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Ids child no bleed nepali Document Transcript

  • 1. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmkl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfgcg;Gwfg k|ltj]bgafn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{gcgsng;DaGwL "g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmw|j uf}td / Sof6L cf]:jfN8 gf]eDa/, @))* ] www.childreninachangingclimate.org 1
  • 2. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfgzf]wsfo{ ;DaGwdfkl/jlt{t hnfjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg k|ltj]bg / rnlrq agfpg of]ubfg ug{ xg] ;a}kl| t xfdL xflb{scfef/ JoQm ug{ rfxG5f}F .o;df ;+nUg ;a} afnaflnsf / pgLx¿;Da4 ;dbfosf] w}otf / ;xof]usf] nflu xfdL cToGt} cfef/L 5fF} . {PS;gP8sf] g]kfn sfof{no, :yfgLo ;fem]bf/ ;+:yf / afnaflnsf Pj+ pgLx¿sf cleefjsn] xfd|f] rnlrqdf;dfj]z eO{ ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrq pTkfbgdf pT;fxk"0f{ ;+nUgtf dfq hgfPgg, pgLx¿n] b}lgs Jojxf/df;fdgf ug{ k/]sf] hnjfo kl/jt{gsf] rgf}tL xfdLnfO{ Jojxfl/s w]/} ;xh tl/sfn] aemfP . To:t}, :ynutcWoogsf] qmddf cGtjftf{ lnOPsf rf/hgf afnaflnsf – afu]Zj/L, afFssf ;Gtf]if lj=s=, d6]lxof afFssL ] ]/fhsdf/L xl/hg, /fDr] /;jfsL d]gsf tfdfª / afnfh sf7df8f}sf cdf]g /fgf du/k|lt klg xfdL cfef/ +JoQm ug{ rfxG5f}F .PS;gP8sf ;fem]bf/x¿ • PS;gP8 g]kfn (AAN), sf7df8f}+ / g]kfnu~h sfof{no . • e]/L OGEof/f]dG6n PS;Ln]G; u|k (BEE Group), afFs] lhNnf . ] • dfg]sf]/ ;f];fO6L g]kfn (MSN), /;jf lhNnf . • ndGtL sf7df8f}+ .dVo of]ubfgstf{x¿ M efjgf /]UdL, clDasf cdfTo, Zofd;Gb/ 1jfnL, gxsn yfkf / tfd/f Kn; .rnlrq lgdf{tf M tfd/f Kn; (Tamara Plush)of] rnlrqsf] lgb]zg / ;Dkfbg sG6]Dkf]//L lehg -k|f=_ ln= sf7df8f+sf xl/ yfkf / lasGtfåf/f ul/Psf] xf] . { ] }afnfhsL :d[tL s§]nsf] kfZj{–zAb bIftfk|lt klg xfdL cfef/L 5f}F . ;fy} ndGtL / afnfh ;dbfosf;b:ox¿n] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrq cWoog;lxt rnlrq 5fofªsgdf klg pT;fxk"js ;3fpg ePsf]df xfdL {clt g} s[t1 5f}F .dVo l6Kk0fLstf{ M d]l/cf]g vfldh, 6f]d ldr]n, n;L :6f]g, lnl8of afs/ / hggL ljj]sfgGb;Dkfbs M h8L x6{nLkmf]6f]u|fkmL M w|j uf}td, efjgf /]UdL / tfd/f Kn; / ;fe]mbf/ Pj+ ;dbfosf ;b:ox¿åf/f lgld{t ;xeflutfd"ns >Job[Zo cGt/jftf{ / rnlrq dWoaf6 ;fef/ .k|f?k ;HhfM cf/kLPd lk|G6 P08 l8hfOg .g]kfnL efiff ;Dkfbg M /fdrGb| Gof}kfg]g]kfnL k|f¿k ;Hhf M /d]z bfxfn;jf{lwsf/ M © 2008 Children in a Changing Climate2 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 3. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmljifo;"rL zf]wsfo{ ;DaGwdf @ sfo{sf/L ;f/f+z $!= kl/ro M hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwdf afnaflnsfsf] cfjfhn] lsg dxTj /fV5 < ^@= afncfjfh M kl/jt{gzLn hnjfon] xfd|f] hLjgdf kf/]sf] k|efj (#= ljBdfg cgsng /0fgLlt / ca/f]w " !$$= afnaflnsf eG5g M cgsngsf lglDt xfdLnfO{ s] rflxG5 < !^%= l;sfO !(aS; / tflnsfaS; ! M d6]lxof :ynut cWoog ^aS; ! M /fDr] :ynut cWoog (aS; ! M afnfh :ynut cWoog !)aS; ! M afu]Zj/L :ynut cWoog !#tflnsf ! M hnjfo kl/jt{g;Fu cgsng xg afnaflnsfsf cg;f/ lbOgkg]{ " cNksfnLg / bL3{sfnLg k|fyldstf / ltgn] ;fdgf ug{ k/]sf] sl7gfO !* afnaflnsfx?, afu]Zj/L, afFs, g]kfn ] www.childreninachangingclimate.org 3
  • 4. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg sfo{sf/L ;f/f+z afnaflnsfx?n] hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwL ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrq kl/of]hgfaf/] l;S5g , d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn .æk|efj Go"gLs/0f ug{ xfd|f nflu cfjZos 5 . Æ xfdL hnjfo kl/jt{gsf] df/af6 pDsg ;Sb}gf}, t/ o;af6 dflg; ,kzkfng / v]tLafnLdf kg]{ + ;Gtf]if lj=s=, jif{ !&, afu]Zj/L, afFs], g]kfn .hnjfo kl/jt{gsf] k|efj clxn] g} b]lvg yfln;s]sf] 5 . ;g @))* df …kl/jt{gzLn hnjfodf afnaflnsfÚljZjsf nfvf}+ ljkGg hgtfdfem oL k|efj emg} hl6n zLif{ssf] zf]w sfo{qmdn] PS;gP8 g]kfn / o;sf5g! . pgLx¿ hnjfo kl/jt{g;Fu ;DalGwt ef]sd/L, /f]u ;fem]bf/ ;+:yfx¿;Fu ldn]/ t/fO{, kxf8 / ;x/L If]qsf/ åGåsf] ;fdgf ul//x]sf 5g . ;Gtf]if lj=s=h:tf ljkGg afnaflnsfx¿nfO{ cfkm" / cfˆgf] ;dbfodf hnjfoafnaflnsfx¿, hf] ljZjs} ljkGg ;dbfodf a:g] u/]sf kl/jt{gsf] k|efj;DaGwdf 5f]6f >Jo–b[Zo ;fdu|Lx¿5g, pgLx¿ o; ;d:ofaf6 emg} hf]lvddf /x]sf] b]Vg lgdf{0f ug{ ;3fof] . o:tf >Jo–b[Zo ;fdu|Lsf] lgdf{0fn]];lsG5 .@ afnaflnsfnfO{ s;/L hnjfo kl/jt{gn] cfkm" / cfˆgf]4 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 5. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmkl/jf/nfO{ k|efj kf/]sf] 5 < s;/L o;sf] ;fdgf ug{ h;n] af9L, klx/f], tkmfg / v8]/Lh:tf r/d df};dLk/]sf] 5 < / hnjfo kl/jt{g la?4 s;/L cgsng ug{ " k|sf]ksf] bMvb kl/0ffdsf] ;fdgf ul//x]sf 5g . k|sf]ksf];lsG5 eGg] af/]df hfgsf/L lbof] . k|:tt k|ltj]bg pQm cfj[lQ hnjfo kl/jt{g;Fu} a9b} hfg]5 . ca ;/sf/n];xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrq kl/of]hgsf pknlAwsf ;fy} hnjfo kl/jt{gaf6 ;a}eGbf a9L kLl8t xg] ljZjsfkl/of]hgf;Da4 ;dbfodf afnaflnsfx¿;Fu ul/Psf yk ljkGg ;dbfosf afnaflnsfx¿sf] cfjfh ;Gg} kg]{ a]nfcg;GwfGfdf cfwfl/t 5 . cfPsf] 5 . o; k|ltj]bgn] hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwdf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ ;lglZrt ug{ s]xL ;emfj;d]tk|:tt k|ltj]bgn] g]kfnsf tLg ef}uf]lns If]qsf k|:tt u/]sf] 5 .afnaflnsfsf] nflu hnjfo kl/jt{g;Fu ;dfof]hg xg]cfˆgf cfjZostfaf/] cleJolQm lbg ;3fpg] nIo lnPsf] afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/af/] ;gjfO M of] k|ltj]bg / o;};fy 5 . xfdL oxfF