Residential status

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Income tax India

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Residential status

  1. 1. RESIDENTIAL STATUS and tax incidence
  2. 2. <ul><li>Tax incidence on an assessee depends on his residential status. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance, whether an income, accrued to an individual outside india, is taxable in india depends upon the residential status of the individual in india. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, whether an income earned by a foreign national in india (or outside india) is taxable in india, depends on the residential status of the individual, rather than on his citizenship. Therefore, the determination of the residential status of a person is very significant in order to find out his tax liability. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHAT MUST ONE KNOW FOR DECIDING RESIDENTIAL STATUS <ul><li>Different taxable entities </li></ul><ul><li>An individual; </li></ul><ul><li>A Hindu Undivided Family(HUF); </li></ul><ul><li>A firm or an Associations Of Persons (AOP); </li></ul><ul><li>A Joint Stock Company;& </li></ul><ul><li>Every other person . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Different residential status:   FOR INDIVIDUAL AND A HINDU UNDIVIDED FAMILY ALL OTHER ASSESSEES (A FIRM,AN ASSOCIATION OF PERSONS,A JOINT STOCK COMPANY& EVERY OTHER PERSON) <ul><li>Resident and ordinarily Resident in India </li></ul><ul><li>  Resident but not ordinarily resident in India;or </li></ul><ul><li>   Non-resident in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Resident in India; or </li></ul><ul><li>Non-resident in India. </li></ul>
  5. 5. HOW TO DETERMINE THE RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF THE INDIVIDUAL
  6. 6. If such individual is “Resident” in India, then find out whether he is “ordinarily resident” in India. However, if such individual is a “Non-resident” in India, then no further investigation is necessary. STEP 2 First find out whether such individual is “Resident” in India STEP 1
  7. 7. BASIC CONDITIONS TO TEST AS TO WHEN AN INDIVIDUAL IS RESIDENT <ul><li>BASIC CONDITION (A) </li></ul><ul><li>He is in India in the previous year for a period of 182 days or more </li></ul><ul><li>BASIC CONDITION (B) </li></ul><ul><li>He is in India for a period of 60 days or more during the previous year and 365 days or more during 4 years immediately preceding the previous year </li></ul>
  8. 8. EXCEPTIONS
  9. 9. 150 days Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin who comes on a visit to India during the previous year 1990-91 to 1994-95 182 days Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin who comes on a visit to India during the previous year 1995-96 Onwards 182 days An Indian citizen who leaves India during the previous year for the purpose of employment outside India or an Indian citizen who leaves India during the previous year as a member of the crew of an Indian ship 1990-91 Onwards EXTENDED PERIOD WHO CAN TAKE THE BENEFIT OF EXTENDED PERIOD ASSESSMENT YEARS
  10. 10. CONDITIONS TO TEST AS TO WHEN A RESIDENT INDIVIDUAL IS ORDINARILY RESIDENT IN INDIA Additional Condition 1 He has been resident in India in atleast 2 out of 10 previous years immediately preceding the relevant previous year Additional Condition 2 He has been in India for a period of 730 days or more during 7 years immediately preceding the relevant previous year
  11. 11. CONDITIONS TO TEST AS TO WHEN A RESIDENT BUT NOT ORDINARILY RESIDENT [SEC. 6(1), (6) (a)] Case 1 If he satisfies at least one of the basic conditions, but none of the additional conditions Case 2 If he satisfies at least one of the basic conditions “AND” one of the two additional conditions
  12. 12. NON - RESIDENT An individual is a Non-Resident in India if he satisfies none of the basic conditions. In the case of non-resident; additional conditions are not relevant .
  13. 13. RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF A HUF [SEC 6 (2)]
  14. 14. If Kartha or Manager has been resident in India of 2 out of 10 previous yrs immediately preceding the previous year AND 730 days or more during 7 years preceding the relevant previous yrs. --- If Kartha or Manager has been resident in India of 2 out of 10 previous yrs immediately preceding the previous year AND 730 days or more during 7 years preceding the relevant previous yrs. Resident Non-Resident Resident <ul><li>Wholly in India </li></ul><ul><li>Wholly Out of India </li></ul><ul><li>Partly in India and partly </li></ul><ul><li>outside India </li></ul>Ordinarily Resident Or Not Residential Status Of Family Place of Control
  15. 15. When a Resident HUF is Ordinarily Resident in India Additional Condition (i) Kartha has been resident in India in at least 2 out of 10 previous yrs immediately preceding the relevant previous yrs Additional Condition (ii) Kartha has been present in India for a period of 730 days or more during 7 yrs immediately preceding the relevant previous yrs IF KARTHA OR MANAGER OF RESIDENT HUF DOES NOT SATISFY “ THE TWO” ADDITIONAL CONDITIONS, THE FAMILY IS TREATED AS RESIDENT BUT NOT ORDINARILY A RESIDENT IN INDIA
  16. 16. RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF FIRM AND ASSOCIATION OF PERSON [SEC 6 (2)] Place of Control Residential Status Of Family <ul><li>Wholly in India </li></ul><ul><li>Wholly Out of India </li></ul><ul><li>Partly in India and partly </li></ul><ul><li>outside India </li></ul>Resident Non-Resident Resident
  17. 17. RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF A COMPANY [SEC 6 (3)] NOTE: A Company can never be &quot;ordinarily&quot; or &quot;not ordinarily resident&quot; in India Place of Control An Indian Company A company other than Indian Company <ul><li>Wholly in India </li></ul><ul><li>Wholly Out of India </li></ul><ul><li>Partly in India and partly outside India </li></ul>Resident Resident Resident Resident Non-Resident Non-Resident
