the Brazilian Broadband Policy

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the Brazilian Broadband Policy

  1. 1. A report on the Brazilian Broadband Policy Gabriel Boavista Laender University of Brasília (UnB) Telecommunication Law Study Group (Getel) www.getel.org Lima, 20th of November of 2010
  2. 2. This presentation: an overview of the reasons and means of the Brazilian National Broadband Plan
  3. 3. September 25th, 2009 Broadband Plan Task Force May 12th, 2010 Broadband Program Decree June 23rd, 2010 Connected Brazil Forum October 3rd, 2010 Presidential elections The broadband plan is yet too recent... And its implementation began in a political troublesome environment.
  4. 4. A brief overview of broadband in Brazil...
  5. 5. Broadband penetration (fixed only) 6% 94% Fixed access No access Source: Teleco (2010) IDG (2010)
  6. 6. Broadband Penetration (fixed and mobile) 6% 92% 2% Fixed access No access Mobile access (3G modem only) Source: Teleco (2010) IDG (2010)
  7. 7. Source: NIC.br (2009)
  8. 8. Fonte: NIC.br (2009)
  9. 9. Few urban centers concentrate most technological options OriginallyfromAtlasTeletime(2009)
  10. 10. Penetration rates are higher in the South, Southeast and Center-West Regions OriginallyfromAtlasTeletime(2009)
  11. 11. Main operators
  12. 12. Mergers and acquisitions resulted in:
  13. 13. 1 2,5x 2,7x 5x Relative price of broadband Source: IPEA (2010)
  14. 14. 3+ operators = price x 1 operator = price 3x J.P. Morgan (2009)
  15. 15. Belford Roxo Nb. operators: 1 Price: R$ 110 Rio de Janeiro Nb. operators: 4+ Price: R$ 40 30 minute drive
  16. 16. The poor have to pay more for the same service
  17. 17. The Broadband Plan
  18. 18. 3 different challenges Speed Price Coverage
  19. 19. 2 bottlenecks
  20. 20. Backbone Backhaul Access - last mile
  21. 21. Backhaul points of presence •PoPs implemented before 2007 •PoPs implemented as result of new universal service obligations due by the end of 2010 Source:
  22. 22. Operator A Operator B Operator C Access networks Transport networks
  23. 23. Backbone Backhaul Access - last mile
  24. 24. ? New 3G auction (Band H) 3,5 GHz auction 450 MHz auction
  25. 25. Convergence • Simple, convergent rules • Removal of barriers of entry
  26. 26. Regulatory approach that enables new business models.
  27. 27. And: a revival of a famous state owned company
  28. 28. State intervention
  29. 29. Why use a state owned company? • National security • Public procurement rules provide a good source for benchmark regulation • Systemic planning of public facilities (eg. roads, railways, electric grids) • More flexible alternative to implement public-private partnerships • Less intrusive deverticalization as a means to develop a more competitive wholesale market
  30. 30. What can´t be done with Telebrás?
  31. 31. The limits of • No discrimination by regulation against privately owned companies - except on public procurement of broadband services • It is forbidden by law to establish subsidiaries • It is forbidden by regulation to provide access (last mile) other than to Government - except on cases where a 12 ministry committee evaluates there is no reasonable offer
  32. 32. What is expected of ?
  33. 33. will • provide broadband to Government agencies, - federal, state and municipal. • connect research facilities, hospitals, community centers and places of public interest to digital inclusion. • offer wholesale access to backhaul and IP connectivity to all other providers, at nondiscriminatory conditions improve competition deploy a nation wide broadband bundle of at least 512 kbps at less than U$ 15
  34. 34. Thank you. Gabriel Boavista Laender University of Brasília (UnB) Telecommunication Law Study Group (Getel) www.getel.org

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