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One weekend course

  1. 1. <ul>LEARN GERMAN FAST </ul><ul>How To Speak And Write German – In Only ONE WEEKEND! </ul>
  2. 2. <ul>CONTENTS </ul><ul>LESSON 1 1 ) Greetings: Common greetings and courtesies 2) From A to Z: The German alphabet 3) German numbers: 0 – 100 4) The 2 most important German verbs: SEIN and HABEN 5) Nouns and gender: der, die, das LESSON 2 1) The verbs: General rules for conjugating verbs 2) Building sentences: Forming sentences in present tense 3) Where do you live? - Name, address, telephone number… 4) Where are you from? - Countries, nationalities and languages 5) What do you think about it? - Common adjectives </ul>
  3. 3. <ul>CONTENTS </ul><ul>LESSON 3 1) Do you have kids? – Your family and relations 2) Home, sweet home: your place 3) Shopping: How much is this apple? 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing LESSON 4 1) Your leisure time: What are your plans for the weekend? 2) Dealing with appointments: Your “to do” list 3) What’s your day like? – Daily routine, plans for the weekend… 4) Speaking about yesterday: Past tense of SEIN and HABEN 5) Speaking about tomorrow: Use of the future tense </ul>
  4. 4. <ul>CONTENTS </ul><ul>BONUS The Five Secrets Of Success 1) The number 1 thing you need to know about learning German 2) Step-by-step instructions for building basic sentences and asking questions 3) Five techniques for getting your brain to help you learn as quickly as possible 4) The secret formula for writing emails 5) Little-known study tips that will make a HUGE difference </ul>
  5. 5. <ul>LESSON 1 </ul>
  6. 6. <ul>LESSON 1 1) Greetings: Common greetings and courtesies </ul><ul>Hello, how are you? – Starting a dialogue – In German, there are two sorts of “you”: 1) Du ( informal form , used with first name) 2) Sie ( formal form , used with last name) So, your first dialogue in German could be something like: 1) “Hallo, Peter. Wie geht’s?” (Hello Peter, how are you?) “ Hallo, Robert. Danke, gut und dir?” (Hi Robert, good, thanks. And you?) 2) “Guten Tag, Herr Schmitt. Wie geht es Ihnen?” (Hello Mr. Schmitt, how are you?) “ Guten Tag, Frau Vogel. Danke, gut und Ihnen?” (Hello Mrs. Vogel, good, thanks. And you?) BUT : WHAT IF you do not know the other person’s NAME yet? Easy – to introduce yourself and to ask the other person’s name, just say: 1) “Ich bin Peter. Wer bist du?” (I’m Peter, what’s your name? – literally: Who are you?) 2) “Ich bin Peter Schmitt, und Sie?” (I’m Peter Schmitt, and what’s your name?) </ul>
  7. 7. <ul>LESSON 1 1) Greetings: Common greetings and courtesies </ul><ul>Bye! See you later. – Ending a dialogue – Also when it comes to saying Goodbye, there is one more formal and one more informal way: 1) “ Tschüss! Bis bald.” (Bye! See you.) 2) “Auf Wiedersehen / Auf Wiederhören.” (Goodbye.) In phone conversations, you would use AUF WIEDERHÖREN instead of AUF WIEDERSEHEN. <li>If you have spoken to the other person
  8. 8. for the first time, you can say first:
  9. 9. “ Hat mich gefreut!” (It was a pleasure),
  10. 10. or reply with:
  11. 11. “ Mich auch!” (It was a pleasure to meet you, too.) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul>LESSON 1 2) From A to Z: The German alphabet </ul><ul>Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz Ää Öö Üü </ul>
  13. 13. <ul>LESSON 1 3) German numbers: 0 - 20 </ul><ul>0 null 1 eins 11 elf 2 zwei 12 zwölf 3 drei 13 dreizehn 4 vier 14 vierzehn 5 fünf 15 fünfzehn 6 sechs 16 sechzehn 7 sieben 17 siebzehn 8 acht 18 achtzehn 9 neun 19 neunzehn 10 zehn 20 zwanzig </ul>
  14. 14. <ul>LESSON 1 3) German numbers: 21 - 100 </ul><ul>20 zwanzig 30 dreissig 21 einundzwanzig 40 vierzig 22 zweiundzwanzig 50 fünfzig 23 dreiundzwanzig 60 sechzig 24 vierundzwanzig 70 siebzig 25 fünfundzwanzig 80 achtzig 26 sechsundzwanzig 90 neunzig 27 siebenundzwanzig 100 hundert 28 achtundzwanzig 101 hunderteins 29 neunundzwanzig 102 hundertzwei… </ul>
