Drr toolkit nepali

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Drr toolkit nepali

  1. 1. Disaster ljkb hf]lvd Risk Go"gLs/0f Reduction Toolkit AN INFORMATION PACK FOR ;Gbe{ ;fdfu|L g]kfnsf ;+ljwfg ;ef;bx?sf CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY nflu hfgsf/Ld"ns MEMBERS OF NEPAL ;Gbe{ ;fdfu|L Working Together… for a Risk Resilient Nepal This DRR Tool Kit for Constituent Assembly members is k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL ;Gbe{ ;fdfu|L produced jointly by the following organizations, o'/f]lkog sldzg xo'Doflg6]l/og P8 l8kf6{d]G6sf] with funding support of cfly{s ;xof]udf l8k]sf] kfrf}+sf ;fem]bf/ ;+:yfx? European Commission Humanitarian Aid department -PS;gP8 ;xnufgL c;P8, s]o/ g]kfn, (through DIPECHO V partners ActionAid with AusAID xofG8LSofk OG6/g]zgn, dl;{sf]/, co-finance, Care Nepal, Handicap International, k|fS6Lsn PS;g / o'Pgl8lk—lal;lkcf/_ Mercy Corps, Practical Action and cS;kmfd hLaL, ;+oQm /fi6« ;+3Lo ljsf; sfo{qmd ' UNDP BCPR South and South West Asia), Oxfam GB, / cGt/f{li6«o u};; ;+3, g]kfnn] United Nations Development Program Nepal and ;+o'Qm ?kdf ;+ljwfg ;ef ;b:ox?sf] Association of International NGOs, Nepal. lglDt tof/ ul/Psf] xf] . Design, layout & production by PowerComm, 5552987
  2. 2. European Commission Humanitarian Aid o'/f]lkog sldzg xo'd]lg6]l/og P8 department l8kf6{d]G6 The European CommissionÊs Humanitarian Aid o'/f]lkog sldzg xo'd]lg6]l/og P8 l8kf6{d]G6 department is under the direct responsibility of sldzg/ n'O{; dfO{s]nsf] k|ToIf pQ/bfloTjdf Commissioner Louis Michel. Since 1992, the /x]sf] 5 . ;g !((@ b]lv pQm sldzgn] o'/f]k Commission has funded relief to millions of victims eGbf aflx/sf b]zx¿df x'g] k|fs[lts tyf dfgjhGo of natural and man-made disasters outside the ljkbx¿af6 kLl8t nfvf}+ dflg;x¿nfO{ dfgjLo European Union. ;xfotf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . Aid is channelled impartially to the affected o'/f]lkog sldzgn] k|efljt hgtfnfO{ pgLx¿sf] populations, regardless of their race, ethnic group, j0f{, hftLo ;d"x, wd{, lnË, pd]/, /fli6«otf jf religion, gender, age, nationality or political affiliation. /fhgLlts cfj4tf h]–h:tf] ePklg lgikIf In the area of humanitarian aid, the Commission tl/sfn] ;xof]u pknAw u/fpFb5 . dfgjLo works with 200 operational partners, including ;xfotfsf If]qdf sldzgn] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf specialised United Nation agencies, the Red ljlzli6s[t lgsfo, /]8qm; tyf /]8 lqm;]G6 Cross/Crescent movement and non-governmental cfGbf]ng / u};;nufotsf b'O{;oeGbf a9L ;+:yf organisations (NGOs). The European Commission jf ;fem]bf/x¿;Fu sfo{ ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . o'/f]lkog is one of the biggest sources of humanitarian aid in sldzg dfgjLo ;xfotfsf If]qdf ljZjs} ;a}eGbf the world. In 2007, it provided over 768 million Euros 7"nf] ;|f]tdWo]sf] Ps xf] . ;g @))& df o;n] dfgjLo for humanitarian projects. This does not include the ;xfotfsf nflu &^* ldlnog o'/f] /sd pknAw aid given separately by the EUÊs 25 Member States. u/fPsf] lyof] . o;df o'/f]lkog o'lgogsf @% j6f ;b:o– Support went to projects in (number) countries. /fi6«n] cnUu} k|bfg ug]{ ;xof]u /sd ;dfj]z The funds are spent on goods and services such ul/Psf] 5}g . pknAw u/fPsf] /sd vfBfGg, sk8f, as food, clothing, shelter, medical provisions, water cfjf;, cf}iflw, kfgL cfk"lt{, ;/;kmfO{, cfkTsfnLg supplies, sanitation, emergency repairs and mine- dd{t;Def/ / af?bL ;'?Ë x6fpg] h:tf sfo{x¿df clearing. vr{ x'G5 . The Commission also funds disaster preparedness sldzgn] k|fs[lts ljkbsf] pRr ;Defjgf ePsf and mitigation projects in regions prone to natural If]qx¿df ljkb k"j{tof/L / Iflt Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL catastrophes. Under department of Disaster cfof]hgfx¿df klg nufgL ub{5 . k|sf]k Preparedness (DIPECHO), the European k"j{tof/L;DaGwL ljefu -l8k]sf]_ dftxtdf /x]sf] CommissionÊs Humanitarian Aid department has o'/f]lkog sldzg xo'd]lg6]l/og P8 l8kf6{d]G6n] g]kfn been supporting a number of disaster preparedness nufot blIf0f Plzof If]qdf ljkb k"j{tof/L;DaGwL initiatives in South Asia, including Nepal. w]/} sfo{x¿ ;~rfng ub}{ cfO/]sf] 5 . For more information, please visit official website of European Commission at www.ec.europa.eu
  3. 3. g]kfndf ljkbsf] cj:yf g]kfndf ljkbsf] cj:yf #) c cf}}+ kfgLhGo ljkbsf] hf]lvd d'n's cf}+ !! hf]lvd d'n's “ e'sDkLo Photo: ECO Nepal g]kfn ljZjsf !(* ljkbsf] eofjx cj:yfdf #$^ JolQmsf] emf8fkvfnfaf6 d'n'sdWo] e"sDkLo / kfgLhGo ljkbsf] /x]sf xfdL g]kfnLn] hf]lvdsf b[li6n] qmdzM d[To' !!cf}F / #)cf}F :yfgdf /x]sf] hf]lvdd'Qm g]kfnsf] ljsf; ^@,)!^ 5 (UN/BCPR, 2004) . e"sDk, af9L, klx/f], ub}{ ;'/lIft ?kdf afFRg JolQm k|ToIf k|efljt cfunfuL, dxfdf/L, v8]/L, ef]sd/L Pj+ hnjfo' kfpg] clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrttf kl/jt{gsf sf/0f pTkGg x'g] ljkbsf 36gfx¿af6 tkm{ cu|;/ x'g' h?/L 5 . g]kfn cToGt} ;ªs6f;Gg !))) a9L JolQmsf] cj:yfdf /x]sf] 5 . g]kfndf lxdtfn ljikmf]6gsf] af9L (GLOF), lxdklx/f], cf}Bf]lus x/]s jif{ ljkbdf tyf oftfoft b'3{6gf, jftfj/0fLo / ljiffn' kbfy{ jf ljiffbL;Fu k/L d[To' ;DalGwt 36gfaf6 klg ljkb hf]lvdnfO{ a9fjf lbO/x]sf] 5 . !,@),*),)),))) cGt/f{li6«o PsLs[t kj{tLo cg';Gwfg tyf ljsf; s]Gb|n] ?k}ofF a/fa/sf] u/]sf] cWoog cg';f/ g]kfndf /x]sf @,#@# lxdtfndWo] @@ cfly{s Iflt j6f ljikmf]6 x'g] vt/fdf /x]sf 5g .
  4. 4. kl5Nnf] ;dodf emf8fkvfnfh:tf] /f]un] dxfdf/Lsf] ¿k g} lnPsf] 5 . g]kfn ;/sf/ Olkl8ldof]nf]hL /f]u lgoGq0f dxfzfvfsf] tYofªscg';f/ emf8fkvfnfaf6 ;'b"/ / dWo klZrdsf @) lhNnfdf @)^^ ebf} !% ;Dddf #$^ hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ^@,)!^ JolQm k|ToIf k|efljt ePsf lyP . o;}u/L a8{ˆn' / :jfOgˆn'h:tf gofF k|s[ltsf ljZjJofkL dxfdf/L klg ;d'bfo:t/df ;d]t b]lvg yfn]sf 5g . Photo: Co Action Nepal g]kfn ;/sf/ u[x dGqfnosf] tYofªscg';f/ x/]s jif{ ljkbdf k/L g]kfndf !))) a9L dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 . l8:OGe]G6f/sf] tYofªscg';f/ g]kfnn] x/]s lbg ;fnfvfnf Pp6f ljkbhGo 36gfsf] ;fdgf ug'{ kl//x]sf] 5 eg] k|ltlbg b'O{eGbf a9L JolQmsf] d[To' eO/x]sf] 5 . ;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd #& jif{sf] cjlwdf ljkbsf 36gfaf6 jflif{s sl/a !,##,))) dflg; k|efljt x'g] u/]sf] / jflif{s (,#%) Photo: ISET-N 3/ Ifltu|:t x'g] u/]sf] u[x dGqfnosf] tYofªs 5 . “ g]kfn ;/sf/ u[x dGqfnosf] tYofªscg';f/ d'n'sn] ljkbsf sf/0f jflif{s cf};t ! ca{ @) s/f]8 *) nfv ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt Joxf]l//x]sf] 5 . hd{gjfr gfds ;+:yfn] ;g @))^ df ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] Ps k|ltj]bg cg';f/ hnjfo' kl/jt{gaf6 pTkGg hf]lvdsf b[li6n] g]kfn ljZjd} 5}6f}F :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 . g]kfnsf] cf}ift tfkqmd j[l4b/ ljZjsf] cf};t tfkqmd j[l4b/eGbf g]kfnsf] ;Dk"0f{ e"efu a9L /x]sf] 5 . tfkqmd j[l4sf] ult oxL cg'kftdf /xg] xf] eg] g]kfnsf sl/a tLgxhf/ lxdgbLdWo] tLgrf}yfO{ lxdgbL cfufdL ;lqmo e"sDkLo ;g @)#) ;Dddf ;'Sg ;Sg] cg'dfg lj1x¿n] u/]sf 5g . g]kfnsf] ;Dk"0f{ e"efu ;lqmo e"sDkLo If]qleq k5{ . sl/a If]qleq k5{ . e"sDkaf6 !)) jif{sf] cjlwdf g]kfndf 7"nf] e"sDk hfg] u/]sf] cWoogn] b]vfPsf] 5 . TolQdfq xf]Og, lj1x¿sf cg';f/ e"sDkaf6 x'g] x'g] dfgjLo Ifltsf dfgjLo Ifltsf b[li6n] sf7df8f}F pkTosf ljZjsf ;x/x¿dWo] klxnf] hf]lvdk"0f{ ;x/ /x]sf] 5 . b[li6n] sf7df8f}F pkTosf g]kfn ;/sf/ u[x dGqfno / hfOsfn] ;g @))@ df u/]sf] ;+oQm' ljZjsf ;x/x?dWo] cWoogk|ltj]bgn] g]kfndf !(() ;fnsf] df3 dlxgfdf uPsf] *=$ l/S6/:s]n Ifdtf a/fa/sf] e"sDk uPdf sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf klxnf] hf]lvdk"0f{ ;x/ dfq $),))) dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] (%,))) dflg; 3fOt] x'g] / ^) k|ltzteGbf a9L 3/x¿ Wj:t x'g] ;Defjgf /x]sf] 5 . /x]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ljkbsf] cfj[lQ / Ifltsf] of] qmd / dfqfdf lg/Gt/ j[l4 x'Fb} uO/x]sf] 5 .
