Media History 3
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Media History 3 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Media History
      • 3 rd session: Film, Hollywood and History
    Steen Christiansen [email_address]
  • 2. Early cinema history
    • Kinetoscope, peepshow
    • Lack of direction
    • Urban phenomenon
    • Language not a barrier
    • Cultural integration
      • Imagined community
    • Fixed-camera
  • 3. Movie Theaters
    • Industry
    • “Nickelodeon”
  • 4. Movie Industry
    • Production
    • Distribution
    • Exhibition
    • Vertical integration
    • Genres
    • Star system
  • 5. The Rise of Hollywood’s Studio System
    • LA, California and Hollywood
    • Double-billing
    • Popcorn
    • 1948 Supreme Court ended the studio system by ruling vertical integration illegal
    • ‘Peter Pan’ effect
  • 6. Film Industry and Technology
    • Sound
      • A challenge to Hollywood
      • Destroyed Danish cinema’s international appeal
    • Color
    • Cinemascope
    • The challenge of TV
    • SFX and CGI
    • 3D
  • 7. Controlling the Film Industry
    • Film is particularly persuasive?
    • MPPDA
      • Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America
    • MPPA
      • Motion Picture Association of America
    • Voluntary scrutiny
    • Production Code
    • Exploitation movies
  • 8. Film Production
    • Risky business
      • Theaters, DVD, TV, Planes, Hotels, etc
    • 90% of the revenue goes to the distribution company/production company
  • 9. The Film Form of Hollywood
    • 180 degree rules
    • Coherent narrative
    • Specific narrative development
    • The Hollywood style determines general expectations of films
  • 10. Hollywood Canonic Narration
    • “Normalized options” (Bordwell 1985, 156)
    • Psychologically defined characters
    • Conflict
    • Clear goals or problems
    • Decisive resolution
  • 11. Basic plot
    • Initial stage gets violated and must be set right
    • Undisturbed
    • Disturbance introduced
    • Struggle
    • Disturbance eliminated
  • 12. Double causal structure
    • Romantic relationship
    • Other sphere: work, war,quest, mission, etc
    • Distinct but interdependent
  • 13. Movies and Culture
    • What is film’s connection to culture?
    • How have different styles, narratives, genres, etc been used at different times in history?
  • 14. The Dominance of Hollywood Films Today
    • WWI
      • American companies untouched by war could keep producing movies
    • WWII
      • Targeting own national audience, international audiences only add extra money
    • 80% of movies in Denmark are American/Hollywood
  • 15. Independent movies
    • Sundance
    • Film festivals in general
    • Distribution changes
      • Juno