  15. 15. <ul>LESSON 1 4) The 2 most important German verbs: SEIN and HABEN </ul><ul>Want to get by in German? Then it is vital you know these two verbs! HABEN has a strong resemblance to the English verb TO HAVE. ich habe (I have) du hast (you have (familiar form, singular)) er/sie/es hat (he/she/it has) wir haben (we have) ihr habt (you (guys) have) sie haben (they have: ‘Sie’ , formal ‘you’, is both singular and plural) SEIN is one of the most irregular verbs in German. ich bin (I am) du bist (you are (familiar form, singular)) er/sie/es ist (he/she/it is) wir sind (we are) ihr seid (you (guys) are) sie sind (they are: ‘Sie’ , formal ‘you’, is both singular and plural) </ul>
  16. 16. <ul>LESSON 1 5 ) Nouns and gender: der, die, das </ul><ul>German nouns ALWAYS start with a capital letter! Definite article: The English ‘THE’ is equalled by ‘DER’, ‘DIE’ and ‘DAS’ in German: ‘ DER’ for masculine nouns, ‘DIE’ for feminine and ‘DAS’ for neuter nouns. For example: der Hund (the dog); die Katze (the cat); das Baby (the baby) ALWAYS learn German nouns with their genders! Indefinite article: The English ‘A’ is the same as ‘ein’ or ‘eine’ in German: ‘ ein’ for masculine and neuter nouns, and ‘eine’ for feminine ones. For example: Ein Hund (a dog); eine Katze (a cat); ein Baby (a baby) </ul>
  17. 17. <ul>LESSON 2 </ul>
  18. 18. <ul>LESSON 2 1) The verbs: General rules for conjugating verbs </ul><ul>Although I highly recommend to invest the time needed to learn the conjugation for each new verb by heart, there are a few general rules as well that you might find useful. I am going to illustrate this now, using the verb WOHNEN (to live). 1. ich wohn- e (I live) 2. du wohn- st (you live (familiar form, singular)) 3. er/sie/es wohn- t (he/she/it lives) 4. wir wohn- en (we live) 5. ihr wohn- t (you (guys) live) 6. sie wohn- en (they live: ‘Sie’ , formal ‘you’, is both singular and plural) Some things never change: - Position 1 – 3 always are singular and 4 – 6 plural - the WOHN- part of the infinitive WOHNEN is the verb stem and is not changed - Position 2 mostly uses the ending – st , just like Position 5 with - t - Position 4 and 6 ALWAYS have the same ending as the infinitive: - en </ul>
  19. 19. <ul>LESSON 2 2) Building sentences: Forming sentences in present tense </ul><ul>THE most vital thing in forming sentences is to know where the verbs go! In simple sentences, the verb is in the second position , for example: Ich bin Alexandra. (I am Alexandra.) Ich spreche Deutsch. (I speak German.) Du wohnst in England. (You live in England.) Wir sind hier. ( We are here.) However, there can only be one verb in this second position! And it is always the conjugated one that goes second. All the others usually pile up at the end of the sentence , for example: Ich bin froh , dass du hier bist . (I am glad you are here.) Du musst Deutsch lernen . (You have to learn German.) Er will Kuchen backen lernen . (He wants to learn how to make a cake.) </ul>
  20. 20. <ul>LESSON 2 3) Where do you live? - Name, address, telephone number… </ul><ul>To ask for someone’s contact details, as well to give your own, you can use the simple phrases and questions of the dialogue below. (The forms in brackets indicate the respective informal version.) “ Wie ist Ihr (dein) Name und Ihre (deine) Adresse?” (What’s your name and address?) “ Peter Schmitt, Bahnhofstrasse 10 in Berlin. Die Postleitzahl ist 10828.” (Peter Schmitt, Bahnhofstrasse 10 in Berlin. The post code is 10828.) “ Wie ist Ihre (deine) Telefonnummer?” ( What’s your telephone number?) “ Meine Telefonnummer ist 612 58 11.” ( My telephone number is…) “ Und Ihre (deine) email-Adresse?” ( And your email address?) “ Meine email-Adresse ist” ( My email address is…) The German word for ‘fullstop’ is PUNKT. The @ is spoken the same way as in English. </ul>