  5. 5. ljBdfg sfg'gL Joj:yfdf ;'wf/sf] ljBdfg sfg'gL Joj:yfdf ;'wf/sf] cfjZostf cfjZostf al Nep :ECO Photo ” ljkb hf]lvd /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^ n] lgwf{/0f u/]sf sfo{qmdsf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjogsf] nflu ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] :yfkgf ug{ ;f]xL cg'?ksf] ljkb Joj:yfkg P]g aGg' cfjZos 5 . g]kfndf ljkbsf] ;fdgf ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtfsf] Joj:yfkgsf] If]qdf u/]sf] k"j{tof/LkZrft ;g ljsf; plrt 9ªuaf6 x'g ;ls/x]sf] @))& sf] gf]e]Da/df cfPsf] ;g !(&) s} 5}g . ljBdfg sfg'gL Joj:yfcg';f/ ljkb Ifdtfsf] ;fd'lb|s cfFwLdf k/]/ dfq Joj:yfkgsf k|d'v If]qx¿ k"j{tof/L, k|ltsfo{ / $ xhf/ dflg;sf] Hofg uPsf] lyof] ._ To;}n] k'gM:yfkgdWo] k|ltsfo{nfO{ dfq k|fyldstfdf ljkb k"j{tof/LnfO{ ;+:yfut ¿k lbP/ Iflt /flvPsf] 5 . sd ug]{ pkfosf nflu sfg'gL Joj:yf x'g' cfjZos 5 . ljleGg cWoog tyf k|of]uaf6 ljkb k"jtof/Lsf lqmofsnfkn] sl/a () k|ltzt dfgjLo { b}jL k|sf]k -p4f/_ P]g, @)#( nfO{ b'O{ k6s Iflt Go"g ug{ ;lsg] b]lvPsf] ;+zf]wg ul/Psf] eP tfklg o;n] ljkb ljkb k"j{tof/Lsf 5 . -pbfx/0fsf] ?kdf ;g !(&) Joj:yfkg k|lqmofnfO{ k"0f{ ¿kdf ;d]6g lqmofsnfkn] sl/a df cfPsf] ;fd'lb|s cfFwLdf k/]/ ;s]sf] 5}g . To;}n] ljkb Joj:yfkgnfO{ () k|ltzt dfgjLo % nfv aªunfb]zL gful/ssf] ;/sf/L bfloTj / sfo{If]qdf /fvL ljkb k"j{, Hofg uPsf] lyof] eg] ljkbsf] ;dodf / ljkb kZrft Iflt Go"g aªunfb]z ;/sf/n] ljkb ug'{kg]{ Joj:yfkgsf] sfo{nfO{ ;xh agfpg] ug{ ;lsg] u/L] sfg'gL Joj:yf x'g' cfjZos 5 .
  6. 6. cGt/f{li6«o dfgjLo dfkb08 / ;du| IfltnfO{ pNn]Vo ¿kdf sd ug{sf nflu dfgjclwsf/sf] dfGotfcg'¿k of]hgfa4 / ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] Joj:yf sfg'gåf/f g} hLljsf]kfh{g;lxt ;'/lIft hLjg latfpg kfpg' ug'{ cfjZos 5, h'g g]kfndf x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . x/]s gful/ssf] g};lu{s clwsf/ xf] . oyfy{df ljkb k|efljt ;d'bfosf] clwsf/sf] ljkb;DaGwL g]kfnsf k|d'v ;jfn / ;'wf/ ug'{kg]{ /Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt ug]{ sfg'gL Joj:yf u/L ljkb If]qx¿ lgDgcg';f/ b]lvPsf 5g M Joj:yfkg;Fu ;DalGwt lg0f{o / sfof{Gjogdf ljkbsf] ;dodf dfq ckgfOg] /fxtd'vL pgLx¿sf] ;dfg ;xeflutfsf] ;'lglZrttf ug'{ b[li6sf]0fdf ;'wf/, /fHosf] bfloTj xf] . ;dfhdf JofKt /x]sf] ljkb;DaGwL cNk1fgsf] lgjf/0f, ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ ;dfhsf ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;xeflutf ;lxt ;j} kIfx¿df ;dfj]z ug]{ / lghL tyf n}lËs tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0fnfO{ hf]8 ;fj{hlgs hLjgdf ;xefuL x'g] lbg'kg]{, cj;/x¿sf] ;'lglZrttf /fHon] ug'{kb{5 . ljkb Joj:yfkgsf k|To]s r/0fdf k|efjsf/L To;sf/0f, ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f / ljkb ;dGjo / ;fd'bflos ;xeflutf, Joj:yfkgsf x/]s sfo{x¿df ckfËtf ljsf;df ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;dfj]zLs/0f Pp6f cË d"nk|jfxLs/0fsf dfWodaf6 ljsf; / ljkbsf] aGg' kb{5 . ;DaGw hf]8g] gLltut Joj:yf, k|efjsf/L ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] :yfkgf, ljsf;–lgdf{0fsf of]hgf ;~rfng ubf{ s]Gb|b]lv ufpF:t/;Dd sfof{Gjog of]Uo ljkb jftfj/0f k|efj d"Nofªsgs} qmddf ljkb Joj:yfkg of]hgf, k|efj d"Nofªsg ug'{ kg]{ afWosf/L sfg'gL ljkb Joj:yfkgsf nflu ah]6sf] Joj:yf / ljkb Joj:yf h?/L 5 . Joj:yfkg sf]ifsf] :yfkgf, hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] nflu k"j{tof/LnfO{ /fhgLlts r]tgf / k|lta4tf . ;+:yfut ug]{, cNkLs/0fsf sfo{nfO{ ;Fu} ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] nflu Xof]uf] sfo{ cl3 a9fpg], ljkb ;+/rgf–@))% nfO{ ljZjn] ;femf dfu{bzgsf] ¿kdf dfgjclwsf/sf] Joj:yfkgsf :jLsf/ u/]sf] 5 . To;}sf] cfwf/df ;/sf/n] …ljkb k|To]s r/0fsf sfo{ hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^Ú :jLs[t dfGotfcg'?k tbf?stfsf ;fy u/]sf] 5 . o; /0fgLltsf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjogsf hLljsf]kfh{g;lxt ;~rfng u/L kLl8tsf] nflu cem} klg pko'Qm lsl;dsf] /fli6«o P]g nfu" x'g' ;'/lIft hLjg ;'/lIft eljiosf] cfjZos 5 . latfpg kfpg' x/]s k|Tofe"lt ug]{ / ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf] clwsf/ gful/ssf] hLpwgsf] ;DjGwL ;+o'Qm /fi6|;+3Lo dxf;lGwnfO{ gful/ssf] g};lu{s /Iff ub}{ ljkbaf6 x'g] Nepa l g]kfn ;/sf/n] @))( df cg'df]bg : ECO clwsf/ xf] . Photo u/]sf] 5 . vf;u/L bkmf !! n] kIf /fi6«x?n] ;z:q åGb, dfgjLo ;ªs6 tyf k|fs[lts k|sf]kx? ePsf] cj:yf Nfufot hf]lvdsf cGo cj:yfx?df ckfËtf ePsf JolQmx?sf] ;+/If0f / ;'/Iff ;'lglZrt ug{ cfjZos kg]{ ;Dk"0f{ pkfox? cjnDag ug{'kg]{ /fHosf] bfloTjnfO{ pNn]v u/]sf] 5 .