cGt/jftf{ lnOPsf afnaflnsfn] ;Dk"0f{ b]vfOPsf] afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqn] s]g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] k|ltlglwTj u5{g eGg] bfaL ub}gf}+ t/ { b]vfpF5 eg] afnaflnsfn] cfkmgf] hLjgdf hnjfohnjfo kl/jt{g cgsng;DaGwL pgLx¿sf cfjZostf " kl/jt{gsf] k|efjaf/] a‰5g / pgLx¿nfO{ cgsng tyf "a‰g kSs} klg o; k|ltj]bgn] cGt/f{li6«o ;/f]sf/jfnfnfO{ ;d:of ;dfwfgsf] pkfo cjnDag ug{ ;xof]u rflxG5 .dxTjk"0f{ cj;/ k|bfg ug]5 eGg] ljZjf; lnPsf5fF} . { pgLx¿sf] cfjfhsf] ;a} txdf ;gjfO xgkg]{ clwsf/ afnaflnsf;Fu 5 . ;dbfodf dfq geO{ /fli6«o tyfk|ltj]bgn] g]kfnsf ljkGg ;dbfosf afnaflnsf / cGt/f{li6«o txdf xg] hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwL ax;df ;d]tpgLx¿sf kl/jf/ hnjfo kl/jt{gaf6 k|efljt 5g eGg] of] dfGotf nfu" xg k5{ .tYo phfu/ u/]sf] 5 . clgoldt / cgdfg ug{ g;lsg]df};dL ultljlwsf sf/0f pTkGg xg] af9L, klx/f], cgsng;DaGwL afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ M hLjg, ;/Iff, "v8]/Lh:tf ;d:ofn] s;/L cfˆgf] kl/jf/sf] hLljsf, ;xeflutf / ljsf; afnaflnsfsf cfwf/e"t clwsf/cfˆgf] :jf:Yo, lzIff, efjgfTds ;+jl[ 4 / vfg]kfgLsf] xg . clwsf/ s]lGb|t b[li6sf]0fn] x]bf{ hnjfo kl/jt{gkxrdf ;d]t k|efj kf/]sf] 5 eGg] s/f afnaflnsf cfkm}n] F F cgsngdf afnaflnsf;Fu sfd ug{ :j]lR5s dfq geO{ "kQf nufP . pgLx¿sf] clwsf/sf] ;+/If0f ug{ klg xf] .oBlk oL afnaflnsf hnjfo kl/jt{gsf gLl/x / lgl:qmo lzIffdf afnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ M kl/jt{gzLn hnjfon]kLl8t eg] xf]Ogg, lsgsL cg;Gwfgn] hl6n ca/f]wsf kl/jf/x¿sf] hLljsf / pgLx¿sf afnaflnsfnfO{ ljBfnoafahb pgLx¿n] cgsngsf lglDt klxn]bl] v g} cfˆgf] " k7fpg ;Sg] cfly{s x}l;otdf ;d]t k|efj kf/]sf] 5 .hLjgz}nLdf kl/jt{g NofO/x]sf] b]vfpF5 . pgLx¿ o:tf] cj:yfdf cleefjsn] cfkmgf afn–aRrf ljBfnoaf6kl/jt{gzLn hnjfodf cgsng xgsf] nflu s:tf] yk " glgsfng eGg] ;lglZrt ug{ ;/sf/n] 5fqj[lQ jf eQfsf];xof]u rflxG5 eGg] s/fdf klg ;r]t 5g . pgLx¿nfO{ Joj:yf ug]{ jf zNsdf 56 lbg] Joj:yf ug{ k5{ .j[Iff/f]k0f, cfwlgs s[lif k|ljlw, ;wfl/Psf] ef}lts k"jf{wf/, cgsng of]hgfdf afnaflnsfsf cfjZostf ;dfj]z xg k5{ M "hnjfo kl/jt{gsf k|efj;DaGwdf yk 1fg / k|sf]ksf] g]kfnh:tf w]/} ljsf;f]Gdv b]zx¿df /fli6«o cgsng "plrt /f]syfd;DaGwL sfo{qmdsf] cfjZostf 5 . sfo{qmd -gfkf–NAPA_ ;~rflnt 5g jf xb5g . gfkfnfO{ F }ca oL afnaflnsf / pgLx¿sf] ;dbfonfO{ hnjfo k|efjsf/L / Gofo;ªut agfpg gLltut txdf xg]kl/jt{g;Fu ;dfof]hg / cgsl" nt xg ;3fpg ljz]if k/fdz{, ;+jfb / ax;df afnaflnsfsf] cfjZostf /;lqmotf cfjZos 5 . o; zf]wsfo{df ;+nUg b[li6sf]0fnfO{ ;dfj]z ul/g cfjZos 5 .afnaflnsfx¿h:t} ljZjdf nfvf+} c¿ afnaflnsf 5gÙ www.childreninachangingclimate.org 5
  • 6. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg!= kl/ro hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwdf afnaflnsfsf] cfjfhn] lsg dxTj /fV% < aS;–! M d6]lxofsf] :ynut cWoog æaf9L / a9bf] jiff{n] dnfO{ ljBfno hfg lb“bg .Æ } æd]/f] gfd /fhsdf/L xf] / d !^ jif{sL eP“ . d bz sIffdf k95 . dnfO{ x/]s lbg ljBfno hf“bf bf]Gb|f vf]nf tg{ k5{ . 7"nf] kfgL k¥of] eg] vf]nfsf] ;tx dfly cfp“5 / tg{ lgs} ;d:of xG5 . dnfO{ yfxf 5, s]xL jif{ klxnf oxf“sf] kfgL 38f;Dd dfq} “ cfp“Yof] . t/, clxn] sDd/;d]t 8afp“5 . dnfO{ of] vf]nf t/]/ leh]sf] sk8f nufO{ sIffdf hfg dg nfUb}g lsgeg] To:tf] cj:yfdf s;/L k9fOdf Wofg lbg < d ;fpg– ebf}df af9Ln] ubf{ k/LIff klg 56fp“5 . a? sd kfgL kg]{ a]nfdf c;f]hlt/ k/LIff eOlbP xGYof] . xfdLh:tf afnaflnsfnfO{ kfgL k/]sf] a]nfdf klg ljBfno hfg /fd|f] af6f] / knsf] cfjZostf 5 . Æ /fhsdf/L xl/hg, d6]lxof, af“s] g]kfn. /fhsdf/L g]kfnsf w]/} aflnsfdWo]sL Ps xg hnjfo kl/jt{gn] pgLx¿sf] hLjgdf kfg]{ k|efjsf ;fy} h;sf] hLjgnfO{ af9Ln] k|efj kf/]sf] 5 . ;g hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwL ax;df afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutf @))& df zlQmzfnL dg;gL jiff{n] NofPsf] ;Lldt 5 / pgLx¿sf] cgsng;DaGwL cfjZostfnfO{ " af9Laf6 sl/a kfFrnfv dflg; k|efljt ePsf lyP klg sd} dxTj lbOG5 . of] k|ltj]bgn] hnjfo kl/jt{gaf6 eg] @#,))) eGbf a9L t 3/x¿ g} gi6 ePsf afnaflnsfx¿ k|efljt 5g, ablnFbf] hnjfodf s;/L lyP .# hLjgnfO{ cgsl" nt ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] pgLx¿nfO{ yfxf 5, / hnjfo kl/jt{g cgsng;DaGwL gLltut ax;df " /fhsdf/Lh:tf afnaflnsfn] hnjfo pgLx¿sf] ;xeflutf Pj+ cfjfhsf] ;gjfO{ xg k5{ eGg] kl/jt{g xgdf cToGt} Go"g e"ldsf v]n] klg s/f b]vfpF5 . To;sf] k|lts"n k|efjaf6 eg] lgs} kLl8t xgk/]sf] 5 . • ljZjJofkL ¿kdf g} afnaflnsfx¿ hnjfohGo hf]lvdaf6 kLl8t 5g – v8]/L, af9L / tkmfgsf] hf]lvddf /x]sf u|fdL0f tyf ;x/L ljkGg a:tLsf afnaflnsfsf] cj:yf cem gfhs 5 . • a9bf] ul/aL, ef]s, /f]u / lzIffdf 36bf] kxrh:tf cj:yfn] afnaflnssf] eljio F klxn]eGbf emg} clglZrt ePsf] b]vfpF5 . • hnjfo kl/jt{g Pj+ k|sf]ksf ;DaGwdf afnaflnsfsf] cgej jo:sx¿sf] eGbf leGb} eP klg To;nfO{ Tolt jf:tf ug]{ ul/Psf] 5}g .$6 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 7. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQm ;Gbe{kl/jt{gzLn hnjfodf afnaflnsf afFssf] jfu]Zj/Ldf /fd|f] ;8s ;~hfn 5 . xfjfkfgL ] d6]lxofsf] h:t} 5 . oxfFsf dVo hft / ;Dk|bfox¿ kxf8Lkl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf (Children in d"nsf / dl:ndx¿ xg . hLljsf]kfh{gsf] k|dv ;|ft s[lif ]Changing Climate -CCC_% cg;Gwfg, ;lqmotf, ax; / xf] eg] j}bl] zs /f]huf/af6 k|fKt k};f / a]nfavt ug{l;sfOh:tf kIf ;+nUg ;dfj]zL sfo{qmd xf] . o;sf] kfOg] dhb/L hLljsf]kfh{gsf] bf];f] ;|ft xf] . | ]p2]Zo x/]s txdf xg] hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwL sfo{ tyf /;jf lhNnfsf] /fDr] ;db;txaf6 !,(!) ld6/ prfOdf |cgsng k|of;df afnaflnsfsf] ;lqmo k|efjnfO{ ;lgZrt " k5{ . oxfF d"n ¿kdf tfdfª, z]kf{ / blntsf] a;f]af;ug{ xf] . o; sfo{qmdn] d"ne"t ¿kdf cg;Gwfg tyf 5 .