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audio visual aids presentation 2012

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according to th esyllabi b.ed. 2012

according to th esyllabi b.ed. 2012

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  • 1. Classification ofAudio-Visual Aidsmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 1
  • 2. DEFENITIONS Audio-Visual Aids are those sensory objects or images which initiate or stimulate and reinforce learning. Burton Audio-Visual Aids are any device which can be used to make the learning experience more concrete, more realistic and more dynamic. Kinder s James diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 2
  • 3.  Audio-Visual Aids are those devices by the use of which communications of ideas between persons and groups in various teaching and training situations is helped. These are also termed as multi sensory materials. Edgar Dale diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 3
  • 4. Values of AV-Aids Best motivators  Based on maximum of Antidote to the disease of teachers verbal instruction  Helpful in attracting Clear images attention Vicarious experiences  Helpful in fixing up new learning Variety  Saving of energy and time Freedom  Realism Opportunities to handle and manipulate  Vividness Retentivity  Meeting individual difference diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 4
  • 5. Values Encouragement to healthy class room interaction Spread on education on a mass scale Promotion of scientific temper Development of higher faculties Reinforcement to learners Positive transfer of learning and training Positive environment for creative discipline diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 5
  • 6. Characteristics They should be meaningful and purposeful They should be accurate in every aspect They should be simple They should be cheap They should be up to date They should be easily portable They should be according to the mental level of students They should be motivate the learners They should be large enough to be properly seen by the students for whom they are meant They should be improvised. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 6
  • 7. Principles in the use of teaching aids Principle of selection Principle of preparation Principle of physical control Principle of proper presentation Principle of response Principle of evaluation diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 7
  • 8. Advantages1. The teachers are forced to meet the demands of a changing civilization2. New means and devices to increase the effectiveness of teaching3. Audio visual devices are instructional devices which can be heard as well as seen.4. to make teaching more concrete by employing suitable audio-visual aids.5. A-V aids do render exceptional, specific and irreplaceable service to education diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 8
  • 9. 6. The mental reaction of the pupils to audio-visual experience is both intellectual and emotional.7. 86 % of our sense knowledge is attained through seeing and hearing and hence is the use of audio- visual aids8. A-V Aids provide first hand experience to the children and hence the learning becomes interesting real and durable.9. A-V Aids help the learner to grasp quickly and retain the experience so received longer.10. They make a lasting impression on the minds of the learners. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 9
  • 10. “one picture is worth athousand words”  They make learning  realistic,  permanent,  natural and  easy. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 10
  • 11. Functions of A-V aids1. They supply a concrete basis for conceptual thinking and hence, reduce meaningless word response of students.2. They have high degree of interest for students.3. They make learning more permanent.4. They offer a reality of experience which stimulate self activity on the part of pupil. 5. Develop continuity of thought; this is especially true of motion pictures.5. They provide experience not easily obtained through other materials and contribute to the efficiency, depth, and variety of learning. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 11
  • 12. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  Great educators Erasmus  Against memorisation Johann Amos Comenius  Illustrate text books Jean Jacques Rousseau  Against verbalisation Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi  Sense perception diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 12
  • 13. Erasmus 66-1536  Dutch humanist  Children should learn through pictures, visuals etc.  Against Memorizationmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 13
  • 14. Johann Amos Comenius Ist Illustrate text books for childhood “Orbis sensulium Pictus” [ the world of sense objects]mgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 14