  7. 7. k|:tfljt ljkb Joj:yfkg P]g, @)^^ / o;sf ljz]iftf “ ljkb k"j{tof/L, k|ltsfo{ / k'gM:yfkg tyf o;;Fu ;DalGwt sfo{nfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnfsf] k|ltlglwTj /xg] Joj:yfnfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ k|of; k|:tfljt P]gn] u/]sf] 5 . P]g, @)^^ / o;sf ljz]iftf k|:tfljt ljkb Joj:yfkg k|sf]ksf 36gfaf6 pTkGg ljkbsf] ;dofg'sn Joj:yfkg u/L " dflg;sf] hLjg /Iff ub}{ JolQmut tyf ;fj{hlgs ;DklQsf] d'n'ssf] ;du| ljsf;df ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt lbg d:of}bf P]gn] k|fyldstf k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . ;3fp k'¥ofpg] ljkb hf]lvd k|:tfljt P]gn] b}jL k|sf]k -p4f/_ P]g, @)#( nfO{ k|lt:yfkg u/L æljkb Joj:yfkg P]g, @)^^Æ sf] kl/sNkgf u/]sf] 5 . /fli6«o /0fgLltsf] sfof{Gjog k|:tfljt P]gsf d'Vo ljz]iftf b]xfo adf]lhd 5g M ug{ / cfd gful/ssf] s_ o; P]gn] ljkbnfO{ k|fs[lts ljkb / u}/k|fs[lts ljkb (Natural and Human induced disaster) sf] ¿kdf JofVof u/]/ ;'/lIft afFRg kfpg] o;sf] kl/efiffnfO{ ;do;fk]If / ;j{dfGo agfpg] k|of; u/]sf] 5 . clwsf/sf] ;+/If0fsf] nflu v_ k|:tfljt P]gdf k|wfgdGqLsf] cWoIftfdf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb (National Council for Disaster Management- ljkb Joj:yfkg P]g NCDM) sf] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . ;fy} kl/ifbsf] u7g÷sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ :ki6 ¿kdf pNn]v ePsf] 5 . ;+;baf6 oyfzL3| :jLs[t x'g' u_ /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifbsf] dftxtdf /0fgLltx¿sf] h?/L 5 . sfof{Gjog, ;xhLs/0f, ;dGjo tyf cg'udg ug{] s]Gb|Lo lgsfo (National Focal Point) sf] ¿kdf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f (National Disasster Management Authority- NDMA) :yfkgf ug]{ / of] kl/ifbsf] ;lrjfno;d]t /xg] Joj:yf 5 . Photo: ECO Nepal
  8. 8. k|:tfljt P]gn] 3_ o:t} g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L, ;ldlt / ef}lts of]hgf tyf lgdf{0f ;z:q k|x/L annufotsf ;'/Iff dGqL]sf] ;+of]hsTjdf k'gM:yfkgf tyf b}jL k|sf]k -p4f/_ lgsfo, ;ª3;+:yf, snsf/vfgf k'glg{df{0f ;ldlt u7g x'g] Joj:yf u/]sf] P]g, @)#( nfO{ tyf lghL If]qsf] ;d]t sfd– 5 . To:t} lhNnf / :yfgLo tx;Dd klg o:tf st{Jo / clwsf/ :ki6 ¿kdf ;ldltx¿sf] u7g x'g] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . k|lt:yfkg u/L pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . d:of}bfsf] ¿kdf tof/ ePsf] ljkb æljkb Joj:yfkg ª_ ;a} k|sf/sf ljkbsf] ;DefJo Joj:yfkg P]g em08} # jif{sf] cjlw ” If]qsf] k|sf]k gS;f (Hazard Map) ljlt;Sbf klg ;+;b;dIf k]z eP/ :jLs[t P]g, @)^^Æ sf] tof/ ug]{ Joj:yf ;d]t x'g g;Sg' ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnLsf nflu b'ef{Uok"0f{ kl/sNkgf u/]sf] /x]sf] 5 . g} dfGg' k5{ . ljkbsf k|To]s kIfnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug]{ P]gsf] cefjdf ;/sf/ r_ ljkb Joj:yfkgsf tLgj6f r/0f 5. hgtfsf] hLpwg tyf JolQmut Pj+ -k"jtof/L, k|ltsfo{ / k'gM:yfkg_ df { ;fj{hlgs ;DklQsf] ;'/Iff ug{] bfloTj ul/g] k|dv sfo{x¿ :ki6 ¿kdf ' k"/f ug{af6 6f9f ePsf] 5 eg] hgtfn] tf]lsPsf] 5 . dof{bfk"j{s hf]lvdd'Qm jftfj/0fdf afFRg 5_ k|:tfljt P]gn] ljkbsf tLgj6} kfpg] clwsf/sf] pkef]u ug{ kfPsf 5}gg . r/0fdf ul/g] sfo{x¿sf] d'nssf] ;du| ljsf;df ;3fp k'¥ofpg] ' sfof{Gjogsf nflu s]Gb|Lo ljkb hf]lvd /fli6«o /0fgLltsf] sfof{Gjog :t/df :yfgLo ljsf; dGqL]sf] ug{ / cfd gful/ssf] ;'/lIft afFRg kfpg] “ ;+of]hsTjdf k"j{tof/L Joj:yfkg clwsf/sf] ;+/If0fsf] nflu ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, u[xdGqLsf] ;+of]hsTjdf P]g ;+;baf6 oyfzL3| :jLs[t x'g' h?/L 5 . p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkg d:of}bfsf] ?kdf tof/ ePsf] ljkb Joj:yfkg P]g em08} # jif{sf] cjlw ljlt;Sbf klg ;+;b;dIf k]z eP/ :jLs[t x'g g;Sg' ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnLsf nflu b'ef{Uok"0f{ g} dfGg' k5{ . Photo: UNDP-BPCR
  9. 9. Photo: ECO Nepal ljkb hf]lvd /fli6«o ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /0fgLltn] lgwf{/0f /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^ u/]sf k|fyldstf / If]qut cjwf/0ffsf] ” ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] ljZjJofkL ;femf cjwf/0ffkq Xof]uf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog sfo{ ;+/rgf tyf cGt/f{li6«o dfkb08sf] ;d]t cWoogsf] cfwf/df ug{ ;+:yfut ;'wf/sf] ;/sf/n] @)^^ ;fn c;f]h @% ut] …ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^Ú nfO{ :jLs[t u/]sf] 5 . cfjZostf 68sf/f] :jLs[t /0fgLltn] b]ze/ ;~rfng ul/g] ljsf; lgdf{0f sfo{df ?kdf b]vf k/]sf] 5 . ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f ug{ dfu{bz{g k|bfg ug{] cGtlg{lxt p2]Zo ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fv]sf] 5 . /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^ :jLs[t /0fgLltdf g]kfndf k|sf]ksf] cj:yf / To;af6 pTkGg x'g] ljkb / To;sf] hf]lvdaf/] k|fljlws ljZn]if0fx¿ klg k|:t't ul/Psf 5g . To;}u/L ljutdf ljleGg ljkbn] k'¥ofPsf] Ifltsf] n]vfhf]vf, ljkb / ul/aLaLrsf] cGt/;DaGw, k|fs[lts ljkb tyf jftfj/0faLrsf] cGt/;DaGwh:tf kIfnfO{ klg gLlt lgdf{0f / sfof{Gjog k|lqmofdf Wofg lbg'kg]{tkm{ hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . PsLs[t ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg (Total Disaster Risk Management - TDRM) sf] efjgfnfO{ ;fsf/ ¿k lbg klg o; /0fgLltn] hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . /0fgLltn] to u/]sf d'Vo dfu{lgb]{zs l;4fGtx? Photo: Co-Action Nepal ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] PsLs[t k|0ffnL (Holistic cjwf/0ffnfO{ ljsf; Approach) ckgfpg], k|fs[lts k|sf]kdf of]hgfx¿df d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug],{ sd{rf/Lsf] ;'/Iff (Staff Safety gful/ssf] ;'/lIft hLjg / and Security)nfO{ k|fyldstf dlxnfx? !$ u'0ff ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt lbg], a9L d[To'sf] lbg], Psåf/ gLlt (One-Door Policy) n}lËs tyf ;fdflhs / If]qut cjwf/0ff (Cluster hf]lvddf x'G5g . ;dfj]zLs/0fnfO{ hf]8 lbg], Approach) sf] cfwf/df sfo{ ;~rfng ug]{, / ljs]Gb|Lt sfof{Gjog k|lqmof cjnDag ug{], ;xeflutfd"ns, cGt/lqmofTds / ;dGjofTds k|of;nfO{ Jojxf/df sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
  10. 10. k|d'v /0fgLltut k|fyldstf /0fgLltn] g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df 1fg, gjLgtd ;f]r / lzIffsf] pNn]lvt kfFrj6f k|fyldstf k|fKt ljBdfg k|dv r'gf}tLx¿sf] klxrfg ' pkof]u ug{], lqmofsnfksf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog u/]/ ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf nflu ug{ @( j6f /0fgLlts lqmofsnfk sfof{Gjog k|lqmofdf lgDgfg';f/sf JofKt hf]lvdsf sf/s / ;"rs lqmofsnfk tyf kl/0ffd kfFrj6f k|d'v k|fyldstf k|fKt tTjx¿nfO{ Go"g ug]{, / (Indicative Activity and Outcome) tyf lqmofsnfkx¿ lgwf{/0f u/]sf] 5 M k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu hjfkmb]xL lgsfox¿ (Responsible ljkb k"j{tof/LnfO{ ;zQm Agencies) klg tf]lsPsf 5g . ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g] agfpg] . / o;sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut Joj:YffnfO{ ;'lglZrt ug],{ ljkbsf ;DefJo hf]lvdsf] n]vfhf]vf, klxrfg, cg'udg / k"j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ug]{, ;a} txdf ;'/lIft ;+:s[lt Pj+ pTyfgzLntfsf] ljsf; ug{ Photo: Handicap International ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu If]qut /0fgLlt (Sectoral Strategies for DRR) ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /0fgLlt, @)^^ n] jg tyf e"–;+/If0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt, lgDgcg';f/ gf}j6f If]q lgwf{/0f u/]sf] 5 M ;"rgf, ;~rf/, ;dGjo tyf aGbf] s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff;DaGwL /0fgLlt, a:tL÷k|aGwut Ifdtf;DaGwL /0fgLlt, :jf:Yo tyf kf]if0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt, vf]hL tyf p4f/ / Ifltsf] n]vfhf]vf tyf z}lIfs If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt, cfjZostfsf] ljZn]if0f;DaGwL /0fgLlt, cfjf;, k"jf{wf/ tyf ef}lts of]hgf;DaGwL /0fgLlt, hLljsf]kfh{gsf] ;+/If0f, vfg]kfgL tyf ;/–;kmfO If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt, Photo: ECO Nepal