* s[lif hLjgofkgsf] k|dv k];f xf] eg] bf];f] :yfgdf |ljsf;;Fu ;/f]sf/ /fVg] ;+:yfx¿nfO{ Ps} ynf]df /fV5, j}bl] zs /f]huf/L /x]sf] 5 .hxfF cfˆgf cgej / 1fg k/:k/ afF8g,] ;dGjodf afnfhsf] ;dbfo sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsfsf] j8f g+= !^;lqmotf;fy sfd ug]{ / afnaflnsfnfO{ hnjfo df k5{ . u|fdL0f ;dbfoaf6 oxfF a;fOF ;g]{ rng tLj| 5 .kl/jt{gsf k|efjsf lgl:qmo kLl8tsf] ¿kdf geO{ gfos oxfFsf] dVo hLljsf]kfh{g :j/f]huf/ / ;]jf If]qdfkfqsf] ¿kdf ;Fu;Fu} lnP/ lx8g] k|ltj4tf ul/Psf] xG5 . cfwfl/t 5 . oxfF tfdfª, du/, g]jf/, u?ª, a|fXd0f, If]qLkl/jt{gzLn hnjfodf afnaflnsf -;L;L;L_ sf] zf]w / /fO{sf] a;f]jf; 5 .sfo{qmdsf] ;+of]hg ;+oQm clw/fHosf] ljsf; cWoog ;+:yfgcGtu{t hnjfo kl/jt{g tyf ljsf; s]Gb|n] u/]sf]5 . of] zf]w sfo{qmd x/]s tx / If]qdf hnjfokl/jt{g;DaGwL afnaflnsfsf] cfjfhnfO{ j}wtf lbg]p2]Zon] æafn–lgb]l{ zt cgsngsf lglDt sfo{dns " ";fem]bf/L cg;GwfgÆ k|lt ;dlk{t 5 . o;n] tYoutk|df0fx¿ k|bfg u5{, h;n] cEof;stf{, gLlt–lgdf{tf tyfafnaflnsf :jo+nfO{ klg hnjfo kl/jt{g;Fu cgsl nt xg/ To;sf c;/nfO{ sd ug{ klg ;lqmo agfpF5 .g]kfn ;|f]tM http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Pageof] k|ltj]bg g]kfnsf ul/a ;x/L tyf u|fdL0f ;dbfosfafnaflnsf dfem ;~rflnt :ynut cg;Gwfgdf cfwfl/t5 . g]kfn ljz]iftM cTolws jiff{, nfdf] v8]/L / af9Lsf]sf/0f ;ªs6f;Gg /x]sf] dflgG5 .^ kl5Nnf cg;Gwfgsfkl/0ffdn] ;d]t hnjfo kl/j{tgaf6 g]kfndf hn;|ft, ] &hnzlQm, s[lif, h}ljs ljljwtf, :jf:Yo tyf lzIff h:tfljleGg If]qx¿ k|efljt eO/x]sf 5g . of] k|ltj]bgg]kfnsf] dWoklZrd / dWodf~rn If]qsf rf/ ;dbfosfljkGg ;dbfosf afnaflnsfaLr ;~rfng ul/Psf]cg;Gwfgsf] kl/0ffd xf] . h;df afFs] lhNnfsf d6]lxof /jfu]Zj/L, /;jf lhNnfsf] /fDr] / sf7df8f}+ ;|f]tM http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Pagedxfgu/kflnsfsf] afnfh cg;Gwgsf nflu 5gf]6 ePsfIf]q xg .d6]lxof afFs] lhNnfsf] bud ufpF xf] . Ps bzs nfdf] {åGåsf sf/0f oxfF cem} klg lgs} sd ;ljwf pknAw 5g .oftoft / lahnL klg ;Lldt dfqfdf pknAw 5 .hLljsf]kfh{gsf] k|dv cfwf/ s[lif, kzkfng / dhb/L xf] . oxfF tfkqmd slxn]sfFxL $$ l8u|L ;]lG6u|6;Dd klg kUg] ]xbfF oxfF pi0f xfjfkfgL 5 . oxfFsf w]/} afl;Gbfdw];Lafx]s kxf8L / yf? d"nsf 5g . ;|f]tM http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page www.childreninachangingclimate.org 7
  • 8. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfgkl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg afnaflnsfx?n] cfkm"nfO{ klxnf]kN6 j[Qlrqdf x]5g, d6]lxof, afFs, g]kfn . ] { ]cg;Gwfg k4lt of] k|ltj]bgsf ;fy xfdLn] Pp6f rnlrq klg pTkfbg u/]sf 5f}F h;df ;xefluTfd"ns >Jo–b[Zo cGtjf{Tff{sfof] k|ltj]bgsf] ;f]r kl/jt{zLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf– s]xL b[Zof+zx¿ / afnaflnsfn] agfPsf] clGtd rnlrqcg;Gwfgsf] ;fem]bf/ PS;gP8 g]kfnsf] ljBfnodfkm{t klg ;dfj]z 5 . of] k|ltj]bg / rnlrqn] ;+oQm ¿kdf k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f kl/of]hgfaf6 ljsl;t ePsf] xf] . g]kfnsf afnaflnsfnfO{ hnjfo kl/jt{g cgsngsf "o; kl/of]hgfdf ;xeflutd"ns j[QlrqnfO{ ;dbfosf ;DaGwdf cfjh p7fpg] Pp6f /fd|f] d~r k|bfg u5{ .;fy} afnaflnsfsf hf]lvdx¿ kQf nufO{ hnjfokl/jt{g;Fu cgsngsf /0fgLltx¿ ljsf; ug{ ;3fpg] ";fwgsf] ¿kdf k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . oL j[Qlrqx¿gful/ssf] g]tTjdf /xL ul/g] lzIff / ax; ug]{ k|of;sf [kIfdWo] Ps xf], h;n] ;dbfonfO{ cem ;lhnf] /k|efjsf/L ¿kdf gLlt–lgdf{Tff;Fu ;fd]n xg d2t u5{ .of] k|ltj]bg afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqdfs]lGb|t 5, h;n] pgLx¿nfO{ cfkmgf] ;dbfodfkl/jt{gzLn hnjfosf] cWoog ug{ pTk|l] /t u¥of] . o;dfdf};dsf] r/d kl/jt{zLn k|f¿ksf sf/0f xg] k|sf]kaf6cfˆgf kl/jf/sf] hLljsfdf kfg]{ k|efjÙ pgLx¿sfkl/jf/sf nflu cgsngsf ljBdfg pkfoÙ cgsngsf] " "cfjZostf / cgsngsf lglDt Jojwfg k|dv /x]sf 5g . " o; jif{ hnjfo kl/jt{gn] ubf{ /fDr], /;jfdf ePsf] vfBfGg cefjaf/] zflGtdfof tfdfª cfkmgf] cgej ;gfpFl5g .8 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 9. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQm@= afn cfjfh M k/]sf] k|efj kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoaf6 xfd|f] hLjgdfof] cg;Gwfg / ;xeflutFd"ns >Job[Zo ;fdu|Ln] ;dbfosf afnaflnsf tyf jo:s ;b:odfem kl/jt{gzLnhnjfosf sf/0f pgLx¿sf] hLjgdf s;/L k|efj k/]sf] 5 eGg] ;DaGwdf k|df0f ;ªsng u/]sf] 5 .hnjfo;DaGwL ;"rsx¿sf cg;f/ olb sfa{g 8fOcS;fO8(co2) pT;h{gsf] dfqf abb} hfg] xf] eg] g]kfndf jflif{sjiff{ pNn]vgLo ¿kdf j[l4 xg5 .!) lxpFbdf lgs} g} ;Vvf ]xg] / u[iddf cToflws jiff{ -clxn]sf] tngfdf # u0ffeGbfa9L_!! xg] ;Defjgf /x]sf] 5 . jif{ el/df xg] jiff{sf]kl/df0f g} af9Lsf] hf]lvd lgwf{/0f ug]{ Ps e/kbf]{ cfwf/xf] . jiff{sf] o;k|sf/sf] z[ªvnfn] lxpFbdf nfdf] v8]/L / jiff{ofddf af9L cfpg] ;Defjgf xG5 .!@ g]kfnsfafnaflnsfsfn] o:tf] k|efj ef]Ug yfln;s]sf 5g . ;dy/efudf afnaflnsfx¿ af9L / v8]/Ln] ql;t xG5gÙkxf8sf nflu klx/f] dVo ;d:of xf] eg] sf7df8f}sf +afnaflnsf lxpFbsf] lr;f] / slx/f] dfq xf]Og cToflwsjiff{, x/L / tftf]n] cfˆgf] k9fO k|efljt ePsf] ugf;f]u5{g .hLljsf]kfh{g ljBfno hfgeGbf klxnf aflnsfx? 