  • 15. Jean Jacques Rousseau  Against verbalization  Stressed the need of pictures& other play materials  Directed to the learner’s natural curiosity.mgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 15
  • 16. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi  Sense perceptionmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 16
  • 17. NEED AND IMPORTANCEA. MOTIVATE STUDENTS MENTAL AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITYB. SAVE TIMEC. MAKE LEARNING EFFECTIVE AND DURABLED. FIRST HAND EXPERIENCE BY LOKING AT CONCRETE THINGS, LIVING SPECIMEEN, HANDLING APPARATUS AND ACTUAL DEMONSTRATION ETC. Pupils to have clear conception of ideas, information, facts and principles.E. Help to bring a change in the atmosphere of the class.F. Provide a congenial atmosphere in the class.G. Help to develop scientific attitude and get a training in scientific method.H. Large number of students can taught at a time.I. Most convenient, easy and natural way of lg. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 17
  • 18. CLASSIFICATION OFAV AIDS1. PROJECTED AIDS2. NON-PROJECTED AIDS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 18
  • 19. 1. PROJECTED AIDS 1. FILMS 2. FILMSTRIPS 3. SLIDES 4. OPAQUE PROJECTION 5. OVER HEAD PROJECTION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 19
  • 20. FILMS PICTURE FRAMES ARE ARRANGED IN A SEQUENCE 35MM, 70MM ETC.mgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 20
  • 21. FILM STRIPS 35 MM WIDE 12 TO 48 PICTURES DEVELOP A THEMEmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 21
  • 22. SLIDESmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 22
  • 23. SLIDE PROJECTORmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 23
  • 24. OPAQUE PROJECTOR PAXISCOPE Project images or printed matter or small opaque objects on a screen Works as epidiascope and diascope Principle  Horizontal straight line projectionmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 24
  • 25. OVER HEAD PROJECTORmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 25
  • 26. NON-PROJECTED AIDSI. GRAPHIC AIDS 1. PHOTOGRAPHS 2. POSTERS 3. CHARTS 4. DIAGRAMS 5. MAPS 6. CARTOONS 7. COMICS 8. FLASH CARDS 9. GRAPHS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 26
  • 27. PHOTOGRAPHdiputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 27
  • 28. CHARTSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 28
  • 29. CHARTS FLIP CHARTmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 29
  • 30. DIAGRAMSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 30
  • 31. OUT LINEmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 31
  • 32. ANALYTICAL DRAWINGS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 32
  • 33. POSTERSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 33
  • 34. CARTOONSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 34
  • 35. FLASH CARDSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 35
  • 36. GRAPHS 1. LINE GRAPH 2. BAR GRAPH 3. PIE GRAPHS 4. PICTORIAL GRAPHS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 36
  • 37.  LINE GRAPHmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 37
  • 38. PIE GRAPH diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 38
  • 39. BAR GRAPH diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 39
  • 40. GRAPH TYPESmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 40
  • 41. NON-PROJECTED AIDSDISPLAY BOARDS BLACK BOAERDS BULLETIN BOARDS FLANNEL BOARDS MAGNETIC BOARDS PEG BOARDS ROLL-UP BOARDS MARKER BOARD diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 41
  • 42. BLACK BOARDmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 42
  • 43. BLACK BOARDmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 43
  • 44. BULLETIN BOARDmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 44
  • 45. FLANNEL BOARDmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 45
  • 46. MAGNETIC BOARDmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 46
  • 47. PEG BOARDmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 47
  • 48. PEG BOARDSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 48
  • 49. ROLL UP BOARDSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 49
  • 50. NON-PROJECTED AIDS3-DIMENSIONAL AIDS DIAGRAMS MODELS MOKE-UPS OBJECTS PUPPETS SPECIMENS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 50
  • 51. DIAGRAMS 1. OUTLINE DRAWING 2. MASS DRAWIMG 3. ANALYTICAL 4. DRAWING 5. GENERALISED 6. DRAWING 7. GRAPHICAL DRAWING diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 51
  • 52. 3-DDIAGRAMS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 52
  • 53. MODELS 1. SCALE MODELS 2. SIMPLIFIED MODELS 3. CROSS SECTIONAL 4. WORKING MODELSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 53
  • 54. SCALE UP MODELSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 54
  • 55. SIMPLIFIED MODELSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 55
  • 56. CROSS SECTIONmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 56