  11. 11. xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf ljZjJofkL ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] nflu ;+o'Qm /fi6«;ª3sf ;b:o /fi6«x¿n] cg'df]bg u/]sf] ;femf /0fgLlt g} æxof]uf] … sfo{;+/rgfÆ (Hyogo Framework for Action) xf] . ;g @))% sf] Photo: ECO Nepal hgj/L !* b]lv @@ tfl/vdf hfkfgsf] sf]a] ;x/df cfof]lht bf]>f] ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo ljkb Go"gLs/0f ljZj ;Dd]ngdf ljZjsf !^* /fi6«n] ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfnfO{ cg'df]bg ub}{ ljZjJofkL ljkb cjnDag ug]{ k|lta4tf hgfPsf lyP . hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] o; sfo{;+/rgfn] ;g @)!% ;Dddf ljkbsf] sf/0fn] x'g] dfgjLo, nflu ;+o'Qm ;fdflhs, cfly{s / jftfj/0fLo IfltnfO{ pNn]Vo ¿kdf sd /fi6«;ª3sf ;b:o u/fO{ x/]s /fi6« / ;d'bfonfO{ k|sf]klj?4 pTyfgzLn (Resilience) /fi6«x?n] cg'df]bg u/]sf] agfpg] ck]Iff /fv]sf] 5 . ;femf /0fgLlt g} xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfn] kfFrj6f k|fyldstf k|fKt If]q lgwf{/0f u/]sf] …xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfÚ 5 . o;sf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjogsf] nflu dfu{–lgb]{zs l;4fGtx¿ xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf (Hyogo Framework for to ul/g'sf] ;fy} ljkbsf] hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfonfO{ lbuf] Action) xf] . ljsf;sf] k[i7e"lddf pTyfgzLn t'Nofpg o;n] Jojxfl/s … tf}/tl/sfx¿ ;d]t l;kmfl/z u/]sf] 5 . ljsf;sf of]hgf / /0fgLltsf] s]Gb|laGb'sf] ¿kdf ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f x'g'kg]{ cjwf/0ffnfO{ xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfn] hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . k|sf]kn] ljsf;sf] pknlAwnfO{ r'gf}tL lbg] / ul/aL a9fpg] o; sfo{;+/rgfn] x'gfn] a]n}df uDeL/ sbd grflnP ;x>fAbL ljsf; nIosf] k|d'v ;g @)!% ;Dddf tuf/f] g} k|sf]kl;lh{t Iflt x'g;Sg]tkm{ xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfn] ;r]t ljkbsf] sf/0fn] x'g] u/fPsf] 5 . dfgjLo, ;fdflhs, International Strategy ISDR SUMMARY of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: cfly{s / jftfj/0fLo for Disaster Reduction International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (Hyogo Framework) Expected outcome, strategic goals and priorities for action 2005-2015 IfltnfO{ pNn]Vo Expected Outcome The substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries Contributing to the achievements of the internationally agreed development goals (including the MDGs) ¿kdf sd u/fO{ Strategic Goals The integration of disaster risk reduction into Development and strengthening of institutions, The systematic incorporation of risk reduction sustainable development policies and planning mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to approaches into the implementation of emergency hazards preparedness, response and recovery programmes x/]s /fi6« / Priorities for Action ;d'bfonfO{ k|sf] 1. Ensure that disaster risk 2. Identify, assess and monitor 3. Use knowledge, innovation 4. Reduce the underlying risk factors 5. Strengthen disaster preparedness reduction (DRR) is a national disaster risks and enhance early and education to build a culture for effective response at all levels and a local priority with a warning of safety and resilience at strong institutional basis for all levels implementation ! DRR institutional mechanisms ! Risk assessments and maps, ! Information sharing and cooperation; ! Sustainable ecosystems and environmental ! Disaster management capacities: klj?4 pTyfgzLn (national platforms); multi-risk: elaboration and ! Networks across disciplines and management policy, technical and institutional designated responsibilities dissemination regions; dialogue ! DRR strategies integrated with climate change capacities ! DRR part of development ! Indicators on DRR and vulnerability ! Use of standard DRR terminology adaptation ! Dialogue, coordination & information Key Activities policies and planning, sector ! Data & statistical loss information ! Inclusion of DRR into school ! Food security for resilience exchange between disaster managers wise and multisector ! Early warning: people centered; curricula, formal and informal ! DRR integrated into health sector and safe hospitals and development sectors ! Legislation to support DRR information systems; public policy education ! Protection of critical public facilities ! Regional approaches to disaster ! Decentralisation of ! Scientific and technological ! Training and learning on DRR: ! Recovery schemes and social safety- nets response, with risk reduction focus (Resilience) agfpg] responsibilities and resources development; data sharing, space- community level, local authorities, ! Vulnerability reduction with diversified income options ! Review & and exercise preparedness ! Assessment of human based earth observation, climate targeted sectors; equal access ! Financial risk-sharing mechanisms and contingency plans resources and capacities modeling and forecasting; early ! Research capacity: multi-risk; socio- ! Public-private partnership ! Emergency funds ! Foster political commitment warning economic; application ! Land use planning and building codes ! Voluntarism & participation ! Community participation ! Regional and emerging risks ! Public awareness and media ! Rural development plans and DRR ck]Iff /fv]sf] 5 . Multi-hazard approach Cross Cutting Issues Gender perspective and cultural diversity Community and volunteers participation Capacity building & technology transfer DRR= disaster risk reduction www.unisdr.org
  12. 12. xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfsf k|dv k|fyldstf M ' % ;a} txdf k|sf]ksf] k|efjsf/L k|ltsf/sf nflu z;St k"j{tof/L ug]{ . xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgfn] kfFrj6f k|fyldstfsf sfo{x¿ • k|sf]k Joa:yfkgsf nflu If]qLo, /fli6«o tyf klxrfg u/]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ xof]uf] sfo{;/rgfsf] d'Vo + :yfgLo :t/df ;DalGwt k|ljlw, tflnd Pjd efu klg dfGg ;lsG5 . k|To]s k|fyldstf cGtu{tsf dfgj tyf ef}lts ;+;fwg ljsf; u/L gLltut, ;Defljt sfo{x¿nfO{ o; ;+/rgfn] lj:t[t ¿kdf k|fljlws tyf ;+:yfut Ifdtf ;zSt agfpg] . JofVof u/]sf] 5 . • k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f k|of; k|efjsf/L != /fli6«o / :yfgLo k|fyldstfcg';f/ agfpg] p2]Zon] k"j{r]tfjgL, hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f, ;+:yfut ;'b[9Ls/0fsf cfwf/df ljkb k|sf]k–;fdgf / ljsf;sf If]q;Fu ;DalGwt hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf sfo{ ;~rfng ePsf] ;a} txsf ;+:yf / lgsfoaLrsf] 5nkmn, ;'lglZrt ug]{ . ;"rgf cfbg–k|bfg / ;dGjodf ;xof]u • ;+:yfut ;'b[9Ls/0fsf nflu /fli6«o 9fFrf, k'¥ofpg] Pjd clej[l4 ug]{] . ;+:yfut ;+/rgf tyf sfg'gL vfsf, ;|f]tsf] lbuf] Joj:yfkg / ;fd'bflos ;xeflutfnfO{ • /fi6«sf] k|sf]k–;dfgf ug]{ IfdtfnfO{ k|sf]kn] ;zQm agfpg] . pl5Gg] cj:yfdf klg To;sf] k|efjsf/L ;Daf]wg ePsf] ;'lglZrt ug]{ tof/Lsf nflu @= k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd klxrfg, d'Nofªsg / If]qLo:t/df ;dGjofTds kxnsf] ljsf; Pjd cg'udg ug]{ tyf k"j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnLnfO{ ;'b9Ls/0f, If]qLo gLltlgdf{0f jf ;'wf/ u/]/ [ k|efjsf/L agfpg] . sfo{;oGq, of]hgf tyf ;"rgfk|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ . + • :yfgLo, If]qLo / /fli6«o txsf] hf]lvd klxrfg, d"Nofªsg / cg'udg ug]{, • k|sf]ksf] clthf]lvdsf If]q / ;d"xnfO{ b[li6ut k"j{r]tfjgL k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ / ;Defljt u/L ;a} txdf k"jtof/L jf k"g/fjnf]sg / { hf]lvdsf] ;fdgf ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf clej[l4 ug]{ . ;do;fk]If kl/dfh{g u/L pko'Qm of]hgf tyf gLlt agfpg] . k|sf]ksf cj:yfdf tLj| #= 1fg, vf]h / lzIffsf] pkof]u u/]/ ;a} / k|efjsf/L ;Daf]wg ePsf] tyf :yfgLo txdf ;'/IffTds ;+:s[lt / k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf cfjZostf cg'¿k plrt 9ªun] vfB tyf ug]{ Ifdtf clej[l4 ug]{ . cGo cfjZos a:t'sf] ;xof]u k'usf] ;'lglZrt ] • :yfgLo / /fli6«o txdf ;"rgf Joj:yfkg ug{ tyf k|sf]k k|efljt :yfg vfnL u/fpg]h:tf tyf cfbfg–k|bfg, lzIff tyf tflnd / k"jtof/Lsf lgoldt cEof;nfO{ a9fjf lbg] . { cg';Gwfg;lxt hgr]tgf clej[l4 u/]/ ;a} txdf ;'/IffTds ;+:s[ltsf] ljsf; tyf • k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf, Iflt Go"gLs/0fsf nfuL k|sf]k–;fdgf Ifdtf clej[l4 ug]{ . k"j{tof/Lsf pkfonfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpg kof{Kt x'g] u/L cfjZostf cg';f/sf :yfgdf ;ª $= hf]lvdsf cfwf/e"t sf/stTj Go"gLs/0f ug]{ . s6sfnLg sf]ifsf] :yfkgf ug]{ k|lqmofnfO{ k|>o • jftfj/0f tyf k|fs[lts ;|f]t Joj:yfkg, lbg]] . ;fdflhs tyf cfly{s ljsf;sf cEof; / e"–pkof]u of]hgf tyf cGo k|fljlws pkfo • k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd 36fpg, ljz]ifu/L ckgfP/ hf]lvdsf vf; sf/s tTjnfO{ :jod;]jL efjgf a9fP/ ;lqmo ;xeflutfnfO{ 36fpg] . k|j4{g ug{ ;Sg] k|0ffnL tyf ;d'bfo / ;/f]sf/jfnfdf :jfldTjsf] efjgf ljsf; ug]{ .
