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HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA
Indus River Civilization 2300-
1750 BCE
 Development of urban grain-growing
civilization on the Indus River;
 Two main c...
Aryan Migration 1750-1000
BCE
 Migration into northwest India of
nomadic herding tribes from
Iranian plateau;
 Indo-Euro...
DRAVIDIANS
 Social conflicts with Aryans
 Primitive dark coloured people
 Merchant of cotton, gold, pearl, peppers
 Li...
BRAHMANIS 900 BCE
Early Hinduism
characterized by rituals
belief in reincarnation,
dharma, karma and
division of society i...
Buddhism; Jainism500 BCE
 Spread very rapidly in the whole region
Invasion of Alexander the Great
326 BCE
 Conquered the North-Western part of
South Asia
 Left this region after one year...
MAURYAN EMPIRE 324-200 BCE
 Domination of North India by
Chandragupta, extended to south by
grandson, Ashoka
 Ashoka was...
MUGHAL EMPIRE 1206-1526
 Began invasion of
Baber from Central Asia
 Akbar(baber grandson)
ruled 1542-1605 from
Afghanist...
Mughal Empire
 Mughal empire
unifies North and
parts of South India
under its rule;
 Aurangzeb(1618-1707)
contribution t...
Trade in India
 Portugess captured some ports1500
A.D.
 The East India Company started their
trade ports in 1600A.D. in ...
Areas Of Trade In INDIA
East India Company(1800-1875)
 Control all South Asia in 1700 A.D.
 More powerful when rules Kashmir,
Punjab, Nepal in 1...
Major areas under the British
Government
 NWFP(K.P.K) sharp contrast of political
and social condition as compared to the...
Political Parties
 Indian National Congress
M.A Hume (1857)
 All India Muslim League
(Nawab Waqar-ul-Malik)
30 Dec1906, ...
Muslims Struggle
 Lakhnow Pact 1916
 Tahreek-e-Khalafat 1919
 Nehru Report 1929
 14 Points 1930
 29 Dec 1930 Allahaba...
June 1945 Shimla Conference
1945-46 elections
3 June 1947 Plan
14 August 1947
MODERN SOUTH ASIA
Partition: India
and Pakistan 1947
 Independence
from British rule
and Partition of
British India into
modern countries
o...
PAKISTAN
 14 August 1947
 Muslim state
 Islamic Republic Of Pakistan
 Four provinces
 Also claimed the state of Kashm...
BANGLADESH 1971
 War between East and West
Pakistan results in
separation of Pakistan into
two states:
Pakistan and Bangl...
INDIA
 15 August 1947
 Independent Democratic
Republic in 1948
 1956 rearranged the states
 India has 22 states in 196...
BHUTAN
 December 1907,
first hereditaryKing
 1910 British India Supervision
 Independent state in 1971 and joined
U.N.
...
NEPAL
 Ashoka visited in 250 B.C
 449 A.D. Changu Narayan Temple
 Thakuri ruled in 9th century
 Malla Dynasty divide r...
SRILANKA
 Originate from the mainland of
India in 2500 B.C.
 1505 Portuguese occupied
 1796 British appointed governor
...
MALDIVES ISLAND
 Embraced Islam in 1153 A.D.
 Portuguese occupied from
1558-1573
 Borah (Ismaili) in 19th century
 Bri...
CONFLICTS IN SOUTH ASIA
 1947 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War
 1965 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War
 I971 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War
 I971 C...
Refrences
 Geography of south asia By Bushra Afzal Abbasi.
 https://www.google.com.pk/search?q=surrounding+countries+of+...
History of south asia
History of south asia
History of south asia
History of south asia
History of south asia
History of south asia
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History of south asia

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Transcript of "History of south asia"

  1. 1. HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA
  2. 2. Indus River Civilization 2300- 1750 BCE  Development of urban grain-growing civilization on the Indus River;  Two main cities: Harappa and Mohenjo- daro;  Undeciphered proto-Dravidian script;  Destroyed by climate, invasion of non- Indus peoples
  3. 3. Aryan Migration 1750-1000 BCE  Migration into northwest India of nomadic herding tribes from Iranian plateau;  Indo-European language;  Oral religious traditions preserved in Vedas, oldest of which, the Rig Veda, predates migration
  4. 4. DRAVIDIANS  Social conflicts with Aryans  Primitive dark coloured people  Merchant of cotton, gold, pearl, peppers  Live in South
  5. 5. BRAHMANIS 900 BCE Early Hinduism characterized by rituals belief in reincarnation, dharma, karma and division of society into four classes (varnas)
  6. 6. Buddhism; Jainism500 BCE  Spread very rapidly in the whole region
  7. 7. Invasion of Alexander the Great 326 BCE  Conquered the North-Western part of South Asia  Left this region after one year  Appoint generals and governers  Joined local government
  8. 8. MAURYAN EMPIRE 324-200 BCE  Domination of North India by Chandragupta, extended to south by grandson, Ashoka  Ashoka was originally a Buddhist, then converted to Hinduism  Patna is capital
  9. 9. MUGHAL EMPIRE 1206-1526  Began invasion of Baber from Central Asia  Akbar(baber grandson) ruled 1542-1605 from Afghanistan to all northern part and southern India upto Godavari
  10. 10. Mughal Empire  Mughal empire unifies North and parts of South India under its rule;  Aurangzeb(1618-1707) contribution the region.  After his death fall and disintegration the mughal empire.