  21. 21. <ul>LESSON 2 4) Where are you from? - Countries, nationalities, languages </ul><ul>This short dialogue will introduce you to the most common phrases you can use for talking about country of origin and the languages you speak. Again, the forms in brackets indicate the respective informal version. “ Woher kommen Sie? (Woher kommst du?)” ( Where are you from?) “ Ich komme aus Australien. Und Sie? (Und du?)” ( I am from Australia, and you?) “ Aus Kanada.” ( From Canada.) / “Aus Amerika.” ( From the US.) “ Kommen Sie aus England? (Kommst du aus Enlgand?)” ( Are you from Enlgand?) “ Ja, ich bin Engländer.” ( Yes, I am English.) “ Sprechen Sie Englisch? (Sprichst du Englisch?)” ( Do you speak English?) “ Nein, ich spreche kein Englisch.” ( No, I don’t speak English) “ Sprechen Sie Deutsch? (Sprichst du Deutsch?)” ( Do you speak German?) “ Ich spreche ein wenig Deutsch.” ( I speak a little bit of German.) “ Sie sprechen gut Deutsch! (Du sprichst gut Deutsch!)” ( You speak German well!) </ul>
  22. 22. <ul>LESSON 2 5 ) What do you think about it? - Common adjectives </ul><ul>German adjectives usually go in front of the respective noun. In this position, the ending – e has to be added in singular and – en in plural. That is, when the article is DER, DIE or DAS (definite article). For example: der schön e Garten (the beautiful garden) die gross e Wohnung (the large apartment) das klein e Kind (the small child) die frisch en Blumen (the fresh flowers) With the in definite article (EIN, EINE), however, the adjective ending will reflect the gender of the following noun (- er for d er ; - e for di e ; - e s for da s ): ein schöner Garten (a beautiful garden) eine grosse Wohnung (a large apartment) ein kleines Kind (a small child) frische Blumen (fresh flowers) </ul>
  23. 23. <ul>LESSON 2 5 ) What do you think about it? - Common adjectives </ul><ul>However, when the adjective stands AFTER the VERB, it has NO ENDING AT ALL: Der Garten ist schön. (The garden is beautiful.) Die Wohnung ist gross. (The apartment is large.) Das Kind ist klein. (The child is small.) Die Blumen sind frisch. (The flowers are fresh.) Deutsch lernen ist toll. (Learning German is great.) The same rules apply for the adjectives of colour: rot weiss (white) rosa schwarz (black) blau grau grün lila gelb braun </ul>
  24. 24. <ul>LESSON 3 </ul>
  25. 25. <ul>LESSON 3 1) Do you have kids? – Your family and relations </ul><ul>S peaking about your family is rather easy – the German terms for the family are similar to the English ones. And here is how such a dialogue could look like: “ Kevin, wohnt Ihre (deine) Frau auch in Deutschland?” ( Does your wife live in Germany, too?) “ Nein, meine Frau ist noch in Amerika. Haben Sie Familie? (Hast du Familie?)” (No, she is still in the US. Do you have family?) “ Ja, ich bin verheiratet und habe zwei Kinder, eine Tochter und einen Sohn.” (Yes, I am married and we have two kids, a daughter and a son.) </ul>
  26. 26. <ul>LESSON 3 1) Do you have kids? – Your family and relations </ul><ul>“ Wie alt sind Ihre (deine) Kinder?” (How old are your kids?) “ Meine Tochter ist 12 und mein Sohn ist 14 Jahre alt.” (My daughter is 12 and my son is 14.) “ Was macht Ihre (deine) Frau beruflich, Kevin?” (What does your wife do?) “ Sie ist Lehrerin.” (She is a teacher.) “ Haben Sie (hast du) Geschwister?” (Do you have siblings?) “ Ja, ich habe einen Bruder und eine Schwester. Und Sie? (Und du?) (Yes, I have one brother and one sister. And you?) “ Ich habe keine Geschwister.” (I don’t have any siblings.) “ Leben Ihre Eltern auch in Amerika?” (Do your parents live in the US, too?) “ Nein, sie leben in Frankreich. Wohnen Ihre (deine) Eltern auch in Stuttgart?” (No, they live in France. And do your parents live in Stuttgart, too?) “ Nein, meine Eltern wohnen in der Schweiz.” (No, my parents live in Switzerland.) </ul>