  13. 13. ljsf;df ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] d"nk|jfxLs/0f Photo: ECO Nepal k|sf]ksf 36gfaf6 dfgjLo ul/aL lgjf/0fsf] nflu ;DklQ, ;fdflhs ;DklQ, ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f u/L cfly{s ljsf; h?/L x'G5 k|fs[lts ;DklQ, eg] cfly{s ljsf;sf] nflu ef}lts ;DklQ / ljQLo hf]lvdd'Qm g]kfnsf] ljsf;sf ef}lts ;+/rgf lgdf{0fsf] ;DklQdfly dflg;n] nflu ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgnfO{ dxTjk"0f{ :yfg /xG5 . cg'dfg u/]sf] t'ngfdf olb ef}lts ;+/rgfsf] a9L Iflt x'g] u/]sf] 5 . ljsf;k|lqmofdf d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug{ lgdf{0fdf ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf ljlwsf] k|sf]ksf 36gfn] sfg'gL Joj:yf / ;+:yfut Joj:yfkgsf] d"nk|jfxLs/0f cg';/0f / sfof{Gjog ljsf;sf ;+/rgf Wj:t ljsf;df ljkb hf]lvd agfpF5, kl/0ffd:j¿k ;+/rgfsf] cfjZostf clgjfo{ ug{ ;lsPg eg] To;n] ljsf;df ul/Psf] nufgL 8'Ag] d'n'ssf] ljsf;k|lqmof cl3 b]lvPsf] 5 . ;Defjgf /xG5 . a9g'sf] ;f6f] k5fl8 ws]lnG5 . ;/sf/n] ;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0fdf dfkb08 k|sf]ksf 36gfsf] pTklQ / To;sf] lgwf{/0f ug]{ qmddf s]xL gu/kflnsfdf ;ªs6f;Ggtfsf] ljZn]if0f gu/L lgdf{0f ejglgdf{0f ;+lxtf nfu" ul/;s]sf] 5 . o; ul/Psf ljsf;sf ;+/rgfn] ljkb hf]lvd ;+lxtfnfO{ ;do;fk]If ¿kdf ;'wf/ u/L a9fpF5g . ;a} gu/kflnsf / uflj;df ;d]t nfu" ug'{ ;x;|fAbL ljsf; nIo (Millennium Development h?/L 5 . Goals) xfl;n ug{] lbzfdf cu|;/ x'g ljsf; k|lqmofdf ljkb hf]lvd / ;x;|fAbL ljsf;sf pknlAwnfO{ lbuf] Joj:yfkgnfO{ d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug{ agfpg ljsf;sf k|of;x¿df ljkb hf]lvd ;d'bfo:t/b]lv g} k|efjsf/L sfo{Gjog Go"gLs/0fnfO{ d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug'{ cfjZos 5 . ljlwsf] cjnDag ug'{ h?/L x'G5 . ljsf; k|lqmofdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgnfO{ ljsf; lgdf{0f k|lqmofdf :yfgLo ;d'bfosf] d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug{ ;lsPdf ljkbsf] ;fdgf k|ToIf ;xeflutfsf] k|Tofe"lt u/]/ ljkbsf] ug]{ :yfgLo, If]qLo / /fli6«o Ifdtf clej[l4 x'g5 . ] ;fdgf ug]{ jf hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f
  14. 14. ug]{ :yfgLo 1fg, ;Lk / k|ljlwsf] ;'b9Ls/0f [ ;g @))$ df kfls:tfgdf uPsf] ug'{ cfjZos x'G5 . e"sDksf] sf/0f elTsPsf sdhf]/ g]kfnsf &% j6} lhNnfdf ljkb Joj:yfkg ljBfno ejgn] k'l/P/ !*,))) of]hgf tof/ u/L To;nfO{ uflj;;Dd eGbf a9L :s'n] afnaflnsfsf] k'¥ofpg' cfjZos 5 . Hofg uPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . g]kfn klg e"sDkLo hf]lvddf /x]sf] x'bf F t/fO{ If]qdf af9Lsf] hf]lvd / kxf8L ljBfno hfg] afnaflnsfsf] If]qdf klx/f]sf] hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f ug{ af9L / ;'/IffnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ :s'nx¿sf] klx/f] lgoGq0f k|ljlwsf] cg';Gwfg u/L e"sDkLo k|lt/f]wL Ifdtf a9fpg] pkof]uL dflgPsf k|ljlwsf] pkof]u ug]{ sfo{nfO{ tLj| agfpg' cfjZos 5 . jftfj/0f tof/ ul/g'k5{ . ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL s]xL b:tfj]hx? b}jL k|sf]k -p¢f/_ P]g, @)#( /fli6«o k|sf]k Joj:yfkg sfo{of]hgf, @)%@ tLg jif]{ sfo{of]hgf, @)^@÷@)^% k|sf]k kLl8t p4f/ / /fxt;DaGwL dfkb08, @)^$ ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f /fli6«o sfo{d~rsf] ljwfg, @)^% ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^ ljkb Joj:yfkg P]g, @)^^ -k|:tfljt_ k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL hg 3f]if0ff, @)^^ Photo: UNDP-BPCR
  15. 15. k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f ;DaGwdf hg3f]if0ff ljkb k|efljt ;d'bfosf] /fli6«o ;~hfn ljkbaf6 k|efljt tyf qmlds ¿kn] a9b} u/]sf] hf]lvd k|lt lgdf{0fflwg ;+ljwfgdf k|sf]k ;ªs6f;Gg dflg;sf] Ps /fli6«o rf}tf/L xf] . o;n] ;dfj]zL k|s[ltsf] ;d'i6 hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ phfu/ ub{} kLl8t hgtfsf] nflu rflxg] " ljkb ;ªs6f;Gg hgtf tyf df]6fdf]6L ¿kdf dfgjLo Go"gtd ;'ljwf clwsf/sf ;'/IffnfO{ ;'lgZro ug{] ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] nflu ;'b[9 gLltut 9fFrfsf] cfjZostfnfO{ jsfnt ?kdf Joj:yf ul/g' kb{5 . u/]sf] 5 . o;n] ljkbk|lt ;+s6f;Gg tyf hg 3f]if0ff k|sf]kaf6 kLl8t, al9/x]sf dxfdf/Laf6 ;ªs6f;Gg k|efljt dflg;nfO{ ;'/Iffsf] tyf ljkbsf] rk]6fdf nuftf/ k/]sf xfdL g]kfnL ;'lgZro ub{5 . hgtf ;+o'Qm ¿kdf lgDg cg';f/sf] k|lta4tf JoQm ub{5f}+ . != ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f hgtfsf] g};lu{s #= xfdL ljZjf; ub{5f} ls k|efjsf/L zf;g / ;d[4 clwsf/ xf] . lgdf{0fflwg ;+ljwfgdf k|sf]k kLl8t /fi6« hgtfnfO{ lg0f{o k|lqmofdf ;dfj]z gu/L k|fKt hgtfsf nflu rflxg] Go"gtd ;'ljwf ug{ ;lsFb}g . s'g} klg k|sf]ksf] c;/ ;a}eGbf clwsf/sf ¿kdf Joj:yf ul/g' kb{5 . o;n] klxn] ;d'bfon] ef]U5 / k|ltlqmof lbG5 . xfdL ljkbk|lt ;+s6f;Gg tyf k|efljt dflg;nfO{ cfXjfg ub{5f}+ ls ;/sf/n] gLltut ;'/Iffsf] ;'lgZro ub{5 . ckfË;lxtsf ljleGg sfo{;+/rgfsf] lgdf{0f u/f]; / k|sf]k kLl8t k|sf/n] ;+s6f;Gg dflg;x¿sf] cfjZostfnfO{ hgtfsf] ;/sf/L lg0f{o k|lqmofdf ;xeflutfsf] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f ;dfj]z u/L ;d'i6 tyf ;dfj]zL ljkb hf]lvd ;'lglZrttf u/f]; . ;DaGwdf hg3f]if0ff Go"gLs/0fsf] gLlt hg;dIf Nofpg xfdL g]kfn $= xfdL cGt/fli6«o u};;, gful/s ;dfh, :yfgLo ;/sf/nfO{ cfXjfg ub{5f}+ . u};;, bftf, / ;/sf/n] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fdf @= hgtfsf clwsf/ pko'Qm sfg'gL / gLltut u/]sf k|of;sf] ;/fxgf ub{5f}+ . xfdL ljZjf; Joj:yfåf/f ;'/lIft ug{ ;lsG5 . xfdL ub{5f}+ ls ;d'bfo txdf xfd|f pknlAwx¿ xfl;n k|sf]k Joj:yfkg P]g @)^# -km/j/L @))& ug{ / xfd|f k|of;x¿nfO{ clej[l4 ug{ k|z:t df ;/sf/af6 ;+zf]wg eO{ k]z ePsf]_ sf] cj;/x¿ 5g . k|sf]k pTyfgzLntf a9fpg Joj:yflksf ;+;båf/f tTsfn kfl/t ePsf] x]g{ xfdL;Fu sfd ub}{} cfPsf k|dv' rfxG5f}+ . ;/]fsf/jfnfx¿af6 lg/Gt/ ;xof]usf] ck]Iff ub{5f}+ .
