relief work to be carried out in the affected area
In order to remove the grief and inconvenience
Rehabilitation of the disaster victims.
Protection of the life and property.
Prevention measures and advance preparation.
Flood Response and relief Emergency Rescue Supply of relief good Supply of Clean drinking water First aid kit Emergency shelter for victims Search and rescue
In order to carry out relief works the govt. may give orders to any one concerned to undertake any or all the following works:
Close down of the governmental or non governmental offices, educational institutions.
Prohibition of the activities in disaster area that may cause adverse effect on relief work.
Deputation of the employees of governmental or non governmental offices or of institutions.
Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the people from the affected area to the areas of safety.
Requisition of the movable and unmovable property of any individual or institution on temporary basis for a prescribed period, if such property is required to be used for the purpose of relief works.
Avoid VIP visit during relief period
Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the goods and commodities from the affected area to the areas of safety.
Requisition and use of the means of transportation owned by non governmental offices, association and individuals of the concerned District for fixed period of time.
Requisition of the food grains, clothes, medicine, construction materials and other items belonging to non governmental offices, institutions and individuals of the concerned district and distribute it to the victims.
Try to save the real estates, factories, temples, shrines, and religious places including other significant objects and places.
Constitute and operate the aid groups.
Take other necessary security measures for the safe guard of the life and property of the common people.
Other essential tasks specified.
Control over foreigner entry.
Evacuation, Search and Rescue
Preparation of evacuation plan of public building and areas (Rehearsal/Drills exercise)
Identification of emergency sites at local level.
Formation of a permanent search and rescue team at different levels.
Training for rescue personal.
Flood Emergency drills Women team for drills Drills rescue of women special care Evacuation simulation drills rescue team drills
Emergency need assessment
Formation of a permanent need assessment team at district level.
Preparation dissemination of standard format on need assessment.
Training and orientation on need assessment.
Communication and Transportation:
Equip the centre with necessary communication facilities.
Establishment of emergency and information operation can be in central level.
Preparation of communication network at the local level.
Preparation of inventory & procurement of transportation wheels for rescue and relief operation .
Include open spaces in Urban planning for post disaster temporary settlement sites.
Prepare settlement plan at local level
Establish ware houses and stock pile light shelter materials (Plastic sheets, tents, etc) at district level
Health and Nutrition
Formation of medical assistance team’
Storage of emergency medicine and medical instruments at local level
Establish disaster unit in each public hospitals.
Sanitation and Drinking water
Storage of bleaching powder for chlorination of water in temporary settlement sites.
Storage of polythene pipes in necessary numbers at local level
Training for manpower involved in coping mechanism.
VDMC: What Shall be Major Role?
Hazard, Risk, and Vulnerability Analysis
Recovery & Reconstruction Plan
Standard Operating Procedures
Linking with the Developmental Plan
Budget and other Financial Allocations
Monitoring and Evaluation
Hazard, Risk, Vulnerability and Capacity (HRVC) Analysis
Doing with the proper way - HRVC analysis
Establishing the most damaging hazard (by its frequency, impact and magnitude in comparison with other hazard),
Identifying the risk areas (areas which faces often such hazards),
who and what is at risk, and finally identifying the vulnerability factors
Hazard mapping and disaster education environmental geological hazard map of Kathmandu earthquake simulation exercise for students Mass observing Street drama touching disaster issue DRR education through radio program folk song competition for DRR Observing the wall painting Observation of IEC material by children
Primarily as a Field Operations Guide, in a good matrix format, the main responsibilities of various functionaries
VDRC TO VDMC
Main Role of VDMC
Formulate & execute VDMP
Preparedness,mitigation,reduction,response& recovery,rehabilitation & reconstruction related work
Early warning system
Formulate r to r strategy
Village emergency plan
Work with media
Flood Early warning system Flood early warning towers Water gauge level Water gauge reader community radio broadcasting early warning disseminating early warning Ready for evacuation
Support for formulating local level LDMP
Training and orientation
Evaluation of disaster risk evaluation plan
Community Capacity building Community meeting collection of food grains for emergency fund Training First aid team distribution life jacket for rescue community drills for rescue consultative meeting for district stakeholder Community participation for erosion control
More role of VDMC
Disaster Management Teams
Crisis Management Group/Incident Command System
Emergency Operation Centers and their operation
Site Operation Centers
Modalities (role, inter-institutional communication mechanisms, linkages etc) for involvement of army,
NGOs and other institutions.
Deals with both aspects: structural and non-structural .
Also include a section on preparedness planning. Some indicative components: Operational readiness of facilities, equipment & stores, resource inventory update etc.
Community flood Mitigation work community managed bioengineering work Plantation control soil erosion at river bank raised hand pump for safe drinking water spur construction mitigation on embankment made out by Using bamboo construction Community shelter community making evacuation routes Community managed boats
Backed by proper SOPs.
Will essentially focus on:
Operational direction & coordination
Emergency warning & dissemination
Rapid damage assessment & reporting
Incident command system
Search & rescue, Medical response, Logistic arrangements, Communications, Temporary shelter management, Free kitchen/ food management, Law & order
Effective response planning realistic identification of each and every tasks
RECOVERY & RECONSTRUCTION PLAN
S trategy to restore normaly to the lives and livelihoods Short-term recovery - long-term rehabilitation Recovery and Reconstruction Plan's components: - Restoration of basic infrastructure - Reconstruction/repair of lifeline buildings / social infrastructure Reconstruction/repair of damaged buildings o Insurance o Short-term Loans Restoration of livelihoods o Assistance/Aid o Grants
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Each SOP should clearly mention the roles and responsibilities during 3 cycle (i.e. pre/disaster, during-disaster and post-disaster including response, relief, rehabilitation, prevention and preparedness).
SOPs for Village Disaster Management Committee,
Information Management Team, Search and Rescue Team, Emergency Health Management Team, Relief Team, Transportation Management Team, Infrastructure Management Team, and Animal Resource Management Team.