3/kfnjf ufO{j:t r/fpg hfG5g .ljutsf s]xL jif{otf v]tL / afnLgfnL ljleGg sf/0fn] -afnaflnsfx?sf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo, d6]lxof, afFs, g]kfn _. ]k|efljt ePsf] cgej ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . af9L, klx/f], v8]/L,cl;gf, / sL/fsf] dxfdf/L o;sf pbfx/0f xg . nlIft– æju{aLr ;fd"lxs 5nkmnsf qmddf o; jif{ afFsdf d;/f] ] v]tL k"0f{ ¿kdf c;kmn ePsf] / /;jfdf klg cfnvtL ] ut jif{ w]/} kfgL k¥of], w]/} 7fp“df klx/f]sl/a #) k|ltztn] 36]sf] s/f afnaflnsfn] ;gfP . uof] / afnL klg gi6 eof] . o; jif{ædf};ddf cfPsf] kl/jt{gn] xfd|f] hLjgdf k|ltsn k|efj kof{Kt kfgL gk/]sfn] af]6la¿jf /fd|f;u ] “kf/]sf] 5 . xfdLn] 7Ls a]nfdf v]tL nufpg kfPsf 5}gf+F} / Æw]/} kfgL kgf{n] df6f] klg aufPsf] 5 .Æ xls{g ;s]sf 5}gg, xfdLnfO{ vfg gkUg] gAt]; tfdfª, jif{ !%, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn . eof] . sNkgf tfdfª, jif{ !#, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn . aS;–@ M /fDr] :ynut cWoog ælat]sf s]xL jif{df klx/f]n] ubf{ xfd|f] hLjg c:tJo:t ePsf] 5 .Æ æd]/f] gfd d]gsf tfdfª xf] . d !# jif{sL eP“ . d sIff % k95 . uPsf] tLg jif{df xfd|f] kl/jf/ klx/f]n] ubf{ tLg k6s 7fp“ ;/]sf] 5 – x88Lkmf]/af6 l;:g]/L / clGtddf /fDr] . klx/f]n] ubf{ xfd+f] kl/jf/sf] hLljsf etfeªu ePsf] 5 . xfdL v]tLdf cfl>t | 5f}“ . kf“r jif{klxn] xfdLn] rf/ d/L wfg pTkfbg uYof}+{ eg] clxn] klx/f]n] v]t aufPsfn] Ps d/L dfq pTkfbg xG5 . d]/f] afaf ljb]zdf sfd ug{ xG5 / ;s]sf] cj:yfdf k};f k7fpgxG5 . d]/f] bfO 5§Lsf] a]nfdf el/ofsf] sfd ug{xG5 . xfdL clxn] c¿;“u} ef8fsf] hUufdf agfPsf] c:yfoL 3/df a:5f}“ / oxL“ v]tL u5f{+} . klx/f]sf] 8/n] ubf{ xfdL cfkmg} v]tdf kms{g ;Sb}gf+}“ . –d]gsf tfdfª, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn www.childreninachangingclimate.org 9
  • 10. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfosf] cg;Gwfgleq afnaflnsf leq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg v]tdf afnaflnsf -afu]Zj/L, afFs] g]kfn_:jf:Yo g]kfnsf u|fdL0f ;dbfodf lgs} sd 3/df dfq zf}rfno xg] xbf vnf :yfgdf lb;f–lk;fa ug{ ;fdfGo xf] . Fafnaflnsfn] af9Lsf] ;dodf, tTsfn} jf kl5 kfgLhGo kfgLsf] k|bif0f Ps :yfoL ;d:of xf] hg af9Lsf] a]nfdf " æ/f]usf] j[l4 ePsf] jf km}lnPsf] b]v] . emg} hl6n aG5 .æuPsf @ jif{bl] v xfdL cfFvfsf] ;ªqmd0fn] kLl8t 5f+}F .klxnf–klxnf xfdLnfO{ o:tf] ;d:of dg;gsf] ;dodf dfq} d6]lxofdf x/]s jif{ w]/} dflg; emf8fjfGtf /xGYof] . t/, lxhf]cfh nfdf] v8]/Ldf klg o:tf] ;ªqmd0f x}hfsf sf/0fn] d5{g . xfdL;“u zf}rfnoxg] u5{ . xfdL crDddf 5f},F} lsg o:tf] ePsf] < o:tf] gePsf]n] kfgLsf ;|ftx¿ k|blift xG5g . xfd|f] ] ";ªqmd0fn] xfdLnfO{ n]vk9 ug{ cK7]/f] cj:yf pTkGg u5{ . glhs} sg} :jf:Yo rf}sL klg 5}g . xfdLn]of] ;?jf /f]u ePsfn] ljBfnodf ;fyLx¿nfO{ ;g{ glbg emf]nfdf cf}iflw lnP/ lx“8g] ef/tLo ;x/af6 xfdL 3/d} a:g k5{ . clg xfdLnfO{ cf}iflw lsGg k};f klg Æ cfPsf cgejxLg / xfdLnfO{ s] ePsf] xf] yfxfvr{ ug{ k5{ .Æ gkfpg] emf]n] 8fS6/x¿sf] e/ kg{ k5{ . ;bg /fhj+zL, jif{ !&, afu]Zj/L, afFs], g]kfn . dbg nfdL5fg], jif{ !$,d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn . aS;–# M afnfh :ynut cWoog æa9bf] hg;ªVof / ;jf/L ;fwgn] sf7df8f}df k|bif0f a9]sf] 5 .Æ + " æd]/f] gfd cdg /fgf du/ xf] . d !& jif{sf] eP“ / & sIffdf k95 . afnfhsf] hg;ªVof lbglbg} a9b5 . kl5Nnf] s]xL jif{df afnfhsf] hg;ªVof ufp“af6 j;fO“ } ;/L cfpgfn] a9]sf] xf] . kl/0ffd:j¿k w]/} ;jf/L ;fwg, a9L kmf]xf]/, lkpg] kfgLsf] cefj, pa{/ e"ldsf] ljgfz / w]/} pBf]ux¿ xgfn] Jffo k|bif0fh:tf ;d:ofx¿ a9]sf " 5g . afSnf] x:; klg emg v/fa ePsf] 5 / dnfO{ nfU5 of] klg hg;ªVof pRr xgfn] g} xf] . x:; afSnf] xbf, tfkqmd 36b} hfG5 . hf8f]df w]/} rL;f] xg] / d la/fdL “ kl//xg] xgfn] ljBfno hfg ;d:of xG5 . ?3f, vf]sL / xft–v§f ;lGgg] ;d:of To:tf] a]nfdf ;fdfGo xg . hf8f]df ljBfnodf lx6/ eP uHha xg] lyof] . ;/sf/n] ufp“sf dfG5]sf] ;x/tkm{ xg] a;fO“–;/fOnfO{ Jojl:yt u/fpgk5{ tfls ;a}n] kof{Kt ;ljwf kfpg ;s" g .Æ cdg /fgf du/, afnfh, sf7df8f}+, g]kfn .10 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 11. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmaf9Lsf] ;dodf zf}rno jf vnf :yfg;Dd kUg cK7]/f]xgfn] lb;f–lk;fa ug{ ;d:of xG5 . o:tf] a]nfdf dlxnftyf lszf]/Lx¿ sd kfgL lkpg] / vfgf klg sd vfg] æ ;/sf/n] klx/f] /f]Sg ;xof]u ug{ k5{ / o;af6 k|efljt ;dbfon] klg klx/f] Æu5{g tfls lbzf–lk;fa sd ug{ k/f]; .!# /f]syfdaf/] hfGg k5{ . xfdL klx/f]åf/flzIff kLl8t 5f}“ . d]gsf tfdfª, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfnw]/} kl/jf/x¿n] klx/f] / af9Ln] ubf{ cfkmgf] 3/, v]tL,3/kfnjf kz / hLljsf]kfh{gsf ;fwgx¿ udfPsf 5g . æklx/f]sf] 8/n] xfd|f] :sn % k6s;Dd ;fl/of] . cem} klg;d"x–5nkmn j[Qlrqdf afnaflnsfx¿n] cfˆgf afa xfdL;Fu kof{Kt sIffsf]7f 5}gg . kfgL kbf{ xfdL k9gkl/jf/ wfGg g;s]/ cs}{ 7fpFdf dhb/L ug{ hfg k/]sf] kfpb}gf+} . xfdLnfO{ kfgL, cl;gf, lxpF / r6ofª kbf{;d]tafWotf ;gfP . o;n] afnaflnsfdfly 3/]n sfdsf] af]em 6fpsf] nsfpg] 7fpF klg 5}g .Æylkg] xgfn] pgLx¿sf] k9fOdf klg ca/f]w kusf] 5 . ] Plngf tfdfª, jif{ !$, /fDr], /;jf .afnaflnsfnfO{ 3/ / v]tdf nfdf] cjlw;Dd sfd ug{ /fDr]df ag]sf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqdf afnaflnsfx¿n]k5{ . kl/jf/n] ljBfnosf] zNs / kf7o–;fdu|L lsGg] vr{ Pp6f kl/jf/ s;/L klx/f]n] kLl8t 5 egL lrlqt u/]sfh6fpg ;Sb}gg . kmn:j¿k afnaflnsfx¿ cfkmgf] k9fO 5g . pgLx¿sf] v]tL klx/f]n] gfl;Psf] 5 / vfgf lsGg]5f8g klg afWo xG5g . k};f;d]t 5}gÙ To;}n] pgLx¿ cfkmgf 7"nf ;Gtfgx¿nfO{ j}bl] zs /f]huf/df / ;fgfnfO{ :YffgLo :t/df 3/]nd6]lxof / jfu]Zj/Ldf tLj| af9Lsf] a]nf afnaflnsfnfO{ sfdbf/ / el/ofsf] ¿kdf sfddf nufpF5g . o:tf]ljBfno;Dd kUg nueu c;Dej xG5 . w]/h;f] sf7sf } j[Qlrq a9;sfndf a];fx/f eO{ PSn} ugf;f] ul//x]sf ]c:yfoL knx¿ af9Ln] n}hfG5 . af9Lsf] ;d:ofnfO{ pkoQm aaf–cfdfnfO{ b]vfpFb} 6ªl uG5, lsgeg] pgLx¿sf ;Gtfgt6aGbsf] cefj, afnjf 9ªuf hyfefjL lgsfNg, l;FrfO cfkmgf] /f]hL/f]6Lsf] nflu 3/ 5f8g afWo 5g .tyf 9n lgsf;sf] cefj / afSnf] a:tLn] ubf{ emg sf7df8f}sf] afnfhdf ss{6kftfsf] 5fgf] ePsf] ljBfnodf +ljs/fn agfO/x]sf] 5 . jiff{, x/L / udL{sf] a]nf k9fOdf c;/ k5{ .