Introduction to drm & drr in nepal aug july2kx pokhara
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Introduction to drm & drr in nepal aug july2kx pokhara

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Introduction to drm & drr in nepal aug july2kx pokhara Introduction to drm & drr in nepal aug july2kx pokhara Presentation Transcript

  • Disaster Risk Context & DRR and DPP Needs in Nepal
    • The Hazards,
    • Vulnerability and Risk Scenario of Nepal
  • lxdfnL d'n's g]kfn
    • cGbfhL % s/f]8 jif{ cl3jf6 z'?
    • e";txx?sf] ult;Lntf
    50 million years ago Plate movement
  • Formation of Himalayas
    • ef/lto Kn]6 / ltAatL Kn]6sf] ;+sif{0f
    • lxdfnsf] pTktL / g]kfnL e"efu sf] ljsf;
    Indian plate collided with Tibetan plate Formation of Mt. Everest
  • g]kfnsf] ef}uf]nLs w/ftn Variation of altitude with respect to distance
  • g]kfnsf] hnfwf/ vf]nf gfnf ;+hfn
  • Topography/ Hydro meteorological Set-up over 80% rainfall occur within 3 months period with frequent extreme conditions say 500 mm rainfall in 24 hours
    • Drastic change in elevation from 64 m amsl in Terai to over 8000 m amsl in the Higher Himalayas within a narrow width of 200 km
    • Diverse Climatic Conditions ranging from Sub-tropical in the south to Arctic in the north are to be noticed
    • Average Annual Rainfall also varies extremely from < 150 mm in the north to as high as over 5000 mm in the western hilly reason
    • Nearly 80 % of the total precipitation falls within three months monsoon period (June – September) with frequent >500 mm rainfall in 24 hours
  • Landslide
  • Soil Erosion
    • Caused by
    • Rampant Deforestation
    • Over Grazing due to Population Pressure
    • Unscientific Land use Practice
    • it has long term effects
    • it acts as catalytic agent for other Water Induced Disasters to occur
    • Over grazing > bare-land
  • Debris flow 1993 e.g. Debris flow at Phedigaon, Palung
  • Debris Flow …
  • Flood
    • Most common in Nepal, particularly in Terai Plain
    • Sometimes it also occurs in midland valleys
    • But Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) not familiar so far
  • Koshi Flood 2008
    • 80 % Flood Flow
    • 20 % Flood Flow
  • Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF)
    • Over 2000 Glacial Lakes in Nepal (ICIMOD)
    • Disturbances due to Earthquake, Landslide/Avalanche or Water Pressure may trigger GLOF
  • “ Potentially Dangerous” Glacial Lakes of Nepal including Tsho Rolpa
  • g]kfnsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd Earthquake Risk in Nepal gSzf ;f}hGo M vfgL tyf e &quot;ue{ ljefu, n}grf}/, sf7df08f}+   ljutdf g]kfndf uPsf e&quot;sDkx?
  • e&quot;O{+rfnf] uO/xg] If]qx? The Seismic zone Zone 5
  • ljkbaf6 ePsf] Ifltsf] km}nfj6 Impact of Disaster in Nepal
    • ljleGg lhNnfx?df d[To'sf] ;+Vof
  • Nepal… a theatre of disasters During 1983-2005 disasters have killed 21,680 people During 2001-2007 disasters have caused losses worth Rs. 9900 million 2008: Koshi and Mahakali killed over 50 people, displaced over 220,000 2,300 glacier lakes. At least 20 of them are in precarious condition 1993: 2000 landslides and floods took 1,500 lives, displaced 500,000+ people Climate Change: Nepal will be a critical casualty Earthquake: The entire country lies in fault zone. Sitting on a time bomb Nepal HDI: 144 Source: MoHA, ISDR, UNDP, NDP, ICIMOD
  • g]kfnsf] ljkb–hf]lvd cj:yf
    • g]kfndf x/]s jif{ ljkbdf k/L Ps xhf/eGbf a9L dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 .
    • 1000 death every year
    • ljut #% jif{sf] tYofªscg';f/ ljkbsf 36gfaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv #% xhf/ dflg; k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g .
    • 150,000 affected every year
    • k|fKt tYofªscg';f/ x/]s jif{ !^ xhf/ kl/jf/ ljkbsf sf/0f cfˆgf 3/jf; u'dfP/ lj:yflkt x'g] u/sf 5g .