  27. 27. <ul>LESSON 3 1) Do you have kids? – Your family and relations </ul><ul>And here are some basic nouns – the possessive pronouns MEIN (my) is used for masculine and neuter nouns. The ending – e is added for feminine and plural nouns. Other possessive forms work the same way (like DEIN (your), SEIN (his) etc.). Der (Ehe-)mann / mein (Ehe-)mann <li>(husband)
  28. 28. Die (Ehe-)frau / meine (Ehe-)frau (wife)
  29. 29. Der Vater / mein Vater (the/my father)
  30. 30. Die Mutter / meine Mutter (mother)
  31. 31. Das Kind / mein Kind (child)
  32. 32. Die Kinder / meine Kinder (children)
  33. 33. Der Bruder / mein Bruder (brother)
  34. 34. Die Brüder / meine Brüder (brothers) </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul>LESSON 3 1) Do you have kids? – Your family and relations </ul><ul>Die Schwester / meine Schwester (sister) Die Schwestern / meine Schwestern (sisters) Der Onkel / mein Onkel (uncle) Die Tante / meine Tante (aunt) Der Grossvater / mein Grossvater (grandfather) Die Grossmutter / meine Grossmutter (grandmother) Das Enkelkind / mein Enkelkind (grandchild) Der Neffe / mein Neffe ( nephew) Die Nichte / meine Nichte (niece) Der Cousin / mein Cousin ( cousin (male)) Die Cousine / meine Cousine ( cousin (female)) </ul><ul><li>Der Schwiegervater / mein Schwiegervater (father-in-law)
  36. 36. Die Schwiegermutter / meine Schwiegermutter (mother-in-law)
  37. 37. Die Schwiegereltern / meine Schwiegereltern (parents-in-law) </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>My home is my castle… Let’s start with the various rooms in your very own ‘ castle’ and their basic furniture and equipment: Das Wohnzimmer (living room) Das Sofa (sofa) Der Sessel (armchair) Der Tisch (table) Der Teppich (carpet) Die Lampe (lamp) Das Regal (shelf) Der Fernseher (TV) Die Pflanze (plant) Der Kamin (chimney) </ul>
  39. 39. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>Das Esszimmer (dining room) Der Esstisch (dining table) Der Stuhl (chair) Das Fenster (window) Die Terassentür (French window) Das Gedeck (place setting) Das Glas (glas) Der Teller (plate) Das Besteck (cutlery) Das Messer (knife) Die Gabel (fork) Der Löffel (spoon) Die Serviette (napkin) </ul>
  40. 40. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>Die Küche (kitchen) Der Backofen (oven) Der Herd (stove) Die Mikrowelle (microwave) Der Kühlschrank (fridge) Die Kühltruhe (icebox) Die Arbeitsfläche (working top) Die Kaffeemaschine (coffee machine) Der Küchenschrank (kitchen cabinet) Die Decke (ceiling) Der Boden (floor) Die Tür (door) </ul>
  41. 41. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>Das Schlafzimmer (bedroom) Das Bett (bed) Die Bettdecke (bedspread) Das Kissen (cushion) Der Schrank (clothes cupboard) Die Kommode (dresser) Die Schublade (drawer) Der Vorhang (curtain) Das Parkett (parquet) Die Wand (wall) Die Vase (vase) </ul>
  42. 42. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>Das Bad (bathroom) Die Badewanne (bath tub) Die Dusche (shower) Das Waschbecken (sink) Der Badezimmerschrank (bathroom cabinet) Der Spiegel (mirror) Das Handtuch (towel) Der Bademantel (bath robe) Die Seife (soap) Das Shampoo (shampoo) Das Duschgel (shower gel) Die Zahnbürste (toothbrush) Die Zahncreme (toothpaste) </ul>
  43. 43. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>Der Garten (garden) Der Rasen (lawn) Der Swimmingpool (pool) Die Terrasse (pateo) Das Blumenbeet (bed of flowers) Der Baum (tree) Die Hecke (hedge) Die Fliesen (tiles) Die Statue (statue) Der Liegestuhl (lounge chair) Der Gartenzaun (fence) Die Gartentür (garden door) Die Gartenbank (garden bench) Die Gartengeräte (garden tools) </ul>
