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the Brazilian Broadband Policy

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    the Brazilian Broadband Policy the Brazilian Broadband Policy Presentation Transcript

    • A report on the Brazilian Broadband Policy Lima, 20th of November of 2010 Gabriel Boavista Laender University of Brasília (UnB) Telecommunication Law Study Group (Getel) www.getel.org
    • This presentation: an overview of the reasonsand means of the Brazilian National BroadbandPlan
    • The broadband plan is yet too recent... September 25th, 2009 Broadband Plan Task June 23rd, 2010 Force Connected Brazil Forum May 12th, 2010 October 3rd, 2010 Broadband Program Decree Presidential electionsAnd its implementation began in a politicaltroublesome environment.
    • A brief overview of broadband in Brazil...
    • Broadband penetration (fixed only) 6% Fixed access No access 94% Source: Teleco (2010) IDG (2010)
    • Broadband Penetration (fixed and mobile) 6% 2% Fixed access No access Mobile access (3G modem only) 92% Source: Teleco (2010) IDG (2010)
    • Source: NIC.br (2009)
    • Fonte: NIC.br (2009)
    • Few urban centers concentrate most technological options Originally from Atlas Teletime (2009)
    • Penetration rates are higher in the South, Southeast and Center-West Regions Originally from Atlas Teletime (2009)
    • Main operators
    • Mergers and acquisitions resulted in:
    • Relative price of broadband1 2,5x 2,7x 5x Source: IPEA (2010)
    • 3+ operators = price x1 operator = price 3x J.P. Morgan (2009)
    • Belford RoxoNb. operators: 1Price: R$ 110 30 minute drive Rio de Janeiro Nb. operators: 4+ Price: R$ 40
    • The poor have to pay more for the same service
    • The Broadband Plan
    • 3 different challengesSpeed Price Coverage
    • 2 bottlenecks
    • Backbone Backhaul Access - last mile
    • Backhaulpoints ofpresence•PoPsimplementedbefore 2007•PoPsimplemented asresult of newuniversal serviceobligations dueby the end of2010 Source:
    • Access networks Transport networks Operator A Operator B Operator C
    • Backbone Backhaul Access - last mile
    • New 3G auction (Band H) 3,5 GHz auction? 450 MHz auction
    • • Simple, convergent rulesConvergence • Removal of barriers of entry
    • Regulatory approach that enables new businessmodels.
    • And: a revival of a famous state owned company
    • Stateintervention
    • Why use a state owned company? • National security • Public procurement rules provide a good source for benchmark regulation • Systemic planning of public facilities (eg. roads, railways, electric grids) • More flexible alternative to implement public-private partnerships • Less intrusive deverticalization as a means to develop a more competitive wholesale market
    • What can´t be done with Telebrás?
    • The limits of • No discrimination by regulation against privately owned companies - except on public procurement of broadband services • It is forbidden by law to establish subsidiaries • It is forbidden by regulation to provide access (last mile) other than to Government - except on cases where a 12 ministry committee evaluates there is no reasonable offer
    • What is expected of ?
    • will• provide broadband to Government agencies, - federal, state and municipal.• connect research facilities, hospitals, community centers and places of public interest to digital inclusion.• offer wholesale access to backhaul and IP connectivity to all other providers, at nondiscriminatory conditions  improve competition  deploy a nation wide broadband bundle of at least 512 kbps at less than U$ 15
    • Thank you. Gabriel Boavista Laender University of Brasília (UnB) Telecommunication Law Study Group (Getel) www.getel.org