    • 16,000 family displaced every year
    • g]kfn ljZjsf 198 dn's dWo] e&quot;sDkLo hfl]vdsf] lx;fan] 11 cf }+}, kfgLhGo k|sf]k af6 x'g] Ifltsf lx;fan] 30 cf}+ / hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g k|efjsf lx;fan] 6 :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 eg] ljsf;sf] ;'rsf+sdf clGtd 144 cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 .
    • ljkbsf sf/0f jflif{s cf};t 1 ca{ 20 s/f]8 80 nfv ?k}o+f a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt eO/x]sf] 5 . h; dWo] %# s/f]8 #% nfv a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt hn pTkGg k|sf]ksf sf/0fn] dfq x'g] u/]sf] 5 . Worth NRs. 1,208,000,000 loss every year
    • ;g @))* df sf]zL If]q, dWoklZrd / ;'b&quot;/klZrd If]qdf uPsf] af9Laf6 dfq k|ToIf ?kdf @( ca{ !# s/f]8 / ck|ToIf ?kdf %^ ca{ ^) s/f]8 u/L s'n *& ca{ &# s/f]8 a/fa/sf] Iflt ePsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 .
    • In 2008 Koshi Kailali flood, NRs. 29,130,000,000 direct loss is estimated
    • @)^^ j}zfv b]lv efb| dlxgf ;Dddf dWoklZrd, ;'b&quot;'/klZrd nufot b]zsf ljleGg efudf km}lnPsf] emf8fkvfnf /f]un] dfxfdf/Lsf] ?k lnO{ @@ lhNnfsf #^% hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ^@ xhf/ * ;o @) AolQm k|ToIf ?kdf k|efljt ePsf lyP .
    • In 2009 Western epidemics 62,000 families of 22 district affected where 365 people loss their life
  • ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt b'3{6gf 97 112 3 - 5 lxpF klx/f] 90 217 33 - 1,012 h}ljs b'3{6gf 12 - - - - 8'+uf kN6fO 103 240 421 - 354 zLt nx/ 192 298 - - 1,453 v8]/L 152 - - - 1,512 e'O{+rfnf] 94 873 - - 4,539 dxfdf/L 2,791 15,730 - 4,582 460,902 ljikmf]6 40 32 - - 19 clgsfn 20 2 - - 83,902 cfunfuL 3,880 1,101 186 - 218,278 af9L 2,720 2,936 578 - 3,367,974 jg 89]nf] 98 24 403 - 10,178
  • ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt cl;gf 597 57 2 - 197,843 n' 31 25 - 210 261 klx/f] 2,184 3,987 517 - 479,972 8/ qf; Pj+ lg:;fl;P/ 2 85 - - - Kn]u 326 11 - - 50 k|b'if0f 12 - - - 1,000 clws jiff{ 187 82 3 - 62,431 lxpF cfFwL 174 69 828 - 7,600 cfFwL 109 50 2 - 1,817 x'/L atf; 292 140 - - 6,161 ejg–;+/rgf eTs]/ 324 340 7 - 1,508 r6of+u 764 768 1 - 5,809 cGo 97 77 11 - 11,982 hDdf 15,388 27,256 2,995 4,792 4,926,562
  • ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ >f]tM Pg;]6 cfly{s Iflt clxn]sf] efpdf -?k}+ofdf_ jif{ ejg Wj:t ejg Ifltu|:t ;8s v]ltof]Uo hdLg kz'k+IfL s&quot;n cfly{s Iflt !(&!–!(&% !,%$,&),(&,%)) #,$$,#$,#%) ^$,$%,))) !,$(,!@,)),@$,))) @,#@,%%,))) !,%!,)&,&#,*@,%$& !(&^–!(*) %,&%,^&,^$,%)) #*,#),^(,*%) &!,^$,!^,))) @,^@,)*,&),%!,))) &,^),@),))) @,&@,!*,$%,!),@%% !(*!–!(*% !,@*,!%,)%,%)) ^,$#,&*,^%) !),#@,&),*)) &!,#$,^(,@%,!)) %,(^,(%,))) &#,&(,)@,*),!($ !(*^–!(() ^,$),!&,&$,))) !,)&,&$,@$,()) $,!@,%),))) %!,%$,&@,^&,^)) #,&),(%,))) ^),*$,@(,)@,!!) !((!–!((% ^,!),@*,!%,))) &),%^,*&,))) *%,!$,$),))) !!,&$,(),&@,&*,$$) !$,$$,#),))) !!,*(,**,@(,&%,%(# !((^–@))) !),(%,!(,$(,))) $$,!@,$^,$)) *&,#&,))) %,!^,)$,!!,%!,@%) !^,$),!%,))) %,#),(#,&%,(&,$)% @))!–@))# @,&#,$!,^#,))) !#,^#,)$,%)) !,)$,@$,(*,@)) $,#%,(&,((,^),^!) !&,*#,#),))) $,$%,##,(#,(#,*@! hDdf #,$&,&^,)^,*%,))) @,*$,@(,)%,^%) @,&&,)),%&,))) @^,^!,)@,(^,%*,))) ^*,@*,$),))) @&,@$,)%,%),$!,(@%
  • ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/
    • ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd dfgj d[To'sf] cj:yf
    • -s&quot;n @!,*@* d[To'_
  • ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/
    • ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 k|efljt dfgj ;+Vof
    • -s&quot;n **,##,@^$ k|efljt_
  • ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/
    • cfly{s Iflt !,#)#,)!#,))) xhf/ -8n/_
  • ljsf; vr{, ufx:y{ pTkfbg / ljkb Ifltsf] t'ngf
  • t'ngfTds cj:yf Total Amount of Disaster Damage (1991-2000) in million US$ (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
  • t'ngfTds cj:yf Total number of people Killed in Asian and SAARC Countries by Disaster (1992-2001) Asian Countries Other than SAARC, 227,619; 49% India 16% SAARC Contries, 236,062; 51% Maldives 0% Nepal 1% Pakistan 2% Sri Lanka 0% Bangladesh 32% Bhutan 0% (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
  • sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd
    • c;/ kl/df0f
    • d[To' > $),)))
    • 3fOt] > (%,)))
    • ejgsf] Iflt > ^) %
    • 3/af/ laxLg > &)),)))
    • k'nsf] Iflt > %) %
    • af6f]sf] Iflt > !) %
    • vfg]kfgL kfOksf] Iflt > (% %
    • 6]lnkmf]g nfOgsf] Iflt > ^) %
    • ljB't nfOgsf] Iflt > $) %
    sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo kl/b[Zo -gAa] ;fnsf] hqf] e&quot;sDk uPdf_
  • ljkb Joj:yfkg rqm (Disaster Management Cycle) DPP DRR ljkb Disaster k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf Early Warning p2f/ tyf /fxt Rescue & Relief /f]syfd Prevention Go&quot;lgs/0f Mitigation k&quot;j{ tof/L Preparedness ljkb k&quot;j{ Pre Disaster ljkb kZrft Post Disaster k'g:yf{kg / k'glg{df{0f Reconstruction & Rehabilitation
  • ljut b''O{ bzsdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffdf u'0ffTds kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . cjwf/0ffn] k/Dk/fut “p4f/ /fxt” af6 “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” df km8sf ] dfl/;s]sf] 5 . p¢f/ /fxt ljkb Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffut ljsf; @)!) rLnL @))( xfO{6L @))* rLg @))% kfls:tfg @))$ PzLofnL ;'gfdL @))@ O/fg jfd ljkb /lxt ljsf; Go&quot;gLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/L p¢f/ /fxtsf] k&quot;j{tof/L !(&! ;g kmgf{08f] e&quot;sDk !(*% d]lS;sf] e&quot;sDk @))! u'h/ft e&quot;sDk
  • ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ljsf;qmd ;g !(*( sf] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] ;fwf/0f ;efn] ()sf] bzsnfO{ k|fs[lts ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f bzs dgfpg] lg0f{o ;g !(($ df Kf|fs[lts ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f ljZj ;Dd]ng of]sf]xfdfdf ;DkGGf . o; sfo{of]hgfn] ljkb /f]syfd, cNkLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/Ldf hf]8 lbPsf] . ;g !((( df o'PgcfOP;l8cf/sf] :yfkgf . ;g @))% hgj/L !* b]lv @@ ;DDf hfkfgsf] sf]a] zx/df ePsf] ljZj ;Dd]ngaf6 xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf @))%–@)!% tof/ ul/Psf] .
  • ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f s] xf] t <
    • ljkbsf sf/stTjx?nfO{ ljZn]if0f u/L ;d'bfosf ;Defljt ljkbsf vt/fx?, tyf ;+s6fled'vtf sd ug]{, jftfj/0f tyf e&quot;pkof]u plrt tl/sfn] ug]{ / ljkb ;fdgfsf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L ug]{ Ps Jojl:yt cjwf/0ff tyf cEof; ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f xf] . of] ljkb /lxt ljsf; jf lbuf] ljsf;sf] ;Gbe{df ;d]l6Psf] cjwf/0ff xf] .
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
    • The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters , including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events .
  • Disaster Risk Management
    • The systematic process of using administrative directives , organizations, and operational skills and capacities to implement strategies, policies and improved coping capacities in order to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the possibility of disaster .
  • /f]syfd, cNkLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/L
  • Go&quot;gLs/0f (Reduction)
    • cNkLs/0f (Mitigation)
      • cGtlg{lxt sdhf]/L 36fpg] sfd
      • ;+/rgfx?sf] ;'b[9Ls/0f, alnof] lgdf{0f OToflb
    • k&quot;j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_
      • k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf ug{ tof/L cj:yfdf /xg]
      • ;'/lIft /xg] pkfox?sf] af/]df hfGg], l;Sg], cfktsflng cj:yfsf] nflu ;fdfgx?sf] hf]xf] ul//fVg], p¢f/ tyf /fxt Ifdtf j[l¢ OToflb
  • cGt;{DaGw ljkb hf]lvd—;+s6f;Ggtf—;Ifdtf
    • ljkb hf]lvd ≈
    k|sf]ksf] ;+efjgf x ;+s6f;Ggtf k&quot;j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_
  • ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f g]kfnsf] lbuf] ljsf;sf nflu clgjfo{ zt{ xf], h;af6 ljsf;df ul/Psf] nufgLnfO{ ljgfz x'gaf6 /f]Sg ;lsG5 . ljsf;sf sfo{x?n] yk ljkb fO{ glgDTofcf]; eGg] s'/fdf ;'lglZrt aGg ;lsG5 . Hfnjfo' kl/jt{gaf6 kg]{ gsf/fTds c;/af6 aRg jf cg&quot;s'ng aGg ;lsG5 . ;+s6f;Gg tyf Kf|sf]k k|efljtx?sf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug{ ;lsG5 . ;d'bfonfO{ ;'/lIft cyf{t ljkb pTyfgzLn agfpg ;lsG5 .
  • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] ljBdfg Joj:yfdf kl/jt{gsf nflu eO/x]sf k|oTgx?
    • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ljZj ;Dd]ngx?df g]kfnsf] pkl:ylt -;/sf/L, u}/ ;/sf/L_ Pj+ k|lta4tf
      • ;g !(($ of]sf]xfdf / ;g @))% sf]a]
      • sf]a] ;Dd]ngaf6 “xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf M@))%–@)!%” sf] th'{df
      • xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf clxn]sf] ljZjJofkL d&quot;ndGq
    • u[x dGqfnoaf6 ;'wf/sf s]xL k|oTgx? ePsf
      • sfo{/t ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx?;Fu lg/Gt/ ;dGjo q}dfl;s j]7s
      • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o d~r (National Platform on DRR) sf] kxnsbdL
      • Focal desk sf] Joj:yf
  • WCDR II – HFA 2005 -2015
    • Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf ;g @))%—@)!% n] lglb{i6 u/]sf d&quot;n nIox¿
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ lbuf] ljsf;sf /0fgLltx¿ tyf of]hgf th{'df df PsLs/0f ug{]
    • k|sf]kx¿af6 pTyfgzLntf (resilience) sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;+:yf, ;+oGq tyf Ifdtfx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{, / hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffx¿nfO{ cfkTsfnLg k&quot;j{–tof/L (Preparedness), k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (Recovery) ;DaGwL sfo{qmddf Jojl:yt ¿kdf ;dfj]z ug]{ .
  • xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf
    • ljZjJofkL ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] nflu ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª3sf ;b:o /fi6«x?n] cg'df]bg u/]sf] ;femf /0fgLlt g} æxof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfÆ (Hyogo Framework for Action) xf] . ;g @))% sf] hgj/L !* b]lv @@ tfl/vdf hfkfgsf] sf]a] ;x/df cfof]lht bf]>f] ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f ljZj ;Dd]ngdf ljZjsf !^* /fi6«n] ;j{;Ddt ?kdf] xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfnfO{ cg'df]bg ub}{ cjnDag ug]{ k|lta4tf hgfPsf lyP .