  44. 44. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your apartment </ul><ul>Das Arbeitszimmer ( office) Der Schreibtisch (desk) Der Computer (computer) Das Telefon (telephone) Das Mobiltelefon (mobile phone) Der Ordner (binder) Das Buch (book) Der Flur (corridor) Die Garage ( garage) Der Hof ( yard) Die Haustür (front door) Die Treppen (stairs) Der Keller (cellar) Die Waschküche (washing room) Das Kinderzimmer (children’s room) </ul>
  45. 45. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your place </ul><ul>Tell your friends about your new apartment – or house! You can use the sentences below as examples. “ Mein neues Haus ist in Friedlingen.” (My new house is in Friedlingen.) “ Schön! Wie gross ist es?” (Great! How large is it?) “ Es hat 300 Quadratmeter.” (It has 210 square meters) “ Das ist gross! Wie viele Stockwerke hat es?” (This is big! How many floors?) “ Es hat zwei Stockwerke. Küche, Wohnzimmer, Esszimmer, und Schlafzimmer sind im ersten Stock. Zwei Kinderzimmer, Arbeitszimmer und Bad sind im zweiten Stock.” (It has two floors: kitchen, living room, dining room and bedroom are on the first Floor. On the second floor, there are two children’s rooms, work room and bathroom.) “ Gibt es auch einen Garten?” (Is there a garden, too?) “ Ja, der Garten ist sehr schön. Ich habe auch eine Terrasse und einen Balkon.” (Yes, the garden is very nice. I also have a terrace and a balcony.) </ul>
  46. 46. <ul>LESSON 3 2) Home, sweet home: your place </ul><ul>“ Super. Haben Sie (hast du) auch schon alle Möbel?” (Do you already have all the furniture?) “ Fast. Ich habe schon alle Möbel für die Küche, das Wohnzimmer und das Schlafzimmer. Ich brauche aber noch welche für die anderen Zimmer.” (Almost. I have all the furniture I need for the kitchen, the living room and the bedroom. But I still need some things for the other rooms.) “ Wo kaufen Sie Ihre (kaufst du deine) Möbel?” (Where are you going to buy your furniture?) “ Bei Ikea.” (At Ikea’s) “ Und wann ziehst du ein?” (And when are you going to move in?) “ Der Umzugstermin ist in drei Wochen.” (The moving date is in three weeks’ time) “ Hast du eine Umzugsfirma?” (Are you going to hire a moving firm?) “ Ja.” (Yes.) “ Super. Dann viel Spass!” (Cool. Have fun!) </ul>
  47. 47. <ul>LESSON 3 3) Shopping: How much is this apple? </ul><ul>Let’s go shopping! The following slides will give you an overview about what you can buy where. Der Supermarkt (supermarket) Die Lebensmittel (groceries) Das Obst (fruit) Das Gemüse (vegetables) Die Milch (milk) Die Milchprodukte (dairy products) Der Käse (cheese) Die Eier (eggs) Die Getränke (drinks) Die Kosmetika (cosmetics) Die Tiefkühlprodukte (frozen food) </ul>
  48. 48. <ul>LESSON 3 3) Shopping: How much is this apple? </ul><ul>Die Bäckerei (bakery) Das Brot (bread) Das Brötchen (bred roll) Die Torte (cream cake) Die Obsttorte (fruit tart) Der Kuchen (cake) Der Käsekuchen (cheesecake) Der Obstkuchen (pie) Der Apfelkuchen (apple pie) Die Apfeltasche (apple turnover) Der Zopf (plaited loaf) Das Croissant (croissant) </ul>
  49. 49. <ul>LESSON 3 3) Shopping: How much is this apple? </ul><ul>Die Metzgerei (butchery) Das Fleisch (meat) Das Rindfleisch (beef) Das Kalbfleisch (veil) Das Schweinefleisch (pork) Der Fisch (fish) Der Schinken (ham) Das Geflügel (fowl) Die Wurst (sausage) Der Aufschnitt (cold meat) Der Fleischkäse (meatloaf) </ul>
  50. 50. <ul>LESSON 3 3) Shopping: How much is this apple? </ul><ul>And here is how your very first shopping dialogue in German could look like: “ Guten Tag, was darf es sein?” (Hello, what will it be?) “ Wie viel kosten die Tomaten?” (How much are the tomatos?) “ Ein Pfund kostet 1,20 Euro.” (One pound is EUR 1.20.) “ Okay, ich hätte gern zwei Kilo Tomaten.” (Ok. I’d like to have two kilos of tomatos.) “ Darf es ein bisschen mehr sein?” (It’s a bit over, is that ok?) “ Ja, gern.” (Yes, please.) “ Haben Sie noch einen Wunsch?” (Something else?) <li>„ Noch ein Kilo Kartoffeln bitte.“ (One kilo of potatoes, please.)