  11. 11. Trade in India  Portugess captured some ports1500 A.D.  The East India Company started their trade ports in 1600A.D. in Calcutta, Maddras, Bombay  French company  Dutch company trade on western coastland
  12. 12. Areas Of Trade In INDIA
  13. 13. East India Company(1800-1875)  Control all South Asia in 1700 A.D.  More powerful when rules Kashmir, Punjab, Nepal in 1800-1857  Indian become poor and bitter  Appointed British Viceroy in major states of India
  14. 14. Major areas under the British Government  NWFP(K.P.K) sharp contrast of political and social condition as compared to the rest of the region  Baluchistan western bordering region  Punjab and Sindh western to southern side extending to Arabian sea  At that time no boundary between Baluchistan an Afghanistan  It defined 1878
  15. 15. Political Parties  Indian National Congress M.A Hume (1857)  All India Muslim League (Nawab Waqar-ul-Malik) 30 Dec1906, Dacca  1913 Muhammad Ali Jinnah joined Muslim League
  16. 16. Muslims Struggle  Lakhnow Pact 1916  Tahreek-e-Khalafat 1919  Nehru Report 1929  14 Points 1930  29 Dec 1930 Allahabad Adress  Round Table Conference 1930-1932  23 March 1940 Pakistan Resolution
  17. 17. June 1945 Shimla Conference 1945-46 elections 3 June 1947 Plan 14 August 1947
  18. 18. MODERN SOUTH ASIA
  19. 19. Partition: India and Pakistan 1947  Independence from British rule and Partition of British India into modern countries of India and Pakistan (East and West)
  20. 20. PAKISTAN  14 August 1947  Muslim state  Islamic Republic Of Pakistan  Four provinces  Also claimed the state of Kashmir in the northern areas
  21. 21. BANGLADESH 1971  War between East and West Pakistan results in separation of Pakistan into two states: Pakistan and Bangladesh  1500B.C. Aryans came and pushed Dravidians to this Eastern area  1757 under British rule and 190 years  In the early 19th century came Arabians, Turks, Persians, Afghan, Mughals
  22. 22. INDIA  15 August 1947  Independent Democratic Republic in 1948  1956 rearranged the states  India has 22 states in 1961  1962 war India with China  1965 Kashmir issue war with Pakistan  1971 war eastern and western Pakistan and India
  23. 23. BHUTAN  December 1907, first hereditaryKing  1910 British India Supervision  Independent state in 1971 and joined U.N.  1979 Indo Bhutan Treaty  1980 accepted Bhutanese citizenship in Tibet
  24. 24. NEPAL  Ashoka visited in 250 B.C  449 A.D. Changu Narayan Temple  Thakuri ruled in 9th century  Malla Dynasty divide region in three principalitities  King Prithvi Narayan in 1769  Prime Minister ship in Rana’s hands in 1951  December 1906 King Mahendra Bir Bikram took over uptill now
  25. 25. SRILANKA  Originate from the mainland of India in 2500 B.C.  1505 Portuguese occupied  1796 British appointed governor  February 1948 became independence  1956 member of Common Wealth  Democratic Socialistic Republic Of Srilanka in 1978
  26. 26. MALDIVES ISLAND  Embraced Islam in 1153 A.D.  Portuguese occupied from 1558-1573  Borah (Ismaili) in 19th century  British agreement1956-57 at Addu Atoll time period and for 30 years  November 1978 made many political, social, and economic reforms
  27. 27. CONFLICTS IN SOUTH ASIA  1947 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War  1965 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War  I971 C.E. Indo-Pakistan War  I971 C.E. Bangladesh Liberation War  1855 C.E. — 1856 C.E. Nepalese-Tibetan War  Siachen Conflicts
  28. 28. Refrences  Geography of south asia By Bushra Afzal Abbasi.  https://www.google.com.pk/search?q=surrounding+countries+of+south +asia+map&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=Am-kUsC- IpSZ0QWg64GYAw&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=642#facrc= _&imgdii=_&imgrc=PUMhdvZRdzGcVM%3A%3Bq3hF9- K14Y_stM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zonu.com%252Fimages %252F0X0%252F2009-11-18-11175%252FSouthern-Asia-Political- Map.png%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zonu.com%252Fdetail- en%252F2009-11-18-11175%252FSouthern-Asia-Political- Map.html%3B1000%3B1019  http://www.google.com.pk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.shortparagraph.co m/wp- content/uploads/2013/11/clip_image0024.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.sho rtparagraph.com/geography/paragraph-on-geography-of-india-1240- words/785&h=665&w=580&sz=86&tbnid=tbRei5FD6mWRGM:&tbnh=9 0&tbnw=78&zoom=1&usg=__YWwQVfLZ2P517aOBO7ddfdUslF8=&d ocid=xgsljIT1YTIHQM&sa=X&ei=bnKkUvKVEubw0gWMiIHgCQ&ved= 0CH4Q9QEwCw#imgdii=_  https://www.google.com.pk/?gws_rd=cr&ei=OHOoUpu6LoSkyQOW- oDYBg#q=sri+lanka+island
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