Media History 4

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  • 1. Media History
      • 4 th session: Television
    Steen Christiansen [email_address]
  • 2. Television Culture
    • Space is broken down
      • Everyone sees the same, at the same time
      • Distance no longer relevant
      • Imagined community
  • 3. Television Culture
    • Time is organized by TV
      • We plan our lives around TV, when shows come on, etc
      • Shows are allocated according to “prime time”
  • 4. Television social activity
    • Raising kids
    • Family time in front of TV
    • Breaks for housewives
  • 5. Television Culture
    • Television needs to be disciplined
      • Shooting the TV
      • TV set placed in the corner, facing the wall
      • “TV intrudes upon our home”
  • 6. Television culture
    • TV reflects our preoccupations
      • We watch what we are interested in
      • Stay away from what we don’t care about
      • Disputed
    • TV is the dominant medium today
      • For younger generations, the Internet is taking over
  • 7. Institutions
    • Public service (BBC)
      • Educational
      • Democratic
      • “ Giving the people what they don’t know they want”
    • Commercial (ABC, HBO, etc)
      • Advertising
      • Consumer society
      • “Giving the people what they want”
  • 8. TV Programming
    • News
      • A sense of “liveness”
        • Lee Harvey Oswald
        • 9/11
  • 9. TV Programming
    • Fiction
      • Sit-coms
      • Dramas
      • Soaps
      • Etc
    • Targeted at different audiences
    • Reveal different cultural interests
      • Audiences are fragmented
      • Social activity lessened
  • 10. TV Programming
    • Talk shows
      • Oprah
      • The Daily Show
    • Debates
    • Documentaries
    • Game shows
    • Consumer programs
    • ‘Reality’ TV
  • 11. Celebrity Culture
    • Tabloid press on TV
    • “Production for destruction”
      • Britney Spears
  • 12. Christian Bale
  • 13. Christian Bale
  • 14. Christian Bale
  • 15. Media Events
    • Transparency
    • Enthralling
    • Shared experiences
    • Events move “into the air”
    • Aesthetics of television production
    • Political / ideological spectacle
  • 16. Media events
    • Diana’s death and funeral
    • The Olympics
      • Other sports events
    • History as process or events
  • 17. Media Events
    • Contest
      • Wars
      • Politics
    • Conquest
      • The Moon Landing
      • Elections
    • Coronation
      • Diana
      • JFK vs Nixon debates
  • 18. The Oscars
    • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
      • Industry award
      • Members are invited to join, not open membership
      • Invitations based on contribution
      • Membership not public
      • 6000 members may vote
  • 19. The Oscars
    • 1 st Academy Awards, 1929, Hotel Roosevelt
      • Awarding films for 1927 and 1928
      • Not open to the public, nor transmitted
      • Private dinner, audience about 250
    • Since the, it has been publicly broadcast
    • First by radio, then by TV
    • 1950: Illegal to sell an award
      • Who owns an Oscar?
    • 2004 – Awards moved to late February, early March to shorten lobbying
  • 20. The Oscars
    • First televised live in 1953 by NBC
    • 1960 – 1969 ABC
    • 1970 – 1975 NBC
    • 1976 – 2014 ABC (contract)
  • 21. Award audience (US)
    • 1998: Titanic – 57.25 million
    • 2003: Chicago – 33.04 million
    • 2004: Return of the King – 43.56 million
    • 2007: No Country for Old Men – 31.76 million
    • 2008: Slumdog Millionaire – 34.26 million
  • 22. Award categories
    • Production
      • Best Picture: 1927
      • Best Director: 1927
      • Best Original Screenplay: 1940
      • Best Adapted Screenplay: 1927
  • 23. Award categories
    • Acting
      • Best Actor/Actress in Leading Role: 1927
      • Best Actor/Actress in Supporting Role: 1936
  • 24. Award categories
    • Retired categories
      • Best Assistant Director: 1933 – 1937
      • Best Dance Direction: 1935 – 1937
  • 25. Biggest winners 11 / 12 11 / 14 11 / 11
  • 26. Hattie MacDaniel, Gone With the Wind (1940)
  • 27. Audrey Hepburn, Roman Holiday (1954)
  • 28. Marlon Brando, The Godfather (1973)
  • 29. Jack Nicholson, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1976)
  • 30. Halle Berry, Monster’s Ball (2002)
  • 31. Heath Ledger, The Dark Knight