  51. 51. „ Noch etwas?“ (Anything else?)
  52. 52. „ Nein danke, das ist alles.“ (No thanks, that's it.)
  53. 53. “ Das macht 24 Euro.” (That is 24 EUR)
  54. 54. „ Danke, auf Wiedersehen.“ (Thanks, goodbye.)
  55. 55. „ Auf Wiedersehen.“ (Goodbye.) </li></ul>
  56. 56. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing <ul>How about going out for dinner? Let's grab the phone and book a table for <li>Saturday night at Restaurant Krone:
  57. 57. “ Restaurant Krone, guten Tag. Mein Name ist Holger Wald, was kann ich für Sie
  58. 58. tun?” </li></ul>(Restaurant Krone, hello. My name is Holger Wald, how can I help you?) <ul>“ Donohue, guten Tag. Haben Sie noch einen Tisch frei für Samstag Abend, 19:00 <li>Uhr,
  59. 59. für zwei Personen?”
  60. 60. (Smith, hello. I'd like to book a table for two on Saturday night, 7 pm.)
  61. 61. “ Samstag, den dritten Juni?” (Saturday, June 3?)
  62. 62. “ Ja, genau.” (Yes, exactly.)
  63. 63. “ Einen Moment bitte... Ja, da haben wir noch etwas frei. Auf welchen Namen darf
  64. 64. ich den Tisch reservieren?”
  65. 65. (One moment, please... Okay, no problem. On what name may I book the table?) </li></ul>
  66. 66. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing “ Auf Anne Donohue, bitte.” (For Anne Donohue, please.) “ Wie schreibt man das?” (How is that spelled?) “ Anne: A-n-n-e. Donohue: D-o-n-o-h-u-e.” “ Gut, danke. Wie ist Ihre Telefonnummer?” (What is your phone number?) „ 0721 48895.“ „ Vielen Dank, Frau Donohue. Schönen Tag noch, auf Wiederhören.“ (Thanks a lot, Mrs. Donohue. Have a good day, goodbye.) „ Danke gleichfalls, auf Wiederhören.“ (Thanks, you too, bye.)
  67. 67. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing It's Saturday night, 7 pm, and you are entering the restaurant Krone together with your friend. “ Guten Abend, ein Tisch für zwei Personen?” (Good evening, a table for two?) “ Guten Abend, ja, gerne. Ich habe reserviert.” (Good evening, yes, please. Actually, I have booked a table.) “ Auf welchen Namen?” (On what name?) “ Anne Donohue.” “ Danke. Einen Moment bitte... Gut, bitte folgen Sie mir.” (Thanks. Just a moment, please... All right, please follow me.) The waiter will now escort you to your table. As you settle in, he or she might ask you: „ Hätten Sie gern einen Aperitif?“ (Would you care for an aperitive?) „ Nein, danke. Aber ich nehme gern ein Wasser.“ (No thanks, but I'd like to have some water.)
  68. 68. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing “ Mit oder ohne Kohlensäure?” (With or without gas?) “ Mit Kohlensäure, bitte.” (With gas, please.) Turning to your friend, the waiter might ask: “ Und für Sie?” (And what can I get you?) “ Einen Tee bitte. Haben Sie Jasmintee?” (Tea, please. Do you have jasmine tea?) “ Ja. Also einen Jasmintee und ein Wasser mit Kohlensäure. Danke.” (Yes. All right, one jasmin tea and one water with gas. Thank you..) Probably, the waiter has handed you the menu by now. If not, you can say: „ Die Karte bitte.“ (The menu please.) „ Bitte sehr.“ (You are welcome.) Now you can take your time browsing through the menu. The following slide will give you an overview over the basic terms.
  69. 69. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing Das Menü (set meal) Die Vorspeise (starter) Das Hauptgericht (main course) Das Dessert / der Nachtisch / die Nachspeise (dessert) Das Menü (set meal) Die Teigwaren (pasta) Der Salat (salad) Die Meeresfrüchte ( seafood) Die Krevette (shrimp) Der Reis (rice) Der Champagner (champaign) Der Wein (wine) Der Fruchtsaft (fruit juice) Der Tee (tea) Der Kaffee (coffee) Das Eis / in Switzerland: das Glacé (ice cream)
  70. 70. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing <ul>Do not be hesitant to ASK for anything on the menu you do not understand, <li>for example:
  71. 71. “ Entschuldigung, was genau ist ein Caesarsalat?” (Excuse me, what exactly is
  72. 72. a Ceasar salad?)
