Forest Society  Ecological Reserves (EcoReserves) Bretzfelder Park Bethlehem, NH February 27, 2008 Society for the Protect...
<ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>The Goal of  </li></ul><ul><li>EcoReserves </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria for Selection <...
156 Reservations 42,500 Acres
 
Pieces Patterns Processes
The Goal of Natural Areas “ To sustain the elements of biodiversity and ecological processes that are present; other uses ...
Criteria for Selection <ul><li>Rare Plants and Animals  </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplary Natural Communities  </li></ul><ul><li...
Eco-Reserve Classes Class 1 - Strict Nature Reserve No harvesting or manipulation except in the case of an emergency Class...
Fee-owned Properties 156 Reservations 42,500 Acres
Monadnock Lost River Kaufmann EcoReserves 31 EcoReserves 6,500 Acres (15%)
Dame Forest
 
 
 
Dame Forest
Dame Forest - Rare Plants Pale green orchid ( Platanthera flava ) Large bur-reed ( Sparganium eurycarpum )
Dame Forest - Rare Animals Osprey ( Pandion haliaetus ) Blanding’s turtle ( Emydoidea blandingii )
Semi-rich Appalachian oak – sugar maple forest Dame Forest -   Natural Communities
Dame Forest -   Habitat
Merriman Forest
 
Criteria Met <ul><li>Exemplary Natural Communities: </li></ul><ul><li>Dry red oak – white pine forest (S3S4)   </li></ul><...
Criteria Met Steep Slopes (>35%)
 
Harmon Preserve
 
Harmon Preserve
 
 
 
 
Gap Mountain
 
 
 
Semi-rich mesic sugar maple forest  Red oak – pine rocky ridge  Gap Mountain -   Natural Communities
Gap Mountain -   Geology Concord Granite
Gap Mountain - Rare Plants Goodenough's sedge   ( Carex nigra ) Squirrel corn   ( Dicentra canadensis )
Gap Mountain -   Sedge Restoration
Merrimack River  Outdoor Education  and  Conservation Area  (MROECA)
 
<ul><li>1.  Rare Plants and Animals </li></ul><ul><li>- Northern leopard frog ( Rana pipiens ) (S3) </li></ul><ul><li>- Wo...
MROECA - Natural Communities
Rich sugar maple – oak – hickory terrace forest Silver maple – false nettle – sensitive fern floodplain forest MROECA - Na...
MROECA - Wildlife
Oxbow marsh MROECA - Natural Communities Purple loosestrife   ( Lythrum salicaria )
MROECA - Invasive Plant Control
 
Yatsevitch Forest
 
Criteria Met Exemplary Natural Community: -Rich Mesic Forest
Criteria Met Rare Plants: Galearis spectabilis (Showy Orchis) Dryopteris goldiana (Goldie’s Wood Fern)
Criteria Met Uvularia grandiflora (Large-Flowered Bellwort) Dicentra canadensis (Squirrel-corn) Hydrophyllum virginianum (...
Criteria Met Sanicula trifoliata (Three-leaved Sanicle) Senecio obovatus (Round-leaved Ragwort) Uncommon Geologic and Phys...
Criteria Met Ecological Linkages
Yatsevitch Forest  Invasive Plant Treatment
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Intro To Eco Reserves