  16. 16. %= xfdL ljZjf; ub{5f+} ls hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] dflg;x¿sf] clwsf/nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ ;+:sf/nfO{ tNnf] txsf dflg;b]lv pRr txsf] k|fyldstfsf ;fy nufgL ul/g' kb{5 eGg] xfdL ;/sf/L sfof{no;Dd k|f]T;flxt ul/g' kb{5 . ljZjf; ub{5f}+ . ;/sf/, bftf / cGt/fli6«o xfdL hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug{ ;d'bfo;Fu hgtfsf] cfjfh ;'Gg / Go"g hf]lvd ;/sf/n] cfkmgf k|0ffnLx¿sf] ;a} txdf Ifdtf o'Qm /fi6« agfpg] xfd|f] rfxgfnfO{ ;Dk"0f{ ¿kn] ljsf; u/f]; / k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf ug]{ ;d'bfosf] ;xof]u ug{ xfdL cfXjfg ub{5f}+ . Ifdtf lgdf{0fsf nflu nufgL klg u/f]; eGg] &= xfdL ;xsfo{sf] dxTjnfO{ a'‰b5f}+ . g]kfndf cfXjfg ub{5f}+ . k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f k|lqmofk|lt xfd|f] ^= k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ ljsf; k|lqmofdf cGt/lglxt k|lta4tf /x]sf] cjut u/fpFb5f}+ d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug{ tyf k|sf]k k|efljt tyf ;/sf/, bftf, cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo / c? /fli6«o ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿n] Go"g hf]lvd g]kfn agfpg u/]sf k|of;x¿nfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ xfd|f] xfdL ljZjf; ub{5f}+ ls gofF g]kfnsf] k|lta4tf hfx]/ ub{5f}+ . ;kgf k|sf]k4f/f cGt/ lglxt *= xfdL ljZjf; ub{5f}+ ls gofF g]kfnsf] ;kgf " k|sf]k4f/f cGt/lglxt hf]lvd ;Daf]wg hf]lvd ;Daf]wg gx'Fbf ;Dd ;fsf/ gx'Fbf;Dd ;fsf/ x'Fb}g . k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f Pp6f ljsNk geO{ /fi6«sf] nflu ljsf; x'Fb}g . k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f k|lqmofsf] cTofjZos kIf xf] eGg] xfd|f] c6n Pp6f ljsNk geO{ /fi6«sf] nflu ljZjf; 5 . (= xfdL Go"g hf]lvd o'St g]kfn agfpg] xfd|f] nIo ljsf; k|lqmofsf] cTofjZos kIf xf] k"/f ug{ ;/sf/;Fu ldn]/ sfo{ ug]{ k|lta4tf eGg] xfd|f] c6n ljZjf; 5 . k'gM Ps k6s bf]xf]¥ofpg rfxG5f}+ . Photo: Action Aid Nepal
  17. 17. g]kfnsf 7"nf af9Laf6 k|fKt cg'ej $( ca{ @)%) ;fndf uPsf] af9L / klx/f]n] u/]sf] cfly{s Iflt Photo: Co-Action Nepal “ sf];Lsf] kL8f sf];Lsf] af9Lsf] ;dodf pgL ;ft dlxgfsL ue{jtL lyOg . @)^% ;fn ebf} @ @)^% ;fn ebf} @ ut] sf];L gbLsf] To;a]nf pgsf] kl/jf/n] k"jL{ t6aGw crfgs elTsFbf PsxKtf;Dd ef]sef]s} sf];Lsf] ut] sf];L gbLsf] au/df latfPsf] lyof] . ;'g;/L lhNnfsf xl/k'/, >Lk'/, k"jL{ t6aGw crfgs klZrd s';jfxsf sl/a %) xhf/ …af9Ln] 8'afpg} nflu;s]sf] elTsFbf ;'g;/L dflg;x¿ k"0f{ ¿kdf lj:yflkt “ lhNnfsf xl/k'/, >Lk'/, klZrd s';fxfsf sl/a %) xhf/ dflg;x? k"0f{ ?kdf lj:yflkt ePsf lyP . ;'g;/L xl/k'/ uflj;sL zfGtLb]jL d08nn] cfˆgf afa';lxt ;a} ;DklQ u'dfPsL lyOg / s}of}F lbg;Dd au/df v'nf cfszd'lg latfOg . æaf9L ufpFdf k:bf xfdL k"0f{ ¿kn] cfzfxLg eof}FÆ sf];L kLl8tx¿sf] lyof], dflg;x¿ lrRofO/x]sf lyP, k"/} ufpF hndUg ePsf] lyof] . d'l:snn] s]xL ;fdfg;Fu} xfdL efu]/ afFRg ;kmn eof}+Ú clwsf+z kLl8tsf] egfO oxL lyof] . sf];Lsf] af9Laf6 kLl8t ag]sL sa't/L ;fxgLsf] cg'ej klg g]kfnsf 7"nf af9Laf6 ePsf lyP . k|fKt cg'ej cfktsfnLg cfjf;sf nflu lgdf{0f 3tnfUbf] 5 . :jf:Yo k|j4{g ul/Psf] lzlj/sf] …PÚ Ansdf tyf hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu a:g] !( jifL{of clgtf ;fbfn] 1fg dxTjk"0f{ x'G5 eGg] s'/f elgg . @)^% ;fn ebf} @ ut]sf] pgn] :jLsf/ u/]sL l5g .
  18. 18. “ “ g]kfndf @)%) ;fndf uPsf] af9L / klx/f] %* jif{sf] cjlwsf] ;jf{lws Ifltsf/s ljkb lyof] . Photo: Co-Action Nepal :jo+;jsx¿sf] ;xof]u / ] pgn] cfk"m;Fu afnaRrfafx]s df};d lj1fg ljefusf] e"ldsf hg:jf:Yo ;'wf/ ;ldltdf s]xL ;fdfg Nofpg kfOgg . z"Goh:t} /x]sf] lyof] . ;+nUg ePkl5 pgn] cfˆgf] rf/–kfFr lbg;Dd ef]s} / v'nf ;'/lIft :yfgsf] klxrfg u/L kl/jf/ / ;d'bflos :jf:Yodf cfsfzd'lg a:g'kbf{sf] kL8f a;f]af; ug]{ k|rng gePsf] lgs} leGgtf cfPsf] dx;'; lgs} 7"nf] lyof] . sf/0f g} klx/f]sf] hf]lvd u/]sL l5g . pgL elG5g, …o:tf] a9]sf] lgisif{ ljleGg cWoogn] ;'ljwf, ;dembf/L / ;xof]u @)%) ;fnsf] lgsfn]sf] kfOG5 . klxn] kfPsf] eP d}n] cfˆgf] 5f]/f af9Lsf] kL8f u'dfpg] lyOg . ;/;kmfO{df ;'wf/ g]kfndf @)%) ;fndf uPsf] af9L ;/sf/;Fu ;|f]tsf] cefj / u/L w]/} dflg;nfO{ emf8fkvfnf / klx/f] %* jif{sf] cjlwsf] ;jf{lws ljkbsf] ;fdgf ug]{ ;+:yfut / cGo /f]uaf6 arfpg ;lsG5 . Ifltk/s ljkb lyof] . To; jif{ sdhf]/Lsf sf/0f klx/f] / af9L clxn] yfxf kfPF –c1fgn] lauf5{ uPsf] af9Laf6 ePsf] Iflt o:tf] yfldO;s]kl5 klg dfgjLo / 1fgn] ;'wf5{ . lyof] M Iflt a9]sf] lyof] . v]tLkftL u/]/ hLljsf]kfh{g Iflt ePsf] If]q Iflt af9Lkl5 km}lnPsf] dxfdf/Ln] ub}{ cfPsL zflGtb]jLsf b'O{ d[To' !,##^ ;d]t w]/} dflg;sf] d[To' ePsf] 5f]/f ckfË 5g eg] Pp6f j]kQf !^# lyof] . oBlk ;f] ;dodf af9L ef/tdf 5g . af9Lsf sf/0f pgn] k|efljt kl/jf/ *%,@%$ klx/f] jf k|sf]ksf 36gf / 3/;lxt Psxn uf]?, tLg lj3f 3/kfn'jf hgfj/ @%,$@% To;af6 ePsf] Ifltsf] k"0f{ hldg u'dfOg . pgsf >Ldfg sf];L k"0f{ Ifltu|:t 3/ !&,!!# clen]v pknAw 5}g . lsgf/df dhb'/L u5{g h'g lgoldt v]tLof]Uo e"ld af9L k|efljt If]qdf tTsfnLg x'Fb}g . pgL elG5g – b'Mv -x]S6/df_ %,%*$ /fhkl/jf/sf ;b:osf] ;d]t ulx/f] 5 . af9Lsf] >fkn] ;a} cfly{s Iflt e|d0f eP klg ;/sf/n] ul/a ;DklQ u'Dof] . ;fFemsf] * ah] -¿k}ofF xhf/df_ $(,)),))) / a9L k|efljt ;d'bfonfO{ d / d]/f ckfË 5f]/f5f]/L efUg cfly{s tyf k|fljlws ;s]gf}+ . kl5 ufpFn]sf] ;xof]udf @)%) ;fnsf] af9Laf6 ePsf] ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg g;s] lsgf/df cfpg ;kmn eof}F . ca Ifltsf] ;ªsng k"0f{ ¿kdf sf] cj:yf lyof] . t kL8f la;{g xfdLn] ;sf/fTds x'g g;s]sf] hgu'gf;f] cfPsf] s'/fdf a9L Wofg lbg' k5{ . lyof], To;n] Ifltsf] dfqf cem} /fhdfu{x¿, k'nx¿ Wj:t w]/} lyof] eGg] cg'dfg ug{ ePsf sf/0f ufpF / ;x/aLrsf] af9L cfPkl5 >Ldfg gePsf] ;Dks{ ca?4 ePsf] t lyof] cj:yfdf g'gfb]jL tLg 5f]/f5f]/L;lxt ;lsG5 . g} sf7df8f}+df ;d]t vfBfGg ufpFn];Fu} efu]sL lyOg . pgL k"j{ ;"rgf tyf r]tfjgL k|0ffnLsf] tyf b}lgs cfjZostfsf gf} dlxgfsL ue{jtL lyOg . cefjsf sf/0f a9L Iflt ePsf] ;fwgsf] cfk"lt{df k|lts"n lyof] . df};dL ;"rgf k|jfxdf k|efj k/]sf] lyof] .