æw]/} h;f] ;do d ljBfno hfFbf cfwf af6f]af6} kmls{G5, æxfd|f] sIffsf]7fsf] 5fgfdf kfgL kbf{ rsf]{ cfjfhlsgeg] bf]Gb|f vf]nf tg{ ;lsFbg . dnfO{ nfU5 lzIffeGbf } cfpF5 / To;n] xfdLnfO{ k9fOdf cj/f]w k¥ofpF5 .hLjg dxTjk"0f{ xf], To;}n] vf]nf tg]{ hf]lvd lng d x/Ln] slxn] t 5fgf g} p8fpF5 / xfd|f] sIffel/ w"n–w"nf] }rfxGg . xfd|f] klxnf] k/LIffdf d}n] /fd|f] ug{ ;lsg . kf]xf]/ xG5 . o:tf] a]nfdf xfdL eOdf kN6]/ hf]luG5f}F . udL{df F;fn bf]Gb|f vf]nfsf] kn eTs]kl5 d 3/ kmls{g g;s]/ w]/} tftf]n] ubf{ 6fpsf] bVg] / sIffdf g} lgb|f nfUg] klglbg ;fyLsf] 3/d} a;]ÙF af9Lsf] a]nf lstfa / sfkL xG5 .Æx/fpg ;fdfGo h:t} xf] . Æ kf;fª z]kf{, jif{ !!, afnfh, sf7df8f}+, g]kfn . ljdfsdf/L lj= s= jif{ !^, d6]lxof, afFs] .;lhnf] af6f] klx/f]n] k/kl5 /fDr]sf afnaflnsfnfO{ @ ]306f psfnf] lxF8/ ljBfno kUgk5{ . ]æ dnfO{ hDdf tLg 306f lx“8gk5{ . 8]9306f :sn cfpg / csf]{ 8]9306f 3/ kmls{g . 5f]6f] af6f] klx/f]n] lauf/]sf]n] ;/lIft af6f] Æ lx“8bf nfdf] ;do nfU5 . dnfO{ crDd nflu/x]5 – klx/f] hfg] qmd a9b5 . } 8f]dfnhL tfdfª jif{ !#, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn . afnaflnsfx? af9Lsf] a]nf ljBfno hfgkbf{sf rgf}tLx? b]vfp5g -afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo -d6]lxof, afFs_ ] www.childreninachangingclimate.org 11
  • 12. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;GwfgefjgfTds ;+jl4 [ /;jf lhNnfdf klx/f]n] ubf{ xg] ef}lts ;d:ofafx]s klx/f]n] ubf{ ;a} ljjfxof]Uo s]6fx¿ lj:yflkt eO{ a;fOFhnjfo kl/jt{gn] hLljsf]kfh{g, lzIff / ef}lts hLjgdf ;/] eg] >Ldfg g} gkfOg] xf] ls eGg] lrGtf klg s]6Lx¿dfdfq k|efj kfg]{ geO{ afnaflnsfsf] efjgfTds cj:yfdf TolQs} /x]5 .klg k|efj kf/]sf] 5 . cg;Gwfgaf6 klx/f] jf af9Ln] ubf{xg] c:yfoL / :yfoL :yfgfGt/0fn] afnaflnsf / pgLx¿sf] afFssf afnaflnsfn] s;/L cfˆgf kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿ ];dbfodf 8/ / tgfjsf] cj:yf l;h{gf ubf]/x]5 eGg] { Af9Lkl5 clgb|f, tgfj, lr8lr8]kgsf sf/0f / Psfu| eO{b]vfPsf] 5 . 5/l5d]ssf] ;DaGwdf cK7]/f] k5{, ldqtf 665 sfd ug{ g;Sg] cj:yfdf 5g eGg] s/f atfP . af9Lsf]jf 565, cfk;L ;xof]usf ;~hfnx¿ 665g / kl/jfl/s dlxgf}kl5 o;n] pTkGg u/]sf ljljw ;d:ofn] ubf{;DaGw klg cK7]/f]df kg{ ;S5 . o;sf ;fy} afnaflnsfn] jo:ssf ;fy} afnaflnsf klg lrGtf / lg/fzfn] cfqmfGtyk ;Defljt klx/f] / af9Lsf] qf; klg JoQm u/] . aGg t ;fdfGo g} eO;s]sf] 5 . o; ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqaf6 pTvgg ePsf w]/} ;f/dWo]sf] hnjfohGo hf]lvdn] efjgfTds ¿kdf dflg;nfO{ s;/L c;/ kf/]sf] 5 eGg] xf] . o:tf k|sf]kdf k/L Hofg udfPsf cfkmGtnfO{ la;{g lgs} g} dd{:kzL{ cgej xf] . afnaflnsfx?n] ljBfno hfFbf s;/L 7"nf–7"nf klx/f] kf/ ug{k5{ eGg] b]vfpF5g -afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo – /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn_ækf}l8g ghfGg]x¿ af9Lsf] ;dodf aufpF5 ls eg]/8/fpF5g . ut jif{sf] af9Ldf bf]Gb|f vf]nfn] aufP/ Ps !!jif{sL s]6Lsf] Hofg uof] . s]6fx¿n] luHofpg] xbfF leh]sf af9Ln] ubf{ cfkmgf] bfh udfpg k/]sf]df Ps aflnsf ¿lG5gsk8f nufP/ :sn cfpg klg ;d:of xG5 . clg lbge/ -afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo – afnfh, sf7df8f}+_lr;f] sk8f nufP/ a:bf ?3fvf]sLsf] 8/ klg Tolts}xG5 .Æ pdf a9fyf]sL, jif{ !$, d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn .afnaflnsfn] klx/f]sf] a]nf cfkmgf ;fdfg, kl/jf/, 3/ / æ3/kfnjf kzsf] af/]df klg lrGtf JoQm u/] . :sndf xbf w]/} kfgL k¥of] eg] xfdL “ k9fOdf Wofg lbg ;Sb}gf}, lsgeg] klx/f]n] “ Æ xfd|f] kl/jf/nfO{ aufof] ls eGg] lrGtf nfU5 . s]zfª tfdfª, jif{ !#, /;jf, /fDr], g]kfn .12 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 13. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQm /fDr], /;jf glhs} klx/f]n] 3/, af6f] / v]taf/L aufpF5 . ækfgLsf] kxr “ xfdLnfO{ kfgL / vfg]s/f h6fpg ;d:of tLj| e"–Ifo / klx/f]n] ubf{ kxf8sf kfgLsf ;|ftx¿ ]clgoldt aGb} uPsf 5g . ;dy/ d}bfgdf klg v8]/Ln] k/]sf] 5 . klx/f]n] 9ªuf–df6f] aufof] . Æubf{ kfgLsf d"nx¿ w]/} ;ssf 5g . kfgL af]Sg 306f} ] hgfj/n] kof{Kt vfgf vfg kfPgg, /lx8g kg]{ xgfn] o;n] afnaflnsfdf yk sfdsf] af]em af]6la¿jf klg /fd|f;u xls{g ;s]gg . ] “kf/]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}sf afnaflnsfn] klg pkTosfdf +vfg]kfgLsf] ckof{Kttf dx;; u/]sf 5g . ;l/tf tfdfª, jif{ !$, /;jf, /fDr], g]kfn . aS;–$ afu]Zj/L :ynut cWoog æv8]/L nfdf] / emg} cgk]lIft xb5Æ “ } æd]/f] gfd ;Gtf]if xf] . d !& jif{sf] eP“ / bz sIffdf k95 . d]/f] kl/jf/sf] uhf/f t/sf/L, u]8fu8L / ds}sf] v]tLaf6 rn]sf] 5 . d]/L cfdf >ldssf] ¿kdf sfd ug{ xG5 . :sn 5§L xbf d klg jxf“;u} sfd u5{ . of] jif{ g;f]rsf] v8]/L kgf{n] xfd|f] “ “ ] v]tL ;lk|Pg . o;n] ubf{ d]/f] aafnfO{ ef/tlt/ ljb]lzg k¥of] . ljutsf kf“r jif{df xfd|f] j/k/sf] df};d o;/L km]l/Psf] b]Vbf pb]s nfU5 . xfdL v8]/L, clgoldt jiff{ / af9Laf6 kLl8t 5f}“ . o;n] xfd|f] v]tLdfq xf]Og :jf:Yodf ;d]t c;/ kf/]sf] 5 . dg;gdf dfq} xg] cf“vf kfSg] ;d:of v8]/Lsf] a]nfdf klg b]lvg yfNof] . cf}iflwsf] nflu k};f rflxg] xbf xfd|f] kl/jf/df yk af]em kg]{ g} eof] . dnfO{ af9Lsf] a]nf “ ljBfno kUg c;Dej xG5 . xfdLnfO{ s[lifafx]s hLljsf]kfh{gsf] j}slNks ;|ft ] h:t} M l;sdL{ / l;nfO{–agfO;DaGwL tflnd rflxG5 . clg s[lifdf g} sfd ug{ rfxg]sf nflu ;Vvf ;xg ;Sg] afnL nufpgsf] lglDt ;xof]u ug{k5{ .æ ;Gtf]if lj=s=, jfu]Zj/L, afFs], g]kfn . www.childreninachangingclimate.org 13