    • SUMMARY of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015:
    • Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (Hyogo Framework)
    • Expected outcome, strategic goals and priorities for action 2005-2015
  • xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfsf k|d'v k|fyldstf
    • xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfn] kfFrj6f k|fyldstfsf sfo{x? klxrfg u/]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfsf] d'Vo efu klg dfGg ;lsG5 . k|To]s k|fyldstf cGtu{tsf ;Defljt sfo{x?nfO{ o; ;+/rgfn] lj:t[t ?kdf JofVof u/]sf] 5 .
  • != /fli6«o / :yfgLo k|fyldstf cg';f/ ;+:yfut ;'b[9Ls/0fsf cfwf/df ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf sfo{ ;~rfng ePsf] ;'lgZrt ug]{ .
    • ;+:yfut ;'b[9Ls/0fsf nflu /fli6«o 9fFrf, ;+:yfut ;+/rgf tyf sfg'gL vfsf, ;|f]tsf] lbuf] Joj:yfkg / ;fd'bflos ;xeflutfnfO{ ;zQm agfpg] .
  • @= k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd klxrfg, d'Nofªsg / cg'udg ug]{ tyf k&quot;j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnLnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg] .
    • :yfgLo, If]qLo / /fli6«o txsf] hf]lvd klxrfg, d&quot;Nofªsg / cg'udg ug]{, k&quot;j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ / ;Defljt hf]lvdsf] ;fdgf ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf clej[l4 ug]{ .
  • #= 1fg, vf]h / lzIffsf] pkof]u u/]/ ;a} txdf ;'/IffTds ;+:s[lt / k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf ug]{ Ifdtf clej[l4 ug]{ .
    • :yfgLo, /fli6«o txdf ;&quot;rgf Joj:yfkg tyf cfbfg–k|bfg, lzIff tyf tflnd / cg';Gwfg;lxt hgr]tgf clea[l4 u/]/ ;a} txdf ;'/IffTds ;+:s[ltsf] ljsf; tyf k|sf]k–;fdgf Ifdtf clej[l4 ug]{ .
  • $= hf]lvdsf cfwf/e&quot;t sf/stTj Go&quot;gLs/0f ug]{
    • jftfj/0f tyf k|fs[lts ;|f]t Joj:yfkg, ;fdflhs tyf cfly{s ljsf;sf cEof; / e&quot;–pkof]u of]hgf tyf cGo k|fljlws pkfo ckgfP/ hf]lvdsf vf; sf/s tTjnfO{ 36fpg] .
  • %= ;a} txdf k|sf]ksf] k|efjsf/L k|ltsf/sf nflu z;St k&quot;j{tof/L ug]{ .
    • k|sf]k Joj:yfkgsf nflu If]qLo, /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo :t/df ;DjlGwt k|ljlw, tflnd Pjd dfgj tyf ef}lts ;+;fwg ljsf; u/L gLltut, k|fljlws tyf ;+:yfut Ifdtf ;zQm agfpg] .
  • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^
  • :jLs[t ldltM @)^^.^.@% of] k|fs[lts ;Dkbf tyf ef}lts ;+/rgfx¿sf] ;+/If0f, ;+j4{g Pj+ k|j4{g ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k|lta4tf;lxtsf] Ps /fli6«o b:tfj]h (National Framework) xf] . cfwf/M ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] ;g @))% sf] ljZjJofkL ;femf cjwf/0ffkq Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf (Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015)
    •   bL3{sfnLg ;f]r
    • g]kfnnfO{ ljkbaf6 pTyfgzLn ;dfh (Disaster–resilient community) sf] ¿kdf :yflkt ug]{ o; /0fgLltsf] bL3{sfnLg ;f]r (long-term vision) /x]sf] 5 .
    •   bL3{sfnLg nIo
    • k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd tyf ljkbsf] 36gfsf] c;/nfO{ sd ug{ cNkLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L, ;r]tgf clej[l4sf pkfox¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg] / ;a} txdf k|efjsf/L k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf lqmofsnfkx¿ ljsf; u/L ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f (Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development) ug{ cfjZos dfu{bz{g Pj+ k|f]T;fxg lbg]
    • ;xfos nIox¿ M–
    • ;+:yfut ;+/rgfx¿sf] kg' M;+/rgf / ljsf; ug]{
    • PsLs[t gLlt tyf ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmofsf];'lglZrt ug]{
    • gLltut tyf sfg'gL Joj:yfsf] ;'b[9Ls/0f ug{]
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL /0fgLltnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{
  • k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx?
