Like 3D scanning, the business for 3D printing has evolved dramatically over the past 20 years. Today there are dozens of different scanning and printing technologies, scores of different scanning systems and printing materials, and hundreds of amazing applications for each. Scanning and printing has become critical in the fields of aerospace, automotive, architecture, and for many other industrial and consumer applications. As the digital world drives demand for more 3D content, both scanning and printing will play an increasingly important role in the accurate documentation of historic artifacts and sites; building, monuments and sculpture; and even movie and medical applications. Using a series of compelling case studies, this presentation will highlight the evolution, current capabilities, and future possibilities for realizing the potential of 3D scanning for 3D printing. Discussion will also include background and observations on the business of 3D scanning and printing and clues to leveraging the explosion of 3D for other downstream design, analysis, and visualization demands.