  • 14. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg#= ljBdfg cgsng /0fgLlt / To;sf ca/f]w " afnaflnsf, ltgsf kl/jf/ Pj+ ;dbfon] kl/jt{gzLn hnjfosf k|efjx¿;“u cgsng xg kg]{ a]nf " cfPsf] 5 . o; cg;Gwfgn] pgLx¿n] clxn] g} cgsngsf pkfox¿ klxNofO;s]sf 5g eGg] kQf " nufPsf] 5 . t/, To;df ca/f]w gePsf eg] xf]Ogg . pgLx¿ clxn] s;/L ;fdgf u5{g t === afnL ljljwLs/0f n3shf{ afu]Zj/Ldf s]xL dlxnf ;d"xn] g]kLo/ / NB–21 h:tf n3shf{ of]hgfcGtu{t d6]lxof / jfu]Zj/Lsf dlxnf pGgt 3fF;sf hft nufpg ;? u/]sf 5g . ;d"xx¿n] art tyf C0f ;ljwfsf sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ul//x]sf 5g . C0fsf] k|of]u af9L / klx/f]n] ubf{ afnL pTkfbg / cfDbfgL 36bfsf] cj:yfsf] cfjZostf k"/f ug{ xg] u5{ . C0fsf] pkof]u afnaflnsfsf] :jf:Yo / lzIffdf nufgL ug{ klg pkof]u xg] u/]sf] 5 . ;xsf/L v]tL d6]l] xofsf] Ps dlxnf ;d"xn] ;xsf/L v]tL ;~rfng ug{ bO{ jif{sf] nflu hUuf ef8fdf lnPsf 5g . of] ;fgf] k|of;n] v]tLdf xg] IfltnfO{ ;dfof]hg ug{ ;3fpF5 . /fd|f] df};dsf] cfzfdf Ps ls;fg bDkQL af/Ldf d]xgt u5{g -afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo, :ofk|ma]zL, /;jf_ . l;“rfO k|ljlw æ xfd|f] cj:yfdf ;wf/ cfPsf] b]Vbf ldn]/ sfd ug{sf] dxTj alemG5 . xfd|f cfdfx¿n] ToxL eP/ ;xsf/L v]tL ug]{ u/L ;d"xdf ;b:otf lnPsf xg . xfdLnfO{ o;f] gu/] af“Rg} ufx|f] xGYof] . v]tL ug{ sl7g xG5 / Æ ;dy/ e"efudf v8]/Lsf]] k|efjnfO{ sd ug{ ls;fgx¿n] j}slNks l;FrfOsf] ¿kdf v§fn] rNg] kDk k|of]u ug{ slxn]sfxL“ pTkfbgdf 3f6f klg xG5 . yfn]sf 5g . uf]kfn /f]sfof, jif{ !%, d6]lxof, afFs],g]kfn ;wfl/Psf] 9nlgsf; k|0ffnL sdhf]/ 9nlgsf; k|0ffnLn] af9Lsf] ;d:of a9fpF5 . hnk|jfxnfO{ ;xh agfpg d6]lxofdf ;+jbgzLn :yfgdf ] 7"nf–7"nf kfOk laR5ofpg] / sn;f sf6g] rng a9b} 5 . ] vfB ;/Iff af9L / v8]/L jflif{s 36gfrqm xg / ltgLx¿sf]] dfqf / cfj[lQ emg–emg a9b} 5 . To;af6 hf]lug dg;g / ;Vvfofdsf] nflu dflg;x¿n] vfg]s/f / ;Vvf t/sf/L agfpF5g . lrp/f, lrgL, rfprfp, uGb|s, dnfsf] l;GsL, ;s6L, ;Svf–sfpnL / Rofp cflb ;Vvf jf xnsf / l56} glalu|g] vfg]s/f e08f/0f ug]{ rng a9b} uPsf] 5 . 14 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 15. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmhLjg–ofkgsf j}slNks pkfo pgLx¿n] ef]Ugk/]sf rgf}tLx¿=== ]v]tL c;kmn xbf s]xL afnaflnsfsf kl/jf/n] bfp/f a]Rg], F;–;fgf k;n rnfpg] / Hofnf–dhb/L ug]{ pkfo ul/aLyfln;s]sf 5g . afu]Zj/Ldf vf]nfsf] lsgf/df afF; /f]Kg ul/aLn] kl/jt{gzLn hnjfo;u cgsng xg lgs} cK7]/f] F ";? ul/Psf] 5 . afF; :yfgLo :t/d} ;lhn} laqmL xg] xFbf agfpF5 . afnaflnsfx¿sf egfOdf pgLx¿sf kl/jf/n]dflg;x¿nfO{ yk cfDbfgL k|fKt xG5 . pGgt k|ljlw Pj+ cf}hf/, ;Vvf ;xg ;Sg] afnL / gofF/f]huf/Lsf] nflu b]zleq} jf ljb]zlt/ c:yfoL a;fOF ;g{ v]tL k|ljlw;DaGwL tflnddf k};f vr{ ug{ ;Sg] xf] eg] w]/}klg hLljsf]kfh{gsf] Ps ljsNk tyf ljljwLs/0fsf] pkfo /fd|f] xg] lyof] .dfGg ;lsg] cj:yf 5 . s[lifhGo cfDbfgL 36]sf] a]nfdfj}bl] zs /f]huf/af6 k|fKt xg] k};f o:tf u|fdL0f If]qsf ef}lts ;+/rgfnflu cfDbfgLsf] dxTjk"0f{ ;|ft ePsf] 5 . ] af9L / klx/f]sf] ;dodf cJojl:yt af6f] / ;Lldt ;jf/L ;ljwf xgfn] ahf/;Dd ;fdfg lsga]r ug{sf ;fy} ljBfno / c:ktfn kUg klg lgs} ;d:of 5 .5§Lsf] a]nf cfkmgf kl/jf/nfO{ ;3fpg afnsx? k|foM el/ofsf] sfd u5{g-afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn_cfjf;sf] :yfgfGt/0fs]xL kl/jf/x¿n] af9L / klx/f]af6 aRg 3/ g} ;/]sf 5g . lxnf] af6f] xFb} ljBfno hfFb} u/]sf afnaflnsf -afu]Zj/L, afFs], g]kfn_d6]lxofdf af9Ln] ubf{ o:tf] cj:yf pTkGg ePsf] xf] .o;n] ubf{ kl/jf/df yk sfo{af]em kg{ hfG5 . Pstkm{ 3/ ahf/;Ddsf] kxr “;g{ / gofF agfpg nufgL ug{ kg]{ xG5 eg] csf]tkm{ {:yflkt ;dbfo 5f]8bf xg] efjgfTds / dgf]–;fdflhs ljz]iftM sdhf]/ cfly{s cj:yf ePsf kl/jf/x¿nfO{ ]kL8f TolQs} si6s/ xG5 . ahf/;Ddsf] kxrsf] cefjn] hLljsf]kfh{gsf j}slNks Fæ Æ pkfo k|fKt ug{ sl7g ePsf] 5 . af9L / klx/f]sf] ;Defjgf ePdf sdhf]/ l;“rfO ;ljwf 3/kfnjf kz / c¿ ;/;fdfg ;/lIft 7fp“df ;fg{ kg]{ xG5 . v]tLkftL c;kmn xgsf] k|dv sf/0f l;FrfO{ ;ljwfsf] cefj xf] . klx/f] / nfdf] ;Vvfn] ubf{ l;FrfOsf nfluæ ladf sdf/L lj= s=, jif{ !^, d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn . pkoQm kfgLsf dxfg ;Sb} uPsf 5g . xfd|f] ufp“df agfOPsf s]xL gof“ 3/x¿sf] hu hldgaf6 cnL dfly p7fP/ dfq} Æ agfOG5, h;sf] sf/0f af9L cfp“bf 3/leq kfgL gk;f]; . of] gof“ rng xf] . u?jrg ofbj, jif{ !!, d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn . www.childreninachangingclimate.org 15
  • 16. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg$= afnaflnsf eG5g M cgsngsf lglDt xfdLnfO{ s] rflxG5 < "of] cg;Gwfgaf6 afnaflnsfx¿;“u hnjfo kl/jt{gn] cfkmgf] hLjg / cfkmgf] kl/jf/sf]hLljsf]kfh{gdfly kfg]{ k|efjjf/] :ki6 hfgsf/L 5 eGg] s/f yfxf eof]] . ;fy} kl/jt{gzLn hnjfo;u “cgsng xg s]–s] s/f cfjZos k5{ eGg] ljifodf klg pgLx¿ TolQs} hfgsf/ 5g . "jgljgfz /f]Sgk5{ pGgt s[lif k|ljlw;Ddsf] kxr “afnaflnsfn] aem]sf] bL3{sfnLg k|fyldstfdWo]sf] Ps s[lif pTkfbg a9fpg afnaflnsf / pgLx¿sf ;dbfosf]dxTjk"0f{ kIf j[Iff/f]k0f xf] . pgLx¿ :YffgLo :t/df kxr ;wfl/Psf] l;FrfO k|0ffnL;Dd xg k5{ . Fkof{j/0f ;+/If0f sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; / sfof{Gjog xf]; eGg] æa9L afnL pTkfbg gubf{ xfdLnfO{ eljZodf afFRg cK7]/f]rfxG5g . xg ;S5 . t/, ljBfdfg s[lif–k|0ffnL To;sf lglDtædnfO{ nfU5, af9Lsf] dVo sf/0f kl5Nnf jif{x¿df ckof{Kt 5 . xfdLnfO{ gofF s[lif–k|0ffnL k|of]u ug]{xfdLaf6 ePsf] jgljgfz g} xf] . kfFr jif{df dfq} xfdLn] ;DaGwdf ;xof]u rflxG5, cGoyf afFRg} ufx|f] xf]nf h:tf]ufpF j/k/sf] s}of}F /f]kgL jgIf]q udfof}F+ . o:t} xg] xf] eg] 5 .