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Tracking equality at work

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  • 1. Forum 2011
    Moana Eruera
    New Zealand Human Rights Commission
  • 2. Tracking Equality at Work
    First set of indicators developed in NZ to track progress towards equality at work
    Detailed overview of labour market participation
    New look at the gender pay gap and a new Pay Equality Bill
    A set of recommendations for the Commission and for Government to push on with strengthening equality at work.
  • 3. EEO at the crossroads
    • Dramatic changes in the labour market in past 25 years (emphasised during global recession)
    • 4. Who works (youth unemployment, older people staying on, education levels, more women overall, under-employment and Māori and Pacific trends)
    • 5. How (technology 24/7) and where we work (flexible) and work organisation (flatter structures)
    • 6. Values changing – public servants, Christchurch, generational difference
  • EEO at the crossroads (cont’d)
    • What we work at (globalisation, decline of manufacturing bases, labour shedding from technology, knowledge-based economies)
    • 7. How workers are protected (collapse of tenure and security, increase in casual, precarious work, less collectivity, lower unionisation)
  • The Human Rights Commission
    EEO Commissioner has statutory function to provide leadership on equal employment opportunities,
    The Commission has the function of encouraging the development of harmonious relations between individuals and diverse groups in NZ society.
  • 8. Workplace vital to society wellbeing
    “The workplace – be it a factory, an office, a farm or the street-is a strategic entry point to free society from discrimination” ILO Time for Equality at Work.
    Migrants have the same rights in relation to pre-employment and employment as others in New Zealand.
  • 9. Reality of modern work-macro picture
    Global migration a reality of modern workplaces and NZ in trouble without it
    Migrants contribute over $8 million through income tax, GST and excise duties and expenditure bit more than half so net gain.
  • 10. National Conversation about Work
  • 11. The results - Broad themes
    Age is a dominant anxiety
    Bias against youth
    Disabled people worse off
    Conditions of work for migrants
    Low wage economy
  • 12. Continuing the conversation Tracking equality
  • 13. Tracking Equality at Work
    First set of indicators developed in NZ to track progress towards equality at work
    Detailed overview of labour market participation
    New look at the gender pay gap and a new Pay Equality Bill
    A set of recommendations for the Commission and for Government to push on with strengthening equality at work.
  • 14. http://www.neon.org.nz/trackingequalityatwork/
  • 15. Older workers
    New Zealand has one of the highest rates of participation of older workers (55 years and over) in the OECD at 44.1% for the year to June 2010
    High proportion of pre-employment complaints to the Commission have been where people have been told they are too old for a role
    Too few businesses have implemented practices to capture institutional knowledge or to transfer the knowledge of older workers to younger workers
  • 16. Youth employment crisis
    NZ’s youth unemployment rate was 18.8% in March 2011
    Record high unemployment rate has been described as “an emergency”
    Young men and women have been disproportionately affected by the recession
    Commission proposes a national youth-to-work-strategy
  • 17. Youth work crisis
    National youth-to-work strategy
    Commission notes an absence of “young people’s voices”
    Engagement with 13-18 year olds to advance the concept of a career focussed “plan” for every young New Zealander
  • 18. Youth work crisis
    Migrant youth:
    What are the issues for migrant youth gaining employment?
    What is needed to address these issues?
    How do family influence the career decisions of migrant youth?
  • 19. Youth work crisis
    Migrant youth:
    How does the migrant community influence the career decisions of migrant youth?
    What migrant youth employment programmes do you know are working around the country?
    How can the Commission capture the “voices” of migrant youth?
    Who else should the Commission engage with around employment for migrant youth?
  • 20. Disabled people and work
    New Zealand ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in 2008
    Article 27 of the CRPD outlines the rights of disabled people in relation to employment
    Disabled people in NZ find getting a decent job to be one of their most significant challenges
    At every level of qualification disabled people are less likely than non-disabled people to be in the workforce
    What is needed
    Encouragement of other employers to take on disabled staff
    Greater education and awareness raising around disabilities
  • 21. Disabled people and work
    What is needed
    Encouragement of other employers to take on disabled staff
    Greater education and awareness raising around disabilities
  • 22. Equal pay: what we’ve got
  • 23. What we’ve got
    12% gender pay gap over past 10 years
    Ten public sector departments of 34 have a gender pay gap less than or equal to the gap in the total labour market of 13%
    The lowest gender pay gap in the public sector is [minus] -12.03%
    The highest gender pay gap in the public sector is 38.81%
  • 24. What we need
  • 25. Pay Equality Bill
    Three essential pillars:
    Realise the right to equal pay
    Positive duty to equal pay transparency, obligation on employers’ to record pay differentiations by gender and
    open to Labour Inspector
    scrutiny
    Determination of work of equal value
  • 26. EEO ‘Good employer’ Advice
    A ‘good employer’ is an organisation that provides and supports an environment where employees feel valued and respected, where difference is celebrated and diversity encouraged, where there is active staff engagement, transparency on policies and procedures, clear complaints procedures, and regular feedback.
  • 27. www.neon.org.nz