Open Data
Andrew Stott
UK Transparency Board
formerly Director, data.gov.uk
Edinburgh
19 July 2013 0.1
@dirdigeng
andrew.s...
2
3
4
What is Open Data?
5
Open data is
data
that can be
freely
used,
reused
and redistributed
by anyone
for any purpose.
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
estate
agents/
realtors
Financial
services
builders and
other local
services
13
14
Economic Value of Open Data
 Open Gov Data in EU would increase
business activity by up to €40 bn/year
 EU Direct & indi...
Open Data as a Transport Investment
16
TFL Open Data
ROI = 58:1
HS2
ROI = 1.4:1
(if we’re lucky)
17
EU “Open Government Data” Directive
18
19
20
National Information Infrastructure
 Global Positioning System data now has
$122bn/yr benefits to US economy alone
 UK N...
Government can be an Open Data user too
22
23
Performance of individual schools
24
Performance of individual hospitals
25
12+ Weeks
MRSA-free
Good C-Diff
recordLow
Mortality
2 recent
MRSA
Blood
clots
Patie...
1000 less heart surgery deaths each year
26
Performance of local police and courts
27
28
29
Citizen-sourced data
30
#uksnow TN13 4/10
Open Data improving public services
 Publishing the UK’s 240 cardiac surgeons’ individual
clinical outcomes reduced death...
32
Transparent and Accountable Government
33
Is My Money Being Spent Well?
34
35
Organisational Transparency
36
Where the person
is in the structure
Pay
Responsibil
Contact details
International Corporate Transparency
37
Open Data for Accountability
 Open Data exposed CAN$3.2bn misuse of charitable
status in tax code in Canada
 Publishing ...
Some Challenges
39
Everyone thinks that they are an exception
 It’s held separately by n different organisations, and we can’t join it up
 ...
Release data people want
41
Ensuring reusability as well as accessibility
42
When Open is not Open
43
“You shall not use the data made
available through the GC Open Data
Portal in any way which, in t...
Common standard for common things
44
Patchy across borders
45
Citadel Project
 Sense location
 Locate data repository
 Search for required data
 Obtain metadata
 Build strategy an...
Privacy
47
End
48
49
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Open Data: presentation to NTT Data seminar

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Open Data: presentation to NTT Data seminar

  1. 1. Open Data Andrew Stott UK Transparency Board formerly Director, data.gov.uk Edinburgh 19 July 2013 0.1 @dirdigeng andrew.stott@dirdigeng.com
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. What is Open Data? 5 Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone for any purpose.
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12 estate agents/ realtors Financial services builders and other local services
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Economic Value of Open Data  Open Gov Data in EU would increase business activity by up to €40 bn/year  EU Direct & indirect benefits up to €140 bn/year (0.7% of GDP)  Spanish study found ~€600m of business from open data with >5000 jobs  Australian study: ~500% ROI from open data  Deloitte found open data was reused 10x-100x more than charged-for data 15 All economic analysis and case studies point the same way
  16. 16. Open Data as a Transport Investment 16 TFL Open Data ROI = 58:1 HS2 ROI = 1.4:1 (if we’re lucky)
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. EU “Open Government Data” Directive 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. National Information Infrastructure  Global Positioning System data now has $122bn/yr benefits to US economy alone  UK National Mapping Agency data supports £100bn/yr of GDP activity  Open Weather Data in US has created 400 companies employing 4000 people  Open addressing data in Denmark now gives €14m/yr benefits and 70:1 ROI 21
  22. 22. Government can be an Open Data user too 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Performance of individual schools 24
  25. 25. Performance of individual hospitals 25 12+ Weeks MRSA-free Good C-Diff recordLow Mortality 2 recent MRSA Blood clots Patient ratings
  26. 26. 1000 less heart surgery deaths each year 26
  27. 27. Performance of local police and courts 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Citizen-sourced data 30 #uksnow TN13 4/10
  31. 31. Open Data improving public services  Publishing the UK’s 240 cardiac surgeons’ individual clinical outcomes reduced deaths by 1000 a year  1000s of apps delivering public transport information in the United States – 68 in New York alone  UK released data on location of 300,000 bus-stops; OpenStreetMap corrected 18,000 of them, improving official data accuracy.  Sharing Open Data within public agencies in Manchester (city of 2.6m people) saves US$14m/yr  Open Data on public agency purchasing has allowed a “whole of government” view to get best prices and performance from key suppliers 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Transparent and Accountable Government 33
  34. 34. Is My Money Being Spent Well? 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. Organisational Transparency 36 Where the person is in the structure Pay Responsibil Contact details
  37. 37. International Corporate Transparency 37
  38. 38. Open Data for Accountability  Open Data exposed CAN$3.2bn misuse of charitable status in tax code in Canada  Publishing UK Senior Civil Servants’ expenses reduced claims by ~40-50%  Open Data exposed racial discrimination in water supply in Zanesville, United States – victims won $10.9m compensation  UK civil service pay data exposed people paid twice as much as the Head of the Civil Service and three times as much as the Prime Minister 38
  39. 39. Some Challenges 39
  40. 40. Everyone thinks that they are an exception  It’s held separately by n different organisations, and we can’t join it up  It will make people angry and scared without helping them  It is technically impossible  We do not own the data  The data is just too large to be published and used  Our website cannot hold files this large  We know the data is wrong  We know the data is wrong, and people will tell us where it is wrong  We know the data is wrong, and we will waste valuable resources inputting the corrections people send us  People will draw superficial conclusions from the data without understanding the wider picture  People will construct league tables from it  It will generate more Freedom of Information requests  It will cost too much to put it into a standard format  It will distort the market  Our IT suppliers will charge us a fortune to do an ad hoc extract 40
  41. 41. Release data people want 41
  42. 42. Ensuring reusability as well as accessibility 42
  43. 43. When Open is not Open 43 “You shall not use the data made available through the GC Open Data Portal in any way which, in the opinion of Canada, may bring disrepute to or prejudice the reputation of Canada.”
  44. 44. Common standard for common things 44
  45. 45. Patchy across borders 45
  46. 46. Citadel Project  Sense location  Locate data repository  Search for required data  Obtain metadata  Build strategy and tool chain to use the data  Access data, convert, and display it  Now over to the user
  47. 47. Privacy 47
  48. 48. End 48
  49. 49. 49

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