  19. 19. k"j{;"rgfsf] la:tf/ M hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] cfwf/ xhf/f}F hgtfsf nflu x/]s jif{ dg;'gsf] To;f] eP s] ljkb cfpg'cl3 k"j{–r]tfjgL, ;dodf cfpg] af9Ln] hgwgsf] Iflt, ;"rgf jf hfgsf/L kfpg ;lsFb}g < lgZro e"ldsf] Ifo, k'gM:yfkg ug{ g;lsg] u/L g} ;lsG5 . vfFrf] 5 t s]an k|lta¢tf / ;DklQsf] gf]S;fgL, a:t'efpsf] d[To', Jojxf/d} s]xL u?F eGg] xf] . ;l~rt vfB ;fdu|Lsf] Ifo / cGttM d"ne"t ¿kdf hLjgsf] Iflt ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . xfn;Dd g]kfnsf kfFr lhNnfx¿ -lrtjg, gjnk/f;L, afFs], alb{of / s}nfnL_ df af9Lsf k|To]s jif{ cfpg] klx/f] tyf e"–Ifon] ;of}F nflu :yfkgf ePsf] ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t hgtfsf] 3/af/ pl7af; ug'{sf ;fy} hLjg k"j{;"rgf k|0ffnL / o;af6 k|fKt pknlAwnfO{ u'dfpg' k/]sf] cj:yf 5 . xg]{ xf] eg] cfznfUbf] eljiosf] sNkgf ug{ ;lsG5 . o:tf k"j{;"rgf k|0ffnLx¿nfO{ b]zsf sltv]/ e"sDk cfpg] xf] / hLjg lnnf cGo efudf klg lj:tf/ ug'{kg]{ cToGt h?/L ;dfKt x'g] xf] eGg] qf;df g]kfnsf nfvf}F b]lvG5 . t;y{ æg]kfnsf] k|d'v k|fs[lts hf]lvd hgtf afFlr/xg' k/]sf] 5 . k"j{;"rgf k|0ffnL – /fli6«o /0fgLltÆ sf] k|f/lDes vfsf tof/Lsf] nflu g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ ;xof]u klg yflnPsf] 5 . ;g !((# sf] Ps /ft ufpFdf 7"nf] af9L cfof] . af9Ln] d]/f] 3/ ;lxt @$ cf]6f ufO{a:t' / @ la3f v]tsf] afnL aufof] . dnfO{ klg e08f/fsf] pQ/L If]qaf6 hËnsf] 5]plt/ ws]Nof] . – gj/fh l;njfn, %), e08f/f, lrtjg dWo/ftdf ha d zf}rfno hfg vf6af6 cf]n]{ ta yfxf kfPF ls kfgL t 3'F8f;Dd cfO;s]sf] /x]5 . – nx'/fd rf}w/L, nlntk"/, s}nfnL ;du| kLl8t hgtfsf tkm{af6 k"j{;"rgfsf] cefjdf ef]Ug' k/]sf ;d:ofx¿ cleJoQm ug]{ oL s]xL k|ltlglw cfjfhx¿ dfq x'g . k"j;rgfsf] Photo: Practical Action la:tf/ { "
  20. 20. t/ s] g]kfnsf ;of}F gbL–If]qdf a;f]af; ul//x]sf af9L kLl8tx¿n] oL ;'ljwf kfPsf ;fO/gsf] cfjfh ;'Gg] lalQs}} xfdL 5g t < lgZro g} 5}g . 3/af6 aflx/ lg:Sof}+, xfd|f af9L afx]s c? ljleGg k|sf/sf a:t'efpnfO{ pFrf] e"ld 7"n] rf}/df ljkbx¿af6 hf]lug klg k"j{;"rgf k|0ffnL nUof}+ / xfd|f dxTjk"0f{ j:t'xnfO{ :yfkgf ePsf 5}gg . e"OFtnfaf6 pkNnf] tnfdf ;f¥of}+ . – ;]K6]Da/ ^, @))& sf] af9Laf6 hf]lug ;kmn ePkl5 cfkmgf] cg'ej ;'gfpFb} a;Gt rf}w/L, xfd|f] ;d'bfosf ;a}sf] Hofg au}+rf 6f]n, gjnk/f;L . hf]luPsf]df xfdL v'zL / uf}/jflGjt 5f}F . k"j{;rgf k|0ffnL ;fdu|Lsf] " ;fy;fy} o;;DaGwL tflnd / klZrd /fKtL gbLsf nflu :yfkgf e|d0fn] l;sfPsf] 1fg / ;Lksf] ePsf] k"j{;"rgf k|0ffnLn] o; k6s ;xL k|of]un] ubf{ sfo{qmd ;~rflnt vf]h tyf p4f/sf] h?/t g} k/]g . ;d'bfox?df s'g} hLpHofgsf] Iflt lsgsL ;"rgf kfP/ ;a} ;d'bfo af9L ePg . hasL xfd|f] jl/kl/sf cfpg'eGbf cufj} ;'/lIft :yfgdf hf]l8Psf ;d'bfox?df @$ hgfn] k'lu;s]sf lyP . Hofg u'dfpg' k¥of] . – @))( cS6f]j/ ^ sf] af9Lkl5 hgj/L % @)!) df ePsf] ;ldIff sfo{zfnf uf]i7Ldf – ;]K6]Da/ @), @))* sf] af9Laf6 hf]lug af]Ng'x'Fb} k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L la/]Gb| aflgof, ;kmn ePkl5 cfkmgf] cg'ej ;'gfpFb} rNn'/fd afFs] . rf}w/L, x;'lnof, s}nfnL . Photo: Practical Action
  21. 21. Ifltsf] tYofªePsf] Iflt tYofªs ;g !(&! b]lv @))* ;Dd ljkbaf6 s lhNnf 8f6f sf8{ dfgjLo Iflt ejgsf] Iflt d[To' 3fOt] k|efljt k"0f{ Iflt cf+lzs Iflt c5fd !#! ^@& (& @!#&(# @(( $# c3f{vfFrL (% !$% #!^ #!%&$ ^(& &^* afun'ª !(% $@@ !*! %(,#^) (^$ @&^ a}t8L !)* ##! !,^^( @$,%)& !,$@^ @,)!* aemfª &( @*! #) !#,)%# ^,%!^ *,^@@ afh'/f !#) $^) %$ @#,^#! $@! &$ afFs] #$$ !,)@@ &^# *&,(## %,#$& %$$ af/f @&^ @@# ^&# !)(,($! !,&)$ $!% alb{of !&) !(* $*$ @&,!%@ *,*&! (,!%^ eQmk'/ @!* &^ @)) !#,#$# ^%& !,^&$ ef]hk'/ !#) @!( &$( *!,#%$ !,&(! $,&*% lrtjg @*) $!( %,%(@ !(@,%!% %,!^) (%# 88]nw''/f *^ %% !(@ &,##! (% !#@ b}n]v !^* $*% !%$ &,&$& #*( !#^ bfª #&@ $*# %%! %%,@!! !,^*# #^! bfr'{nf !!# !(# !#$ @,*^! $,#)& @,**% wflbª #!% $%) %#% @%,!&! !,^#^ ^*% wgs'6f !$) @!( !,@$& &,$*% #,*#! %,$$^ wg'iff #** ^^) (&^ $@$,!*) (,!&( (,!$* bf]nvf !*@ #!^ %() !*,%)$ &@@ !,%*! 8f]Nkf &@ #@* ^* *@) #( ) 8f]6L !*% &*$ @@%) #@%$* !%! !*$ uf]/vf !&) $@! ^(^ #&%*% &@( $% u'NdL !#% @&$ ** ^&@@ $$$ @(* x'Dnf !%) #(! *( !)(*) !#@ && Onfd !^% @## !$(^ $)#* !))# #)%^ hfh/sf]6 !@$ $() @%) !$@$& ^)$ #$@ emfkf ^)! %&) !#^# %))#) %!#@ &*# h'Dnf !#* $)* @$@ $^)*@ @@$ !%^ s}nfnL #^# !)%^ *(# ^^((^ @@^% $$& sfnLsf]6 !!( ^)$ !%# $&)# *% @$& s~rgk'/ @@# @*! $(^* #)*%# *$* %^^ slknj:t' !^# @&$ #)* #^^@# %%$) @$@ sf:sL #%% #^( @$! &,#@( $$( @$( sf7df8f}+ ^&# $)$ *@* *,@#% %!* &(% sfe|] #@( #)# !,)(( #),!)% @,*@^ !,!%) vf]6fª !!! @%$ %$( !#,$#& #,!&! ^,!&%
  22. 22. lhNnf 8f6f sf8{ dfgjLo Iflt ejgsf] Iflt d[To' 3fOt] k|efljt k"0f{ Iflt cf+lzs Iflt nlntk/ @^( !(* !^& #,#^^ *$* #&) ndh'ª !%% !^! &$ !!,&*^ $^* !@& dxf]Q/L #%% $## !,#)% %,$*,)&% (,)&# ^,!$$ dsjfgk'/ $&# ($^ %&! !,)!,&!^ #,^#* @,*$$ dgfª $^ &* !% *)* $! $ df]/ª ^%! *#% @)^! *&)%# #%%% $)#* d'u' &@ ##^ &* #@$( @^$ ^& d':tfª $* $) @% @@&* !@! $ DofUbL !#* @@% $)# !*)#^ @^$ !@* gjnk/f;L #@@ #)! *(# &^$$# $%(# !&)^ g'jfsf]6 @#@ @&! %^& *^%# #^^ !!& cf]vn9'ªuf !@% @!! @%# &(&( @@@$ !#*@ kfNkf !($ #)$ (%! %^$*$ *(% $#$ kfFry/ !$% !*( *#$ (,^%* !,$(* #,$*^ kj{t !&% ** $&^ ^(,*!^ #*$ !$% k;f{ @#@ @#% #,!($ #,&!,($@ #,$@# #*) Ko'7fg !))) @$& ^!* @,)&& #^* ^^ /fd]5fk @!$ @@# %($ @#,#@* !,^^^ #,)^# /;'jf !!@ #&$ @@ $,!(! @%@ !#( /f}tx6 #$# ^%% %&$ #,(#,)^^ %,(!% !#,(^( /f]Nkf *$ @@& @)^ $,(#* $@( !! ?s'd !@! #^^ !$( !#,&)% &^! $(^ ?kGb]xL @(@ %)! !,)^$ %!,%(! $,@)& !<#)! ;Nofg !@( @)* $%) #,@$@ @$( &$ ;ªv'jf;ef @!) @$% $&# !&,@%! !,)** !,%*@ ;Kt/L %#( *#! %$% $,#@,)&% @%,%$@ @,*)# ;nf{xL ##* ((& &^( $,%^,$(* !$,$%! !%,$(@ l;Gw'nL @() $^& &!$ !,^$,^!@ $,)%( @,(%& l;Gw'knf~rf]s #!$ ^^@ *^^ (^,$(! !,#(% ^@! l;/fxf #@* #&^ #&( ^*,*%( (,&%( #,@^) ;f]n'v'Da' !@# !^$ %!% !#,(*$ %$% (% ;'g;/L $&( %#! @,(!! @,%*,%&& !$,(@# (,!(% ;'v]{t *! !!@ @# $,#*% !)% @!) :ofªhf #)( #** @%* #@,(*( !,^^^ (#( tgxF' @%# @%# #^^ *^,%)! &(# ^$& tfKn]h'ª @#) @&^ #^@ @#,%)# ^!* %&% t]x|y'd (( !@& !($ !),(@) !,%&$ @,%@# pbok'/ @^# #@( &$$ &%*$% $#^& #*%$ hDDff !^,*&( @*!#* %%,$#! %,$$#,($( @)^,@$@ !$(,&^@ ;|f]t M g]kfn l8;OGe]G6f/ 8f6fa];, @))(, Pg;]6