  73. 73. Once you have made your choice, you can say something like:
  74. 74. “ Ich möchte Menü eins, bitte.” (I'm going to have set meal number 1) , or:
  75. 75. “ Die Nudeln mit Krevetten, bitte.” (The shrimp pasta, please.)
  76. 76. Should you be unsure about how to pronounce a certain dish, you can simply say:
  77. 77. „ Ich nehme die Nummer 21, bitte.“ (I'll have number 21, please.)
  78. 78. For the salad, you most likely will be asked which sort of dressing you would prefer:
  79. 79. “ Nehmen Sie auch einen Salat?” (Would you like to have a salad?)
  80. 80. “ Ja, bitte.” (Yes, please.)
  81. 81. “ Französische oder italienische Sauce?” (French or Italian dressing?)
  82. 82. “ Französische Sauce, bitte.” (French, please.) </li></ul>
  83. 83. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing <ul>Once you have finished and the waiter returns to clear the table, you might want <li>to say:
  84. 84. “ Es war ganz wunderbar.” (It was delicious.)
  85. 85. Now, let's have a dessert. You might be asked: </li></ul><ul>“ Möchten Sie Kaffee oder Dessert?“ (Would you care for coffee or dessert?) </ul><ul><li>And you can either say “Ja, bitte” or “Nein, danke.“
  86. 86. Or you can ask:
  87. 87. “ Haben Sie eine Dessertkarte?” (Would you have a dessert menu?)
  88. 88. And once you have made your choice:
  89. 89. “ Ich nehme eine Latte macchiato und ein Stück Schwarzwälder, bitte.“
  90. 90. (I'll have a latte macchiato and a piece of black forest cake, please.)
  91. 91. “ Ich möchte einen Kaffee und einen Apfelkuchen, bitte.”
  92. 92. (For me a coffee and a piece of apple pie, please.) </li></ul><ul>“ Mit Sahne?” (With cream on top?) </ul><ul><li>“ Ja, bitte.” (Yes, please.) </li></ul>
  93. 93. LESSON 3 4) Restaurants: Booking a table and ordering the right thing <ul>So this was it – the meal was delicious, you handled everything in German and you <li>Have all reason to be proud of yourself. Congratulations!
  94. 94. Last but not least, let's ask for the bill:: </li></ul><ul>“ Die Rechnung, bitte“ (The bill, please.) </ul><ul><li>“ Zahlen Sie zusammen oder getrennt?” (Together or separate?) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Zusammen.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gut, das macht dann 68 Euro 50, bitte.“ (That is EUR 68.50, please.)
  95. 95. “ 72 Euro.”
  96. 96. “ Dankeschön!” (Thank you.)
  97. 97. “ Bitteschön!” (You are welcome.) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ich wünsche Ihnen noch einen schönen Abend.” (Have a good evening.)
  98. 98. “ Danke gleichfalls!” (You, too.)
  99. 99. (Giving tips between 5 and 10 % in restaurants is quite common – unless you are
  100. 100. Really not happy with the service.) </li></ul>
  101. 101. LESSON 3 5) What time is it? <ul>German has many different ways to indicate the time. But the good news is: <li>You do not have to know them all! Simply use the 24-hour clock:
  102. 102. “ Entschuldigung, wie viel Uhr ist es?“ (Excuse me, what time is it?)
  103. 103. “ Es ist 22:20 (spoken: 22 Uhr 20).” (It's 22:20.) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively, you can say:
  104. 104. “ Es ist .” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dankeschön!” (Thank you.)
  105. 105. “ Bitteschön!” (You are welcome.) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ich wünsche Ihnen noch einen schönen Abend.” (Have a good evening.)
