Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Media History 1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Media History 1

632
views

Published on

Published in: Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
632
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Media History
      • Overview and 1 st session
    Steen Christiansen [email_address]
  • 2. What is this course?
    • Basic knowledge of media history in English-speaking nations
    • The convergence of media, media products and the movements of cultural history
    • The connection between media and media technology
    • Placing a media product in both a media historical context and a cultural historical context
    • Understanding the context and meaning of media products
  • 3. Exam essay
    • Six page assignment
    • Choose one from a list of questions
    • Last session will be an exam workshop
  • 4. Sample questions
    • Give a brief outline of the history of the domestic sitcom and also give a more detailed description of a notable series from this genre. Your answer should also contextualize the development of this genre within the cultural history of the family.
    Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny
  • 5. Sample questions
    • Describe the monster figure through the history of horror. Try to explain how the monster changes against the background of history and cultural history.
    Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny
  • 6. Sample questions
    • How does the Web 2.0 concept relate to the earlier history of the Internet?
    Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny
  • 7. Sample questions
    • Describe an example of subsequent (in later times) mediations of Shakespeare’s original texts, and relate the mediation to the period in which similar mediations were produced.
    Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny
  • 8. Definitions and questions
    • What are media?
    • What is history?
    • What is media history?
  • 9. What are media?
    • Communication tools
    • Technology
    • Extensions of man (McLuhan)
  • 10. What is history?
    • Description
    • Explanation
    • Cause and effect
  • 11. What is media history?
    • The realization that context is significant
    • Mass media and its impact (CT: 224)
      • Implies a fear of the masses / hegemony (CT: 164)
      • Culture industry and ideology (CT: 103)
    • Democratizing and increasing freedom
      • The press as watchdog
      • Increased contact with the world
  • 12. Media history as description and explanation
    • Chronology
      • Listing events is a description
      • It does not explain
      • Provides overview but not insight
  • 13. Media history as description and explanation
    • Causality
      • Causality begins to locate the causes and reasons for change
      • Explanation rather than description
      • Individual causes
        • ‘Great men of history’
      • Groups causes
        • Institutions , movements, schools
  • 14. Media history as description and explanation
    • Influence
      • Influence is a broad, vague term but does not imply plagiarism
      • It emphasizes structures and patterns across time
      • It also emphasizes developments and improvements
      • It connects to intertextuality but in a broader way than simply texts.
        • The Vertigo shot re-used in Jaws and since then in many, many other movies.
  • 15. Media history as description and explanation
    • Trends and generalizations
      • Trends are smaller developments that never form movements or schools
      • They come from a desire to generalize and gain a view of the big picture
  • 16. Media history as description and explanation
    • Periods
      • Periods are man-made, they are not natural
      • They are useful, however, to describe changes
  • 17. Media history as description and explanation
    • Significance
      • Intrinsic
        • It is a great work of art and has intrinsic value
        • Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy
      • Influence
        • The media product had a huge impact on later products
        • The Flintstones
      • Typicality
        • Maybe not the best or even good, but a good example of the genre or type
        • Zombie Flesh Eaters
  • 18. Explanatory frameworks
    • Biographical
    • Industrial or economic
    • Aesthetic
    • Technological
    • Socio-cultural
  • 19. History of the book and its impact on society
    • Books didn't arise with printing, earliest books were hand-written
    • Writing was craftmanship, not art and scribes were not regarded as special
    • Oral culture was the dominant
  • 20. History of the book and its impact on society
    • Johann Gutenberg invented moveable type which allowed for fast printing presses
    • Before, specific blocks had to be carved
  • 21. History of the book and its impact on society
    • The printing press changed many things.
    • Quick, poor-quality copies were disseminated of new works, which meant there was little reason for printers to produce books.
    • This required legislation and publishers soon gained control over book printing.
  • 22. History of the book and its impact on society
    • However, in 1710 in England, rights were given to authors rather than publishers
    • This is what lead to copyright protection and formed the basis of all copyright law since then.
  • 23. The Reformation and its impact
    • The printing press allowed for easier production of pamphlets and translated Bibles
    • It also meant that it was difficult to silence Martin Luther
    • The information monopoly is slowly destroyed
    • Propaganda and censorship becomes part of print culture
    • Privatizes the religious experience to reading at home
  • 24. Early public sphere
    • “critical public debates of political matters” (Jurgen Habermas)
    • Public opinion is shared by reading pamphlets aloud
    • People engage in the political process, but the earliest public sphere was religious
  • 25. Effect of book technology
    • Print requires that written language becomes standardized
    • Books also establish linearity, from beginning to end
    • Books also establish authority
    • Hand-writing begins to take on significance as something original
  • 26. Wiliam Shakespeare’s First Folio
    • No original manuscripts of Shakespeare’s have ever been found
    • The Folios vary in content, and allows for the possibility of tampering
    • More than one Shakespeare?
  • 27. Books and gender
    • Early novels are seen as invading private space
    • Women read novels and stop doing their chores
    • Novels are clearly dangerous and no good
    • Female writers often have to use pseudonyms to write
      • George Elliot
  • 28. Books become popular
    • Dime novels
    • Books published in magazines, one chapter at a time
      • Dickens
    • Reading becomes a popular passtime
  • 29. Books and technology
    • The introduction of the typewriter changes the book
    • Hand-writing and hand-written manuscripts lose their currency
    • The process of writing becomes different
  • 30. Jack Kerouac’s original scroll
  • 31. Books become literary culture
    • With the advent of radio and TV, books gain a different status
    • They become prestigious, in the right formats
    • Books become a special, separate field with awards, juries and bestsellers
    • Books become literary culture
  • 32. Literary culture
    • The death of the novel is proclaimed several times over
    • Authors begin to experiment with typography, images, color, paper, etc
    • More and more books are produced – fewer, and fewer are read
    • Self-publishing becomes popular
    • Kindle and other devices try to replace the book
    • Copyright becomes an issue again