Freedom day - Portugal National holiday


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Freedom day - Portugal National holiday

  1. 1. There were two secret signals in the mili-tary coup: first the airing of the song Edepois do adeus, by Paulo de Carvalho,Portugals entry in the 6th of April 1974Eurovision Song Contest, which alerted therebel captains and soldiers to begin the AGRUPAMENTOcoup. A few hours later the national radio DE ESCOLAS JOSÉbroadcast Grândola Vila Morena, a song CARLOS DA MAIAby Zeca Afonso, a folk singer forbidden onPortuguese radio at the time. This was thesignal that the MFA gave to take over stra-tegic points of power in the country, 37 YEARS OF"announced" that the revolution had startedand nothing would stop it except "the pos- DEMOCRACY!!!sibility of a regimes repression".Despite repeated appeals from the "Aprilcaptains" on the radio inciting the popula-tion to stay at home, thousands of Portu-guese descended on the streets, mixingthemselves with the military insurgents. REAL FREEDOM:One of the points of these gathering was PEACEthe Lisbon flower market, then richly stoc- BREADked with carnations, which were in season. HOUSINGSome military insurgents would put these HEALTHflowers in their gun-barrels, an image EDUCATIONwhich was shown on television around theworld. This was the origin of the name ofthis "Carnation revolution". “This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held respon- sible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.”
  2. 2. F R E E D O M D A Y militia officers and recruited students, A period of great social, political and military many of them college students. This unreast followed, known as the PREC (OngoingThe Carnation Revolution was a period movement was born around 1973, initially Revolutionary Process), marked by demonstra-in the history of Portugal, triggered by a tions, occupations, provisional governments, based on corporatist claims, as the fight nationalization and military confrontations,bloodless military coup that took place for the prestige of the armed forces and which finished with an attempted coup failed onon April 25, 1974, which overthrew the eventually extended to the current politi- 2 5 N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 5 .Estado Novo dictatorship, in power since c a l r e g i m e . With a more stable situation, it was possible to1933 and began a process that would end After the coup, the National Salvation continue the work of the Constituent Assemblywith the implementation of a democratic and to reach a new democratic constitution, group was created, responsible for the which was establi-regime with appointment of the President, the program shed on 25 Aprilthe entry into of the Provisional Government and its 1976, the same dayforce of a new organic. Thus, on May 15, 1974, General of the first election ofConstitution Antonio de Spinola was appointed Presi- the new republic.on 25 April Following these dent of the Republic, who in turn assigned events, a national1 9 7 6 . the post of prime minister to Adelino da holiday was establi-This scam, P a l m a C a r l o s . shed in Portugal oncommonly April 25, called "Freedom Day".known by thePortuguese as25 April, was conducted by a militarymovement, the Armed Forces Movement(MFA), composed of intermediate offi-cers of the military, mostly captains whohad participated in the Colonial War