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Next-Generation Knowledge Building          Environments        Knowledge Building Team        SI 2011, July 9-10, Guangzh...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
One discourse, multiple access  pointsPresent situation: Separate discourses with some ability to  link-- Facebook, Twitt...
One discourse, multiple access  pointsImproved technology: Discourse contributions originate in various sources --  Faceb...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Central Role of Knowledge-BuildingDiscourse Collaborative knowledge building takes place in the discourse  among collabor...
   Dialogue about the dialogue                      How well it is progressingMeta-Dialogue         What progress we ha...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Open Educational Resources  (OERs) as objects of inquiry Educational Resources (OERs) are rich in knowledge-building  pos...
Open Educational Resources (OERs) as objects of inquiryTypical: discourse environment separated from the object to be disc...
Knowledge Forum within OLI course Similar to the Java-based version of Knowledge Forum, the new  version also presents th...
Students Presented Their      Theories“ I thought (with spin), if I went 180degree, I gained more momentum,    I would be ...
Context   In this project, we hope to achieve meaningful connections (more   then just citing examples, observing movement...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Scaffold
Scaffold Tracker
Detection of “ways of contributing” basedon student-created scaffolds
THEORIZING                                    Q. Will light go through different colourQUESTIONING                        ...
“EFFECTIVE DIALOGUE”SCIENCE                          HISTORY
Future directions “Dynamic promotion” of scaffolds Epistemic agency in tagging and creating the  metadiscourse
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Promising Ideas tool Design-based research (Brown, 1992; Collins, 1992)                                                  ...
Promising Ideas list:Promising Ideas tool   1. Promising ideas listed                       2. Choose a specific color lis...
Export ideas to a new view                               Export selected                             ideas to a new view
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
A Workspace Dedicated to IdeasCurrent situation: Knowledge Forum views are workspaces for building  on, linking, synthesiz...
A Workspace Dedicated to Ideas Note space may become crowded Different notes embody same idea Single note may contain m...
A Workspace Dedicated to IdeasSingle note projected on to multiple ideas that it contains                        Visual fr...
A Workspace Dedicated to Ideas Single idea abstracted from multiple notes Ideas linked to ideas, independent of note lin...
Operations in the idea space Identifying “big” and/or “promising” ideas Metacognitive layer: ideas about ideas “Rising ...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Rise Above:Rich and abundant visualization mechanisms that enable to see avariety of “metacognitive views” (Brown & Campio...
Rise above:Visualization mechanisms that enable rise above across media,web and forum contents Top = Comments in online p...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Ubiquitous theory-buildingTheory-building is important not only in STEM but also  in history, social studies, literature ...
Ubiquitous theory-buildingEven young children can build theories They produce explanations to account for facts. They ab...
Ubiquitous theory-buildingTo support theory-building, support knowledge-building  dialogue--for instance, with sentence-op...
Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to    allow all of the valu...
Researchers, educators, andprogrammers are invited to join inbuilding an open-source next-generationknowledge building env...
Next-Generation Knowledge Building Environments
Next-Generation Knowledge Building Environments
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Next-Generation Knowledge Building Environments

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This is presented at 2011 Knowledge Building Summer Institute hosted in Guangzhou, China, as an important event after CSCL 2011. By going through ten important aspects that might help define next-generation knowledge-building environment, presenters invited all participants to contribute their ideas about how to make knowledge-building environment better.

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Transcript of "Next-Generation Knowledge Building Environments"