  106. 106. “ Danke gleichfalls!” (You, too.) </li></ul>
  107. 107. <ul>LESSON 4 </ul>
  108. 108. LESSON 4 1) Your leisure time: What are your plans for the weekend? So, what do you like to do in your free time? What are your hobbys, what ary your favourive places to go? Imagine today is a Friday afternoon and you are having coffee with your colleagues or your friends. Everyone speaks about their plans for the weekend... “ Rick, was machst du am Wochenende?” (And you, Rick – what are you up to on the weekend?) “ Heute Abend sind wir bei Freunden zu einer Grillparty eingeladen. Morgen spiele ich Tennis und mähe den Rasen. Und am Sonntag haben wir Besuch: Meine Schwiegereltern kommen zum Mittagessen.” (Tonight, we are going to visit some friends for a barbecue. Tomorrow, I will play some tennis and mow the lawn. And on Sunday we got my parents-in-law over for lunch.)
  109. 109. LESSON 4 1) Your leisure time: What are your plans for the weekend? “ Und du, Monika - was machst du?” (And you, Monika – what are your plans?) “ Heute Abend gehe ich mit einer Freundin ins Schwimmbad. Morgen Nachmittag besuchen mein Freund und ich seine Eltern und am Sonntag gehen wir radfahren. Ach ja, und am Samstag muss ich noch das Haus putzen und ein wenig im Garten arbeiten. Laut Wetterbericht soll es ja schön werden am Wochenende.” (Tonight, I'll be going to the swimming pool with a friend. Tomorrow afternoon, my boyfriend and I will be visiting his Parents and on Sunday, we are going to go cycling. Oh yes, and on Saturday, I need to clean the house and work In the garden a little bit.) “ Ja, endlich soll es wieder warm und sonnig werden.“ (Yes, finally it's supposed to be warm and sunny again.)
  110. 110. LESSON 4 1) Your leisure time: What are your plans for the weekend? “ Ja, das stimmt. Also dann, schönes Wochenende!” (Yes, that's true. Ok then, have a good weekend!) “ Danke, du auch / ihr auch!” (Thanks, you (singular) / you (plural) too!) In German, speaking about the future is easy: You just use the present tense! However, You might want to add something like “Am Sonntag“, “heute Abend“ etc. in order to define when the respective action is going to take place. To be even more precise, you can use the following terms: Am Vormittag (in the morning) Am Mittag (around noon) Am Nachmittag (in the afternoon) Am Abend (in the evening) Am späten Abend (at night)
  111. 111. LESSON 4 2) Dealing with appointments: Your “to do” list Let's start with the days of the week and the months, that are fairly similar to English: Der Montag (Monday) Der Januar (January) Der Dienstag (Tuesday) Der Februar (February) Der Mittwoch (Wednesday) Der März (March) Der Donnerstag (Thursday) Der April (April) Der Freitag (Friday) Der Mai (May) Der Samstag (Saturday) Der Juni (June) Der Sonntag (Sunday) Der Juli (Juli) Der August (August) Der September (September) Der Oktober (October) Der November (November) Der Dezember (December)
  112. 112. LESSON 4 2) Dealing with appointments: Your “to do” list So, that was easy. Now it is all about getting the date right. To write down the date in German, you can go like this: 0 1.06.2010 (June 1, 2010) This is not the only possibility, but the easiest. “ Now, the way you would SAY that would be: “ Heute ist der erste Juni zweitausendzehn.” (Today is June 1, 2010.) Let's go through the entire month of June. Keep in mind that, although the written version never changes, the spoken one does: Der zweite Juni (June 2) der neunte Juni (June 9) Der dritte Juni (June 3) der zehnte Juni (June10) Der vierte Juni (June 4) der elfte Juni (June 11) Der fünfte Juni (June 5) der zwölfte Juni (June 12) Der sechste Juni (June 6) der dreizehnte Juni (June 13) Der siebte Juni (June 7) der vierzehnte Juni (June 14) Der achte Juni (June 8) der fünfzehnte Juni (June 15)
  113. 113. LESSON 4 2) Dealing with appointments: Your “to do” list Der sechzehnte Juni (June16) der vierundzwanzigste Juni (June 24) Der siebzehnte Juni (June 17) der fünfundzwanzigste Juni (June 25) Der achtzehnte Juni (June 18) der sechsundzwanzigste Juni (June 26) Der neunzehnte Juni (June 19) der siebenundzwanzigste Juni (June 27) Der zwanzigste Juni (June 20) der achtundzwanzigste Juni (June 28) der einundzwanzigste Juni (June 21) der neunundzwanzigste Juni (June 29) der zweiundzwanzigste Juni (June 22) der dreissigste Juni (June 30) der dreiundzwanzigste Juni (June 23)