  • 57. MOKE UPSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 57
  • 58. OBJECTS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 58
  • 59. SPECIMENSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 59
  • 60. PUPPETS FINGER PUPPETSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 60
  • 61. PUPPETS HAND PUPPETSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 61
  • 62. PUPPRTS STRING PUPPETSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 62
  • 63. SHADOW PUPPETSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 63
  • 64. PUPPETS MASKSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 64
  • 65. NON-PROJECTED AIDS III. AUDIO-AIDS1. RADIO2. TELEVISIONS3. RECORDINGS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 65
  • 66. RADIOmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 66
  • 67. RECORDINGSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 67
  • 68. NON-PROJECTED AIDSIII. ACTIVITY AIDS1. EXPERIMENTATION 10. DEMONSTRATIONS2. FIELD TRIPS 11. DRAMATI-ZATIONS3. DEMONSTRATIONS 12. SCIENCE KITS4. DRAMATICS 13. NATURE CALENDER5. PROGRAMMED 14. COMPUTER CD’S INSTRUCTION 15. INTERACTIVE CD ROMS6. TEACHING MECHINES 16. POWER PIONT-7. COMPUTER ASSISTED PRESENTATION INSTRUCTIONS 17. MUSEUMS8. FIELD TRIPS 18. PLANATORIUM9. EXHIBITIONS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 68
  • 69. LCD PROJECTORLCD PROJECTOR diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 69
  • 70. NON-PROJECTED AIDS 2. DISPLAY BOARDS 1. GRAPHIC AIDS 1. GRAPHS 1. BLACK BOARD  LINE GRAPH 2. ROLL-UP BOARDS  BAR GRAPH 3. BULLETIN BOARDS  PIE GRAPHS 4. PEG BOARDS  PICTORIAL GRAPHS 5. HOOK&LOOP 2. DIAGRAMS  OUTLINE DRAWING 6. FLANNEL BOARDS  MASS DRAWIMG 7. MAGNETIC  ANALYTICAL 8. PLASTIGRAPH  DRAWING 9. MARKER BOARDS  GENERALISED 1. THREE DIMENSIONAL MODELS  DRAWING  GRAPHICAL DRAWING 1. MODELS 1. SCALE MODELS  3. CHARTS  OUT LINE & TABULAR 2. SIMPLIFIED MODELS  FLOW, ORGANISATION OR PROCESS 3. CROSS SECTIONAL CHARTS 4. WORKING  TREE CHARTS  TIMELINE CHARTS 2. OBJECTS 3. SPECIMENS 4. MOKE-UPS 5. DIORAMA 6. PUPPETS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 70
  • 71. 3. THREE DIMENSIONALAIDS 1. MODELS 1. SCALE MODELS 2. SIMPLIFIED MODELS 3. CROSS SECTIONAL 4. WORKING 2. OBJECTS 3. SPECIMENS 4. MOKE-UPS 5. DIORAMA 6. PUPPETS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 71
  • 72. DIAGRAMSOUTLINE DRAWINGMASS DRAWIMGANALYTICAL DRAWINGGENERALISED DRAWINGGRAPHICAL DRAWING diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 72
  • 73. OUTLINE DRAWINGmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 73
  • 74. MASS DRAWIMGmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 74
  • 75. ANALYTICAL DRAWING diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 75
  • 76. GRAPHICAL DRAWING diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 76
  • 77. C. Activity AidsA. COMPUTER H. SCIENCE KITS ASSISTED INSTRUCTION I. NATURE CALENDERB. FIELD TRIPS J. COMPUTER CD’SC. EXCURSION K. INTERACTIVED. EXHIBITIONS L. CD ROMSE. DEMONSTR-ATIONS M. POWER PIONT-F. DRAMATIZATIONS PRESENTATIONG. LIVE CORNER N. MUSEUMS O. PLANATORIUM diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 77
  • 78. COMPUTER ASSISTEDINSTRUCTION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 78
  • 79. FIELD TRIPdiputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 79
  • 80. EXCURSION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 80
  • 81. DEMONSTRATION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 81
  • 82. DRAMATISATION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 82
  • 83. EXPERIMENTATION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 83
  • 84. PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 84
  • 85. TEACHING MACHINES PRESSEY’S MACHINESmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 85
  • 86. TEACHING MACHINES AUDIO VISUAL MACHINES Educational television combined with teaching programmemgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 86
  • 87. LIVE CORNERS ACQUARIUM TERRARIUM VIVARIUM diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 87
  • 88. AQUARIUMdiputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 88
  • 89. TERRARIUM diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 89
  • 90. VIVARIUM diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 90
  • 91. PLANATORIUMmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 91
  • 92. SCIENCE KITSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 92
  • 93. NATURE CALENDER diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 93
  • 94. INTERACTIVE CD-ROMS diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 94
  • 95. COMPUTER CD’Smgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 95
  • 96. INTERACTIVR CD ROMSmgucte vaikom diputr@gmail.com 96
  • 97. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 97
  • 98. diputr@gmail.com mgucte vaikom 98