ÆxfdLn] af9L / klx/f]sf] cem a9L ;fdgf ug{ tof/ xg ;dg a9fyf]sL, jif{ !$, d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn .k5{ . To;}n] hªunnfO{ x/fe/f agfpg] Psdfq pkfo cfwf/e"t ef}lts ;+/rgfsf] ;wf/;fdlxs ¿kdf j[Iff/f]k0f ug{ g} xf] .Æ d6]lxofsf w]/} afnaflnsf af9Lsf] ;dodf ljBfno hfgæÆ ;f]dfsdf/L /f]sfof, jif{ !$,d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn . ;Sb}gg . pgLx¿n] To:tf] a]nfdf :sn hfgsf] nflu kSsL knsf] cfjZostf /x]sf] atfP . /fDr]sf afnaflnsfn] xfdLn] tof/Lsf ;fy j[Iff/f]k0f cleofg l56f]eGbf l56f] t6aGw / hfnL kvf{n nufpgsf ;fy} rnfpg k5{ / dflg;n] hnjfo kl/jt{gaf/] ;dbfosf ;b:onfO{ 7"nf] klx/f]sf] k|efj 36fpg] ;DaGwdf a‰gk5{ . tflnd lbgkg]{ s/f cf}NofP . F æ leddfof tfdfª, jif{ !%, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn . dg;gsf] a]nf ofqf ug{ sl7g xG5 . af6f] lxnf] xG5 / w]/} 7fp“df knx¿ elTsg] xgfn] xfdLnfO{ :sn hf“bf–cfp“bf hf]lvdk"0f{ 7fp“x¿ kf/ ug{ k5{ . olb af6f] / knsf] ;wf/ gug]{ xf] eg] xfdLn] ckmgf] k9fOnfO{ s;/L cl3 a9fpg] < dnfO{ nfU5 ufp“df Æ af6f] / kn ;wfg{ ;a}eGbf klxnf] k|fyldstf lbgk5{ . l8sL ;fªaf] tfdfª, jif{ !#, /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn . jgljgfzn] ubf{ ljBfno hfgklxn] g} s;/L 6f9f–6f9f;Dd 3fF;–bfp/f ug{ hfgk5{ eGg] oyfy{ b]vfpFb} aflnsf -afnaflnsfsf] ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrqsf] Ps b[Zo afu]Zj/L, afFs, g]kfn_ ]16 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 17. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQm nIdL tdfª jiff{sf] cefjn] of] afnLsf] pTkfbg s;/L 36]sf] 5 eg]/ ;gfpFl5g , /fDr], /;jf, g]kfn .;r]tgf clej[l4Affnaflnsfsf cg;f/ cfkmgf ;dbfosf] ;r]tgf /;LknfO{ j[l4 ug{ k5{, h;sf sf/0f hnjfo kl/jt{gsfhf]lvd / o;n] dflg;, ufO{j:t / v]tLkftLdf kfg]{c;/af/] ;a}n] hfgsf/L /fV5g . pgLx¿ ;fyL–lzIff /ætflnddfkm{t ;r]tgf clej[l4 xf]; eGg] rfxG5g . abln“bf] hnjfon] gof“–gof“ hf]lvdx¿ a9fp“b} uPsf] a]nf dflg;nfO{ o;af/] ;r]t agfpg cfjZos 5 . dnfO{ nfU5 dh:t} w]/n] } hnjfo kl/jt{gsf sf/0faf/] yfxf kfPsf 5}gg . ;"rgf;Ddsf] kxr / r]tgf clej[l4 “ cem a9L cfjZos 5 . xfdLn] o:tf] s/f ljBfnoaf6 ;? ug{ k5{ . afnaflnsf ;r]t Æ ePdf cfkmgf] kl/jf/nfO{ klg l;sfpg ;lsG5 . uf]kfn /f]sfof, jif{ !%, d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn .pkoQm k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fafnaflnsfdfly r/d df};dL cj:yfaf6 pTkGg xg] hf]lvdGo"gLs/0f ug{ :yfgLo clwsf/Ln] pkoQm of]hgf agfO{æsfo{qmd th{df ug{ k5{ eGg] rfxG5g . xfdLnfO{ ;d:of s] xg / ltgsf] ;fdfwfg ug{ s] rflxG5 eGg] yfxf 5 . t/ k|sf]kaf6 xg] hf]lvd 36fpg xfdLn] ;/sf/nfO{ bafa Æ lbPsf 5}gf}“ . dnfO{ nfU5 dg;g ;? xgeGbf klxn] a]ndf sfd yfNgk5{ . } k]Djf bfaf eG5gM o:t} cl:y/ df};d /lx/xof] eg] v]tL nufpg /~h bfxfn, jif{ !%, afnfh, sf7df8f}+, g]kfn . cK7]/f] xg]5 / pgsf] kl/jf/n] yk bMv kfpg]5, /fDr], aFfs], g]kfn . www.childreninachangingclimate.org 17
  • 18. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfgtflnsf !hnjfo kl/jt{g;Fu cgsng xg afnaflnsfsf cg;f/ lbOgkg]{ cNksfnLg / bL3{sfnLg k|fyldstf / ltgsf ;Lldttf "lgDgcg;f/ b]lvPsf 5g M– !& cNksfnLg k|fyldstf bL3{sfnLg k|fyldstf ;Defljt rgf}tL ;ljwfdf ;wf/ j[Iff/f]k0f ul/aL jghªunsf ;|ftx¿sf] ;+/If0fsf] ] ckof{Kt cfly{s ;|ft, ] :jf:Yo / s[lifdf :YffgLo nflu ;jn Joj:yfkg -h:t} M jg sdhf]/ :yfgLo zf;g, ;]jfsf] :t/f]Gglt, x]/fn_ pkfo ckgfpg, bIf hgzlQmåf/f :jf:Yo, s[lif :yfgLo ;/sf/sf] cgkl:ylt, ;fdbflos jg ljsf; tyf kz;jf k|bfg ul/g] ] ultljlwnfO{ k|j4{g ug{, hgtfnfO{ ;]jf lbg] ljifodf ;/sf/n] lglZrt ug{ . gbL lsgf/df ¿v la¿jf / 3fF; a]jf:tf ug{ . ef}lts ;+/rgfdf ;wf/ /f]Kg . ;r]tgf÷;Lksf] cefj j}slNks hLljsf÷pGgt s[lifhGo 1fg / ;Lk sdhf]/ xg, n3–l;FrfOsf nflu v§fn] rNg] kDk h8fg ug{, pTkfbg k/Dk/fut s[lif k4ltdf a9L ljZjf; kl/jlt{t hnjfodf pkoQm xg] ug{ . ljBfno ejgx¿ ;/lIft j}slNks afnLsf] k|j4{g ug{, :yfgdf lgdf{0f ug,{ sdhf]/ ef}lts ;+/rgf÷ahf/sf] :yfgLo:t/df cfDbfgL a9fpg] ultljlwnfO{ k|fyldstf lbg, kx“r 3/]n kmf]xf]/ Jojl:yt ug{, dlxnf / afnaflnsfnfO{ ;Lkd"ns sdhf]/ ;jf/L ;ljwf, pBf]uhGo k|bif0fsf] pkrf/ " tflnd lbg, a9bf] clgolGqt ;jf/L, ug{ . gofF s[lif k|ljlw / j}slNks afnL ;x/ jl/kl/sf] cfjf;;DaGwL ;r]tgf clej[l4 pTkfbg;DaGwdf tflnd lbg . sdhf]/ gLlt . hnjfo kl/jt{gsf ;Defljt n3 ljQ÷ ;xsf/L v]tL ckof{Kt l;“rfO c;/af/] hgr]tgf a9fpg, :yfgLo:t/df art tyf C0f kfgLsf ;|ftx¿ ;Sb} hfg . ] ;d"x÷;xsf/LnfO{ k|j4{g ug{ . dfgj :jf:Yodf k|bif0fsf] " >dsf] cefj k|efjaf/] dflg;nfO{ lzlIft ef}lts ;+/rgfdf ;wf/ l;FrfO ;ljwfdf ;wf/ ug,{ cfjlws a;fOF;/fOsf sf/0f agfpg, kn–kn;f lgdf{0f ug{, ] :yfgLo:t/df >dzlQmsf] cefj xg . /fd|f] ;/;kmfO cEof; 9n lgsf;df ;wf/ ug{, ;DaGwdf hgr]tgf a9fpg . snf], gfnL / 9nsf] lgdf{0f ug{, kof{Kt afFw Jo:yfkg ug{, s[lif pks/0f rnfpg lgoldt ljBt k|jfx ug{, e"–Ifo /f]syfd ug{ h:t} – r/g lgoGq0f ug,{ 5§f5§eGbf axtn] ejg lgdf{0f } ug{, :jR5 lkpg] kfgL k|bfg ug{, ljBfnosf 5fgfdf ss{6 kftf n6fpg . k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf pkoQm sfo{qmd thdf ug{ . {18 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 19. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQm%= l;sfO afnaflnsfx?n] hnjfo kl/jt{g kl/of]hgfsf] af/]df l;S5g / klxnf]kN6 cfkm"nfO{ Sofd/fdf x]5{g, d6]lxof, afFs], g]kfn . www.childreninachangingclimate.org 19