    • ! M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g] / o;sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut Joj:Yff ;'lglZrt ug]{ .
    • @ M ljkbsf ;DefJo hf]lvdsf] n]vfhf]vf, klxrfg, cg'udg / k&quot;j{–r]tfjgL k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ug{].
    • #M ;a} txdf ;'/lIft ;+:s[lt Pj+ pTyfgzLntfsf] ljsf; ug{ 1fg,gjLgtd ;f]r / lzIffsf] pkof]u ug]{.
    • $M JofKt hf]lvdsf sf/s tTjx¿nfO{ Go&quot;g ug]{ .
    • %M k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu ljkb k&quot;j{tof/LnfO{ ;zQm agfpg] .
  • ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu /0fgLlt (Sectoral Strategies for DRR)
    • s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • :jf:Yo tyf kf]if0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • z}lIfs If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • cfjf;, k&quot;jf{wf/ tyf ef}lts of]hgf ;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • hLljsf]kfh{gsf] ;+/If0f
    • vfg]kfgL tyf ;/–;kmfO If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • jg tyf e&quot;–;+/If0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • ;&quot;rgf, ;~rf/, ;dGjo tyf aGbf]a:tL÷k|aGwut Ifdtf;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • vf]hL tyf p4f/ / Ifltsf] n]vfhf]vf tyf cfjZostfsf] ljZn]if0f;DaGwL /0fgLlt
  • /fli6o cfktsflng sfo{ ;+rfng s]Gb| Emergency Operation Center (EOC)
    • e&quot;sDk k|lt/f]ws ejg lgdf{0f u/L @$ 306} v'nf /xg] ;&quot;rgf sIfsf] Joj:yf
    • g]kfnsf] k|fs[lts, ef}uf]lns gfk, gS;f / b&quot;/L ;lxtsf] ljj/0fx? s]Gb|Lo :t/df /fVg
    • ljkbsf 36gfx?sf] ;&quot;rgf ;+sng ug{
    • ;a} lgsfo;Fu t'?Gt cfjZos ;dGjo ug{
    • e&quot;sDk k|lt/f]wL sDKo'6/, :of6]nfO{6 kmf]g h:tf cTofjZos / cfw'lgs ;fdfu|Lx? k&quot;j{–tof/L xfntdf /fVg
    • qmdzM k|fGtLo,If]qLo÷lhNnf :t/df klg cfktsfnLg lgoGq0f sIf :yfkgf ul/g] .
    • o;sf nflu Australian ;/sf/ / UNDP sf] ;xof]u k|fKt
    • u[x dGqfnodf o;sf] ;+rfng ug]{ tof/L e};s]sf] .
  • !?!
  • DRR k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu - HFA Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_ nfO{ cfcfkmgf] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s] s;/L cfTd;ft jf d&quot;nk|jflxs/0f ug{ ;lsPsf] 5 < k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu -Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_sf] kl/of]hgf kl/If0f tyf cfTd;ftLs/0fsf nflu s]lx ;jfn / k|Zgx?