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Intro To Eco Reserves

  1. 1. Forest Society Ecological Reserves (EcoReserves) Bretzfelder Park Bethlehem, NH February 27, 2008 Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests Peter Woods Ellis
  2. 2. <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>The Goal of </li></ul><ul><li>EcoReserves </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria for Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Tour </li></ul>
  3. 3. 156 Reservations 42,500 Acres
  4. 5. Pieces Patterns Processes
  5. 6. The Goal of Natural Areas “ To sustain the elements of biodiversity and ecological processes that are present; other uses are secondary.” <ul><li>protect aspects of biological diversity that are rare, exemplary, or in some other way significant </li></ul><ul><li>restore and maintain ecological processes </li></ul><ul><li>serve as benchmarks for forest management on other lands and environmental change </li></ul><ul><li>serve as source areas for plants and animals to recolonize disturbed areas </li></ul>
  6. 7. Criteria for Selection <ul><li>Rare Plants and Animals </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplary Natural Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Wildlife Habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Uncommon Geologic Features </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplary Aquatic Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Deed or Donor Restricted Areas </li></ul>McGreal Forest
  7. 8. Eco-Reserve Classes Class 1 - Strict Nature Reserve No harvesting or manipulation except in the case of an emergency Class 2 - Habitat/Species Management Area “ Active intervention and vegetation management is allowed only in order to insure the maintenance of habitats, meet the requirements of specific species, and/or maintain or enhance other priority ecological values.”
  8. 9. Fee-owned Properties 156 Reservations 42,500 Acres
  9. 10. Monadnock Lost River Kaufmann EcoReserves 31 EcoReserves 6,500 Acres (15%)
  10. 11. Dame Forest
  11. 15. Dame Forest
  12. 16. Dame Forest - Rare Plants Pale green orchid ( Platanthera flava ) Large bur-reed ( Sparganium eurycarpum )
  13. 17. Dame Forest - Rare Animals Osprey ( Pandion haliaetus ) Blanding’s turtle ( Emydoidea blandingii )
  14. 18. Semi-rich Appalachian oak – sugar maple forest Dame Forest - Natural Communities
  15. 19. Dame Forest - Habitat
  16. 20. Merriman Forest
  17. 22. Criteria Met <ul><li>Exemplary Natural Communities: </li></ul><ul><li>Dry red oak – white pine forest (S3S4) </li></ul><ul><li>Red oak – pine rocky ridge (S3S4) </li></ul>
  18. 23. Criteria Met Steep Slopes (>35%)
  19. 25. Harmon Preserve
  20. 27. Harmon Preserve
  21. 32. Gap Mountain
  22. 36. Semi-rich mesic sugar maple forest Red oak – pine rocky ridge Gap Mountain - Natural Communities
  23. 37. Gap Mountain - Geology Concord Granite
  24. 38. Gap Mountain - Rare Plants Goodenough's sedge ( Carex nigra ) Squirrel corn ( Dicentra canadensis )
  25. 39. Gap Mountain - Sedge Restoration
  26. 40. Merrimack River Outdoor Education and Conservation Area (MROECA)
  27. 42. <ul><li>1. Rare Plants and Animals </li></ul><ul><li>- Northern leopard frog ( Rana pipiens ) (S3) </li></ul><ul><li>- Wood turtle ( Clemmys insculpta ) (S3) </li></ul><ul><li>Bald Eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus ) (S1) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Exemplary Natural Communities </li></ul><ul><li>- Rich sugar maple – oak – hickory terrace forest (S1) </li></ul><ul><li>- Silver maple – false nettle – sensitive fern floodplain forest (S2) </li></ul><ul><li>- Oxbow buttonbush swamp (S3) </li></ul><ul><li>Oxbow marsh (S3) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Critical Wildlife Habitats </li></ul><ul><li>- Floodplain forest: WAP Tier 1 </li></ul><ul><li>- Non-tidal coastal marsh: WAP Tier 3 </li></ul><ul><li>- Hemlock – hardwood – pine: WAP Tier 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Appalachian oak – pine: WAP Tier 3 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Uncommon Geologic and Physical Features </li></ul><ul><li>Glacial Lake Merrimack delta </li></ul><ul><li>5. Exemplary Aquatic Communities </li></ul><ul><li>- The Merrimack River </li></ul>MROECA
  28. 43. MROECA - Natural Communities
  29. 44. Rich sugar maple – oak – hickory terrace forest Silver maple – false nettle – sensitive fern floodplain forest MROECA - Natural Communities
  30. 45. MROECA - Wildlife
  31. 46. Oxbow marsh MROECA - Natural Communities Purple loosestrife ( Lythrum salicaria )
  32. 47. MROECA - Invasive Plant Control
  33. 49. Yatsevitch Forest
  34. 51. Criteria Met Exemplary Natural Community: -Rich Mesic Forest
  35. 52. Criteria Met Rare Plants: Galearis spectabilis (Showy Orchis) Dryopteris goldiana (Goldie’s Wood Fern)
  36. 53. Criteria Met Uvularia grandiflora (Large-Flowered Bellwort) Dicentra canadensis (Squirrel-corn) Hydrophyllum virginianum (Northern Waterleaf) Rare Plants:
  37. 54. Criteria Met Sanicula trifoliata (Three-leaved Sanicle) Senecio obovatus (Round-leaved Ragwort) Uncommon Geologic and Physical Features -Gile Mtn. Formation: Interbedded slate/phylite, calcite-ankerite metasiltstone, and greenschist. -Steep slopes (>35%) Rare Plants:
  38. 55. Criteria Met Ecological Linkages
  39. 56. Yatsevitch Forest Invasive Plant Treatment

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