  • 20. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfgg]kfnL afnaflnsfnfO{ hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwdf pgLx¿sfcgsngsf cfjZostfaf/] cfjfh p7fpg Ps pkoQm "d~r k|bfg ug]{ nIo of] k|ltj]bg / ;fydf /x]sf] rnlrqn]/fv]sf] 5 . :yfgLo ;Gbe{cg¿k afnaflnsfdfly hnjfokl/jt{gsf k|efj km/s kg{ ;S5g . w]/} kl/j]zdf r/d /cgdfg ug{ g;lsg] df};dL cj:yfn] afnaflnsf /pgLx¿sf] ;dbfodf gsf/fTds k|efj k/]sf] 5 .of] k|ltj]bgn] kl/jt{zLn hnjfosf] ;Gb{edfafnaflnsfsf] clwsf/ ;lgZrt ug{sf] nflu s]xL;emfjx¿ k|:tt u5{ Mafn clwsf/ M pgLx¿sf] cfjfh ;Gg M of]k|ltj]bg / ;fydf ;+nUg lj[Qlrqn] afnaflnsfnfO{ hnjfo kl/jt{g;DaGwL ;xeflutfd"ns j[Qlrq kl/of]hgfdf ;xefuLhnjfo kl/jt{gn] xfd|f] hLjgdf kfg]{ c;/af/] yfxf 5 . /, afnaflnsf, afu]Zj/L, afFs, g]kfn . ]pgLx¿nfO{ cgsng / ;dfwfgsf pkfo vf]Hg ;xof]u "rflxG5 eGg] s/f b]vfpF5 . afnaflnsfsf] cfjfhsf];gjfO{ xgkg]{ clwsf/ :yfgLo ;fy} /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o :t/;Dd 5 .cgsng;DaGwL afnclwsf/ M hLjg, ;/Iff, ";xeflutf / ljsf; afnaflnsfsf $ cfwf/e"tcfjZostf xg . clwsf/df cfwfl/t b[li6sf]0f /fVbfhnjfo kl/jt{g cgsng ;DaGwdf afnaflnsf;Fu sfd "ug{ P]lR5s ljifo dfq geO{ pgLx¿sf] clwsf/sf] ;+/If0fug{ klg xf] .lZfIff;DaGwL afnclwsf/ M kl/jt{gzLn hnjfon]kfl/jfl/s hLljsf]kfh{g / cfkmgf] afn–aRrfnfO{ ljBfnok7fpg ;Sg] cfly{s x}l;otdf ;d]t k|efj kf/]sf] 5 .;/sf/n] 5fqj[lQ, eQf, zNsdf 56h:tf ;ljwfsf]Joj:yf u/L afnaflnsfnfO{ ljBfno hfg al~rt xgaf6 /f]Sgk5{ .cgsng of]hgfdf afnaflnsfsf] cfjZostfnfO{ ";dfj]z ug{k5{ M g]kfnnufotsf ljsf;zLn /fi6«x¿n] /fli6«o cgsng sfo{qmd (NAPA) tof/ kfb}5g jf " {kfl/;s]sf 5g . o; sfo{qmddf gLltut ¿kdf Jofks5nkmn, ax; / k/fdz{sf u/L To;sf] cfwf/dfafnaflnsfsf] cfjZostf / wf/0ffnfO{ ;dfj]z ul/g cltcfjZos 5 .20 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 21. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQmgf]61 Smith, D. and Vivekananda, J., 2007, ‘A Climate of Conflict:The Links Between Climate Change, Peace and 9 The DFID-funded Disaster Risk and Reduction through War’, International Alert. Schools (DRRS) project has the objective to make schools in high disaster risk areas safer, enabling them to act as a locus http://www.international-alert.org/publications/322.php for disaster risk reduction, and to engage the education sector (accessed 29/10/08) in the Hydro Framework for Action through awareness for disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation.2 Stern, N., 2008, ‘Forward: Our Climate, Our Children, Our responsibility. The implications of climate change for the 1 0 IIED, 2004, Nepal CLAAC Report, IIED Working Paper No. world’s children’, UNICEF UK. 3, London: IIED3 World Food Programme, UNICEF, Save the Children Alliance: 1 1 It should be noted that the level of certainty for rainfall Inter Agency Rapid Flood Assessment – Nepal (August, 07) projections is less than for temperature. http://www.un.org.np/reportlibrary/reportlibrary.php?bc=r 1 2 IIED, 2004, Nepal CLAAC Report, IIED Working Paper No. accessed 29/10/08) 3, London: IIED4 Children in a Changing Climate, 2007, The Right to 1 3 Ahmed, S.M., Husain, A.M.M., Sattar, M.G. and Chowdhury, Participate: Securing children’s role in climate change A.M.R., 1999, ‘A quick assessment of flood losses and adaptation, Children in a Changing Climate postflood rehabilitation needs in BRAC’s programme areas’, in Ahmed, S.M. & Ahmed, H.S. (eds) Experiences of deluge: http://www.childreninachangingclimate.org flood 1998, Research Monograph Series, Dhaka: BRAC (accessed 29/10/08) 1 4 Gautam, D., Sharma, A., Amatya, A. and Jnavaly, S.S., 2007,5 Current core programme partners include the Institute of ‘Climate Change Adaptation on Livelihood of Women Development Studies, Plan International, ActionAid, Save the Farmers: Case study of Banke and Bardiya Districts of Nepal’, Children, UNICEF, UK National Children’s Bureau, RMIT ActionAid Nepal Melbourne and Risk Frontiers, as well as a number of research institutes engaged in individual research projects under 1 5 Gautam, D., 2006, ‘Process Documentation of Participatory CCCresearch, Vulnerability Analysis (PVA): Disaster Risk reduction through School Project (DRRSP)’, ActionAid Nepal www.childreninachangingclimate.org/partners_ccc.html 1 6 Gautam, D., Kathayat, R.R. and Yadav R.N., 2008, ‘Impact6 Bimal, R. and Adhikari, A., 2008, ‘Country Case Study – of Climate Change on Students, Schools and Neighbourhoods’, Nepal: Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and BEE-Group Nepal Development (LI-BIRD)’ in Human Development 2007/2008 Report: Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a 1 7 Summary of results from focus groups with children and adult divided world, New York: UNDP community members.7 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED, 2004, Nepal CLAAC Report, IIED Working Paper No. 3, London: IIED8 The term Dalit refers to a ‘Pani Nachalne’ (untouchable) group or caste from whom water is not accepted according to Hindu social structure (Source: ActionAid Nepal, CARE Nepal and Save the Children (2002) ‘National Dalit Strategy Report’) www.childreninachangingclimate.org 21
  • 22. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg22 www.childreninachangingclimate.org
  • 23. afn cfjfh M hnjfo kl/jt{g cgs"ng;DaGwL g]kfnL afnaflnsfsf] cleJolQm www.childreninachangingclimate.org 23
  • 24. kl/jt{gzLn hnjfoleq afnaflnsf–cg;Gwfg24 www.childreninachangingclimate.org