  • PrPkmP ! ;'zf;g k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf - HFA _ sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s'g xb ;Dd k|fyldstfdf k/]sf] 5< x]/f}+ t Û sfo{;+/rgf / 9f+rf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfodf k|sf]ksf] j]nfdf s] ug]{ eGg]jf/] gL0f{o nLg;Sg] tof/L cj:yfsf ;';+ul7t ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xx? 5g < ;xeflutfsf] clwsf/ s] ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xsf ;b:ox? cfkmgf] clwsf/ / /fHon] ;&quot;/Iff / ;+/If0f k|bfg ug'{kg]{ bfloTj jf/] ;r]t 5g< ljlQo >f]t s] xfd|f] ;d'bfosf] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k|efj clNks/0f / k'g/:yf{kgfsf nflu /fHo / :yfgLo ;/sf/n] 5'6ofpg] ljlQo / cGo >f]tx?dflysf] kx'+r 5 < dfgj >f]t s] xfd|f ;d'bfosf k|ltlgwLx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn s] s;/L ug]{ jf/]df ;'rLt tyf k|lzlIft 5g< ljBfno Pj+ :jf:Yo ;'ljwfx? s] xfd|f ;d'bfodf cjl:yt ljBfno Pj+ c:ktfnx?df k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f sf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf jgfpg tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn ug{ ;s[o ;ldtLx? 5g <
  • PrPkmP @ hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg , cg'udg tyf k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf vt/f / hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf, ;&quot;rgf / 5nkmnsf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5< k|sf]k hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qdf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 tyf ;+Defljt hf]lvd sf] cg'udg d&quot;Nof+sg / of]hgf th&quot;{df sf nflu ;d'bfosf ;j} -dlxnf, jfnjfnLsf tyf cGo ;+s6f;Gg ju{_ sf] ;xeflutfdf j}7s jf 5nkmn x'g] ub{5 < k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 / ;+Defljt hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf u/fpg] / k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|bfg ug]{ k|0ffnLx? :yfkLt 5g<
  • PrPkmP # 1fg / lzIff xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf ;d'bfo s'g xb ;Dd k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf tyf k|sf]ksf] cj:yfdf kxn tyf k|lt/f]w Pj+ ug]{ ljifodf hfgLkmsf/ 5g< ;'rgf Joj:yfkg tyf cfbfg k|bfg :yflgo :t/df /x]sf k|d'v vt/fx?sf] af/]df ;dalGwt ;d'bfodf sltsf] k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;&quot;rgf ljt/0f tyf ;Dk|]l;t ul/G5 < cf}krf/Ls lzIff :yflgo of]hgfx? k|sf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgfsf nflu cf}krfl/s ?kdf ljBfno tyf SofDk;x?df k|lzlIft ul/G5 < hg r]tgf / j'emfO{ K|fsf]k cfO k/]sf] v08df ;+efljt vt/fx? ;fdgf ug{sf nflu s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u kof{Kt 1fg tyf ;';&quot;lrt cj:yfdf 5g t < cgf}krf/Ls lzIff K|fsf]ksf] ;+efljt vt/f tyf c;/x?af6 aRgsf nflu s] ;d'bfo ;+u k|ofKt ;&quot;rgf 5g jf cgf}krfl/s lzIff k|fKt u/]sf 5g h;n] ubf{ ;d'bfo k|efjsf/L kxn lng ;sf]; . ljBfno ;&quot;/Iff s] ;d'bfonfO{ yfxf 5 ,xfd|f] ljBfnox? sltsf] ;'/IfLt 5 eg]/ < s] ;d'bfonfO {tL ;j} Jojxfl/s sbdx? Sf] af/]df yfxf 5 ls xfd|f gofF / aGb} u/]sf ljBfno ;+/rfgfx? x/]s lsl;dn] k|sf]k sf] vt/faf6 ;+/lIft / ;';lHht 5g <
  • PrPkmP $ Jftfj/0f tyf k|fqm[lts >f]t Joj:yfkg Xfd|f] ;d'bfodf JofKt s[lifdf cfwfl/t k/Kk/ut cEof;x? s] Jftfj/0f d}qL cyf{t jftfj/0f hf]ufpg] tkm{ pBt 5g < Hfnjfo&quot; kl/jt{gsf] nflu cg's'ngtf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo eljiodfcfO kg{] df};d tyf hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g nfO{ cg's'ng ug{ tof/ 5g < vfB ;&quot;/Iff cfsl:ds a]nfdf x'g] ;+efljt vfB cefj nfO{ ;fdgf ug{ xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|ofKt vfBfGg 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;fv ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo tyf ju{ x?sf] nflu