%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zonu.com%252Fdetail- en%252F2009-11-18-11175%252FSouthern-Asia-Political- Map.html%3B1000%3B1019  http://www.google.com.pk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.shortparagraph.co m/wp- content/uploads/2013/11/clip_image0024.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.sho rtparagraph.com/geography/paragraph-on-geography-of-india-1240- words/785&h=665&w=580&sz=86&tbnid=tbRei5FD6mWRGM:&tbnh=9 0&tbnw=78&zoom=1&usg=__YWwQVfLZ2P517aOBO7ddfdUslF8=&d ocid=xgsljIT1YTIHQM&sa=X&ei=bnKkUvKVEubw0gWMiIHgCQ&ved= 0CH4Q9QEwCw#imgdii=_  https://www.google.com.pk/?gws_rd=cr&ei=OHOoUpu6LoSkyQOW- oDYBg#q=sri+lanka+island