  1. 1. Next-Generation Knowledge Building Environments Knowledge Building Team SI 2011, July 9-10, Guangzhou, China
  2. 2. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Promising ideas Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  3. 3. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Promising ideas Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment
  4. 4. One discourse, multiple access pointsPresent situation: Separate discourses with some ability to link-- Facebook, Twitter, text messages, online forum, email, smart board, Moodle, etc., etc. Little sustained discourse in any medium
  5. 5. One discourse, multiple access pointsImproved technology: Discourse contributions originate in various sources -- Facebook, Twitter, text messages, online forum, email, wikies, smart board, Moodle, videoconference, etc., etc. They are transmitted to a cloud-based knowledge building environment where more complex knowledge operations are carried out. Results of these operations can be retrieved and responded to in the various media but sustained collaborative work gets its main support in the knowledge building environment.
  6. 6. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Promising ideas Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment
  7. 7. Central Role of Knowledge-BuildingDiscourse Collaborative knowledge building takes place in the discourse among collaborators. Research, private reflection, etc. contribute to collaborative knowledge building only insofar as they contribute to the discourse. Understand knowledge-building discourse and you understand knowledge building. Improve the discourse and you improve knowledge building.
  8. 8.  Dialogue about the dialogue  How well it is progressingMeta-Dialogue  What progress we have made  Where it is heading  What is hampering progress  Personal and interpersonal considerations as well as cognitve  Does everyone have a chance to be heard?  How are turns being taken?  Are people listening to each other?  Should some parts of the dialogue model be getting more attention?
  9. 9. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Promising ideas dea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  10. 10. Open Educational Resources (OERs) as objects of inquiry Educational Resources (OERs) are rich in knowledge-building possibilities. However, users of OERs tend to be isolated from each other and from collaborative knowledge building. Carnegie-Mellon University develops a new Knowledge Forum client to bring students into collaborative knowledge building in Open Learning Initiative courses.
  11. 11. Open Educational Resources (OERs) as objects of inquiryTypical: discourse environment separated from the object to be discussed and improved.
  12. 12. Knowledge Forum within OLI course Similar to the Java-based version of Knowledge Forum, the new version also presents the discourse space in a visual way, in contrast to the widely-used threaded discussion environment. The interface features two basic components: views and notes.
  13. 13. Students Presented Their Theories“ I thought (with spin), if I went 180degree, I gained more momentum, I would be able to go further.” „I thought I would go further if I went higher but…‟
  14. 14. Context In this project, we hope to achieve meaningful connections (more then just citing examples, observing movements) between Science and Physical Education. The lesson design emerged according to students’ initiations to navigate between the content and experiences in both curriculum, between individual reflection and collaborative knowledge building.Ben, Physical Education Teacher,“How do you improve your longjump?”look at your own long jump ...Richard, Science Teacher,„How do you know that affects yourjump?”
  15. 15. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Promising ideas Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  16. 16. Scaffold
  17. 17. Scaffold Tracker
  18. 18. Detection of “ways of contributing” basedon student-created scaffolds
  19. 19. THEORIZING Q. Will light go through different colourQUESTIONING paper and change colour?OBTAINING EVIDENCE Q. What happens when light hits aWORKING WITH EVIDENCE blackboard?SUPPORTING DISCUSSION T. When purple part of light hits aSYNTHESIZE, COMPARE, “RISE-ABOVE” purple flower, it illuminates it.F. I found out that when light T. When light hits a green object, onlyhits a non- transparent object it green part of light keeps going, the restmakes a different colour but it fades and is not used.doesn’t keep going.
  20. 20. “EFFECTIVE DIALOGUE”SCIENCE HISTORY
  21. 21. Future directions “Dynamic promotion” of scaffolds Epistemic agency in tagging and creating the metadiscourse
  22. 22. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Promising ideas Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  23. 23. Promising Ideas tool Design-based research (Brown, 1992; Collins, 1992) Identifying ideas: 1. Click 2. Choose a color 3. Highlight an idea 4. The idea gets highlighted and goes to the box
  24. 24. Promising Ideas list:Promising Ideas tool 1. Promising ideas listed 2. Choose a specific color list 3. Number of hits 4. Link backwards to notes
  25. 25. Export ideas to a new view Export selected ideas to a new view
  26. 26. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Promising ideas Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  27. 27. A Workspace Dedicated to IdeasCurrent situation: Knowledge Forum views are workspaces for building on, linking, synthesizing, and adding to notes.
  28. 28. A Workspace Dedicated to Ideas Note space may become crowded Different notes embody same idea Single note may contain multiple ideas Visual from “The Birth of a Word” by Deb Roy
  29. 29. A Workspace Dedicated to IdeasSingle note projected on to multiple ideas that it contains Visual from “The Birth of a Word” by Deb Roy
  30. 30. A Workspace Dedicated to Ideas Single idea abstracted from multiple notes Ideas linked to ideas, independent of note linkages Visual from “The Birth of a Word” by Deb Roy
  31. 31. Operations in the idea space Identifying “big” and/or “promising” ideas Metacognitive layer: ideas about ideas “Rising above”: Synthesizing, creating a higher-order layer of ideas Visual from “The Birth of a Word” by Deb Roy
  32. 32. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Promising ideas Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  33. 33. Rise Above:Rich and abundant visualization mechanisms that enable to see avariety of “metacognitive views” (Brown & Campione, 1996) on anunfolding discourse, and the interaction between social and cognitivepatternsSocial hot-spots Wordscapes Sematic SpacesVisuals from the TED talk (“The Birth of a Word” by Deb Roy)
  34. 34. Rise above:Visualization mechanisms that enable rise above across media,web and forum contents Top = Comments in online public spaces Links between the two = LSA Visual from the TED talk (“The Birth of a Word” by Deb Bottom = promising ideas Roy)
  35. 35. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Promising ideas Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  36. 36. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Promising ideas Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  37. 37. Ubiquitous theory-buildingTheory-building is important not only in STEM but also in history, social studies, literature Theory-building produces explanations of historical events, social conditions. Theory-building produces interpretations of literary and artistic works. Theory-building aims at explanatory coherence (Thagard). Explanatory coherence includes emotional coherence.
  38. 38. Ubiquitous theory-buildingEven young children can build theories They produce explanations to account for facts. They abandon theories in the face of evidence. They can recognize one theory as doing a better job of explaining than another. Young children demonstrate an epistemology superior to that of the average adult--to whom theories are beliefs that lack conclusive proof. But… working to improve a theory does not come naturally and requires external support.
  39. 39. Ubiquitous theory-buildingTo support theory-building, support knowledge-building dialogue--for instance, with sentence-openers: Looking more deeply into this problem… This idea can be improved by… This concept (distinction, analogy, hypothesis) helps to… This idea is worth working on because … Something else this idea might explain is … Another way to look at this is... Putting these ideas together …
  40. 40. Outline of main ideas One discourse, multiple access points: flexible import-export functions to allow all of the valued ideas and artifacts to be incorporated into a coherent knowledge building discourse. Meta-discourse: discourse about the discourse Any media object treatable as an object of inquiry Promising ideas Support for tagging, citing and referencing work in the collective space for idea evolution Idea spaces--in addition to people spaces, document, or message spaces: shared, user-configured design spaces for collective knowledge advance Rise above: ways to represent higher-order organizations of ideas and to signal the rising status for improved ideas Embedded, concurrent, and transformative assessment Support for ubiquitous theory-building Support for self-organization that goes beyond division of labor
  41. 41. Researchers, educators, andprogrammers are invited to join inbuilding an open-source next-generationknowledge building environmentembodying principles discussed here:

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