Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending - Roxana Barrantes
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Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending - Roxana Barrantes

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Presentación de Roxana Barrantes "Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending" para el taller de DIRSI "El rol del ...

Presentación de Roxana Barrantes "Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending" para el taller de DIRSI "El rol del estado en la promoción de la banda ancha". Lima (Perú), 19 de mayo de 2011.

Roxana Barrante's presentation "Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending" for the DIRSI Workshop "The role of the state in the promotion of the broadband". Lima (Peru), May 19th 2011.

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  • Capítulo IV: Gestión pública
  • Capítulo IV: Gestión pública

Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending - Roxana Barrantes Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending - Roxana Barrantes Presentation Transcript

  • Broadband policies and policies geared towards universal access in telecommunications services in Latin America. Agenda pending Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos Diálogo Regional sobre Sociedad de la Información
    • Jordán, V. Galperin, H. y Paredes, W. (2010), Acelerando la revolución digital: banda ancha para América Latina y el Caribe , CEPAL, http://www.eclac.cl/cgi-bin/getProd.asp?xml=/publicaciones/xml/7/41727/P41727.xml&xsl=/ddpe/tpl/p9f.xsl&base=/elac2015/tpl/top-bottom.xsl
    • Barrantes, R. y Agüero, A. (2010), El acceso universal a las telecomunicaciones y su vínculo con las políticas de banda ancha en América Latina, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/832
    • Barrantes, R. y Agüero, A. (2010), Desarrollo de la banda ancha en la región andina: Estudio comparativo de Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/864
    • Barrantes, R. y Agüero, A. (2010), Estudio sobre la Banda Ancha en Perú, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/865
    • Albornoz, M. y Agüero, A. (2011), El estado de la Banda Ancha en Ecuador, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/849
    • Barrantes, R. (2010), Políticas de desarrollo de Banda Ancha, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/863
    • Aranha, M. Laender, G. Fernandez de Lima, L y Gomes, A (2010), Políticas de administración del espectro y acceso universal a las comunicaciones. El caso de Brasil, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/661
    • Flores-Roux, E. Mariscal, J. y Aldama, F. (2010), Política de Generación de Infraestructura de Telecomunicaciones en México: Una Crítica, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/592
    • Flores-Roux, E. y Mariscal, J. (2010), Oportunidades y desafíos de la banda ancha móvil, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/830
    • Galperin, H. y Ruzzier, C. (2010), Las tarifas de banda ancha: benchmarking y análisis, DIRSI, http://dirsi.net/node/828
    • Motivation
    • Regulatel 2006 Study
    • 2010: Bandwidth
    • Bandwidth and Universal access: Challenges
    Contents
  • Compared to the OECD or to key countries worldwide, as a region and on a per-country basis, Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) lag behind. Internal inequalities in access to services 1. Motivation
  • Fixed telephony
  • Fixed telephony
  • Mobile telephony
  • Mobile telephony
  • Access to the Internet
  • Access to the Internet
  • Subscribers to Broadband connections
  • Internal gap: Internet access by richer HH is 47 times access by the poorest HH By income quintile Source: ECLAC/CEPAL, Information Society Observatory, based on national HH surveys. Most recent year avaiable.
  • Supply gap: Lack of coverage Internet access by urban/rural HH Source: ECLAC/CEPAL, Information Society Observatory, based on national HH surveys. Most recent year avaiable.
  • I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X Internet Decil de ingreso Televisión de paga Telefonía fija Telefonía móvil Fuente: INEGI, ENIGH 2008 Mexico
  • Peru Porcentaje de hogares con tel é fono fijo, celular, TV cable e Internet seg ú n deciles (% del decil) Fuente: ENAHO 2009
  • Peru: Internet use by Income Decile Enaho 2008
    • With liberalization and privatization, and given LAC economic inequality, policy credibility relied on designing and implementing some kind of Universal Access Policy.
    • Access vs Service: Different set of policies and resources
    • Regulatel 2006 Study
      • Gap Model
      • Policies
    2. Regulatel Study
  • Gap model
  • Gaps by country - Mobile
  • Gaps by country - Broadband
  • 2006- Several arrangements to finance universal access
    • Ad hoc Funds and/or Tresury
      • 12 out of 19 Regulatel member countries: Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Perú y República Dominicana.
    • Costa Rica and Uruguay –State-led initiatives
    • Neither arrangement per se guarantees goal achievements.
      • Brasil, Chile
    • - Institutions and management are key
  • Broadband is the cool word in telecommunications Access to the Internet dominates the discussion Broadband ecosystem: Infrastructure Contents Appropriation 3. 2010 -Broadband
  • Broadband ecosystem Source: Jordán y De León 2010
  • Broadband:useful for the provision of social services Source: Jordán y De León 2010
  • Universal Access policies have focused on the so-called “basic” services Public Internet Access included in few of them –implemented even in fewer countries! Broadband policies: design stage Internet access or Digital policies abound Money accumulated in funds –pale when gauged against the goal. 4. Broadband and Universal Access: Challenges
  • What kind of policies are we talking about?
    • Broadband development policies must be comprehensive.
    • Must tackle broadband development not only as an engineering problem but as a problem of human development.
    • The vision of broadband development is that of an ecosystem comprising:
      • conectivity / Infrastructure
      • Applications / Contents
      • Use / Appropriation
  • Broadband policies in LAC
    • Fiber Optic bid in Mexico
    • Spectrum management policies in Brasil
    • National Broadband development policies
  • Resources currently available in funds
  • Changes in UA financing policies
    • Recently created funds in Costa Rica, Bolivia and Panama
    • Mexico: discussion about setting up a fund.
    • Changes in source of funds: Argentina, Guatemala, and Paraguay.
    • Change of goal in Colombia.
    • Change of administrator in Peru
  • ICT Regulation Kit from infoDev and UIT – backbone
    • Open existing networks to competitors and wholesale offerings.
    • UA funds should be used to build backbone infrastructures.
    • Infrastructure sharing is important –coverage expansion to poor areas could be easen by cost sharing.
  • Thanks! [email_address] www.dirsi.net