  18. 18. RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF EVERY OTHER PERSON [SEC. 6(4)] Every other person is resident in India if control and management of his affairs is, wholly or partly, situated within India during the relevant previous. On the other hand, every other person is non-resident in India if control and management of its affairs is wholly situated outside India.
  19. 19. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESIDENTIAL STATUS AND INCIDENCE OF TAX [Sec. 5] <ul><li>In order to understand the relationship between residential status and tax liability, one understand the difference between “Indian Income” and “Foreign Income” </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN INCOME </li></ul><ul><li>FOREIGN INCOME </li></ul>
  20. 20. PROVISIONS IN BRIEF Whether income is received (or deemed to be received) in India during the relevant year Whether income accrues (or arises or is deemed to accrue or arise) in India during the relevant year Status of Income Yes Yes Indian Income Yes No Indian Income No Yes Indian Income No No Foreign Income
  21. 21. INCIDENCE OF TAX FOR DIFFERENT TAX PAYERS
  22. 22. For INDIVIDUAL and HUF
  23. 23. Taxable in India Taxable in India Taxable in India <ul><li>Indian Income </li></ul>Non-Resident in India Resident but not and Ordinarily a resident in India Resident and Ordinarily a resident in India Particulars
  24. 24. Not Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Taxable in India Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Not Taxable in India Taxable in India Taxable in India Taxable in India Taxable in India Taxable in India <ul><li>Foreign Income </li></ul><ul><li>-If it is business income and business is controlled wholly or partly from India </li></ul><ul><li>- If it is income from profession which is set up in India </li></ul><ul><li>- If it is business income and business is controlled outside India </li></ul><ul><li>- If it is income from profession which is set up outside India </li></ul><ul><li>- Any other Foreign Income (like salary, rent, interest, etc.) </li></ul>Non-Resident in India Resident but not and Ordinarily a resident in India Resident and Ordinarily a resident in India Particulars
  25. 25. FOR OTHER TAX PAYERS Not taxable in India Taxable in India FOREIGN INCOME Taxable in India Taxable in India INDIAN INCOME NON-RESIDENT IN INDIA RESIDENT IN INDIA
  26. 26. CONNOTATION OF RECEIPT OF INCOME
  27. 27. Income received in India is taxable in all cases irrespective of residential status of an assessee. The following points are worth mentioning in this respect…
  28. 28. <ul><li>RECEIPTS vs. REMITTANCE </li></ul><ul><li>CASH vs. KIND </li></ul><ul><li>RECEIPTS vs. ACCRUAL </li></ul><ul><li>ACTUAL RECEIPT VS. DEEMED RECEIPTS </li></ul>
  29. 29. CONNOTATION OF INCOME DEEMED TO ACCRUE OR ARISE IN INDIA
  30. 31. INCOME FROM BUSINESS CONNECTION [SEC.9(1)(I)]
  31. 32. THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS SHOULD BE SATISFIED <ul><li>CONDITION ONE – The Tax Payer Has a “Business Connection” in India </li></ul><ul><li>CONDITION TWO – By Virtue of “Business Connection” in India, Income Actually Arises Outside India. </li></ul>
  32. 33. WHAT IS BUSINESS CONNECTION???
  33. 34. ACTIVITY ONE He Exercises In India An Authority To Conclude Contracts On Behalf Of The Non Resident.
  34. 35. ACTIVITY TWO He Has No Such Authority but Habitually Maintains in India a Stock of Goods or Merchandise From Which He Regularly Delivers Goods or Merchandise on Behalf of the Resident
  35. 36. ACTIVITY THREE He Habitually Secures Orders in India for the Non-resident on- Residents Under the Same Management
  36. 37. Independent Brokers /Agents are EXCLUDED
  37. 38. Operations not taken as BUSINESS CONNECTION???
  38. 39. <ul><li>Where all operations are not carried out in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase of goods for export(in case of non-resident) </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of news & views in India for transmission out of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting of cinematograph films in India. </li></ul>
  39. 40. OTHER IMPORTANT POINTS TO BE NOTED
  40. 41. <ul><li>Income Through Or From Any Property,asset Or Source Of Income In India.[Sec.9 (1)(i)] </li></ul><ul><li>Income Through the Transfer of Capital Asset Situated in India [Sec.9 (1)(i)] </li></ul><ul><li>Income Under the Head “Salaries”[sec.9(1)(ii)] </li></ul><ul><li>Salary Payable Abroad by the Government to a Citizen of India [Sec.9 (1)(iii)] </li></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li>Dividend Paid by an Indian Company [SEC.9 (1)(iv) </li></ul><ul><li>Income by Way of Interest [Sec.9 (1)(v)] </li></ul><ul><li>Income by the Way of Royalty [Sec.9 (1)(vi)] </li></ul><ul><li>Income by Way of Fees for Technical Services[sec.9 (1)(vii)] </li></ul>
  42. 44. CONCLUSION…….
  43. 45. <ul><li>Indian Income is always taxable in India </li></ul><ul><li>irrespective of the residential of the Taxpayer </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Income is taxable in the hands of </li></ul><ul><li>resident (in case of a firm, AOP, Joint Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Company and every other person) or resident </li></ul><ul><li>and ordinarily and resident (in caser of an </li></ul><ul><li>individual and a HUF in India </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Income is not taxable in the hands of </li></ul><ul><li>Non- resident </li></ul>
  44. 46. TAX AUTHORITIES BEHIND TAX EVADING ASSESSEES

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