2006, 2007, 2008 MIRA implemented 2-5 weeks following disaster
Each of these MIRA based on initial data from the field (NRCS, DDRC, NA, INGOs, UN ) that helped identify areas to be assessed.
However with formalized MIRA now …..
What Global and Nepal experience show – Need for FLEXIBILITY Flexible to enable its use across contexts. Sampling methodology is not precisely pre-defined and depends on context of the emergency and prevailing situation regarding access, security, funding and assessment time frame. Assessment sites: focus on areas of greatest needs and coverage of a range of locations qualitatively representative of the affected population. Establish a categorisation according to geographical areas, ethnic groups and gender differences, which means the diversity of the situation is taken into consideration for the interview site selection
Criteria for implementing MIRA: MIRA will be triggered by IASC/MoHA when external assistance required to support national efforts in an emergency. Initial data consolidated… Proposed assessment locations: Determine scope and scale… Preliminary information from phase 1 (i.e. GoN, NRCS, local police, some field visit reports) will complete this process. Call on established MIRA Roster Members: Once MIRA triggered the assessment teams from the MIRA roster assembled and a plan of action developed based on phase 1 information. Proposed Team: WFP/IASC to train the assessment team. The team should ideally be composed of individuals representative of clusters and a range of originations - GoN, UN, I/NGO, and Red Cross. Timing: Flexible between 48 hrs to 10-14 days (phase 2) Coordination of logistic arrangement: On behalf of IASC, OCHA. MIRA coordination of teams and data collection: On behalf of IASC, WFP to lead the process Analysis: WFP to coordinate with respective cluster leads and field experts for initial quantitative analysis and cluster review. Preliminary Report Dissemination: If not the final version, preliminary report to be shared with wider humanitarian responders through different coordination mechanisms.
Way forward Identify GoN, UN, INGO, Red Cross technical and generalist staff to be trained. Conduct training and familiarization on MIRA Thank you!!! IASC Nepal