Getting Open Data Used

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Presentation at Data Days 2014 in Ghent on 19 February 2014

Published in: Technology

Getting Open Data Used

  1. 1. Getting Open Data Used Andrew Stott Expert Adviser, Citadel on the Move Project formerly Director, data.gov.uk Gent, Belgium 19 Feb 2014 @dirdigeng andrew.stott@dirdigeng.com
  2. 2. Triple Objectives Objectives of Open Data More Transparent Government Improved public services New Economic and Social Value 2
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  5. 5. Open Data as a Transport Investment in London  ~500 Applications (mobile, web, others)  ~5000 people involved in “app industry”  As a transport project alone, evaluated by usual economic criteria: ROI = 58:1  Transport For London have stopped making their own apps 5
  6. 6. Anonymised medical prescription data  Used experts in  Health  Data Analytics  Analysed 35m data records  8 weeks  £200m+/yr savings  Repeatable  Could scale to £1.5bn 6
  7. 7. National Information Infrastructure 7
  8. 8. Denmark: Open Address Data Period Benefits Costs Return on Investment 2004-09 >€60m (including setup) ~€2m 22:1 2010 (steady state) ~€0.2m 70:1 ~€14.0m 8
  9. 9. Cadastral data estate agents/ realtors Financial services builders and other local services 9
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  11. 11. $930m business from Open Data  Weather for 1m points  60 years of crop yield data  14 TB of soil data  Company formed in 2006  Sold to Monsanto October 2013 for $930m cash 11
  12. 12. Roadworks Data Councils:  Cost £0.7m a year  Benefits £6.3m a year  Fiscal ROI 9:1 Overall value  Wider benefits of additional £19m a year.  Overall ROI 28:1 12
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  15. 15. Case Study: Statistics Germany Users: +1800% Downloads: +800% 15
  16. 16. Deloitte POPSIS Case Studies Case Data Type Country Increase BEV Mapping AT Downloads: +200% to +7,000% DECA Addresses DK Uers: +10,000% Destatis Statistics DE Users: +1800% Downloads: +800% IGNCNIG Mapping ES Volume: +200% Users: +200% KNMI Weather NL Users: +1000% Met.No Weather NO Users: +3000% Spanish Cadaster Cadastral ES Downloads: +800% to +1900% 16
  17. 17. Performance of individual hospitals Patient ratings 12+ Weeks MRSA-free Blood clots 2 recent MRSA Low Mortality Good C-Diff record 17
  18. 18. Performance of local police and courts 18
  19. 19. Open Data used to drive Citizen Engagement Accessible data on crime It’s very local Local team How YOU can get involved Local police Twitter feed Telephone, website, Facebook and Youtube …. Attract Inform Engage Action 19
  20. 20. “ “Police.uk is a success story” “I am constantly afraid of becoming a victim of crime, but this website has made me more relaxed now that I know what has happened and where. Crimes are not quite as rife in my area as I imagined. I also feel that I have some sort of link now with my local police. Well done” “The new 'Draw Your Own Area' function is a vast improvement which will allow regular comparisons to be made about an entire town or village.” Site feedback: 70% of respondents agree website is easy to use whilst 66% agree information is easy to understand “It's just great to have the transparency because it will encourage me and others to report crime because the result of doing so is now visual rather than notional.” “Local information for interest, and details of who my local officers are. It's good to feel involved and informed. I think this will help us all take more responsibility for our own areas” £300,000 set-up, £150,000/year to run Over 56 million visits since January 2011 33% of adults aware of and 11% have used the site 2/3 of users say they’ll return to the site to see if crime goes up and down 2/5 of users say they’re now more likely to take steps to improve their personal 20 safety
  21. 21. Is My Money Being Spent Well? 21
  22. 22. International Corporate Transparency 22
  23. 23. Government can be an Open Data user too Greater Manchester estimated £6.5m savings from finding and using its own data more easily 23
  24. 24. EU Inspire Directive on Geospatial Data One Government reported fiscal ROI 8:1 in first 4 years, plus wider benefits 24
  25. 25. British Columbia Open Data  Government itself is #1 user of its data  33% of downloads come from within BC Government 25
  26. 26. Measuring Benefits is not easy  Benefits take time to emerge  Most benefits are from Open Data plus innovation  Difficult to measure consumer surplus, but that’s where more of the value often is  Difficult to measure or value public sector benefits  Benefits not predictable  “National Information Infrastructure” is a good source of benefits 26
  27. 27. How to get your data used 27
  28. 28. Focus on data on things that people care about 28
  29. 29. It’s not just about new data Scope for “Open Data” also includes data previously “published” but …  in non-reusable format  with restricted licence  only aimed at specialist groups  only for payment  only in response to requests  difficult to find data.gov.uk contains a lot of data which nobody knew was already published 29
  30. 30. Demand from business and citizens 32
  31. 31. Release data people want 33
  32. 32. Clear, common, licensing approach 34
  33. 33. Make sure data is re-usable 35
  34. 34. UK Freedom of Information Act 2000 amended 2012 19 (2A)A publication scheme must, in particular, include a requirement for the public authority concerned— (b) where reasonably practicable, to publish any dataset … in an electronic form which is capable of re-use (c) to make the information available for reuse in accordance with the terms of the specified [open] licence. 36
  35. 35. Standards 37
  36. 36. Do Ministries understand the importance of standards and consistency? 38
  37. 37. A tale of 4 UK Government Departments 39
  38. 38. Files and up to date? September-2013-25kTransparency-Data.csv Cabinet Office 09/2013 DFT 10/2013 dft-monthly-spend-Oct-2013.csv FCO 12/2013 Publishable_Spend__Dec_2013_csv.csv (was: Nov_2013__Publishable_Spend_Over__25 k.csv) FCO Services 09/2013 FCOServices_TransparencySpe nd_Sept13.csv 40
  39. 39. It’s supposed to be same format …. Cabinet Office DFT FCO FCO Services Departmental Family Departmental Family Department Department Entity Entity Entity Entity Date Date Payment date Supplier Name Expense Type Expense Type Transaction Number Payment Date Expense Area Expense Area Invoice Amount Transaction Number Supplier Supplier Supplier Expense Area Transaction Number Transaction No Account Description Expense Type Amount Sum of Amount Amount(excluding VAT) 41
  40. 40. … even with automated conformance test 42
  41. 41. Not checking the extract 43
  42. 42. Unstructured content in structured fields 44
  43. 43. Publishing in different places at different times 2012-13 45
  44. 44. Publishing in different places at different times 2013-14 46
  45. 45. And in different formats 47
  46. 46. And in different formats … again! 48
  47. 47. Promote Use of Data 49
  48. 48. Continuously engage with developers Photos: @memespring, @MadLabUK, @paul_clarke 50
  49. 49. Open Data Ecosystem 51
  50. 50. UK Open Data Institute  Develop capability of UK businesses to exploit value of Open Data  Engage developers/small businesses to build Open Data supply chains and commercial outlets  Help public sector use its own data more effectively  Ensure academic research in Open Data technologies 52
  51. 51. UK Open Data Institute  Running ~12 months  £200m/yr savings identified  12 startups incubated, attracting £730,000 in contracts and £700,000 in investment  £620,000 commercial sponsorship from 40 companies  Over £4m of third party funding for Open Data/Open Innovation being managed  3,000 visitors to London space – and provides “neutral meeting space” for government and entrepreneurs 53
  52. 52. Discussion? 54
  53. 53. End 55
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