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Media History 4
 

Media History 4

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    Media History 4 Media History 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Media History
        • 4 th session: Television
      Steen Christiansen [email_address]
    • Television Culture
      • Space is broken down
        • Everyone sees the same, at the same time
        • Distance no longer relevant
        • Imagined community
    • Television Culture
      • Time is organized by TV
        • We plan our lives around TV, when shows come on, etc
        • Shows are allocated according to “prime time”
    • Television social activity
      • Raising kids
      • Family time in front of TV
      • Breaks for housewives
    • Television Culture
      • Television needs to be disciplined
        • Shooting the TV
        • TV set placed in the corner, facing the wall
        • “TV intrudes upon our home”
    • Television culture
      • TV reflects our preoccupations
        • We watch what we are interested in
        • Stay away from what we don’t care about
        • Disputed
      • TV is the dominant medium today
        • For younger generations, the Internet is taking over
    • Institutions
      • Public service (BBC)
        • Educational
        • Democratic
        • “ Giving the people what they don’t know they want”
      • Commercial (ABC, HBO, etc)
        • Advertising
        • Consumer society
        • “Giving the people what they want”
    • TV Programming
      • News
        • A sense of “liveness”
          • Lee Harvey Oswald
          • 9/11
    • TV Programming
      • Fiction
        • Sit-coms
        • Dramas
        • Soaps
        • Etc
      • Targeted at different audiences
      • Reveal different cultural interests
        • Audiences are fragmented
        • Social activity lessened
    • TV Programming
      • Talk shows
        • Oprah
        • The Daily Show
      • Debates
      • Documentaries
      • Game shows
      • Consumer programs
      • ‘Reality’ TV
    • Celebrity Culture
      • Tabloid press on TV
      • “Production for destruction”
        • Britney Spears
    • Christian Bale
    • Christian Bale
    • Christian Bale
    • Media Events
      • Transparency
      • Enthralling
      • Shared experiences
      • Events move “into the air”
      • Aesthetics of television production
      • Political / ideological spectacle
    • Media events
      • Diana’s death and funeral
      • The Olympics
        • Other sports events
      • History as process or events
    • Media Events
      • Contest
        • Wars
        • Politics
      • Conquest
        • The Moon Landing
        • Elections
      • Coronation
        • Diana
        • JFK vs Nixon debates
    • The Oscars
      • The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
        • Industry award
        • Members are invited to join, not open membership
        • Invitations based on contribution
        • Membership not public
        • 6000 members may vote
    • The Oscars
      • 1 st Academy Awards, 1929, Hotel Roosevelt
        • Awarding films for 1927 and 1928
        • Not open to the public, nor transmitted
        • Private dinner, audience about 250
      • Since the, it has been publicly broadcast
      • First by radio, then by TV
      • 1950: Illegal to sell an award
        • Who owns an Oscar?
      • 2004 – Awards moved to late February, early March to shorten lobbying
    • The Oscars
      • First televised live in 1953 by NBC
      • 1960 – 1969 ABC
      • 1970 – 1975 NBC
      • 1976 – 2014 ABC (contract)
    • Award audience (US)
      • 1998: Titanic – 57.25 million
      • 2003: Chicago – 33.04 million
      • 2004: Return of the King – 43.56 million
      • 2007: No Country for Old Men – 31.76 million
      • 2008: Slumdog Millionaire – 34.26 million
    • Award categories
      • Production
        • Best Picture: 1927
        • Best Director: 1927
        • Best Original Screenplay: 1940
        • Best Adapted Screenplay: 1927
    • Award categories
      • Acting
        • Best Actor/Actress in Leading Role: 1927
        • Best Actor/Actress in Supporting Role: 1936
    • Award categories
      • Retired categories
        • Best Assistant Director: 1933 – 1937
        • Best Dance Direction: 1935 – 1937
    • Biggest winners 11 / 12 11 / 14 11 / 11
    • Hattie MacDaniel, Gone With the Wind (1940)
    • Audrey Hepburn, Roman Holiday (1954)
    • Marlon Brando, The Godfather (1973)
    • Jack Nicholson, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1976)
    • Halle Berry, Monster’s Ball (2002)
    • Heath Ledger, The Dark Knight