k|sf]k k/]sf] a]nf tyf o; kl5 sf;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf] nflu k|Tofe&quot;lt ul/Psf] 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;+hfnx?df logLx?sf] kx&quot;+rsf] l:ytL s:tf] 5 < ljQLo ;&quot;/Iff ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t art tyf nufgL of]hgfx? tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{x?sf] nflu pknAw/ d]n vfg] 5g t < u/LjL Go&quot;lgs/0f xfd|f] ;d'bfo vf; ul/ tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{ ul/JfL Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu sltsf] ;Ifd /x]sf] 5 t< ;du| of]hgf k4lt :yflgo :t/df ul/g] ljsf;;+u ;Dalgwt of]hgfx?df tL ;d&quot;bfox?sf] ;lqmo ;+nUgtf nfO{ s;/L ;'lglZrt ug{'x'G5 < ejg ;+lxtf tyf dfkb08 K|fsf]k ;fdgfsf ] ;Gbe{df s] xfd|f] ;d’bfo lglb{i6 dfkb)8 cjndagsf nflu nflu tof/ 5g < ;fj{hlgs ;'ljwfx?sf] ;'/Iff ;fj{hlgs ;Dklt tyf ;'ljwfx? gLdf{0f tyf ;'lglZrt ug{sf nflu s] xfd} ;d'bfo ;Ifd tyf tof/ 5g < Vft/fsf cGt/lglxt sf/s tTjx? ;+Defljt k|sf]k / hf]lvd clNks/0fsf nflu ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf jftfj/0fLo cj:yf / e&quot; pkof]u If]qdf ul/Psf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5<
  • PrPkmP % k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf k|efjsf/L kxnsf nflu - Ifdtf / >f]tsf] ;Gbe{df_ ;d'bfosf] K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf sf] ;'[b[l9s/0f sf] If]qdf ePsf] kultsf] cj:yf s] 5 t< K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgf 5 ? k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|sf]ksf] a]nf ul/g] k|ofKt k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? 5g < h:t} k|fylds pkrf/, vf]h tyf p4f/, ;+rf/ ,cUgL lgoGq0f ,hn z'l4s/0f cflb =========== ? vfnL u/fpg], ;&quot;/lIft cjt/0f s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u lgwf{l/t ;'/lIft lgsf; sf af6fx? / 7fFpx? 5g < l;ldt ultzLntf ePsf JolqMX? Nfflu s]xL of]hgf 5 t < Tfflnd tyf k&quot;j{ cEof; s] ;d'bfosf o:tf cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgfx? Dffly tflnd cyjf k&quot;j{ cEof; ul/G5 < cfsl:ds >f]t pkna4L :yflgo ;d'bfo of :yflgo ;+3;:yfx?;+usf] ;xsfo{df s]xL cfsl:ds >f]tx? pknA4 5g < ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cfbgk|bfg cfsl:ds a]nfdf cGo l5d]sL ;d'bfo, :yflgo clwsf/L ,u};; x?;+u ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cbfgk|bfg ug{] k|i6 vfsf tyf of]hgf 5 <
  • PrPkmP cGo cGt/ ;+DjlGwt ;jfnx? s] n}+lus, ;+fl:s[lts tyf eflifs ;jfnx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L tyf k|sf]ksf k|efj clNks/0f of]hgf th{&quot;dfsf] bf}/fgdf x]l/Psf 5g< ;fd'bflos ;xeflutf / ;'rgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo n] :yflgo clwsf/L tyf ;Da4 lgsfo;+u ;+rf/ tyf cg'/f]w / u'gf;f] ug{] k|i6 k|0ffnL / kl/kf6L 5 < ;lqmo ;xeflutf ;d'bfo vf;ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo sf] :yflgo of]hgfx?df sltsf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf x'g] u/]sf] 5 < lg0f{odf ;xeflutf :yflgo lgsfox?;+u of]hgf lgdf{0f tyf lg0f{o k|lqmofx?df oL hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfox?sf] ;xeflutf s:tf] 5 < :jo+ ;]jf s] k|sf]ksf] a]nf ;d'bfo sf ;b:ox? :jo;]jf k|bfg u5{g < n}+lustf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t qm[ofsnfkx?df dlxnfsf] ;xeflutfnfO{ ;d'bfon] ;'lglZt u/]sf] 5 < ;+:qm[lts uDle/tf -k/Dk/fut 1fg_ K|fsf]ksf] c;/x?nfO{ 36fpgsf] nflu ;d'bfon] rngdf /x]sf ;+:qm[lts cEof; tyf k/Dk/fut 1fgx? nfO{ s;/L pkof]udf Nofpg] u/]sf] 5 < ;+f:qm[lts ulDe/tf -Effiff _ s] ;d'bfon] ToxfF /x]sf cflbjf;L tyf cNk;+Vosx?sf] efiffdf k|sf]k ;DalGwt ;jfnx? 5nkmn ug{] u/]sf 5g <
  • k|sf]k hf]lvd Joj:yfkgdf wGojfb PSnf] gLsfon] s]lx ug{ ;St}g DRR is Everybody’s business Thank you tkfO{+x?sf] ;xof]u cfjZos 5 . Single Agency is not enough for DRR