  23. 23. ljkbaf6 ePsf] Iflt tYofªs g]kfndf ljleGg k|sf/sf ljkbsf sf/0f ;g @))! b]lv @))* sf] * jif{df ePsf] Ifltsf] tYofªsLo ljZn]if0faf6 klg xfd|f] oyfy{ cj:yf :ki6 kf5{ Iflt÷jif{ @))! @))@ @))# @))$ @))% @))^ @))& @))* hDdf d[To' #($ $!* $^! #!) !(@ @@! #@@ !&! a]kQf (% $% @! %* !! @) !*( ^ 3fOt] !*! !#$ @*& !^) @@) !%) !*^ %% k|efljt kl/jf/ @^,#)# !^,)%$ $),$*^ !!,&#) !^,((& $,@&# !,@(,^$( @!,^)) 3/kfn'jf hgfj/ ($& ^^& @,!@^ !,!@% ()% &@& @@,!$) &,)^^ k"0f{ Ifltu|:t 3/ *,%$) $,%(^ !%,^#@ ^,$%* #,^*! #,!%% !#,^%% !#,*^$ cf+lzs Ifltu|:t 3/ &)) !,^^$ $,@)$ #^! !,!#& !# @*,)$! !,@@* v]tLof]Uo e"ld -x]S6/df_ %@) !)@% $,)@( @!,)!^ cfly{s Iflt -¿k}ofF xhf/df_ !,@*,^(,^$) %,#(,*&% $@,&^,!^^ (,*(,()( #,$!,)(% #,*!,(^( @@,#),*^& !,^#,#@# ;|f]t M u[x dGqfno
  24. 24. g]kfnsf] e"sDkLo kL8f cem ljs/fn !(() ;fn df3 @ ut] / @)$% ;fn ebf} $ ut] g]kfndf ljgfzsf/L e"sDk uP . aLrdf ;–;fgf e"sDkn] Iflt gk'¥ofPsf xf]Ogg . !(() ;fnkl5 uPsf e"sDk / To;n] k'¥ofPsf] Iflt M Iflt÷jif{ !(() @)@# @)#& @)$% e"sDksf] Ifdtf -l/S6/ :s]n_ *=$ ^=^ e"sDk uPsf] If]q ef/t / g]kfn ;'b"/ klZrd ;'b"/ klZrd k"jL{ g]kfn a9L Iflt ePsf] If]q sf7df8f}+ bfr'{nf, a}t8L, aemfª bfr'{nf, a}t8L, aemfª ;'g;/Lsf] w/fg d[To' *,%!( !$ !)# &@! 3/÷kf6L÷kf}jf cflbdf ePsf] Iflt @,)&,&$) ck|fKt ck|fKt ^%,))) ;|f]t M e"sDk k|ljlw /fli6«o ;dfh g]kfndf uPsf oL e"sDk / To;kl5 pTkGg cj:yf tyf o;;DaGwdf ul/Psf cWoogaf6 k|fKt k|d'v l;sfO{ lgDgfg';f/ 5g M e"sDk lgoldt ¿kdf eO/xg] k|sf]ksf] 36gf xf]Og . oBlk, lj1x¿sfcg';f/ g]kfndf x/]s Ps ;o jif{sf] cjlwdf dxfe"sDk hfg] u/]sf] 5 . lgoldt ¿kdf x'g] af9L, klx/f], cfunfuL, dxfdf/Lh:tf k|sf]ksf 36gfaf6 pTkGg x'g] ljkbsf] h:t} e"sDk lgoldt ¿kdf hfFb}g . e"sDk nfdf] ;dosf] cGt/fndf uP klg o;n] k'¥ofpg] Iflt eofjx x'G5 / hgwgsf] Iflt csNkgLo x'g;S5 . e"sDk slxn] hfG5 eGg] hfgsf/L s;}n] klg k|fKt ug{ ;Sb}g / e"sDk Hofb} 5f]6f] ;do hfG5 . 5f]6f] ;do uP klg o;af6 ljsf;sf clwsf+z ;+/rgf Ifltu|:t x'G5g . e"sDkn] cfkm}F dflg; dfb}{g t/ dflg;n] agfPsf ;+/rgf elTsFbf To;df k/]/ dfgjLo Iflt x'G5 . e"sDkaf6 Iflt w]/} x'g] x'Fbf k'gM:yfkg tyf k'glg{df{0fdf 7"nf] vr{ nfU5 / ;do klg w]/} nfU5 .
  25. 25. klZrd g]kfnsf 8f]6L, cf5fd, sflnsf]6, hfh/sf]6, DofUbL, sf:sL, :ofªhf, wflbË, af9Ln] g]kfnsf] t/fO s}nfnL / afFs]df Ù To:t} k'jL{ t/fO{sf /f}tx6, wg'iff, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, dsjfgk'/, vf]6fª, If]qnfO{ a9L k|efljt u/]sf] ;Kt/L / df]/ªdf dfxfdf/Laf6 $)) eGbf a9Lsf] tfKn]h'ª nufotsf cf7j6f kxf8L 5 /dWodf~rn ljsf; If]qsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . of] tYofÍn] oL lhNnfx¿ lhNnfx¿df klx/f]sf] sf/0f 7'nf] dsjfgk'/ / ;nf{xL lhNnfdf w]/} dfxfdf/Lu|:t If]qleq /x]sf 5g eGg] k'li6 ub{5 . ;+Vofdf dfgjLo Iflt ePsf] 5 . n] Hofg u'dfPsf 5g .
  26. 26. k|sf]kn] cfly{s x|f; klx/f]n] dfxfef/t t/fO If]qdf cfunfuL 7'nf] Efmfkf, df]/ª, l;/fxf, lgDTofpF5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ If]qsf sf:sL, ;d:ofsf] ¿kdf /x]sf] 5 . vf;u/L dsjfgk'/, l;Gw'nL, lrtjg, gsfg{ ;lsFb}g . g]kfndf :ofªhf, wflbª, / emfkf, df]/ª, ;'G;/L, l;/fxf, wg'iff, gjnk/f;L, ?kGb]xL, slknj:t' d'VotM af9L, klx/f] / dsjfgk'/df a9L dxf]Q/L, k;f{, slknj:t' / afFs] nufot t/fOsf lhNnfx?df cfunfuLaf6 ;DklQsf] ejgx? Iflt nufotsf lhNnfx¿df cfunfuLaf6 af9Ln] 7'nf] ;+Vofdf ejgx? Iflt x'g] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . u/]sf] 5 . 7'nf] ;+Vofdf ejgx? gi6 ePsf 5g . gi6 ePsf 5g .
  27. 27. For more information on DRR please contact any of the partners European Commission Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) Nepal 977 1 4439120 www.ec.europa.eu/echo Australian Government (AusAID) 977 1 4371678 www.ausaid.gov.au Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) 977 1 4211219/4211200 www.moha.gov.np Association of International NGOs (AIN) 977 1 4222271/4222247 www.ain.org.np UNDP Nepal/UNDP-BPCR 977 1 5523200 www.undp.org.np ActionAid Nepal 977 1 4436477/4421232 www.actionaid.org/nepal CARE Nepal 977 1 5522800/5522153 www.carenepal.org Handicap International 977 1 4378482/4374609 www.handicap-international.org Mercy Corps 977 1 5555532 www.mercycorps.org/countries/nepal Practical Action 977 1 4446015/4434482 www.practical action.org Oxfam International 977 1 5530574/5542881 www.oxfam.org DPNet Nepal 977 1 4672165/6226613 www.dpnet.org.np National Society for Earthquake Technology (NSET) 977 1 5591000 www.nset.org.np Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) 977 1 4270650/4273734 www.nrcs.org Co-Action Nepal 977 56533168 www.nepaldisaster.org ECO Nepal 977 1 4435844 www.econepal.org
  28. 28. Working Together… for a Risk Resilient Nepal

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